Spanish-English Medicinal Plant Names for Southwest U.S.A. and Mexico
(Emphasis on Plants of New Mexico, U.S.A. & Morelos, Mexico)

Incomplete Draft

Compiled by Paul Mc Kee

A

Abanico - Celosia argentea - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Abecedaria - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Abedul - Alnus acuminata - (Mexican-American)
- Betula alba (= Betula pubescens) - (Mexican-American)
- Betula pubescens - (Mexican-American)
- Populus alba - (Spanish-Américas)

Abelmoschus - Medik. - Genus Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Abelmoschus - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Abelmoschus esculentus - (L.) Moench - Species Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Names
Abelmosco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abelmosco comestible - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ají turco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algalia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Angelonia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Angú - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bindi - - (MMPND-English)
Bolondrón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bombó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Café del país - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calalú - - (Spanish-Américas)
Candia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Candía - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chaucha turca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chicombó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chimbombo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chimbombó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chumbombó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cocra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gambó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gombo - - (MMPND-English, MMPND-Spanish)
Guingambó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Guingombó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gumbo - - (MMPND-English)
Gumbó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ladies' fingers - - (MMPND-English)
Lady's finger - - (MMPND-English)
Lagarto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Majagua - - (Spanish-Américas)
Molondrón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Morito - - (Spanish-Américas)
Najú or ñajú or ñangú - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ocra - - (Spanish-Américas, MMPND-Spanish)
Ochro - - (EthnobotDB)
Okra - - (Spanish-Américas, BONAP)
Quiabeiro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quiabo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quigombó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quimbombo - - (MMPND-Spanish)
Quimbombó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quingombo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quingombó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ruibarbo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Semilla de culebra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Yambó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Yerba de culebra - - (Spanish-Américas)

Abelmoschus manihot - (L.) Medik - Species Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Pajiza - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Viuda - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Abelmoschus moschatus - Medik. - Species Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Names
Abelmosco - - (EthnobotDB, Spanish-Américas)
Alcalia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algalia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Almis - - (Atlas Mexico)
Almizcle - - (Spanish-Américas)
Almizcle vegetal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Almizclillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alvira - - (Atlas Mexico)
Ambarcillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ambarina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ambreta - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ambrette - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Anaucho - - (Spanish-Américas)
Antiviperina - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Argalia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bomba kapel - - (San Luis Potosí)
Borraja - - (Atlas Mexico)
Guingambó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba almizclada - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de culebra - - (Atlas Mexico)
Hierba de la culebra - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba de semilla de culebra - - (Atlas Mexico)
Lagarto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva almizclera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Monito - - (Spanish-Américas)
Musk mallow - - (southwest US & northern Mexico, MMPND-English)
Musk okra - - (MMPND-English)
Musky-seeded hibiscus - - (MMPND-English)
Quigombó de cheiro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quimbombó - - (Spanish-Américas)
Rosa almiscarada - - (Spanish-Américas)
Semilla de culebra - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Silk flower - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Viborana - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Zaandy ujts - - (Oaxaca)

Abelmosco - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)
- Abelmoschus moschatus - (EthnobotDB, Spanish-Américas)

Abelmosco comestible - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Abelo - Populus alba - (Spanish-Américas)

Abeto - Abies balsamea - (Mexico)
- Abies concolor - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Abies religiosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Abeto balsámico - Abies balsamea - (Spanish-Américas)

Abeto blanco americano - Abies arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Abeto blanco de las rocosas - Abies arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Abeto blanco de las sierras - Abies arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Abeto de las Montañas Rocosas - - (Spanish-Américas)

Abeto del Colorado - Abies concolor - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Abeto lasiocarpa americano - Abies arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Abies - P. Mill. - Genus Name
Family Pinaceae
Common Name
Fir - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 2 species: - - (BONAP)
Abies arizonica Merriam
(= Cork-bark fir, Subalpine fir)
Abies concolor (Gordon & Glendinning) Lindley ex Hildebrand
(= White fir),
See notes.

Abies balsamea - (L.) P. Mill. - Species Name
Famiy Pinaceae
Common Names
Abeto - - (Mexico)
Abeto balsámico - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alerce balsámico del Canadá - - (Spanish-Américas)
Balsam fir - - (U.S.A.)
Bálsamo del Canadá - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fir - - (Mexico)
Sapino - - (Spanish-Américas)

Abies arizonica - (Hook.) Nutt. - Species Name
Family Pinaceae
Common Name
Abeto blanco americano - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Abeto blanco de las rocosas - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Abeto blanco de las sierras - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Abeto lasiocarpa americano - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Alpine fir - - (U.S.A.)
Balsam fir - - (U.S.A.)
Blanco de las sierras - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino real - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino real blanco - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino real blanco de las sierras - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino real de las sierras - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Rocky mountain fir - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Subalpine fir - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Abies bifolia A. Murray var. arizonica - (Merriam) O'Kane & K.D.Heil - (NM)
Abies lasiocarpa (Hooker) Nuttall var. arizonica - (Merriam) Lemmon - (NM)

Abies concolor - (Gord. & Glend.) Lindl. ex Hildebr. - Species Name
Family Pinaceae
Common Name
Abeto - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Abeto de las Montañas Rocosas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abeto del Colorado - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
California white fir - - (CRC)
Pinabete - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino blanco - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino real blanco - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Rocky Mountain white fir - - (CRC)
Sierra white fir - - (CRC)
White fir - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Abies religiosa - (H.B.K.)Schldl.&Cham. - (PFAF) Species Name
Family Pinaceae
Common Name
Abeto - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Acsoyate - - (Spanish-Américas)
Acxoyate - - (Spanish-Américas)
Acxoyatl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Axoyate - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bansú - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cahuite - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cipreso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Guayamé - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hoja petate - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hoja de petate - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Jalocote - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ocopetla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Oyamel - - (Spanish-Américas)
Oyametl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Picea común - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pinabete - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pino oyamel - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sacred fir - - (Southwestern N. America/Mexico)
Tucumu - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Xalócotl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
See Aceite de Pale or Aceite de Abeto.

Abizcoba - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)
- Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Abobeira de moita - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abobobeira grande - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora almiscar - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora almiscarada - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora amarela - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora carneira - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora catinga - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora cheirosa - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora chila - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora de agua - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora de coroa - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora de enfeite - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora de porco - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora do telhado - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora gigante - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora gila - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora grande - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora jerimu - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora laranja - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora machado - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora melão - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora menina - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora moganga - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora moranga - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora pepa - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora porqueira - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora preta - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Abóbora rasteira - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Abreojos - Tribulus terrestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Abreuello - Tribulus terrestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Abrin - Abrus precatorius - (Uphof, 1959)

Abrofia - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Abrojo - Tribulus cistoides - (Mexican-American)
- Tribulus terrestris - (Mexican-American)

Abrojo amarillo - Tribulus cistoides - (Spanish-Américas)

Abrojo común - Tribulus terrestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Abrojo de tierra caliente - Tribulus terrestris - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Abrojo rojo - Tribulus cistoides - (Mexican-American)
- Tribulus terrestris - (Mexican-American)

Abrojo terrestre - Tribulus terrestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Abrojo terrestre de Cuba - Tribulus cistoides - (Spanish-Américas)

Abronia - Juss. - Genus Name
Family Nyctaginaceae
Common Name
Sand verbena - - (BONAP)
Sand-verbena - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 6 species: - - (BONAP, NM)
Abronia angustifolia Greene
(= Narrow-leaf sand-verbena, Purple sand verbena),
Abronia bigelovii Heimerl.
(= Galisteo sand verbena),
Abronia bolackii Atwood, Welsh, & Heil.
(= Bolack's sand-verbena),
Abronia carletonii Coulter & Fisher
(= Carleton's sand verbena),
Abronia elliptica A. Nelson
(= White sand-verbena),
Abronia fragrans Nuttall ex Hooker
(= Fragrant sand-verbena, Heart's delight, Snowball sand verbena)
See notes.

Abronia elliptica - A. Nels. - Species Name
Family Nyctaginaceae
Common Name
Fragrant white sand verbena - - (BONAP)
White sand-verbena - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonyms
Abronia fragrans var. elliptica - (A. Nels.) M.E. Jones - (BONAP)
Abronia nana S. Watson var. harrisii - Welsh - (NM)
Abronia pumila - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Abronia ramosa - Standl. - (BONAP)
Abronia salsa - Rydb. - (BONAP)

Abronia fragrans - Nutt. ex Hook. - Species Name
Family Nyctaginaceae
Common Names
Alfambrilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Fragrant sand-verbena - - (NM)
Heart's-delight - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Lasater's pride - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Lechuguilla - - Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Sand puff - - (U.S.A.)
Sand verbena - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Snowball sand verbena - - (U.S.A.)
Sweet sand verbena - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonym
Abronia fendleri - Standley - (NM)
Abronia fragrans var. glaucescens - A. Nels. - (BONAP)

Abronia maritima - Nutt. ex S. Wats. - Species Name
Family Nyctaginaceae
Common Names
Alfambrilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Alfombrilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Beach sand verbena - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Abrina - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Abro de cuentas - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Abrus - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Abrus - Adans. - Genus Name
Family Fabaceae
See notes.

Abrus precatorius - L. - Species Name
Family Fabaceae
Common Names
Abrin - - (Uphof, 1959)
Abrina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abro de cuentas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abrus - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bangati - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bead vine - - (CRC)
Bejuco de peonia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Black-eyed Susan - - (CRC)
Brujitos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bugallón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cansasage - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chochito - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chocho - - (Spanish-Américas)
Coral-bead plant - - (CRC)
Coral pea - - (Plant Book)
Crab-eye vine - - (CRC)
Crab's eye - - (Uphof, 1959)
Guisantes de América - - (Spanish-Américas)
Habros - - (Spanish-Américas)
Indian licorice - - (CRC)
Indian liquorice - - (Uphof, 1959)
Jamaica liquorice - - (CRC)
Jecquirity bean - - (CRC)
Jequerity seeds - - (Plant Book)
Jequiriti - - (Spanish-Américas)
Jequirity - - (Uphof, 1959)
Jequirity bean - - (CRC)
John crow beads - - (CRC)
Jumbie bead - - (CRC)
Licorice - - (CRC)
Licorice bean - - (CRC)
Licorice vine - - (CRC)
Licor indio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Love bean - - (CRC)
Love pea - - (CRC)
Lucky bean - - (CRC)
Lucky beans - - (Plant Book)
Mate - - (Spanish-Américas)
Oxcoac - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Oxoak - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Paternoster beans - - (Plant Book)
Peonía - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Peronía - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pois rouge - - (Lady Bird Johnson)
Prayer bean - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Prayer beads - - (CRC)
Precatory bean - - (Lady Bird Johnson)
Precatory-pea - - (CRC)
Red bead plant - - (CRC)
Red bean vine - - (CRC)
Regaliz de las Antillas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Rosario - - (Spanish-Américas)
Rosary pea - - (Uphof, 1959)
Rosarypea - - (Lady Bird Johnson)
Sagán - - (Spanish-Américas)
Semilla de culebra - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tento muido - - (Lady Bird Johnson)
Weather plant - - (CRC)
Weather vine - - (CRC)
Wild licorice - - (CRC)
Wild liquorice - - (Uphof, 1959)
Xoxoac - - (Spanish-Américas)
Yogoak - - (CRC)
See notes.

Absinth - Artemisia absinthium - (Mexico)

Absinth sagewort - Artemisia absinthium - (BONAP)

Absinthe - Artemisia absinthium - (International)

Abugués - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)
- Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Abuje - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Abutilon - P. Mill. - Genus Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Names
Abutilon - - (U.S.A.)
Indian mallow - - (BONAP)
Pelotazo - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 7 species: - - (BONAP, NM)
Abutilon fruticosum Guillemin & Perrottet
(= Shrubby Indian-mallow),
Abutilon incanum (Link) Sweet
(= Pelotazo),
Abutilon malacum S. Watson
(= Yellow Indian mallow),
Abutilon mollicomum (Willdenow) Sweet
(= Sonoran Indian mallow),
Abutilon parvulumGray
(= Dwarf Indian mallow),
Abutilon theophrasti Medikus
(= Velvetleaf),
Abutilon wrightii Gray
(= Wright's Indian mallow).

Abutilon - Abutilon incanum - (BONAP)

Abutilón - Abutilon theophrasti - (Spanish-Américas)

Abutilon incanum - (Link) Sweet - Species Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Abutilon - - (BONAP)
Escoba - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Indian mallow - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva peluda - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pelotazo - - (BONAP, NM)
Pelotazo chico - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pringle's abutilon - - (BONAP)
Tronador - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Abutilon incanum ssp. pringlei - (Hochr.) Felger & Lowe - (NM)
Abutilon pringlei - Hochr. - (BONAP)
Sida incana - Link - (NM)
See notes.

Abutilon theophrasti - Medik. - Species Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Abutilón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Acalia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Button weed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chinajute - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de la China - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva india - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva índica - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malvavisco de Indias - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malvavisco de las Indias - - (Spanish-Américas)
Velvetleaf - - (BONAP, NM)
Yute de la China - - (Spanish-Américas)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Abutilon abutilon - (L.) Rusby - (BONAP)
Abutilon avicennae - Gaertn. - (BONAP)
Sida abutilon - Linnaeus - (NM)
See notes.

Acacia - P. Mill. - Genus Name
Family Fabaceae
Common Names
Acacia - - (BONAP)
Tezo - - (Baja California Sur)
In Morelos - - (Atlas Mexico)
In New Mexico, 6 species: - - (BONAP, NM)
Acacia angustissima (= Prairie acacia)
= Acaciella angustissima (Miller) Britton & Rose,
Acacia constricta (= Whitethorn acacia)
= Vachellia constricta (Bentham) Seigler & Ebinger,
Acacia greggii (= Catclaw acacia)
= Senegalia greggii (Gray) Britton & Rose,
Acacia millefolia (= Milfoil wattle)
= Mariosousa millefolia (S. Watson) Seigler & Ebinger,
Acacia neovernicosa (= Viscid acacia)
= Vachellia vernicosa (Britton & Rose) Seigler & Ebinger,
Acacia roemeriana (= Roundflower catclaw)
= Senegalia roemeriana (Scheele) Britton & Rose.
6 species of Acacia s.l. used medicinally in Mexico
(including common names): - - (Atlas Mexico)
Acacia angustissima (Miller) Kuntze (= Timbre)
= Acaciella angustissima (Miller) Britton & Rose,
Acacia cochliacantha Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. (= Cubata)
= Vachellia campechiana (Mill.) Seigler & Ebinger,
Acacia collinsii Saff (= Cornezuelo),
= Vachellia collinsii (Saff.) Seigler & Ebinger
Acacia cornigera (L.) Willd (= Cornezuelo),
= Vachellia cornigera (L.) Seigler & Ebinger,
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. (= Huizache)
= Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight et Arn.,
Acacia pennatula (Cham. & Schlechtendal) Benth. (= Tepame)
= Vachellia pennatula (Schltdl. & Cham.) Seigler & Ebinger.
The genus Acacia world-wide has been redefined, and although
all are still known (by common name) as Acacia, the recently segregated genera
of North America are Acaciella, Mariosousa, Senegalia, and
Vachellia.
See notes.

Acacia - Acacia - (BONAP)
- Acacia cornigera - (Atlas Mexico)
- Acacia farnesiana - (Mexico)
- Acacia senegal - (Mexico)

Acacia angustissima - (P. Mill.) Kuntze - Species Name
= Acaciella angustissima (Miller) Britton & Rose
Family Fabaceae
Common Name
Acacia de las praderas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Barba de chivo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cantemó - - (Tabasco)
Cáscara del timbre - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cheramusco - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chirahui - - (Sonora)
Day - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Fern acacia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Gavia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Guaje brujo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Guajillo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Ocpatl - - (C. Ratsch)
Palo de pulque - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Piche - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pichehumo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pichejumo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pichihumo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pichijumo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Prairie acacia - - (BONAP)
Pulque tree - - (C. Ratsch)
Shame-weed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Shisich - - (Hidalgo)
Timbe - - (Michoacán)
Timbre - - (Atlas Mexico)
Timbrillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Uaxim - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Vinorama - - (Atlas Mexico)
White-ball acacia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Xaax - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Xisich - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico, 2 varieties: - - (BONAP, NM)
Acacia angustissima var. suffrutescens (= Prairie acacia),
Acacia angustissima var. texensis (= Prairie wattle)
This small tree was named Ocpatl by the Aztecs, which can be translated as
"pulque drug" and in present day Mexican Spanish the tree has been called
Palo de pulque ("tree of pulque"). - - (C. Ratsch)
Apparently, Acacia angustissima and sometimes Havardia albicans (Kunth) Britton & Rose
[= Acacia albicans Kunth = Pithecolobium albicans (Kunth) Benth.] was used as a pulque
additive. - - (C. Ratsch)
The last mentioned species (not found in New Mexico) is native to Mexico, Caribbean
Islands, and Central America (e.g., Yucatan Peninsula).
Both the Acacia angustissima additive and the resulting drink were known as Teoctli
("divine pulque") or Xochioctli ("flower pulque"). Apparently, this addition to the drink
was forbidden during the colonial period. - - (C. Ratsch)

Acacia angustissima var. suffrutescens - (Rose) Isely - Variety Name
= Acaciella angustissima (Miller) Britton & Rose var. angustissima
Family Fabaceae
Common Name
Prairie acacia - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonyms
Acacia angustissima (Miller) Kuntze var. hirta - (Nuttall) B.L. Robinson - (NM)
Acacia angustissima var. cuspidata - (Schlecht.) L. Benson p.p. - (BONAP)
Acacia cuspidata - Schlecht. p.p. - (BONAP)
Acacia hirta - Nuttall - (NM)

Acacia angustissima var. texensis - (Torr. & Gray) Isely - Variety Name
= Acaciella angustissima (Miller) Britton & Rose var. texensis (Torrey & Gray) L. Rico
Family Fabaceae
Common Name
Prairie acacia - - (NM)
Prairie wattle - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Acacia angustissima (Miller) Kuntze var. chisosiana - Isely - (NM)
Acacia angustissima var. cuspidata - (Schlecht.) L. Benson p.p. - (BONAP)
Acacia angustissima (Miller) Kuntze var. texensis - (Torrey & Gray) Isely - (NM)
Acacia cuspidata - Schlecht. p.p. - (BONAP)
Acacia texensis - Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)

Acacia berlandieri - Benth. - Species Name
= Senegalia berlandieri (Benth.) Britton & Rose
Family Fabaceae
Common Name
Berlandier Acacia - - (?)
Espino - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Guajillo - - (BONAP, Elsa Campos)
Guajillo Acacia - - (?)
Huajillo - - (?)
Huispancle - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Matorral - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mimbre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Thóbem - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Thornless acacia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
See notes.

Acacia cochliacantha - Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. - Species Name
= Vachellia campechiana (Mill.) Seigler & Ebinger
Family Fabaceae
Common Name
Binolo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Binolo prieto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Boat-thorn acacia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chirahui - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chiroui - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Corteno - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cubata - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cucharilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cucharitas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cucharo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Encinilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Espino - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Guinole - - (Baja California)
Guisache - - (Spanish-Américas)
Guisache corteño - - (Spanish-Américas)
Huinol - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Huinole - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Huisache - - (Spanish-Américas)
Huisache costeño - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Huisache tepame - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Palo de cucharitas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sínala - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tepamo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Vinolo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Vinolo prieto - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Vinorama - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Synonyms
Acacia cochliacantha f. cochliacantha - - (Plant List)
Acacia cochliacantha f. houghii - (Britton & Rose) Seigler & Ebinger - (Plant List)
Acacia cochliacantha - S.Watson - (Plant List)
Acacia cochliacantha - Willd. - (Plant List)
Acacia cymbispina - Sprague & Riley - (Plant List)

Acacia collinsii - Saff - Species Name
= Vachellia collinsii (Saff.) Seigler & Ebinger
Family Fabaceae
Common Name
Cornezuelo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Subin - - (Yucatán)
Subin che' - - (Yucatán)
Tsubin - - (Yucatán)
Synonym
Acacia glutea - Ram.Goyena - (Plant List)

Acacia constricta - Benth. - Species Name
= Vachellia constricta (Bentham) Seigler & Ebinger
Family Fabaceae
Common Name
Chaparro prieto - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Flor de niño - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gigantillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Huisache - - (Spanish-Américas)
Huizache - - (Spanish-Américas)
Largancillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Largoncillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mescat acacia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Mezquitillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Vara - - (Spanish-Américas)
Vara prieta - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Varaprieta - - (Spanish-Américas)
Vinorama - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Western white-thorn acacia - - (NM)
Whitethorn - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Whitethorn acacia - - (BONAP)
White-thorn acacia - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (NM)
Synonym
Acacia constricta var. paucispina - Wooton & Standley - (NM)

Acacia constricta var. vernicosa - L.D. Benson - Variety Name
= Vachellia vernicosa (Britton & Rose) Seigler & Ebinger
Family Fabaceae
Common Names
Eastern white-thorn acacia - - (NM)
Viscid acacia - - (EOL)
In New Mexico - - (NM)
Synonyms
Acacia neovernicosa - Isely - (NM)
Acacia vernicosa - Standley, not Fitzgerald - (NM)
Acaciopsis vernicosa - Britton & Rose - (NM)

Acacia cornigera - (L.) Willd. - Species Name
= Vachellia cornigera (L.) Seigler & Ebinger
Family Fabaceae
Common Names
Acacia - - (Atlas Mexico)
Arbol del cuerno - - (Atlas Mexico)
Bullhorn acacia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Bullhorn wattle - - (BONAP)
Cachito - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cachito de toro - - (Atlas Mexico)
Carnizuelo - - (Mexican-American)
Chicorno - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chixcanal - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cornezuelo - - (Mexican-American)
Cortapito - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cuernecillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cuernito - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cuernitos - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cuerno de toro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Espino blanco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Guang apix y guana arich - - (Atlas Mexico)
Guisache - - (Atlas Mexico)
Hoitzmamaxali - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hoitzmamazali - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Huitzmamaxalli - - (Aztec)
Huizache - - (Atlas Mexico)
Iscanal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Izcanal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Piñuela - - (Spanish-Américas)
Puas de piedra (Thorns of stone) - - (Aztec)
Subin - - (Yucatán)
Subin-che - - (Maya, Yucatán)
Tepame - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tobem - - (San Luís Potosí)
Tobera k'idh - - (San Luís Potosí)
Torito - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Toritos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tsujpin - - (Puebla)
Velo de novia - - (Mexican-American)
Velo de viuda - - (Mexican-American)
Vinorama - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Waj aptx - - (Oaxaca)
Zubin - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Zubín - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zubinché - - (Spanish-Américas)
Native to Mexico and Central America.

Acacia de las Indias - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Acacia de las praderas - Acacia angustissima - (Spanish-Américas)

Acacia del Senegal - Acacia senegal - (Spanish-Américas)

Acacia farnesiana - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Acacia farnesiana - (L.) Willd. - Species Name
= Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight et Arn.
Family Fabaceae
Common Names
Acacia - - (Mexico)
Acacia de las Indias - - (Spanish-Américas)
Acacia farnesiana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amarillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Aroma - - (Atlas Mexico)
Aromito - - (Spanish-Américas)
Aromo - - (Mexico)
Aromo amarillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Aromo común - - (Spanish-Américas)
Aromo de agujas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Aromo espinoso - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Aromo oloroso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Aromo prieto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Arumbari - - (Michoacán)
Bayahonda - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bihi - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Binorama - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Cachito de aroma - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cantiriz - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cakilizche - - (Quintana Roo)
Cambrón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Carambomba - - (Spanish-Américas)
Carambuco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cascalote - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cashaw - - (Quintana Roo)
Cassie - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chapote - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Churqui negro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Colita - - (Atlas Mexico)
Corôa Christi - - (Spanish-Américas)
Coronacris - - (Spanish-Américas)
Coronha - - (Spanish-Américas)
Corteza de curtidora - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cuca - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cují - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cuji aromo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cuji cimarrón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cuntich - - (Quintana Roo)
Espina divina o sagrada - - (Atlas Mexico)
Espinillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Espino - - (Spanish-Américas)
Espino blanco - - (Atlas Mexico)
Fiñisachi - - (Spanish-Américas)
Flor de aroma - - (Spanish-Américas)
Flor de niño - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gabia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gavia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Guisache - - (Mexico)
Güisache - - (Spanish-Américas)
Guizache - - (Atlas Mexico)
Guizache yondero - - (Michoacán)
Hichin - - (Veracruz)
Huechachin (náhuatl) - - (Atlas Mexico, Morelos)
Huichaxin - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Huisache - - (Mexico, Guerrero)
Huisache de semilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Huisache yóndiro - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Huitzaxin - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Huizache - - (Atlas Mexico)
K'ank'ilixche - - (Quintana Roo)
Kankilizche - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Kantiriz - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Kuká - - (Sonora)
Maroma - - (Atlas Mexico)
Matita - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Mimosa - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Nacazcalotl - - (Morelos)
Panthahochoixachin - - (Morelos)
Pedo de burro - - (Atlas Mexico)
Spunge tree - - (Mexico)
Subin - - (Quintana Roo)
Subín - - (Spanish-Américas)
Subinche - - (Quintana Roo)
Subinché - - (Spanish-Américas)
Subin-che (maya) - - (Quintana Roo)
Sweet acacia - - (U.S.A.)
Tataré - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tsurimbíní - - (Michoacán)
Tsurumbíni - - (Michoacán)
Tzurembini - - (Michoacán)
Tzurinbini - - (Michoacán)
Uisatain - - (Spanish-Américas)
Uña de cabra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Vinorama - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Wichachin (náhuatl) - - (Atlas Mexico, Guerrero)
Xemb - - (Oaxaca)
Xhag - - (Oaxaca)
Xkantirish - - (Spanish-Américas)
X'k'ant'ilix - - (Quintana Roo)
Yag guiichi - - (Oaxaca)
Zubin - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Zubín - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zubinche - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Zubinché - - (Spanish-Américas)
Synonym
Acacia smallii - Isely - (Plant List)

Acacia gomosa - Acacia senegal - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Acacia greggii - Gray - Species Name
= Senegalia greggii (Gray) Britton & Rose
Family Fabaceae
Common Names
Algarrobo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Black locust - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Cat claw - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Catclaw - - (NM)
Catclaw acacia - - (U.S.A.)
Cat's claws - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Cimmarón - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Devil's claw - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Gatuña - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Palo chino - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Patito - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Patitos - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Tepame - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tésota - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tis - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Uña de gato - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Uña del gato - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Acacia greggii var. arizonica - Isely - (BONAP)
Acacia greggii var. greggii - Gray - (BONAP)

Acacia hindsii - Benth. - Species Name
= Vachellia hindsii (Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger
Family Fabaceae
Common Names
Arbol del cuerno - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cachito - - (Spanish-Américas)
Carretadera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Carretadero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cornezuelo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cuernitos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cutupito - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cuerno de toro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Espino blanco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Guascanal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hat-thorn acacia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hinds acacia - - (?)
Huisache corteño - - (Spanish-Américas)
Huisache costeño - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Iscanal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Iscanal negro - - (EOL)
Ixiconal - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Jarretadera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Piñuela - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zubín - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zubinche - - (Spanish-Américas)

Acacia millefolia - S. Watson - Species Name
= Mariosousa millefolia (S. Watson) Seigler & Ebinger
Family Fabaceae
Common Names
Culuncuahui - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Mauto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Milfoil acacia - - (NM)
Milfoil wattle - - (BONAP)
Santa Rita acacia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tepemezquite blanco - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Vera prieta - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Acacia pennatula - (Schlecht. & Cham.) Benth. - Species Name
= Vachellia pennatula (Schltdl. & Cham.) Seigler & Ebinger
Family Fabaceae
Common Names
Algarrobo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Algarrobo espino - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cajui - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chírahui - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Coqueta - - (Spanish-Américas)
Coquetta - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cucabit - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cuquet - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Espino - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Espino blanco - - (Atlas Mexico)
Espino de jiote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Feather acacia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Fernleaf acacia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Garrobo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Huisache - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Huisache tepame - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Jiote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Palo garrobo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Sierra Madre acacia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tepame - - (Atlas Mexico)
Tihuixtle (náhuatl) - - (Guerrero)
Xabxib - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Yepouecha - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Acacia roemeriana - Scheele - Species Name
= Senegalia roemeriana (Scheele) Britton & Rose.
Family Fabaceae
Common Names
Palo de arco - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Roemer acacia - - (NM)
Roundflower catclaw - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Acacia malacophylla - Benth. - (BONAP)

Acacia rigudula - Benth. - Species Name
= Vachellia rigidula (Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger
Family Fabaceae
Common Names
Blackbrush acacia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Catclaw - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chaparro prieto - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Gavia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Acacia senegal - (L.) Willd. - Species Name
= Senegalia senegal (L.) Britton
Family Fabaceae
Common Name
Acacia - - (Mexico)
Acacia del Senegal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Acacia gomosa - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Goma arabe - - (Mexico)
Goma arábiga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gum arabic - - (BONAP)
Senegal gum - - (EOL)
Synonym
Acacia verek - Guillemin & Perrottet - (?)

Acagualillo - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Acahualillo - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Acalia - Abutilon theophrasti - (Spanish-Américas)

Acalypha - L. - Genus Name
Family Euphorbiaceae
Common Name
Acalypha - - (BONAP)
In Morelos - - (Atlas Mexico)
In New Mexico, 3 species: - - (BONAP, NM)
Acalypha lindheimeri Muller Argoviensis
(= Lindheimer's copperleaf, Shrubby copperleaf)
Acalypha neomexicana Muller Argoviensis
(= New Mexico copperleaf)
Acalypha ostryifolia Riddell
(= Pineland threeseed mercury, Three-seed mercury)

Acalypha adenostachya - Muell.Arg. - (?) Species Name
Family Euphorbiaceae

Acalypha hypogaea - S.Watson - (?) Species Name
Family Euphorbiaceae

Acalypha langiana - Muell.-Arg. - (?) Species Name
Family Euphorbiaceae

Acalypha lindheimeri - Muell.-Arg. - Species Name
[= Acalypha phleoides, according to Species 2000/ITIS]
Family Euphorbiaceae
Common Names
Cancerisha - - (?)
Hierba del cáncer - - (?)
Shrubby copperleaf - - (BONAP)
Three-Seeded Mercury (3 seeds are indeed found in fruit) - - (?)
Yerba del cancer - - (Moore)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Acalypha lindheimeri var. major - Pax & K. Hoffmann - (BONAP)
See notes.

Acalypha monostachya - Cav. - (?) Species Name
Family Euphorbiaceae

Acalypha phleoides - Cav. - (Species 2000/ITIS) Species Name
Species Name
Family Euphorbiaceae
Common Names
Copper leaf - - (Mexico)
Hierba del cancer - - (Mexico)
Shrubby copperleaf - - (USDA)
Three-Seeded Mercury (3 seeds are indeed found in fruit) - - (?)
In New Mexico - - (Species 2000/ITIS)
Synonyms
Acalypha lindheimeri - Muell.-Arg. - (Species 2000/ITIS)
Acalypha lindheimeri var. major - Pax & K. Hoffmann - (BONAP)
See notes.

Acalypha septemloba - Muell.-Arg. - (?) Species Name
Family Euphorbiaceae

Acamelt - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Agave atrovirens - (Spanish-Américas)

Acanthaceae - Juss. (1789) - (APG III) Family Name
Lamiales - Bromhead - (APG III) Order Name
Common name
Acanthus family - - (?)
Higher level lineages:
o Lamiidae Takhtajan;
o Garryidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids I = asterids I);
o Gentianidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids or core asterids);
o Asteridae Takhtajan (= asterids);
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In Morelos, medicinal genus Justicia L - - (Atlas Mexico)
In New Mexico, species of 10 genera: - - (BONAP, New Mexico)
Anisacanthus Nees (= Desert-honeysuckle),
Carlowrightia Gray (= Wrightwort),
Dicliptera Juss. (= Foldwing),
Dyschoriste Nees (= Snakeherb),
Elytraria Michx. (= Scalystem),
Justicia L. (= Water-willow),
Ruellia L. (= Wild petunia),
Siphonoglossa Oerst. (= Tubetongue),
Stenandrium Nees (= Shaggytuft),
Tetramerium Nees (= Tetramerium)
See notes.

Arachis - L. - Genus Name
Family Fabaceae
Cultivated Arachis hypogaea L. (= Peanut) of South American origin
used medicinally in Morelos. - - (Atlas Mexico)

Acedera - Rumex Acetosa - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Acederaque - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Aceite de Abeto: See notes.

Aceite de comer: See notes.

Aceite de Pale: See notes.

Aceite de la vibora: See notes.

Aceite mexicano: See notes.

Aceitilla - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Bidens - (Mexican-American)
- Bidens pilosa - (Mexican-American)

Aceitilla chatay - Bidens pilosa - (Hernandez-Galicia, et al., 2002)

Aceitunillo - Vitex mollis - (Mexican-American)
- Vitex agnus-castus - (Mexican-American)

Acer - L. - Genus Name
Family Aceraceae
Now placed in family Sapindaceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
Maple - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 3 species: - - (BONAP)
Acer glabrum (= Rocky Mountain maple),
Acer grandidentatum (= Bigtooth maple)
Acer negundo (= Boxelder)
See notes.

Acer glabrum - Torr. - Species Name
Family Aceraceae
Now placed in family Sapindaceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
Rocky Mountain maple - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 2 varieties: - - (BONAP)
Acer glabrum var. glabrum (= Rocky Mountain maple),
Acer glabrum var. neomexicanum (= New Mexico maple)

Acer glabrum var. glabrum - Torr. - Variety Name
Family Aceraceae
Now placed in family Sapindaceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
Rocky Mountain maple - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Acer glabrum var. tripartitum - (Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray) Pax - (BONAP)
Acer glabrum var. typicum - (Wesmael) Keller - (BONAP)
Acer tripartitum - Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)

Acer glabrum var. neomexicanum - (Greene) Kearney & Peebles - Variety Name
Family Aceraceae
Now placed in family Sapindaceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
New Mexico maple - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Acer glabrum ssp. neomexicanum - (Greene) E. Murr. - (BONAP)
Acer glabrum var. parviflorum - E. Murr. - (BONAP)
Acer neomexicanum - Greene - (BONAP)

Acer negundo - L. - Species Name
Family Aceraceae
Now placed in family Sapindaceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
Boxelder - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Acer negundo var. arizonicum - Sarg. - Variety Name
Family Aceraceae
Now placed in family Sapindaceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
Arizona boxelder - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Acer negundo var. interius - (Britt.) Sarg. - Variety Name
Family Aceraceae
Now placed in Sapindaceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
Boxelder maple - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Acer interius - Britt. - (BONAP)
Acer negundo ssp. interius - (Britt.) A.& D. Love - (BONAP)
Negundo aceroides ssp. interius - (Britt.) A.& D. Love - (BONAP)
Negundo interius - (Britt.) Rydb. - (BONAP)

Acer negundo var. texanum - Pax - Variety Name
Family Aceraceae
Now placed in family Sapindaceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
Ashleaf maple - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Acer negundo ssp. latifolium - (Pax) Schwerin - (BONAP)

Aceraceae - Juss. - (BONAP) Family Name
(Now placed by APG III with Hippocastanaceae A.Rich.
in broader family Sapindaceae)
Sapindales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Malvidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids II = malvids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, including species of 1 genus: - - (BONAP)
Acer - L. - (BONAP)

Achicoria (= Chicoria) - Taraxacum officinale - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Achicoria amarga (= Chicoria) - Taraxacum officinale - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Achicoria dulce - Sonchus oleraceus - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)
- Sonchus ciliatus - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Achilea - Achillea millefolium - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

A-chili - Persicaria hydropiper - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Achilillo hembra - Persicaria lapathifolia - (Atlas Mexico)

Achillea - L. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Yarrow - - (BONAP)
In Morelos - - (Atlas Mexico)
In New Mexico, 1 species: - - (BONAP, NM)
Achillea millefolium L. (= Common yarrow, Western yarrow)

Achillea millefolium - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common names
Abrofia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Achilea - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Alcaina - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Alcanfor - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alcanforero - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Alterraina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Altarreina - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Aquilea - - (Spanish-Américas)
Aquiléia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Artemisa bastarda - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bloodwort - - (ITIS, USDA)
Camomila de los montes - - (Spanish-Américas)
Carpenter's weed - - (ITIS, USDA)
Ciento en rama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cientoenrama - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ciprés de invierno - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ciprés de Judea - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ciprés de perla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Colchón de pobre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Common yarrow - - (BONAP, ITIS, U.S.A.)
Erva carpinteira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva das cortadelas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva de São João - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva do Bom Deus - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva dos carpinteiros - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva dos golpes - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva dos militares - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva dos soldados - - (Spanish-Américas)
Feiteirinha - - (Spanish-Américas)
Feteirinha - - (Spanish-Américas)
Flor de la pluma - - (Spanish-Américas)
Flor de pluma - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Gordoloba - - (USDA)
Herva do carpintero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba carpintera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de Aquiles - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de la cortadura - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba de la muela - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba de las cortaduras - - (ITIS, USDA)
Hierba de las heridas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de los carpinteros - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba del carpintero - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba del cortes - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba del soldado - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba meona - - (Spanish-Américas)
Macelão - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mão de Deus - - (Spanish-Américas)
Meona - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mil en rama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mil hojas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Milefolio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Milenrama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Milflor - - (Mexico)
Milfoil - - (European English, ITIS, Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Milfolhada - - (Spanish-Américas)
Milfolio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Milhojas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Millenrama - - (Mexico)
Nosebleed - - (European English, Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Old man - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pêlo de carneiro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Perla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pluma de la tierra (feather of the land) - - (Aztec)
Plumajillo (little feather) - - (ITIS, Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Plumajo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Prazer das damas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Real de oro - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Salvaçao do mundo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sereno de invierno - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sneezeweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Staunchgrass - - (European English)
Thousand seal - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Tlalquequesal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tlaquequetzal - - (Aztec)
Viuda - - (Spanish-Américas)
Western yarrow - - (ITIS, NM, U.S.A.)
Yarrow - - (Mexico, Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yarrow (common) - - (ITIS)
In New Mexico: - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonyms
Achillea alpicola - Rydberg
Achillea angustissima - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Achillea aspleniifolia - auct. non Vent. - (BONAP)
Achillea eradiata - Piper - (BONAP)
Achillea fusca - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Achillea gracilis - Raf. - (BONAP)
Achillea lanulosa - Nuttall - (BONAP)
Achillea lanulosa subsp. apicola - (Rydberg) Keck - (NM)
Achillea lanulosa subsp. lanulosa - Nuttall - (NM)
Achillea lanulosa subsp. typica - Keck - (NM)
Achillea lanulosa var. alpicola - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Achillea lanulosa var. arachnoidea - Lunell - (BONAP)
Achillea lanulosa var. eradiata - (Piper) M.E. Peck - (BONAP)
Achillea laxiflora - Pollard & Cockerell - (NM)
Achillea millefolium ssp. occidentalis - (DC.) Hyl. - (BONAP)
Achillea millefolium ssp. pallidotegula - Boivin - (BONAP)
Achillea millefolium var. alpicola - (Rydberg) Garrett - (NM)
Achillea millefolium var. aspleniifolia - (Vent.) Farw. - (BONAP)
Achillea millefolium var. fusca - (Rydb.) G.N. Jones- (BONAP)
Achillea millefolium var. gracilis - Raf. ex DC. - (BONAP)
Achillea millefolium var. lanulosa - (Nuttall) Piper - (NM)
Achillea millefolium var. rosea - (Desf.) Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)
Achillea millefolium var. russeolata - Boivin - (BONAP)
Achillea occidentalis - (DC.) Raf. ex Rydb. - (BONAP)
Achillea rosea - Desf. - (BONAP)
Achillea subalpina - Greene - (BONAP)
Achillea tomentosa - Pursh, non L. - (BONAP)
See notes.

Achiote - Bixa orellana - (Mexican-American)

Achiotl - Bixa orellana - (Nahuatl)

Achiotillo - Bixa Orellana - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Achuscarris - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Acíbar - Aloe - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Acíbara - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Acleisanthes - Gray - Genus Name
Family Nyctaginaceae
Common Name
Trumpets - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Some authors now consider the genus Acleisanthes as
a synonym of the genus Selinocarpus.

Acleisanthes longiflora - Gray - Species Name
Family Nyctaginaceae
Common Names
Angel's trumpets - - (BONAP)
Yerba del a Rabia - - (herbarium sheet by Dr. Gregg)
Yerba Santa - - (herbarium sheet by Dr. Gregg)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Some authors now consider the genus Acleisanthes as
a synonym of the genus Selinocarpus.

Acocohxihuitl - Bidens - (Mexican-American)
- Bidens pilosa - (Mexican-American)

Aconite - Aconitum tragoctonum - (Mexico)

Aconito - Aconitum tragoctonum - (Mexico)

Acónito - Aconitum Napellus - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Aconitum - L. - Genus Name
Family Ranunculaceae
Common Name
Monkshood - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Aconitum columbianum - Nutt. - Species Name
Family Ranunculaceae
Common Names
Aconite - - (Moore)
Columbian monkshood - - (BONAP)
Monk's-hood - - (NM)
Western aconite - - (Moore)
Western monkshood - - (Moore)
In New Mexico, including 1 subspecies: - - (BONAP)
Aconitum columbianum ssp. columbianum Nutt. (= Monk's-hood)

Aconitum columbianum ssp. columbianum - Nutt. - Subspecies Name
Family Ranunculaceae
Common Names
Aconite - - (Moore)
Columbian monkshood - - (BONAP)
Monk's-hood - - (NM)
Western aconite - - (Moore)
Western monkshood - - (Moore)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Aconitum columbianum var. bakeri - (Greene) Harrington - (BONAP)
Aconitum columbianum var. ochroleucum - A. Nels. - (BONAP)
Aconitum columbianum ssp. pallidum - Piper - (BONAP)
Aconitum geranioides - auct. p.p. non Greene - (BONAP)
Aconitum leibergii - auct. p.p. non Greene - (BONAP)
Aconitum mogollonicum - auct. p.p. non Greene - (BONAP)

Aconitum tragoctonum - (?) - Species Name
Family Ranunculaceae
Common Names
Aconite - - (Mexico)
Aconito - - (Mexico)
Acónito - - (Plantas, Cultura y Sociedad)
Goats bane - - (Mexico)

Acoraceae - Martynov - (APG III) Family Name
(Acoraceae J.G. Agardh, according to Delta)
Acorales - Link - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Monocotyledoneae de Candolle (= monocots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
Family not in New Mexico, but species of its single genus widely used in folk medicine:
Acorus - L. - (BONAP)

Acorn squash - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Acoro - Acorus calamus - (Mexico)

Acorus - L. - (BONAP: Genus Name)
Family Acoraceae
Common Name
Sweetflag - - (BONAP)

Acorus americanus - (Raf.) Raf. - Species Name
Family Acoraceae
Common Name
Sweetflag - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Acorus calamus - auct. non L. - (BONAP)
Acorus calamus var. americanus - (Raf.) H.D. Wulff. - (BONAP)
See notes.

Acorus calamus - L. - Species Name
Family Acoraceae
Common Names
Acoro - - (Mexico)
Calamus - - (Mexico, U.S.A.)
Calamo aromatico - - (Mexico)
Sweet flag - - (Mexico, U.S.A.)
See notes.

Acrocomia - Mart. - Genus Name
Family Arecaceae

Acrocomia aculeata - (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Mart. - Species Name
[= Acrocomia mexicana Kar. ex Mart.]
Family Arecaceae

Acsoyate - Abies religiosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Actaea - L. - (BONAP: Genus Name)
Family Ranunculaceae
Common Name
Baneberry - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Actaea rubra - (Ait.) Willd. - Species Name
Family Ranunculaceae
Common Names
Red baneberry - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Actaea rubra ssp. arguta - (Nutt.) Hulten - Subspecies Name
Family Ranunculaceae
Common Names
Baneberry - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Cohosh - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Red baneberry - - (BONAP)
Yerba del peco - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Actaea arguta - Nutt. - (BONAP)
Actaea arguta var. viridiflora - (Greene) Tidestrom - (BONAP)
Actaea rubra var. arguta - (Nutt.) Lawson - (BONAP)
Actaea spicata var. arguta - (Nutt.) Torr. - (BONAP)

Acuyo - Piper sp. - (Moore)

Acxoyate - Abies religiosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Acxoyatic - Ipomoea muricata - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Acxoyatl - Abies religiosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Adam's needle (= Palmilla) - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Adam's thread and needle (= Palmilla) - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Adiantaceae - Newman - Family Name
(adiantoids, including Adiantum + sometimes vittarioids)
Now placed in family Pteridaceae.
Common Name
Maidenhair ferns - - (?)
In New Mexico, including 1 genus: - - (BONAP)
Adiantum L. (= Maidenhair fern)
In New Mexico, defined more broadly to include genera: - - (BONAP)
Bommeria Fourn. (= Bommeria fern),
Cheilanthes Sw. (= Lipfern),
Cryptogramma R. Br. (= Rockbrake),
Notholaena R. Br. (= Cloak fern), and
Pellaea Link (= Cliffbrake).
Pentagramma Yatskievych, Windham & Wollenweber (= Goldfern)

Adianto - Asplenium trichomanes - (Spanish-Américas)

Adiantum - L. - Genus Name
Family Pteridaceae
Polypodiales - Schimp. - Order Name
Common name
Maidenhair fern - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico

Adiantum capillus-veneris - L. - Species Name
Family Pteridaceae
Common Names
Black maiden's hair - - (northern U.S.A.)
Common maidenhair - - (BONAP, ITIS)
Common maidenhair fern - - (ITIS)
Culantrillo de pozo - - (Elsa Campos)
Dudder-grass - - (northern U.S.A.)
Lady's hair - - (northern U.S.A.)
Maidenhair fern - - (Elsa Campos)
True maiden's hair - - (northern U.S.A.)
Venus hairfern - - (ITIS)
Venus-hair fern - - (northern U.S.A.)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Adiantum capillus-veneris var. modestum - (Underwood) Fern. - (BONAP)
Adiantum capillus-veneris var. protrusum - Fern. - (BONAP)
Adiantum modestum - Underwood - (BONAP)

Adiantum pedatum - L. - Species Name
Family Pteridaceae
(Adiantaceae, according to KEW)
Common Names
Culantrillo del pozo - - (Mexico)
Lock-hair fern - - (northern U.S.A.)
Maidenfern - - (ITIS)
Maidenhair - - (ITIS)
Maiden-hair - - (northern U.S.A.)
Maidenhair fern - - (ITIS, Mexico)
Northern maidenhair - - (ITIS, U.S.A.)

Adiantum tenerum - Sw. - Species Name
Family Pteridaceae
Common Names
Fan maidenhair - - (ITIS)

Adiantum trapeziforme - L. - Species Name
[= Adiantum trapeciforme]
Family Pteridaceae
Common Name
Diamond maidenhair - - (ITIS)
Tlaquequétzal - - (Aztec-Nahuatl)

Adormidera - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Papaver rhoeas - (Mexican-American)

Adormidera espinosa - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Adormideras - Papaver somniferum - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Adoxa - L. - Genus Name
Family Adoxaceae
Common Name
Adoxa - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico

Adoxa moschatellina - L. - Species Name
Family Adoxaceae
Common Name
Muskroot - - (BONAP)
Known as a medicinal elsewhere.
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Adoxaceae - E.Mey. - (APG III) Family Name
(Adoxaceae Trautv., according to Delta)
Dipsacales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Common Name
Adoxa or Muskroot family - - (BONAP)
Higher level lineages:
o Dipsapiidae D. C. Tank & M. J. Donoghue (2010);
o Apiidae M.J. Donoghue & P.D. Cantino;
o Campanulidae M.J. Donoghue & P.D. Cantino
(euasterids II = asterids II = campanulids);
o Garryidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids I = asterids I);
o Gentianidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids or core asterids);
o Asteridae Takhtajan (= asterids);
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes = vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
(land plants).
Family in New Mexico, including 2 genera:
Adoxa - L. - (BONAP)
Sambucus - L. - (BONAP)

Aegilops - L. - Genus Name
Family Poaceae
Common Name
Goatgrass - - (BONAP) In New Mexico
See notes.

Agalinis - Raf. - Genus Name
Family Orobanchaceae
Common Name
False foxglove - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Agalinis tenuifolia - (Vahl) Raf. - Species Name
Family Orobanchaceae
Common Name
Slenderleaf false foxglove - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Agalinis tenuifolia var. parviflora - (Nutt.) Pennell - Variety Name
Family Orobanchaceae
Common Name
Slenderleaf false foxglove - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Gerardia tenuifolia var. parviflora - Nutt. - (BONAP)
Gerardia tenuifolia ssp. parviflora - (Nutt.) Pennell - (BONAP)
See notes.

Agallas de Lavante: See notes.

Agarico blanco: See notes.

Agarico yesca - Boletus igniarius - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)
- Boletus fomentarius - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Agastache - Clayton ex Gronov. - Genus Name
Family Lamiaceae
Common Name
Giant hyssop - - (BONAP)
In Morelos - - (Atlas Mexico)
In New Mexico, 8 species - - (BONAP)
and 8 subspecies or varieties.
Agastache breviflora (Gray) Epling
(= TransPecos giant hyssop),
Agastache cana (Hook.) Woot. & Standl.
(= Mosquito plant),
Agastache mearnsii Woot. & Standl.
(= San Luis Mountain giant hyssop),
Agastache micrantha (Gray) Woot. & Standl.
(= White giant hyssop),
Agastache pallidiflora (Heller) Rydb.
(= Bill Williams' Mountain giant hyssop),
Agastache pringlei (Briq.) Lint & Epling
(= Pringle's giant hyssop),
Agastache rupestris (Greene) Standl.
(= Threadleaf giant hyssop), and
Agastache wrightii (Greenm.) Woot. & Standl.
(= Sonoran giant hyssop).
Subspecies or varieties:
Agastache pallidiflora ssp. pallidiflora var. gilensis R.W. Sanders
(= Bill Williams' Mountain giant hyssop),
Agastache pallidiflora ssp. pallidiflora var. greenei (Briq.) R.W. Sanders
(= Greene's giant hyssop),
Agastache pallidiflora ssp. neomexicana var. havardii (Gray) R.W. Sanders
(= Havard's giant hyssop),
Agastache pallidiflora ssp. neomexicana (Briq.) Lint & Epling
(= New Mexican giant hyssop),
Agastache pallidiflora ssp. neomexicana var. neomexicana (Briq.) R.W. Sanders
(= New Mexican giant hyssop),
Agastache pallidiflora ssp. pallidiflora (Heller) Rydb.
(= Pallid flower giant hyssop),
Agastache pallidiflora ssp. pallidiflora var. pallidiflora (Heller) Rydb.
(= Pallid flower giant hyssop), and
Agastache pringlei var. verticillata (Woot. & Standl.) R.W. Sanders
(= Pringle's giant hyssop).

Agastache mexicana - ? - (?)
Family Lamiaceae
Common Name
Tlalamatl - - (Aztec)
Toronjil - - (Baja California Norte, Mexico)

Agastache palmeri - (B.L.Rob.) Lint & Epling - (?)
[= Agastache palmeri (B.L.Rob.) Standl.]
Family Lamiaceae
Common Name
Betónica - - (San Luis Potosí)

Agauja - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)
- Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Agavaceae - Dumort. - Family Name
[Usually including plants in the once named families
Anemarrhenaceae Conran, M.W. Chase & Rudall,
Anthericaceae J.Agardh,
Behniaceae Conran, M.W. Chase & Rudall,
and Herreriaceae Endl.
Agavaceae is more recently and optionally placed
by APG III within the larger family Asparagaceae Juss.
of higher asparagoids, also including the other families
Aphyllanthaceae Burnett,
Hesperocallidaceae Traub,
Hyacinthaceae Batsch ex Borkh,
Laxmanniaceae Bubani,
Ruscaceae Spreng., and
Themidaceae Salisb.]
Asparagales - Link - (APG III) Order Name
[= Asparagales Bromhead (= asparagoids)]
Common Name
Agave family - - (NM)
Higher level lineages:
o rest of the core monocots
other than those in the family Petrosaviaceae Hutch.;
o core monocots;
o Nartheciidae S.W. Graham & W.S. Judd
o Monocotyledoneae de Candolle (= monocots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In Morelos - - (Atlas Mexico)
In New Mexico, species of 4 genera: - - (NM)
Agave L. (= Agave),
Echeandia Ortega (= Echeandia),
Leucocrinum Nutt. ex Gray (= Starlily),
Yucca L. (= Yucca).
See notes.

Agave - L. - Genus Name
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
[Species of the closely related genera Manfreda Salisb., Polianthes L.,
and Prochnyanthes S. Watson (none in New Mexico) are sometimes
assigned to Agave (due to limited molecular studies indicating that
Agave is paraphyletic to Manfreda, Polianthes, and Prochnyanthes).]
Common Names
Agave - - (BONAP)
Century plant - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Maguey - - (Mexico)
In New Mexico, 5 species: - - (NM)
Agave gracilipes Trel.
(= Slimfoot agave, Slimfoot century plant),
Agave lechuguilla Torr.
(= Lechuguilla),
Agave palmeri Engelm.
(= Palmer's agave, Palmer's century plant),
Agave parryi var. neomexicana (Woot. & Standl.) Ullrich
(New Mexico agave),
Agave parryi var. parryi Engelm.
(= Parry's agave),
Agave schottii Engelm.
(= Schott's agave, Schott's century plant),
See notes.

Agave - Agave americana - (Mexico)
- Agave guttata - (Mexico)

Agave americana - L. - Species Name
[= Agave americana var. americana = Agave gracilispina (Rol.-Goss.) Engelmann ex Trelease (included in EthnobotDB)]
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common names
Abecedaria - - (Spanish-Américas)
Acamelt - - (Spanish-Américas)
Acíbara - - (Spanish-Américas)
Agave - - (Mexico)
Agave americana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Aloe dos cem anos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Áloe de cien años - - (Spanish-Américas)
American Agave - - (ITIS)
American Aloe - - (?)
American Century Plant - - (ITIS)
Azabara - - (Spanish-Américas)
Azul champagra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Babosa brava - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cabuyal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calamaco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Caraguatá - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cardal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cardo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cardón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Century plant - - (Mexico, Mansfeld's Encyclopedia)
Centuryplant - - (ITIS)
Champa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Champagra azul - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cháguar - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chuchau - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cocú - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cocuí - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cocuy - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cocuyo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cocuisa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fique - - (Spanish-Américas)
Garabatá - - (Spanish-Américas)
Henequén - - (Spanish-Américas)
Jeniquén - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maguey - - (Spanish-Américas, Mexico)
Maguey amarillo - - (Aztec)
Maguey americano - - (ITIS)
Maguey arroqueño - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Maguey blanco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maguey chichimeco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maguey chino - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Maguey de mezcal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maguey de pulque - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maguey fino - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Maguey meco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mecoztli - - (Aztec)
Mescal - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Metl - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Mezcal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Motua - - (Spanish-Américas)
Nequén - - (Spanish-Américas)
Penca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pita - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pita americana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pita común - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pita maguey - - (Spanish-Américas)
Piteira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Piteira brava - - (Spanish-Américas)
Piteira de boi - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pitera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Teometl - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
See notes.
See notes.

Agave americana - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Agave americana ssp. protamericana - Gentry - Subspecies Name
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common name
American century plant - - (BONAP)

Agave angustifolia - Haw. - (ITIS) Species Name
[= Agave kirchneriana A. Berger]
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common Names
Bacanora - - (southern Sonora)
Bacanora agave - - (southern Sonora)
Century plant - - (ITIS)
Ixtle manso - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Maguey africano - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Mescal casero - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Mescal del monte - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Maguey delgado - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Maguey espadín - - (ITIS)
Mezcal - - (southern Sonora)
Pita-ci - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Zapupe fuerta - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Agave atrovirens - Karw. ex Salm-Dyck - Species Name
[= Agave latissima Jacobi]
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common names
Acamelt - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amole - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maguey - - (Spanish-Américas, Aztec, BONAP, ITIS, Mexico)
Maguey de aguamiel - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maguey de montaña - - (ITIS)
Maguey de pulque - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maguey del cumbre - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Maguey javalin - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Maguey manso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Metl - - (Aztec, Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Pita fina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Teomel - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tepeme - - (Mexico, Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Tlacamel - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tlacametl - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Tobalá - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tuah - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Agave fourcroydes - Lem. - Species Name
[= Agave sullivani Trelease]
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common Names
- - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Yucatán)
Sac-ci - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Sak-ki - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Yucatán)
White henequen - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia)
Yucatan sisal - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia)

Agave gracilipes - Trel. - Species Name
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae) - - (APG III)
Common names
Maguey de pastizal - - (?)
Slimfoot agave - - (NM)
Slimfoot century plant - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico

Agave guttata - Jacobi & C.D.Bouché - (PSORG) Species Name
[= Manfreda guttata (Jacobi & C.D.Bouché) Rose (= Agave commutata)
= Polianthes guttata (Jacobi & C.D.Bouché) Shinners from IPNI]
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common names
Agave - - (Mexico)
Amole - - (Mexico)
Apintle - - (Spanish-Américas)
According to KEW, the genus Manfreda Salisb. = Agave L.

Agave lechuguilla - Torr. - Species Name
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae) - - (APG II)
Common names
Agave lechuguilla - - (?)
Lecheguilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lechuguilla - - (BONAP, Spanish-Américas)
Maguey lechuguilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
In New Mexico
Synonym
Agave lophantha var. poselgeri - (Salm-Dyck) Berger - (BONAP)

Agave mapisaga - Trelease - (?) Species Name
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common name
Carrizo - - (?)

Agave schottii - Engelm. - Species Name
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common names
Amole - - (Spanish-Américas)
Schott's agave - - (NM)
Schott's century plant - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico

Agave salmiana - Otto ex Salm-Dyck - (?) Species Name
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common names
Maguey blando of Mexico - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia)
Maguey cimarrón - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Maguey de aguamiel - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Guatemala)
Maguey de pulque - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Maguey manso - - (Spanish-Américas, Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Pita fina - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Guatemala)
Pulque agave - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Tlacamel - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tlacametl - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Agave salmiana of Mexico is the most important species used in production of both pulque and tequila. - - (C. Ratsch)

Agave salmiana var. salmiana - Otto ex Salm-Dyck - Variety Name
[= Agave compluviata Trelease (included in EthnobotDB)]
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common Name
Maguey verde - - (Spanish-Américas)
Manso - - (?)

Agave sp. - ? - (?)
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae) - - (APG III)
Common Name
Cabuya - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cabuyo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Caragra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Caraguatá - - (Spanish-Américas)
Caruata - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cocui - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cocuisa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Curaguata - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chaguar - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chaguarguero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chuchao - - (Spanish-Américas)
Garavatá - - (Spanish-Américas)
Henequén - - (Spanish-Américas)
Jeniquén - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maguey - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mercal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mezcal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Nequén - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pita - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zapupe - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zoyate - - (Spanish-Américas)

Agave spp. - ? - (?)
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae) - - (APG III)
Common Name
Cabuya - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fique - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maguey - - (Spanish-Américas)

Agave tequilana - A. Weber - Species Name
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common names
Bermejo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chato - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chino azul - - (Spanish-Américas, Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Chino bermejo - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Jarcia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maguey - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maguey azul - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Maguey de tequila - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mano larga - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Mescal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mezcal azul - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mezcal azul tequilero - - (ITIS)
Mezcal chino azul - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mescal de tequila - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Guatemala)
Pato de mula - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Pié de mula - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Tequila - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tequila agave - - (ITIS)
Tequila mescal - - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
Zapalote - - (Spanish-Américas)

Agave weberi - Cels ex Poisson - Species Name
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)

Agenjo (= Estafiate) - Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Agenjo del pais (= Estafiate) - Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Agenjo oficinal (= Estafiate) - Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana (= Artemisia mexicana) - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Agracejo (= Oregon) - Mahonia aquifolium - (Mexico)
- Berberis vulgaris - (Mexico)

Agramonia - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Mexico)
- Eupatoria - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Agriar - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Agriaz - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Agrimoña - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Agrimonia - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Mexico, Spanish-Américas)

Agrimonia - L. - Genus Name
Family Rosaceae
Common Name
Agrimony - - (BONAP)
Burhead - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 2 species: - - (BONAP)
Agrimonia gryposepala Wallr. (= Tall hairy agrimony) and
Agrimonia striata Michx. (= Roadside agrimony).

Agrimonia eupatoria - L. - Species Name
Family Rosaceae
Common Name
Agramonia - - (Mexico)
Agrimoña - - (Spanish-Américas)
Agrimonia - - (Mexico, Spanish-Américas)
Agrimony - - (Mexico)
Algafete - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algafil - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algafite - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amoricos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Churchsteeples - - (BONAP)
Ciento en rama - - (Mexico)
Cientoenrama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cockleburr - - (Mexico)
Erva agrimónia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva eupatória - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva hepática - - (Spanish-Américas)
Eupatoria dos griegos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Eupatorio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gafetí - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de San Guillermo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba del podador - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mermasangre - - (Spanish-Américas)

Agrimonia gryposepala - Wallr. - Species Name
Family Rosaceae
Common Name
Hairy burhead - - (NM)
Tall hairy agrimony - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico

Agrimonia striata - Michx. - Species Name
Family Rosaceae
Common Name
Roadside agrimony - - (BONAP)
Woodland burhead - - (NM)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Agrimonia brittonia - Bicknell - (NM)
Agrimonia brittonia var. occidentalis - Bicknell - (NM)

Agrimony - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Mexico)

Agrión - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Agropyron - Gaertn. - Genus Name
Family Poaceae
[Some species in New Mexico called Couch-grass,
Quackgrass or Quitch-grass (e.g., Agropyron repens
(L.) Beauv. = Elytrigia repens var. repens)
now assigned to the genus Elytrigia.]
Common Name
Wheatgrass - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Agua miel, Aguamiel (translated "honey water"),
or Metl ("Agave juice"):
See notes.

Agua piedra: See notes.

Aguacate - Persia americana - (Mexican-American)
- Persia gratissima - (Mexican-American, AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Aguacate olorosa - Persea drymifolia - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Aguacate cimarron - Persea amplexicaulis - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Aguapa - Typha latifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Aguatosa - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Aguavilla - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Ahala - Malva parviflora - (Atlas Mexico)

Ahiya - Guazuma tomentosa - (Nahuatl)
- Guazuma ulmifolia - (Nahuatl)

Ahuacate - Persia americana - (Nahuatl)
- Persia gratissima - (Mexican-American)

Ahuacatl - Persia americana - (En Nahuatl)

Ahuehuete - Taxodium mucronatum - (Mexican-American)

Ahuehuetl - Taxodium mucronatum - (Nahuatl)

Ahuilote - Vitex mollis - (Mexican-American)
- Vitex agnus-castus - (Mexican-American)

Ahuyama - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Ailé - Alnus arguta - (Stuart)

Ajalote (= Guajalote, tiger salamander) - Ambystoma tigrinum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Ajenjo - Artemisia absinthium - (Mexico)
- Artemisia franserioides - (Mexican-American)
- Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana - (Northwestern New Spain)
- Artemisia vulgaris - (Mexico)

Ajenjo del pais - Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana - (Northwestern New Spain)

Ajeno del Pais - Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana - (EB 54(4): 427–438,2000)

Ajicillo - Persicaria punctata - (Spanish-Américas)

Ají de culebra - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Ají turco - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Ajo (= Garlic) - Allium sativum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley, Galisteo)

Alach - Anoda cristata - (?)

Alache - Anoda cristata - (Guerrero)

Alachi - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Alacran - Plumbago - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago pulchella - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago scandens - (Mexican-American)
Genus Plumbago not native in New Mexico.

Àlamo - Platanus lindeliana - (Stuart)
- Populus - (Mexican-American)
- Populus alba - (Mexican-American)
- Populus angustifolia - (Mexican-American)
- Populus balsamifera - (Spanish-Américas)
- Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni - (Mexican-American)
- Populus fremontii - (Moore, Spanish-Américas)
- Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii - (Spanish-Américas)

Àlamo argentino - Populus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Àlamo boleana - Populus alba - (Spanish-Américas)

Àlamo blanco - Alnus acuminata - (Mexican-American)
- Betula pubescens - (Mexican-American)
- Populus alba - (Spanish-Américas)

álamo canelo - Platanus lindeliana - (Spanish-Américas)

Àlamo carolino - Populus deltoides - (Spanish-Américas)

Àlamo criollo - Populus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Àlamo de hoja redonda - Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Àlamo de la Carolina - Populus deltoides - (Spanish-Américas)

Àlamo de la hoja redonda - Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni - (Galisteo)

Àlamo de Lombardía - Populus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Àlamo negro - Populus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Àlamo sauco - Populus angustifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Àlamo temblón - Populus tremuloides - (Spanish-Américas)

Alamillo - Populus tremuloides - (Spanish-Américas)

Alanche - Anoda cristata - (Veracruz)

Albaca - Ocimum basilicum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Albacar - Ocimum basilicum - (EB 54(4): 427–438,2000; Mexican-American)
- Ocimum spp. - (Mexican-American)

Albacaron - Ocimum basilicum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Albahaca - Celosia virgata - (BONAP)
- Ocimum basilicum - (Mexican-American)
- Ocimum spp. - (Mexican-American)

Albahacar - Ocimum basilicum - (Mexican-American)
- Ocimum spp. - (Mexican-American)

Albaricoque - Prunus armeniaca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Alboheza - Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Albohol - Polygonum aviculare - (Spanish-Américas)

Albohol de Castilla - Polygonum aviculare - (Spanish-Américas)

Alcachofa - Cynara scolymus - (Mexican-American)

Alcaina - Achillea millefolium - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Alcalia - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Alcancer (= Cancerina) - Cuphea - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea aequipetala - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea jorullensis - (Mexican-American)
- Hippocratea excelsa (= Hemiagium excelsum) - (Mexican-American)

Alcanfor (= Camphor) - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cinnamomum camphora - (Mexican-American)

Alcanforero - Achillea millefolium - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Alcayota - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Alcayota común - Cucurbita ficifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Alchemilla - L. - Genus Name
Family Rosaceae
Common Name
Lady's mantle - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 1 species: - - (NM)
Alchemilla vulgaris Linnaeus (= Lady's mantle)

Alchemilla vulgaris - Linnaeus - Species Name
Family Rosaceae
Common Name
Lady's mantle - - (NM)
Thinstem lady's mantle - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Alchemilla filicaulis Buser - (NM)
Alchemilla filicaulis ssp. vestita (Buser) M.E. Bradshaw - (NM)
Alchemilla minor Huds. - (NM)
Alchemilla monticola Opiz - (NM)
Alchemilla vestita (Buser) Raunk. - (NM)
Alchemilla vulgaris var. vestita (Buser) Murb. - (NM)
See notes.

Alcibar - Aloe socotrina - (Mexico)

Alder - Alnus rubra - (Mexico)

Alehoof - Glechoma hederacea - (Elsa Campos)

Alegria - Amaranthus cruentus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Amaranthus spp. - (Mexican-American)

Alelaila - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Alelí - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)
Alerce balsámico del Canadá - Abies balsamea - (Spanish-Américas)

Alfalfa - Medicago sativa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Alfalfon - Melilotus alba - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Alfambrilla - Abronia fragrans - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Abronia maritima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Alficaz - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Alfileria - Erodium cicutarium - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Alfilerillo - Erodium cicutarium - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Alfombrilla - Abronia maritima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Algafete - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Algafil - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Algafite - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Algalia - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)
- Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Algarrobo - Acacia greggii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia pennatula - (Atlas Mexico)

Algarrobo espino - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Alhelí - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Alhucema (= Lavender) - Lavandula angustifolia - (Mexican-American)
- Lavandula latifolia - (Elsa Campos)
- Lavandula spica - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Lavandula spp. - (Mexican-American)
- Lavandula vera - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Alhusema (= Lavender) - Lavandula spp. - (Mexican-American)

Alicochis (=? Pitajaya) - Echinocereus paucispinus (?) - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Alilaila - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Aliso - Alnus glutinosa - (Spanish-Américas)
- Alnus rubra - (Mexico)
- Alnus serrulata - (Spanish-Américas)

Alkanet - Anchusa officinalis - (Mexico)

Alligator pear - Persia americana - (Elsa Campos)

Alliaceae - Batsch ex. Borkh. - Family Name
[Now inappropriately still placed by certain authors
in Liliaceae Juss., which belongs to a different order.]
[The previously defined families Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae,
and Agapanthaceae F. Voigt have been optionally placed by
APG III in the broader family Amaryllidaceae J. St.-Hil.
of higher asparagoids.]
Asparagales - Link - (APG III) Order Name
[= Asparagales Bromhead (= asparagoids)]
Common Name
Onion family - - (NM)
Higher level lineages:
o rest of the core monocots
other than those in the family Petrosaviaceae Hutch.;
o core monocots;
o Nartheciidae S.W. Graham & W.S. Judd
o Monocotyledoneae de Candolle (= monocots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
If not included within Amaryllidaceae,
the family Alliaceae in New Mexico comprises 2 genera:
Allium L. (= Onion),
Nothoscordum Kunth (= False-garlic)
If Alliaceae is included within Amaryllidaceae, this family
in New Mexico comprises the above 2 genera plus
Zephyranthes Herbert (= Fairy-lily, Rain-lily, Zephyr-lily).
Family Agapanthaceae (sometimes also placed within Amaryllidaceae)
is not in North America but can be found only in South Africa.
The genera Androstephium, Dichelostemma, and Milla
(placed in Liliaceae by some authors) are now placed in the family
Themidaceae Salisb. or the more broadly defined family Asparagaceae s.l.

Alligator pear - Persea gratissima - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Allium - L. - Genus Name
Family Amaryllidaceae (including Alliaceae)
Common name
Onion - - (U.S.A.)
Garlic - - (U.S.A.)
Wild onion - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 13 species:
Allium acuminatum Hook. (= Tapertip onion),
Allium bigelovii S. Wats. (= Bigelow's onion),
Allium bisceptrum S. Wats. (= Aspen onion, Twincrest onion),
Allium cernuum Roth (= Nodding onion),
Allium drummondii Regel (= Drummond's onion),
Allium geyeri var. geyeri S. Wats. (= Geyer's onion),
Allium geyeri var. tenerum M.E. Jones (= Bulbil onion, Geyer's onion),
Allium gooddingii Ownbey (= Goodding's onion),
Allium kunthii G. Don (= Kunth's onion),
Allium macropetalum Rydb. (= Arizona onion, Largeflower wild onion),
Allium perdulce var. perdulce S.V. Fraser (= Plains onion),
Allium rhizomatum Wooton & Standley (= New Mexico onion), and
Allium textile A. Nels. & J.F. Macbr. (= Textile onion, White wild onion).
Wild onions have sometimes been dangerously confused with
species of the often poisonous genus Zygadenus = Zigadenus Michx.
(Death Camas) of family Melanthiaceae (order Liliales).

Allium cepa - L. - Species Name
Family Amaryllidaceae (including Alliaceae)
Common Name
Cebolla - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Garden onion - - (BONAP, Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Onion - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Allium cernuum - Roth - Species Name
Family Amaryllidaceae (including Alliaceae)
Common Name
Blue dick - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Cebollita del campo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Cacomite - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Cluster lily - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Grassnut - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Nodding onion - - (BONAP)
Saitas - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Spanish lily - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wild onion - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Allium cernuum var. obtusum - Cockerell ex MacBride - (NM)
Allium natans - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Allium recurvatum - Rydb. - (BONAP)

Allium sativum - L. - (BONAP: Species Name)
Family Alliaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Ajo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley, Galisteo)
Cultivated garlic - - (BONAP)
Garlic - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Allium spp. (~= Allium cepa) - ? - (?)
Family Alliaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Cebolla - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Garden onion - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Onion - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Almaciga de sabina (= Juniper pitch): See notes.

Almis - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Atlas Mexico)

Almizcle - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Almizcle vegetal - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Almizclillo - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Almorranera - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Alnus - P. Mill. - Genus Name
Family Betulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alder - - (BONAP)
Yaga - - (Spanish-Américas)
In New Mexico, 2 species: - - (BONAP)
Alnus incana (Linnaeus) Moench (= Mountain alder) and
Alnus oblongifolia Torrey (= Arizona alder)

Alnus acuminata - Kunth - Species Name
Family Betulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Abedul - - (Mexican-American)
Àlamo blanco - - (Mexican-American)
Alder - - (BONAP)
Aylin - - (Nahuatl)
Tepeylin - - (Nahuatl)

Alnus glutinosa - (L.) Gaertn. - Species Name
Family Betulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Aliso - - (Spanish-Américas)
European alder - - (BONAP)
Rubia menor - - (Spanish-Américas)

Alnus incana - (L.) Moench - Species Name
Family Betulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Mountain alder - - (BONAP)
Tag alder - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico, 1 subspecies: - - (BONAP)
Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia (Nutt.) Breitung
(= Thinleaf alder).

Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia - (Nutt.) Breitung - Subspecies Name
Family Betulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Mountain alder - - (NM)
Thinleaf alder - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Alnus incana var. occidentalis - (Dippel) C.L. Hitchc. - (BONAP)
Alnus incana var. virescens - S. Wats. - (BONAP)
Alnus X purpusii - Callier - (BONAP)
Alnus tenuifolia - Nutt. - (BONAP)

Alnus oblongifolia - Torr. - Species Name
Family Betulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Arizona alder - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Alnus rubra - Bong. - Species Name
Family Betulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alder - - (Mexico)
Aliso - - (Mexico)
Red alder - - (BONAP)

Alnus serrulata - (Ait.) Willd. - Species Name
Family Betulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Aliso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hazel alder - - (BONAP)

Aloaceae - Batsch - (Old Family Name)
Now placed in family Asphodelaceae. - - (APG II)

Aloe - Aloe vera - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Aloe - L. - (KEW: Genus Name)
Family Asphodelaceae - - (APG II)
Widely cultivated but not native to New Mexico.

Aloe arborescens - Miller - (BONAP: Species Name)
Family Asphodelaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Candelabra aloe - - (BONAP)

áloe de cien años - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Aloe dos cem anos - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Aloe ferox - Miller - (BONAP: Species Name)
Family Asphodelaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Cape aloe - - (BONAP)

Aloe perryi - Baker - (BONAP: Species Name)
Family Asphodelaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Perry's aloe - - (BONAP)

Aloe socotrina - ? - (?: Species Name)
Family Asphodelaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Alcibar - - (Mexico)
Aloe vera - - (Mexico)
Savila - - (Mexico)

Aloe vera - Aloe mexicana (?) - (Mexican-American)
- Aloe socotrina (?) - (Mexico)
- Aloe vera - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Aloe vera - (L.) Burm. f. - (BONAP: Species Name)
(= Aloe barbadensis P. Mill.)
(= Aloe vulgaris Lam.)
Family Asphodelaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Barbados aloe - - (BONAP)

Alomia - Kunth - (KEW: Genus Name)
In Morelos, Mexico - - (?)
Family Asteraceae - - (?)
Common Name
Aloe - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Aloe vera - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Aloe yacapichtlense - - (Aztec)
Medicina repelente - - (Aztec)
Tlailochtia - - (Aztec)
Sabila - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Zabila - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Aloysia - Juss. - (BONAP: Genus Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Verbenaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Aloysia - - (BONAP)
Species or varieties in New Mexico (according to BONAP)
not in main list that may be medicinal are
Aloysia gratissima (Gillies & Hook.) Troncoso (Whitebrush),
Aloysia gratissima var. gratissima (Gillies & Hook.) Troncoso (Whitebrush),
and Aloysia wrightii Heller ex Abrams (Wright's beebrush).

Aloysia triphylla - (L'Her.) Britt. - (BONAP: Species Name)
(= Lippia citriodora)
Family Verbenaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cedron - - (Mexican-American)
Lemon beebrush - - (BONAP)
Lemon scented verbena - - (Mexican-American)
Yerba luisa - - (Mexican-American)

Alpasotes - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Alpine fir - Abies arizonica - (U.S.A.)

Alpine pink - Phlox nana - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Alpinia - Roxb. - (BONAP: Genus Name)
Family Zingiberaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alpinia - - (BONAP)

Alpinia galanga - (L.) Sw. - (BONAP: Species Name)
Family Zingiberaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Galangal - - (Mexico)
Greater galangal - - (BONAP)

Alpinia cardamomum - ? - (?: Species Name)
See Elettaria cardamomum.

Altabaquillo - Polygonum aviculare - (Spanish-Américas)

Altamandría - Polygonum aviculare - (Spanish-Américas)

Altamisa - Artemisia absinthium - (Mexican-American)
- Artemisia franserioides - (Mexican-American)

Altamisa de la casa - Artemisia ludoviciana - (Colorado Spanish)

Altamisa de la sierra - Artemisia franserioides - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Artemisia frigida - (Colorado Spanish)

Altamisa Mexicana - Tanacetum parthenium - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Altarreina - Achillea millefolium - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Altea - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Alterraina - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Althaea - L. - (BONAP: Genus Name)
Family Malvaceae - - (BONAP)

Althaea officinalis - L. - (BONAP: Species Name)
Family Malvaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Althea - - (Mexico)
Common marshmallow - - (BONAP)
Mallow - - (Mexico)
Malva - - (Mexico)
Marshmallow - - (Mexico)

Althea - Althaea officinalis - (Mexico)

Altingiaceae - Horan. - (APG II: Family Name)
(Altingiaceae Lindl., according to Delta)
Saxifragales - Dumort. - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages (APG II, Delta):
Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
Although not native to New Mexico, this family is
represented (in cultivation) by a single genus:
Liquidambar - L. - (BONAP)

Aluinos - Artemisia absinthium - (Mexico)

Alum stone (= Piedra alumbre or Piedra lumbre) - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Alvacar - Ocimum basilicum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Alvira - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Atlas Mexico)

Amacapulín - Morus microphylla - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Amapola - Papaver rhoeas - (Mexican-American)

Amapola amarilla - Argemone ochroleuca - (Atlas Mexico)

Amapola blanca - Argemone hispida - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Argemone mexicana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Amapola de México - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Amapola espinosa - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Amapola mexicana - Argemone mexicana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Amapolita - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Amapolita del campo - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Amapolita mejicana - Anoda cristata - (Spanish-Américas)

Amapolita morada - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Amaranth - Amaranthus powellii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Amaranthus spp. - (Mexico)

Amaranthaceae - Juss. - (APG III) Family Name
(Broadened to include all Chenopodiaceae Vent. except Sarcobatus)
Caryophyllales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes = vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
(land plants).
Family Amaranthaceae in New Mexico, including 9 genera:
Acanthochiton Herrmannsen (= Greenstripe),
Alternanthera Forsk. (= Khaki-weed),
Amaranthus L. (= Pigweed, Amaranth),
Froelichia Moench (= Snakecotton),
Gomphrena L. (= Globe-amaranth),
Gossypianthus Hook. (= Cotton-flower),
Guilleminea Kunth (= Matweed),
Iresine P. Br. (= Bloodleaf), and
Tidestromia Standl. (= Honeysweet).
If defined to include Chenopodiaceae, family Amaranthaceae in New Mexico
comprises 19 additional genera:
Allenrolfea Kuntze (= Iodinebush),
Atriplex L. (= Saltbush),
Bassia All. (= Smotherweed),
Chenopodium L. (= Goosefoot),
Corispermum L. (= Bugseed),
Cycloloma Moq. (= Tumbleweed),
Dysphania R.Br. (= Wormseed),
Grayia Hook. & Arn. (= Hop-sage),
Halogeton C.A. Mey. (= Halogeton),
Kochia Roth (= Kochia),
Krascheninnikovia Guldenstaedt (= Winterfat),
Monolepis Schrad. (= Povertyweed),
Neokochia Ulbrich (= Molly),
Salicornia L. (= Saltwort),
Salsola L. (= Russian-thistle),
Sarcocornia A.J. Scott (= Glasswort),
Suaeda Forsk. ex J.F. Gmel. (= Seepweed),
Suckleya Gray (= Suckleya), and
Zuckia Standl. (= Siltbush).
The genus Sarcobatus Nees (= Greasewood) is now placed in the separate family
Sarcobataceae Behnke, which may be closely related to the family Nyctaginaceae Juss.
or more likely the family Phytolaccaceae R.Br..

Amaranthus - L. - (BONAP: Genus Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Amaranthaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Pigweed - - (BONAP)
Species in New Mexico (according to BONAP)
not in main list that may be medicinal are
Amaranthus acanthochiton Sauer (Greenstripe),
Amaranthus albus L. (= Prostrate pigweed),
Amaranthus arenicola I.M. Johnston (= Sandhill amaranth),
Amaranthus bigelovii Uline & Bray (= Bigelow's amaranth),
Amaranthus crassipes Schlecht. (= Spreading amaranth),
Amaranthus fimbriatus (Torr.) Benth. ex S. Wats. (= Fringed amaranth),
Amaranthus hybridus L. (= Slim amaranth),
Amaranthus obcordatus (Gray) Standl. (= Trans-Pecos amaranth),
Amaranthus palmeri S. Wats. (= Carelessweed),
Amaranthus retroflexus L. (= Redroot amaranth),
Amaranthus rudis Sauer (= Tall amaranth),
Amaranthus viridis L. (= Slender amaranth),
Amaranthus viscidulus Greene (= Sticky amaranth), and
Amaranthus wrightii S. Wats. (= Wright's amaranth).

Amaranthus blitoides - S. Wats. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Amaranthaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Chile puerco - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Mat amaranth - - (BONAP)
Pigweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonym
Amaranthus graecizans - auct. non L. - (BONAP)

Amaranthus hypochondriacus - L. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Amaranthaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ficaria - - (Mexico)
Pilewort - - (Mexico)
Prince-of-Wales feather - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Amaranthus hybridus ssp. hypochondriacus - (L.) Thellung - (BONAP)
Amaranthus leucocarpus - S. Wats. - (BONAP)

Amaranthus cruentus - L. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Amaranthaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alegria - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Lady bleeding - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Princess feather - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Red amaranth - - (BONAP)
Red cockscomb - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Amaranthus hybridus ssp. cruentus - (L.) Thellung - (BONAP)
Amaranthus hybridus var. cruentus - (L.) Moq. - (BONAP)
Amaranthus paniculatus - L. - (BONAP)

Amaranthus powellii - S. Wats. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Amaranthaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Amaranth - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pigweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Powell's amaranth - - (BONAP)
Quelites colorado yus - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Quelite yus - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Amaranthus bouchonii - Thellung - (BONAP)
Amaranthus bracteosus - Uline & Bray - (BONAP)
Amaranthus retroflexus var. powellii - (S. Wats.) Boivin - (BONAP)

Amaranthus spp. - ? - (?)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Amaranthaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alegria - - (Mexican-American)
Amaranth - - (Mexico)
Ataco - - (Mexico)
Chichilquiltic - - (Mexican-American)
Chile puerco - - (Mexican-American)
Cockscomb - - (Mexican-American)
Huauhtli - - (Nahuatl)
Kix-xtez - - (Maya)
Pigweed - - (Mexican-American)
Quihlitl - - (Nahuatl)
Tlanepaquelitl - - (Nahuatl)

Amargoseira brastarda - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Amargoseira do Himalaya - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Amarilla - Mirabilis jalapa - (Mexican-American)
- Mirabilis longiflora - (Mexican-American)
- Mirabilis multiflora (= Quamoclidion multiflorum) - (Mexican-American)

Amarillo - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Amate - Ficus carica - (Mexican-American)

Amatl - Cordia boissieri - (Nahuatl)
- Ficus carica - (Nahuatl)

Amaquahuitl - Cordia boissieri - (Nahuatl)

Amaryllidaceae - J. Saint-Hilaire - (APG III) Family Name
Asparagales - Link - (APG III) Order Name
Common Name
Amaryllis Family - - (?)
Higher level lineages:
Angiospermae; Mesangiospermae; Monocotyledoneae
(non-commelinid); asparagoids; higher asparagoids.
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, the family comprises 1 genus:
Zephyranthes Herbert (= Fairy-lily, Rain-lily, Zephyr-lily).
If family Alliaceae is included within Amaryllidaceae, the family Amaryllidaceae
in New Mexico comprises the above genus plus two additional genera:
Allium L. (= Onion),
Nothoscordum Kunth (= False-garlic).
The genus Zephyranthes includes some species that were part of
the once separely defined and no longer accepted genus Cooperia Herbert.

Ambarcillo - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Ambarina - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)
- Scabiosa atropurpurea - (?)

Ambarina Negra - Scabiosa atropurpurea - (?)

Ambreta - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Ambrette - Abelmoschus moschatus - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Ambrósia - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Ambrosia - L. - (BONAP: Genus Name)
(Including Franseria Cav.)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ragweed - - (BONAP)
Species or varieties in New Mexico (according to BONAP)
not in main list that may be medicinal are
Ambrosia psilostachya - DC. - (BONAP)
(= Cuman ragweed),
Ambrosia tomentosa - Nutt. - (BONAP)
(= Skeletonleaf burr ragweed),
Ambrosia trifida - L. - (BONAP)
(= Great ragweed),
Ambrosia trifida var. texana - Scheele - (BONAP)
(= Texan great ragweed), and
Ambrosia trifida var. trifida - L. - (BONAP)
(= Great ragweed).

Ambrosia acanthicarpa - Hook. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Flatspine burr ragweed - - (BONAP)
Yerba del sapo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Franseria acanthicarpa - (Hook.) Coville - (BONAP)
Gaertneria acanthicarpa - (Hook.) Britt. - (BONAP)

Ambrosia ambrosioides - (Cav.) Payne - Species Name
(= Franseria ambrosioides Cav.)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ambrosia leaf burr ragweed - - (U.S.A.)
Bursage - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Canyon ragweed - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Chicura - - (Baja California Sur, Mexico Spanish)
False cocklebur - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Yerba del sapo (frog's herb) - - (New Mexico Spanish)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ambrosia de hojas de ajenjo - - (Spanish)
American wormwood - - (?)
Annual bur-sage - - (?)
Annual ragweed - - (BONAP, English)
Artemisia del pais - - (Spanish)
Bastard wormwood - - (English-United Kingdom)
Bitterweed - - (English)
Blackweed - - (English-Canada)
Carrot-weed - - (English-Canada)
Common ragweed - - (English)
Hay-fever weed - - (English-Canada)
Hog-weed - - (English)
Low ragweed - - (English)
Ragweed - - (English)
Roman bitterweed - - (English-Canada)
Roman wormwood - - (English)
Short ragweed - - (English)
Small ragweed - - (English),
Stammerweed - - (English-Canada)
Stickweed - - (English-Canada)
Tassel weed - - (?)
Wild tansy - - (English-Canada)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior - (L.) Descourtils - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Annual ragweed - - (BONAP, English)

Ambrosia confertiflora - DC. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Mexican ragweed - - (Roalson & Allred)
Weakleaf burr ragweed - - (BONAP)
Yerba del sapo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Franseria confertiflora - (A.P. de Candolle) Rydberg - (NM)
Franseria strigulosa - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Franseria tenuifolia - Gray - (NM)
Gaertneria tenuifolia - Harvey & Gray - (BONAP)
Gaertneria tenuifolia - (Gray) Kuntze - (NM)

Ambrosia de hojas de ajenjo - Ambrosia ambrosioides - (Spanish)

Ambrósia de México - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Ambrosia leaf burr ragweed - Ambrosia ambrosioides - (U.S.A.)

Ambrosio - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Ambystoma tigrinum - ? - (?: Species Name)
[Animal, salamander]
Common Name - - U.S.A. or Mexico
Ajalote - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Guajalote - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Tiger salamander - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

American Agave - Agave americana - (ITIS)

American Aloe - Agave americana - (?)

American Century Plant - Agave americana - (ITIS)

American licorice - Glycyrrhiza lepidota - (NM)

American pasqueflower - Pulsatilla patens - (BONAP)

American saffron (= Azafran) - Carthamus tinctorius - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

American spikenard - Aralia racemosa - (BONAP)
- Aralia racemosa ssp. bicrenata - (NM)

American wild gourd - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Moerman)

American wild mint - Mentha canadensis - (PFAF)

American wormwood - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (?)

Amole (Amoli, Amolli, Amollyi) - Agave atrovirens - (Spanish-Américas)
- Agave chrysoglossa - (southern Sonora)
- Agave guttata - (Mexico)
- Agave schottii - (Spanish-Américas, southern Sonora)
- Agave schottii var. schottii - (Spanish-Américas, southern Sonora)
- Agave schottii var. treleasei - (southern Sonora)
- Agave vilmoriniana - (southern Sonora)
- Ipomoea spp. - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Leuchtenbergia principis - (southern Sonora)
- Manfreda - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Nolina palmeri - (southern Sonora)
- Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Polianthes geminiflora - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Polianthes tuberosa - (southern Sonora)
- Prochnyanthes - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Sapindus drummondii - (southern Sonora)
- Sapindus saponaria - (southern Sonora)
- Stegnosperma halimifolium - (southern Sonora)
- Yucca - (Mexican-American)
- Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca schidigera - (Mexican-American)
- Yucca spp. - (Mexican-American)
- Yucca valida - (Mexican-American)

Amole dulce - Ziziphus amole - (southern Sonora)
- Ziziphus obtusifolia var. canescens - (southern Sonora)

Amoli - Ipomoea spp. - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Manfreda - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Polianthes geminiflora - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Prochnyanthes - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Prochnyanthes mexicana - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)

Amolillo - Glycyrrhiza lepidota - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Prochnyanthes mexicana - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)

Amolli - Ipomoea spp. - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Manfreda - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Polianthes geminiflora - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Prochnyanthes - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Prochnyanthes mexicana - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)

Amollyi - Ipomoea spp. - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Manfreda - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Polianthes geminiflora - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Prochnyanthes - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
- Prochnyanthes mexicana - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)

Amolquelite - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Amolquilitl - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Amolxihuitl - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Amor del gringo - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Amores - Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cosmos parviflorus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Amoreira branca - Morus alba - (Spanish-Américas)

Amoreira multicaule - Morus alba - (Spanish-Américas)

Amoreira negra - Morus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Amoreira preta - Morus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Amoricos - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Ampelopsis - Michx. - Genus Name
Family Vitaceae (= Vitidaceae) - - (?)
Common Name
Ampelopsis - - (BONAP)
In Morelos - - (?)
Closely related (?) to plants in New Mexico such as:
Parthenocissus Planch. (Creeper),
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. (Virginia creeper),
Parthenocissus quinquefolia var. quinquefolia (L.) Planch. (Virginia creeper)
= Ampelopsis quinquefolia (L.) Michx., and
Parthenocissus vitacea (Knerr) A.S. Hitchc. (Woodbine).

Amphipterygium - Schiede ex Standl. - Genus Name
[= Amphyterygium or Juliania Schltdl.(SUH)]
Family Anacardiaceae
(including Julianaceae) - - (?)
In Morelos, Mexico - - (?)
There may be as many as four species in Mexico and Peru.

Amphipterygium adstringens - (Schlecht) Standley - Species Name
[= Amphyterygium adstringens]
Family Anacardiaceae
(including Julianaceae) - - (?)
Common Name
Chalalate - - (Elsa Campos)
Cuachalala - - (Blacksmith's Blizog, Elsa Campos)
Cuachalalate - - (Elsa Campos)
Cuachalalote - - (Blacksmith's Blizog)
Cuachalate - - (Blacksmith's Blizog)
Cuachalualate - - (Mexican-American)
Cuauchalalá - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cuauchalalate - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cuauchalalote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Juliana - - (Mexican-American)
Palo de rosa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tapicerán - - (Spanish-Américas)
Volador - - (Spanish-Américas)
In Morelos, Mexico - - (?)
Synonym
Juliana adstringens Schlecht.
This species is also reported to be found wild in Durango, Mexico.
The bark yields a red dye.
The inflorescence has a flattened peduncle and the ovules are unitegmic.
Amphyterygium amplifolium is commonly known as Maticerán. - - (Spanish-Américas)

Ambrósia das boticas - Chenopodium botrys - (Spanish-Américas)

Amush - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Amyris - P. Br. - Genus Name
Family Rutaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Torchwood - - (U.S.A)

Amyris balsamifera - L. - (BONAP: Species Name)
Family Rutaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Balsam torchwood - - (U.S.A.)

Amyris elemifera - L. - (BONAP: Species Name)
Family Rutaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Sea torchwood - - (BONAP)

Amyris gileadensis - ? - (?: Species Name)
Family Rutaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Balsam of giliad - - (Mexico)
Balsamo - - (Mexico)

Amyris madrensis - S. Wats. - (BONAP: Species Name)
Family Rutaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Mountain torchwood - - (BONAP)

Amyris plumieri - ? - (?: Species Name)
Family Rutaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Tecomaca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
A resinous tree gum, native to Yucatan.

Amyris texana (Buckl.) - P. Wilson - (BONAP: Species Name)
Family Rutaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Texas torchwood - - (BONAP)

Anacahuite - Cordia boissieri - (Mexican-American)
- Cordia alliodora - (Elsa Campos)

Anacardiaceae - R.Br. - (APG III) Family Name
(Anacardiaceae Lindl., according to Delta,
but also including Julianaceae Hemsl.)
Sapindales - Dumort. - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Malvidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids II = malvids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes = vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
(land plants).
Family in New Mexico, including 2 genera:
Rhus L. (= Sumac),
Toxicodendron P. Mill. (= Poison-ivy)

Anagalide - Anagallis spp. - (Mexico)

Anagallis - L. - Genus Name
Family Primulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Anagalide - - (Mexico)
Bog pimpernel (= Anagallis tenella) - - (U.S.A.)
Flaxleaf pimpernel (= Anagallis monelli) - - (U.S.A.)
Florida pimpernel (= Anagallis pumila) - - (U.S.A.)
Pimpernel - - (Mexico)
Poorman's weatherglass (= Anagallis foemina) - - (U.S.A.)
Scarlet pimpernel (= Anagallis arvensis) - - (U.S.A.)
Tlalocoxochitl - - (Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Anagallis arvensis - L. - Species Name
Family Primulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Scarlet pimpernel - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Anagallis minima - (L.) Krause - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Primulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Chaffweed - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Centunculus minimus - L. - (BONAP)

Anamu - Petiveria alliacea - (Elsa Campos)

Ananash - Persicaria lapathifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Persicaria punctata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Anaphalis - DC. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Pearlyeverlasting - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, including 1 species: - - (BONAP)
Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth. & Hook. f.
(= Western pearlyeverlasting).

Anaphalis margaritacea - (L.) Benth. & Hook. f. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Gordolobo - - (Baja California Sur)
Pearl-flowered life everlasting - - (?)
Western pearlyeverlasting - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Anaphalis margaritacea var. angustior - (Miq.) Nakai - (BONAP)
Anaphalis margaritacea var. intercedens - Hara - (BONAP)
Anaphalis margaritacea var. occidentalis - Greene - (BONAP)
Anaphalis margaritacea var. revoluta - Suksdorf - (BONAP)
Anaphalis margaritacea var. subalpina - Gray - (BONAP)
Anaphalis occidentalis - (Greene) Heller - (BONAP)
Gnaphalium margaritaceum - L. - (BONAP)
See notes.

Anaucho - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Ançarinha branca - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Anchusa - L. - (BONAP)
Family Boraginaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Bugloss - - (BONAP)

Anchusa officinalis - L. - (BONAP: Species Name)
Family Boraginaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alkanet - - (Mexico)
Buglosa - - (Mexico)
Bugloss - - (Mexico)
Common bugloss - - (BONAP)

Anco - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Anderson's wolfberry - Lycium andersonii - (NM)

Andropogon citratus - DC. ex Nees - Species Name
(= Andropogon citratum)
See Cymbopogon citratus.

Anemone pulsatilla - L. - (BONAP: Species Name)
See Pulsatilla vulgaris.

Anemopsis - Anemopsis spp. - (BONAP)

Anemopsis - Hook. & Arn. - Genus Name
Family Saururaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Anemopsis - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Anemopsis californica - (Nutt.) Hook. & Arn. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Saururaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Bavisa - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Hierba el manso - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Lizard tail - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Mansa - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Manso grass - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Yerba del manso - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba mansa - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonym
Anemopsis californica var. subglabra - L. Kelso - (BONAP)

Anteón - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Anethum graveolens - L. - (BONAP: Species Name)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Dill - - (BONAP, Mexico)
Eneldo - - (Mexico)
Not native but widely cultivated.

Angel trumpet (= Toloache) - Brugmansia arborea - (Mexican-American)
- Datura stramonium - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Datura wrightii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Angel's trumpet (= Toloache) - Brugmansia arborea - (Mexican-American)
- Burgmansia x candida - (Elsa Campos)
- Datura spp. - (Mexican-American)
- Datura stramonium - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Datura wrightii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Angel's trumpets - Acleisanthes longiflora - (BONAP)

Angelica - Angelica archangelica - (Mexican-American)
- Angelica atropurpurea - (Mexico)

Angelica - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Wild celery - - (BONAP)

Angelica ampla - A. Nels. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Giant angelica - - (BONAP)

Angelica archangelica - L. - (BONAP)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Angelica - - (Mexican-American)
Norwegian angelica - - (BONAP)
Raiz de angelica - - (Mexican-American)

Angelica atropurpurea - L. - (BONAP)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Angelica - - (Mexico)
Archangel - - (Mexico)
Purplestem angelica - - (U.S.A.)
Raiz de angelica - - (Mexican-American)

Angelica grayi - (Coult. & Rose) Coult. & Rose - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Gray's angelica - - (BONAP)

Angelica pinnata - S. Wats. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Smallleaf angelica - - (BONAP)

Angelonia - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Angú - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Anil or Añíl - Batisia tintoria - (Mexico)
-
- Helianthus annuus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Indigofera suffruticosa - (Armando González Stuart)

Añil del muerto - Verbesina crocata - (Mexican-American)
- Verbesina encelioides - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Verbesina spp. - (Mexican-American)

Anis or Anís - Pimpinella anisum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Tagetes filifolia - (Mexican-American)
- Tagetes lucida - (Mexican-American)
- Tagetes micrantha - (Mexican-American)

Anis de Estrella - Illicium verum - (Mexican-American)

Anise (= Anis) - Pimpinella anisum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Anís silvestre - Stevia serrata - (Soejarto)

Anisote - Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. redolens - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Anogra runcinata - ? - (?)
See Oenothera pallida ssp. runcinata.

Annatto - Bixa orellana - (Mexican-American, Stuart)

Annona - Annona spp. - (BONAP)

Annona - L. - (BONAP)
Family Annonaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Annona - - (BONAP)

Annona reticulata - ? - (Armando González Stuart)
Family Annonaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Anona - - (Armando González Stuart)

Annonaceae - Juss. - (APG II: Family Name)
Magnoliales - Bromhead - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages (APG II, Delta):
Angiosperm; Magnoliid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
No natives species in New Mexico.

Anoda - Anoda spp. - (BONAP)

Anoda - Cav. - Genus Name
Family Malvaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Anoda - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 3 species: - - (NM)
Anoda cristata (Linnaeus) Schlectendal
(= Spurred anoda),
Anoda lanceolata Hooker & Arnott
(= Lance-leaf anoda), and
Anoda pentaschista Gray
(= Field anoda).
Anoda thurberi Gray (= Arizona anoda) is expected in NM,
but verification is needed.

Anoda cristata - (L.) Schlectendal - Species Name
Family Malvaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Aguatosa - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Alach - - (?)
Alache - - (Guerrero)
Alachi - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Alanche - - (Veracruz)
Altea - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Amapolita - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Amapolita del campo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Amapolita mejicana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amapolita morada - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Crested mallow - - (?)
Flor decampante - - (Atlas Mexico)
Genciana - - (Atlas Mexico)
Halanche - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba mora - - (Atlas Mexico)
Huinarillo - - (?)
Malva - - (Atlas Mexico)
Malva chica - - (?)
Malva con espuelas - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva de Castilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva morada - - (?)
Malvavisco - - (Atlas Mexico)
Malvón de campo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Malvón de quesitos - - (Atlas Mexico)
Quesito - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Requesón - - (Atlas Mexico)
Rewé - - (?)
Reweque - - (?)
Spurred anoda - - (NM)
Tlachpahuatla - - (Puebla)
Tzalyaltzai - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Violeta - - (Atlas Mexico)
Violeta de campo - - (?)
Violeta de monte - - (Atlas Mexico)
Violeta del campo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Violeta del país - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Violettas - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Violetilla - - (?)
In New Mexico
In Mexico, stems, leaves and
flowers used medicinally (e.g., for cough).
Synonyms
Anoda arizonica Gray var. digitata - Gray - (NM)
Anoda cristata (Linnaeus) Schlechtendal var. digitata - (Gray) Hochreutiner - (NM)
Sida cristata - Linnaeus - (NM)
Anoda lavaterioides - Medikus - (NM)

Anona - Annona reticulata - (Armando González Stuart)

Anonima mechoacanense - Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana - (Aztec)

Annual bur-sage - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (?)

Annual ragweed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (BONAP, English)
- Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior - (BONAP, English)

Anserina vermífuga - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Antennaria - Gaertn. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Pussytoes - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, including 8 species, 3 subspecies: - - (BONAP, NM)
Antennaria corymbosa E. Nelson
(= Flat-top pussytoes),
Antennaria dimorpha (Nuttall) Torrey & Gray
(= Cushion pussytoes),
Antennaria marginata Greene
(= White-margin pussytoes, whitemargin pussytoes),
Antennaria media Greene
(= Rocky Mountain pussytoes),
Antennaria microphylla Rydberg
(= Little-leaf pussytoes, littleleaf pussytoes),
Antennaria parvifolia Nuttall
(= Nuttall's pussytoes, smallleaf pussytoes),
Antennaria rosea (D.C. Eaton) Greene subsp. confinis (Greene) R.J. Bayer
(= Rosy pussytoes),
Antennaria rosea (D.C. Eaton) Greene subsp. arida (E.E. Nelson) R.J. Bayer
(= Rosy pussytoes),
Antennaria rosea (D.C. Eaton) Greene subsp. rosea
(= Rosy pussytoes), and
Antennaria rosulata Rydberg
(= Wooly pussytoes, Kaibab pussytoes).
See notes.

Antelope horns (= Inmortal) - Asclepias asperula ssp. capricornu - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Anthemis nobilis - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Chamomile - - (Mexico)
Manzanilla - - (Mexico)

Antiviperina - Abelmoschus moschatus - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Ants: see Honey ants or Large red ants or Pouched ants

Apache pine - Pinus engelmannii - (BONAP)

Apache plume (= Ponil) - Fallugia paradoxa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Apasote - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Apasote blanco - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Apazote - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Apegaderas - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)
- Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Apiaceae - Lindl. - (APG III) Family Name
(= Umbelliferae Juss.)
Apiales - Nakai - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Dipsapiidae D. C. Tank & M. J. Donoghue (2010);
o Apiidae M.J. Donoghue & P.D. Cantino;
o Campanulidae M.J. Donoghue & P.D. Cantino
(euasterids II = asterids II = campanulids);
o Garryidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids I = asterids I);
o Gentianidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids or core asterids);
o Asteridae Takhtajan (= asterids);
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, family Apiaceae includes 35 genera:
Aletes - Coult. & Rose - (BONAP)
(= Indian parsley),
Ammoselinum - Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)
(= Ammoselinum),
Angelica - L. - (BONAP)
(= Wild celery),
Apium - L. - (BONAP)
(= Wild celery),
Berula - Bess. ex W.D.J. Koch - (BONAP)
(= Waterparsnip),
Cicuta - L. - (BONAP)
(= Water hemlock),
Conioselinum - Hoffmann - (BONAP)
(= Hemlockparsley),
Conium - L. - (BONAP)
(= Poison hemlock),
Coriandrum - L. - (BONAP)
(= Coriandrum),
Cymopterus - Raf. - (BONAP)
(= Cymopterus),
Daucus - L. - (BONAP)
(= Wild carrot),
Eryngium - L. - (BONAP)
(= Eryngo),
Eurytaenia - Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)
(= Spreadwing),
Foeniculum - P. Mill. - (BONAP)
(= Fennel),
Harbouria - Coult. & Rose - (BONAP)
(= Harbouria),
Heracleum - L. - (BONAP)
(= Cowparsnip),
Hydrocotyle - L. - (BONAP)
(= Hydrocotyle),
Levisticum - Hill - (BONAP)
(= Levisticum),
Ligusticum - L. - (BONAP)
(= Ligusticum),
Lomatium - Raf. - (BONAP)
(= Lomatium),
Musineon - Raf. - (BONAP)
(= Musineon),
Neoparrya - Mathias - (BONAP)
(= Neoparrya),
Oreoxis - Raf. - (BONAP)
(= Oreoxis),
Osmorhiza - Raf. - (BONAP)
(= Sweetroot),
Oxypolis - Raf. - (BONAP)
(= Cowbane),
Pastinaca - L. - (BONAP)
(= Parsnip),
Perideridia - Reichenb. - (BONAP)
(= Perideridia),
Podistera - S. Wats. - (BONAP)
(= Podistera),
Polytaenia - DC. - (BONAP)
(= Hairy moss),
Pseudocymopterus - Coult. & Rose - (BONAP)
(= False springparsley),
Pteryxia - (Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray) Nutt. ex Coult. & Rose - (BONAP)
(= Pteryxia),
Sanicula - L. - (BONAP)
(= Sanicle),
Sium - L. - (BONAP)
(= Waterparsnip),
Spermolepis - Raf. - (BONAP)
(= Scaleseed),
Yabea - K.-Pol. - (BONAP)
(= Yabea).
Countries are reported (EthnobotDB) to use species of the genera Angelica,
Apium, Berula, Cicuta, Conioselinum, Conium, Coriandrum, Daucus,
Eryngium, Foeniculum, Heracleum, Hydrocotyle, Levisticum, Ligusticum,
Lomatium, Musineon, Osmorhiza, Pastinaca, Perideridia, Sanicula, and
Sium for medicinals.
In North America (north of Mexico), species of the genera Angelica, Berula,
Cicuta, Conioselinum, Conium, Cymopterus, Daucus, Eryngium, Heracleum,
Hydrocotyle, Ligusticum, Lomatium, Oreoxis, Osmorhiza, Pastinaca,
Perideridia, Polytaenia, Pseudocymopterus, Pteryxia, Sanicula, and Sium
are reported (NAEDB) to be used by native tribes for medicinals.

Apio - Apium graveolens - (Mexico)
- Apium graveolens var. dulce - (Mexican-American)

Apio de montaña - Levisticum officinale - (Spanish-Américas)

Apio de monte - Levisticum officinale - (Spanish-Américas)

Apio montano - Levisticum officinale - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Apium - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Wild celery - - (BONAP)

Apium graveolens - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Apio - - (Mexico)
Celery - - (Mexico)
Wild celery - - (BONAP)

Apium graveolens var. dulce - (P. Mill.) DC. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Apio - - (Mexican-American)
Celery - - (Mexican-American)
Wild celery - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Apium dulce - Miller - (BONAP)
Celeri graveolens - (L.) Britt. p.p. - (BONAP)

Aplopappus spinulosus, see Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida.

Apocynaceae - Juss. - Family Name
(Including Asclepiadaceae Borkh. or
Asclepiadaceae R.Br., according to Delta)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Gentianales - Lindl. - Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Lamiidae Takhtajan;
o Garryidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids I = asterids I);
o Gentianidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids or core asterids);
o Asteridae Takhtajan (= asterids);
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes = vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
(land plants).
Family Apocynaceae in New Mexico, including 4 genera or when
combining Asclepiadaceae 8 genera:
Amsonia - Walt. - (BONAP)
(= Amsonia),
Apocynum - L. - (BONAP)
(= Dogbane),
Haplophyton - A. DC. - (BONAP)
(= Haplophyton),
Macrosiphonia - Muell.-Arg. - A. DC. - (BONAP)
(= Rocktrumpet).
Family Asclepiadaceae in New Mexico, including 4 genera:
Asclepias - L. - (BONAP)
(= Milkweed),
Cynanchum - L. - (BONAP)
(= Swallowwort),
Matelea - Aubl. - (BONAP)
(= Milkvine),
Sarcostemma - R. Br. - (BONAP)
(= Viney milkweed).

Apocynum - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apocynaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Dogbane - - (BONAP)

Apocynum androsaemifolium - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apocynaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Bitter root - - (Mexico)
Spreading dogbane - - (BONAP, U.S.A.)
Verdolaga de la montana - - (Mexico)

Apocynum androsaemifolium ssp. androsaemifolium - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apocynaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Spreading dogbane - - (BONAP)

Apocynum androsaemifolium ssp. androsaemifolium var. androsaemifolium - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apocynaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Spreading dogbane - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Apocynum ambigens - Greene - (BONAP)
Apocynum androsaemifolium var. glabrum - Macoun - (BONAP)

Apocynum androsaemifolium ssp. androsaemifolium var. incanum - A. DC. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apocynaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Spreading dogbane - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Apocynum pumilum var. rhomboideum - (Greene) Beg. & Bel. - (BONAP)
Apocynum scopulorum - Greene ex Rydb. - (BONAP)

Apocynum cannabinum - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apocynaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Indianhemp - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Apocynum album var. hypericifolium - Gray - (BONAP)
Apocynum cannabinum var. angustifolium - (Woot.) N. Holmgren - (BONAP)
Apocynum cannabinum var. glaberrimum - A. DC. - (BONAP)
Apocynum cannabinum var. greeneanum - (Beg. & Bel.) Woods. - (BONAP)
Apocynum cannabinum var. hypericifolium - Gray - (BONAP)
Apocynum cannabinum var. nemorale - (G.S. Mill.) Fern. - (BONAP)
Apocynum cannabinum var. pubescens - (Mitchell ex R. Br.) Woods. - (BONAP)
Apocynum cannabinum var. suksdorfii - (Greene) Beg. & Bel. - (BONAP)
Apocynum hypericifolium - Ait. - (BONAP)
Apocynum pubescens - Mitchell ex R. Br. - (BONAP)
Apocynum sibiricum - Jacq. - (BONAP)
Apocynum sibiricum var. cordigerum - (Greene) Fern. - (BONAP)
Apocynum sibiricum var. farwellii - (Greene) Fern. - (BONAP)
Apocynum sibiricum var. salignum - (Greene) Fern. - (BONAP)
Apocynum suksdorfii - Greene - (BONAP)
Apocynum suksdorfii var. angustifolium - (Woot.) Woods. - (BONAP)

Apocynum cannabinum var. lividum - (Greene) Woods. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apocynaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Dogbane - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Indian hemp - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Intermediate dogbane - - (U.S.A.)
Lechuguilla - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
A very commom synonym in literature for Apocynum X floribundum.

Apocynum X floribundum - Greene (pro sp.) - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apocynaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Dogbane - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Indian hemp - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Intermediate dogbane - - (U.S.A.)
Lechuguilla - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Apocynum jonesii - Woods. - (BONAP)
Apocynum medium - Greene - (BONAP)
Apocynum medium var. floribundum - (Greene) Woods. - (BONAP)
Apocynum medium var. lividum - (Greene) Woods. - (BONAP)
Apocynum medium var. leuconeuron - (Greene) Woods. - (BONAP)
Apocynum medium var. sarniense - (Greene) Woods. - (BONAP)
Apocynum medium var. vestitum - (Greene) Woods. - (BONAP)
Apocynum milleri - Britt. - (BONAP)

Apodanthera - Arn. - Genus Name
Family Cucurbitaceae
Common Name
Melon-loco - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 1 species: - - (NM)
Apodanthera undulata Gray (= Melon-loco).

Apodanthera undulata - Gray - Species Name
Family Cucurbitaceae
Common Name
Bitter pumpkin - - (EB 56(4): 380–398,2002)
Calabaza amarga - - (EB 56(4): 380–398,2002)
Calabaza hedeonda - - (http://www.ecured.cu/Calabaza)
Calabaza hedionda - - (EB 56(4): 380–398,2002)
Calabaza loca - - (EB 56(4): 380–398,2002)
Crazy pumpkin - - (EB 56(4): 380–398,2002)
Melón - - (Hicks)
Melon de coyote - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Meloncillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Melon lóco - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Melon-loco - - (NM)
Stinky pumpkin - - (EB 56(4): 380–398,2002)
In New Mexico

Apple of Peru (= Toloache) - Datura stramonium - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Datura wrightii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Apricot (= Albaricoque) - Prunus armeniaca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Apurí - Morus microphylla - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Aquiche - Guazuma tomentosa - (Maya)
- Guazuma ulmifolia - (Maya)

Aquilea - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Aquiléia - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Araceae - Juss. - Family Name
(Including Duckweed famiy: Lemnaceae Martynov)
Alismatales - Dumort. - (APG III) Order Name
Common Name
Aroid family - - (?)
Higher level lineages:
o Monocotyledoneae de Candolle (= monocots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, 2 genera (traditionally placed in famiy Lemnaceae):
Lemna L. (= Duckweed),
Spirodela Schleid. (= Duckmeat, Duckweed).
Although most aroids (members of famiy Araceae) are not found growing wild in
New Mexico, members of this group are commonly employed as attractive indoor,
house plants with a distinctive (sometime colorful) open sheath-like structure called
a spathe closely associated or surrounding a more or less fleshy stalk bearing a
compact cluster of stalk-less flowers called a spadix.
However, the often tiny, aquatic (fresh water inhabiting), free-floating "duck weeds"
of the family Lemnaceae (actually found in New Mexico) are now considered part of the
family Araceae. A medicinal genus in family Araceae in Morelos, Mexico is
Xanthosoma Schott.

Aralia - Aralia - (BONAP)
- Aralia humilis - (Spanish-Américas)
- Aralia racemosa - (Mexico)

Aralia - L. - Genus Name
Family Araliaceae
Common Name
Aralia - - (BONAP)
Spikenard - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 1 species:
Aralia racemosa L. (= American spikenard).

Aralia humilis - Cav. - Species Name
Family Araliaceae
Common Name
Aralia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Arizona spikenard - - (BONAP)
Cuajilotillo - - (Spanish-Américas)

Curguatón - Aralia humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Palo santo - Aralia humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tepetate - Aralia humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
The possible presence of this species in New Mexico awaits verification.

Aralia racemosa - L. - Species Name
Family Araliaceae
Common Name
American spikenard - - (BONAP)
Aralia - - (Mexico)
Espicanardo - - (Mexico)
Espicardo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Nardo americano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Spikenard - - (Mexico)
In New Mexico, 1 variety:
Aralia racemosa subsp. bicrenata (Wooton & Standley) Welsh & Atwood
(= American spikenard).

Aralia racemosa ssp. bicrenata - (Woot. & Standl.) Welsh & Atwood - Variety Name
Family Araliaceae
Common Name
American spikenard - - (NM)
In New Mexico
Synonym
Aralia bicrenata - Woot. & Standl. - (BONAP)

Araliaceae - Juss. - (APG III) Family Name
Apiales - Nakai - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Dipsapiidae D. C. Tank & M. J. Donoghue (2010);
o Apiidae M.J. Donoghue & P.D. Cantino;
o Campanulidae M.J. Donoghue & P.D. Cantino
(euasterids II = asterids II = campanulids);
o Garryidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids I = asterids I);
o Gentianidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids or core asterids);
o Asteridae Takhtajan (= asterids);
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, Araliaceae incudes only 2 genera:
Aralia L.
(= Aralia, Spikenard) and
Hedera L. (= Ivy)

Arangoso - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Arberry - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Arbol de las manitas - Chiranthodendron pentadactylon - (Mexican-American)

Árbol de quitasol - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Arbol del cuerno - Acacia cornigera - (Atlas Mexico)
- Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Árbol del paraíso - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Arbol del tabaco - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Árbol enano - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Árbol paraíso - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Archangel - Angelica atropurpurea - (Mexico)

Arctium lappa - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Achuscarris - - (Spanish-Américas)
Anteón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Apegaderas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bardana - - (Mexico)
Bardana mayor - - (Spanish-Américas)
Burdock - - (Mexico)
Cachorrera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cachurrera mayor - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cachurro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cadillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cadillos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cahurros - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cardo ajonjero - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cocklebur - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Garrapote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de los tiñosos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba del amor - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba del tiñoso - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Lamparaza - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lampazo - - (Mexico)
Lapa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pegadillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pegotes - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pergamasso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pergamasso maior - - (Spanish-Américas)
Purpùrea - - (Spanish-Américas)
Repalesa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Respigón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zarapón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zarrapote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zarrapotillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Synonym
Lappa major - ? - ?

Arctium minus - (Hill) Bernhardi - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Amores - - (Spanish-Américas)
Apegaderas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bardana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bardana carrapicho - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bardana común - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Bardana menor - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bardana ordinária - - (Spanish-Américas)
Burdock - - (NM)
Cachurrera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cachurros - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cadillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lampaza - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lampazo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lampazo menor - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Lesser burdock - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pega-pega - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pegamacaco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pegamasco menor - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pegotes - - (Spanish-Américas)
In New Mexico - - (NM)
Synonym
Lappa minus - Hill - (NM)

Arctostaphylos - Adans. - Genus Name
Family Ericaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Manzanita - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 2 species: - - (BONAP)
*Arctostaphylos pungens Kunth (= Pointleaf manzanita)
*Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Linnaeus) Sprengel (= Bearberry)
See notes.

Arctostaphylos pungens - Kunth - Species Name
Family Ericaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Abizcoba - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abugués - - (Spanish-Américas)
Agauja - - (Spanish-Américas)
Avugués - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gaulla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gayuba - - (Spanish-Américas)
Inundido - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mansanilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Manzanilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Manzanita - - (Spanish-Américas)
Palo de pingüica - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pinguica - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Pingüica - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pointleaf manzanita - - (NM)
Tepeizquite - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tepescuinte - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tepescuintle - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tepescuihtli - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tepesquisúchil - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tepesquite - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tepezcuinte - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tepezquisúchil - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tepezquite - - (Spanish-Américas)
See notes.

Arctostaphylos spp. - (?) - Species Name
Family Ericaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Barberry - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Manzanita - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Planta que da frutos acinosos al tomatl - - (Aztec)
Tepetomatl (mountain tomatoes) - - (Aztec)
Tomazquitl - - (Aztec)

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Linnaeus) Sprengel - Species Name
Family Ericaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Abizcoba - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abugués - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abuje - - (Spanish-Américas)
Agauja - - (Spanish-Américas)
Aguavilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Arangoso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Arberry - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Arenoso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Argalloba - - (Spanish-Américas)
Argayoba - - (Spanish-Américas)
Arrastrera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Avugués - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bearberry - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Bizcoba - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bujarola - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bujarolla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Buserola - - (Spanish-Américas)
Buxilo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Búxulo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Coralillo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Gallua - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gallubera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gaulla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gaúva - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gayuba - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gayubera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gorrincha - - (Spanish-Américas)
Guayuba - - (Mexico)
Harinoso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Kinnikinnic - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Madroño rastrero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Manzanete - - (Spanish-Américas)
Manzanita - - (Californian Spanish)
Manzanilla del pastor - - (Spanish-Américas)
Medronheiro rojante - - (Spanish-Américas)
Medronheiro ursino - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pinguica - - (Mexico)
Red bearberry - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Upland cranberry - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Uruga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Uva de oso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Uva de zorro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Uva ursi - - (Mexico)
Uva ursina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Uvaduz - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zarabata - - (Spanish-Américas)
See notes.

Arecaceae - Schultz Sch. - Family Name
(= Palmae Juss.)
Arecales - Bromhead - Order Name
Higher level lineages (APG II, Delta):
Angiosperm; Monocot; Commelinid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
No native species in New Mexico. Medicinal genera in Morelos, Mexico
include Cocos L. and Phoenix L. Also Acrocomia Mart.
[Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Mart.] is considered medicinal
in Mexico.

Arenaria - Arenaria mariana - (Mexico)

Arenaria mariana - Arenaria - (Mexico)
- Sandwort - (Mexico)

Arenoso - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Argalia - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Argalloba - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Argayoba - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Argémona - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Argemone - L. - Genus Name
Family Papaveraceae
Common Name
Prickly-poppy - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 4 species and 4 subspecies: - - (NM)
Argemone hispida Gray (= Rough prickly-poppy),
Argemone ochroleuca Sweet
= Argemone polyanthemos (Fedde) G. Ownbey
(= White prickly-poppy),
Argemone pleiacantha Greene subsp. pinnatisecta G. Ownbey
(= Sacramento prickly-poppy),
Argemone pleiacantha Greene subsp. pleiacantha
(= Southwestern prickly-poppy),
Argemone squarrosa Greene subsp. glabrata G. Ownbey
(= Hedgehog prickly-poppy), and
Argemone squarrosa Greene subsp. squarrosa
(= Hedgehog prickly-poppy).
The possible presence of Argemone aenea G.B. Ownbey in New Mexico
awaits varification. - - (NM)

Argemone hispida - Gray - Species Name
Family Papaveraceae
Common Name
Amapola blanca - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cardo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cardo santo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Chicalote - - (Atlas Mexico, southwest US & northern Mexico)
Flatbud prickly poppy - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Huitzquilitl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Nardo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Prickle poppy - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Rough prickly poppy - - (U.S.A.)
Thistle poppy - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (NM)
Synonym
Argemone platyceras - Link & Otto - (NM)

Argemone mexicana - L. - Species Name
Family Papaveraceae
Common Name
Aceitilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Adormidera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Adormidera espinosa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amapola blanca - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Amapola de México - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amapola espinosa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amapola mexicana - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Argémona - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ayohuixtle - - (Morelos)
Canlal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Carbosanto - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cardo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cardo amarillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cardo blanco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cardo flor amarilla - - (Mexico)
Cardolechero - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cardo reina - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cardo santo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cardosanto - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cardo santo campestre - - (Northwestern New Spain)
Cardón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cardosanto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Carmensanto - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chacalota - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chicale - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chicalota - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chicalote - - (Northwestern New Spain)
Chicalote blanco - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chicalote sha - - (Nayarit)
Chicalotl - - (Aztec)
Chicallotl - - (C. Ratsch)
Chichillotl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chigalotl - - (Morelos)
Chillazotl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chocolata - - (Atlas Mexico)
Devil's fig - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Dormidera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Espina blanca - - (Atlas Mexico)
Fachina - - (Atlas Mexico)
Falso cardo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Higo del infierno - - (Spanish-Américas)
Holy thistle - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Ix'k'ann lool - - (Yucatán)
Jam - - (Yucatán)
Kanlal - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Mexican poppy - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Mexican prickly poppy - - (C. Ratsch)
Mexican pricklypoppy - - (U.S.A.)
Papoula de espinho - - (Spanish-Américas)
Papoula espinhosa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Papoula de México - - (Spanish-Américas)
Prickly poppy - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Quixzaclol - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
San Pedro agats - - (Oaxaca)
Tachino - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tlamexcaltzin - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tlapa - - (Atlas Mexico)
Xaté - - (Spanish-Américas)
X-carbesanto - - (Yucatán)
Xicólotl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Argemone ochroleuca - Sweet - Species Name
= Argemone polyanthemos (Fedde) G. Ownbey
Family Papaveraceae
Common Name
Amapola amarilla - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cardo - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Cardo santo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chacalote - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chiacalote - - (Morelos)
Chicalote - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chicalote amarillo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chicalotl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Espinocilla - - (Atlas Mexico)
Hierba loca - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
San Carlos - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Shate - - (Michoacán)
Tachino - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tlamexcaltzin - - (Morelos)
Xata' - - (Michoacán)
Xate - - (Michoacán)
Yellow prickly poppy - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Argemone barclayana - Penny ex Loudon - (PL)
Argemone intermedia - Sweet - (NM)
Argemone intermedia Sweet var. polyanthemos - Fedde - (NM)
Argemone mexicana var. ochroleuca - (Sweet) Lindl. - (PL)
Argemone sulphurea - Sweet ex Loudon - (PL)

Aristolochia - L. - ()
Aristolochiaceae

Aristolochia brevipes - Birthroot - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
- Hierba del indio - (Baja California)
- Snakeroot - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Aristolochia mexicana
- Medicina buena para el parto (good birth medicine) - (Aztec)
- Phehuame - (Aztec)

Aristolochia pentandra - Hierba del indio - (Baja California)

Aristolochia serpentaria - Aristoloquia - (Mexico)
- Birthwort - (Mexico)
- Guaco - (Mexico)
- Serpentaria - (Mexico)
- Snake root - (Mexico)
- Virginia snake root - (Mexico)

Aristolochia spp. - Guaco - (Northwestern New Spain)
- Yerba del indio - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Aristolochiaceae - Juss. - Family Name
Piperales - Dumort. - Order Name
Higher level lineages:
Angiosperm; Magnoliid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Arizona pine - Pinus arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Arizona spikenard - Aralia humilis - (BONAP)

Arnica - Arnica montana - (Mexico)
- Heterotheca inuloides - (Durango)
- Xanthisma blephariphyllum (= Aster gymnocephalus) - (Durango)

Arnica - L. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Arnica - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 3 species: - - (BONAP)
Arnica chamissonis Less. (= Chamisso arnica),
Arnica cordifolia Hook. (= Heartleaf arnica),
Arnica latifolia Bong. (= Broadleaf arnica).

Arnica capitaneja - Verbesina crocata - (Atlas Mexico)

Arnica del pais or Árnica del país - Heterotheca inuloides - (Mexican-American)
- Heterotheca spp. - (Mexican-American)

Arnica falsa - Heterotheca inuloides - (Elsa Campos)

Arnica Mexicana - Heterotheca inuloides - (Mexican-American)
- Heterotheca spp. - (Mexican-American)

Arnica montana - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Arnica - - (Mexico)
Leopardsbane - - (Mexico)
Mountain arnica - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Aroma - Acacia farnesiana - (Atlas Mexico)

Aromito - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Aromo - Acacia farnesiana - (Mexico)

Aromo amarillo - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Aromo común - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Aromo de agujas - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Aromo espinoso - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Aromo oloroso - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Aromo prieto - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Arracacia - Bancr. - Genus Name
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Arracacia - - (BONAP)
Only Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancr. is reported in
North America north of Mexico.

Arracacia atropurpurea - ? - Species Name
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Acocotli - - (Aztec)
Acocotli tepecuacuilcense - - (Aztec)
Comino - - (Northwestern New Spain)
Hierba de tallo hueco (hollow stemmed herb) - - (Aztec)

Arracacia brandegeei - ? - Species Name
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Chuchupate - - (Baja California Sur)

Arrastrera - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Artemisa - Artemisia absinthium - (Mexican-American)
- Artemisia vulgaris - (Mexico)

Artemisia - L. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Sagebrush - - (BONAP)
Wormwood - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 17 species: - - (BONAP, NM)
Artemisia biennis (= Biennial wormwood),
Artemisia bigelovii (= Bigelow's sagebrush),
Artemisia campestris (= Field sagewort),
Artemisia cana (= Silver sagebrush),
Artemisia carruthii (= Carruth's sagewort),
Artemisia dracunculus (= Wormwood),
Artemisia filifolia (= Sand sagebrush),
Artemisia franserioides (= Ragweed sagebrush),
Artemisia frigida (= Fringed sagewort),
Artemisia laciniata (= Parry's wormwood),
Artemisia lindleyana (= Northwest sagebrush),
Artemisia ludoviciana (= Louisiana sagewort),
Artemisia nova (= Black sagebrush),
Artemisia pattersonii (= Patterson's wormwood),
Artemisia pygmaea (= Pygmy sagebrush),
Artemisia scopulorum (= Alpine sagebrush),
Artemisia spinescens (= Bud sagebrush),
Artemisia tridentata (= Big sagebrush).
See notes.

Artemisia abrotanum - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Abródiga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abrótamo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abrótano - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Abrótano macho - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ajenjo arbóreo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ajenjo moruna - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Boja - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Boja común - - (Spanish-Américas)
Botija - - (Spanish-Américas)
Brótano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cidronela - - (Spanish-Américas)
Herb royal - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba lombriguera - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Incienso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Old man - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Southernwood - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Toronjil - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Yerba lombriguera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Widely grown in gardens in North America (including New Mexico).

Artemisia absinthium - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Absentio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Absincio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Absinçio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Absinth - - (Mexico)
Absinth sagewort - - (BONAP)
Absinthe - - (International)
Absinthio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Absintio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Absinto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Absynthio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Absyntio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Acencio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Acíntheo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Acintro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ajenjo - - (Mexico)
Ajenjo común - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ajenjo extranjero - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ajenjo macho - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ajenjo mayor - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ajenjos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ajorizo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alosna - - (Spanish-Américas)
Aluina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Aluinos - - (Mexico)
Altamisa - - (Mexican-American)
Alvina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Artemisa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Artemisia - - (Mexican-American)
Artemisia amarga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Asenjo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Asensio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Asentos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Citronela maior - - (Spanish-Américas)
Common wormwood - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cuabilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Doncel - - (Spanish-Américas)
Encienso - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Encienso de Andalucía - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ensensio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ensensio común - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva dos vermes - - (Spanish-Américas)
Estafiate - - (Mexican-American)
Grande absinto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Herva dos vermes - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba maestra - - (Atlas Mexico)
Hierba santa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Incienso ajenjo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Incienso de Andalucía - - (Spanish-Américas)
Losna - - (Spanish-Américas)
Losna da humpata - - (Spanish-Américas)
Losna maior - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maestra - - (Atlas Mexico)
Maistra - - (Atlas Mexico)
Old woman - - (Mexico)
Prodigiosa - - (Atlas Mexico)
Sintro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Wormwood - - (Mexico)
See notes.

Artemisa bastarda - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Artemisia biennis - Willd. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Biennial wormwood - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, introduced into the wild.

Artemisia bigelovii - Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Bigelow's sagebrush - - (U.S.A.)
Chamiso hediondo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Sagebrush - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wormwood - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Artemisia petrophila - Wooton & Standley - (NM)
Seriphidium bigelovii - (Gray) K. Bremer & Humphries - (NM)

Artemisia campestris - Linnaeus - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Field wormwood - - (NM)
Field sagewort - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 2 subspecies: - - (NM)
Artemisia campestris subsp. caudata (= Field wormwood)
Artemisia campestris subsp. pacifica (= Field wormwood)

Artemisia campestris subsp. caudata - (Michaux) Hall & Clements - Subspecies Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Field wormwood - - (NM)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Artemisia campestris var. caudata - (Michaux) Palmer & Steyermark - (NM)
Artemisia caudata - Michaux - (NM)
Artemisia forwoodii - S. Watson - (NM)

Artemisia campestris subsp. pacifica - (Nuttall) Hall & Clements - Subspecies Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Field wormwood - - (NM)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Artemisia campestris var. pacifica - (Nuttall) Peck - (NM)
Artemisia campestris var. scouleriana - (Besser) Cronquist - (New Mexico)
Artemisia pacifica - Nuttall - (NM)
Artemisia scouleriana - (Besser) Rydberg - (NM)

Artemisia cana - Pursh - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Silver sagebrush - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 1 subspecies: - - (NM)
Artemisia cana subsp. viscidula (= Silver sagebrush)

Artemisia cana subsp. viscidula - (Osterhout) Beetle - Subspecies Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Silver sagebrush - - (NM)
Artemisia cana var. viscidula - Osterhout - (NM)

Artemisia carruthii - Wood ex Carruth. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Carruth's sagebrush - - (NM)
Carruth's sagewort - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Artemisia carruthii var. wrightii - (Gray) Blake - (BONAP)
Artemisia kansana - Britt. - (BONAP)
Artemisia wrightii - A. Gray - (New Mexico)
See notes.

Artemisia del pais - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (Spanish)

Artemisia dracunculus - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Dragoncillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Dragon wormwood - - (NM)
Estafiate - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Estragón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tárrago falfo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tarragon - - (Mexico, New Mexico)
Wormwood - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Artemisia dracunculina - S. Watson - (NM)
Artemisia dracunculoides - Pursh - (BONAP)
Artemisia dracunculoides var. dracunculina - (S. Wats.) Blake - (BONAP)
Artemisia dracunculus ssp. dracunculus - L. - (BONAP)
Artemisia glauca - Pallas ex Willdenow - (NM)
Artemisia glauca var. dracunculina - (S. Wats.) Fern. - (BONAP)
Oligosporus dracunculus - (L.) Poljakov - (BONAP)
Oligosporus dracunculus ssp. dracunculinus - (S. Wats.) W.A. Weber - (BONAP)
See notes.

Artemisia filifolia - Torrey - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Romerillo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Sand sage - - (NM)
Sand sagebrush - - (U.S.A.)
Silver sage - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Artemisia franserioides - Greene - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ajenjo - - (Mexican-American)
Altamisa - - (Mexican-American)
Altamisa de la sierra - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Estafiate - - (Mexican-American)
Mountain mugwort - - (Mexican-American)
Ragweed sagebrush - - (U.S.A.)
Ragweed wormwood - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Artemisia frigida - Willdenow - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Altamisa de la sierra - - (Colorado Spanish)
Estafiata - - (NM)
Fringed sage - - (NM)
Fringed sagebrush - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Fringed sagewort - - (BONAP)
Plumajillo de la sierra - - (Colorado Spanish)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Artemisia laciniata - Willdenow - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ajenjo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Parry's wormwood - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 1 subspecies: - - (NM)
Artemisia laciniata subsp. parryi (= Parry's wormwood)
In Mexico, used medicinally. - - (Atlas Mexico)

Artemisia laciniata subsp. parryi - (Gray) W.A. Weber - Subspecies Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Parry's wormwood - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (NM)
Synonyms
Artemisia parryi - Gray - (NM)
Artemisia saxicola var. parryi - (Gray) A. Nelson - (NM)

Artemisia lindleyana - ? - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Northwest sagebrush - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Artemisia ludoviciana - Nuttall - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Altamisa de la casa - - (Colorado Spanish)
Estafiate - - (New Mexico Spanish)
Romerillo - - (New Mexico Spanish)
Western Mugwort - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
In New Mexico, 3 (-4) subspecies: - - (New Mexico)
Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. albula (= New Mexico wormwood),
Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. incompta (= Louisiana wormwood),
Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. ludoviciana (= Louisiana wormwood),
Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. mexicana (= Mexican wormwood),
Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. sulcata (= ?)

Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. albula - (Wooton) Keck - Subspecies Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
New Mexico wormwood - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Artemisia albula - Wooton - (New Mexico)
Artemisia microcephala - Wooton - (New Mexico)

Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. incompta - (Nuttall) D.D. Keck - Subspecies Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Louisiana wormwood - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (NM)
Synonym
Artemisia incompta - Nuttall - (NM)

Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. ludoviciana - Subspecies Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Louisiana wormwood - - (U.S.A.)
Mariola - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Sage brush - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wormwood - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Artemisia gnaphaloides - Nuttall - (NM)
Artemisia rhizomata - A. Nelson - (NM)
Artemisia silvicola - Osterhout - (NM)

Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. mexicana - (Willdenow ex Sprengel) Keck - Subspecies Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Agenjo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Agenjo del pais - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Agenjo oficinal - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Ajenjo - - (Northwestern New Spain)
Ajenjo del pais - - (Northwestern New Spain)
Ajenjo del paÍs - - (Atlas Mexico)
Ajeno del Pais - - (EB 54(4): 427–438,2000)
Altamiza - - (Atlas Mexico)
Altaniza - - (Atlas Mexico)
Anisote - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Anonima mechoacanense - - (Aztec)
Artemisia - - (Atlas Mexico)
Azumate - - (Spanish-Américas)
Azumate de Puebla - - (Atlas Mexico)
Black sage - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Cola de zorrillo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Ensencio de mata verde - - (Atlas Mexico)
Epazote de castilla - - (Atlas Mexico)
Estafiate - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Estomiate - - (Atlas Mexico)
Guietee - - (Puebla)
Hierba maestra - - (Atlas Mexico)
Hierba maistra - - (Atlas Mexico)
Incienso - - (Atlas Mexico)
Incienso verde - - (Atlas Mexico)
Istafiate - - (Atlas Mexico)
Istafiatl - - (Estado de México)
Ixtauyate - - (Spanish-Américas)
Iztauhyaitl - - (Hidalgo)
Iztauhyatl - - (Aztec, Puebla)
Iztauhyatl latifolio - - (Aztec)
Mexican wormwood - - (New Mexico, U.S.A.)
Osomiate - - (Quintana Roo)
Rocky mountain sage - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Sal amarga - - (Aztec)
Southwestern wormwood - - (U.S.A.)
Tzaguangueni - - (Aztec)
Wormwood - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Artemisia mexicana - Willdenow - (New Mexico)
Artemisia neomexicana - Greene - (New Mexico)
Artemisia redolens - Gray - (New Mexico)
See notes.

Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. sulcata - (Rydberg) Keck - Subspecies Name

Artemisia nova - A. Nelson - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Black sagebrush - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Artemisia arbuscula subsp. nova - (A. Nelson) G.H. Ward - (NM)
Seriphidium novum (A. Nelson) - W.A. Weber - (NM)

Artemisia pattersonii - Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Patterson's wormwood - - (New Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Artemisia pygmaea - A. Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Pygmy sagebrush - - (New Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Seriphidium pygmaeum - (A. Gray) W.A. Weber - (New Mexico)

Artemisia scopulorum - Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alpine wormwood - - (New Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Artemisia spinescens - D.C. Eaton - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Budsage - - (New Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Picrothamnus desertorum - Nuttall - (New Mexico)

Artemisia tridentata - Nuttall - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Big sagebrush - - (U.S.A.)
Chamiso hediondo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Chamisona - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Sagebrush - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wormwood - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico, 3 subspecies: - - (BONAP)
Artemisia tridentata subsp. tridentata (= ),
Artemisia tridentata subsp. vaseyana (= Mountain sagebrush),
Artemisia tridentata subsp. wyomingensis (= ).
See notes on Artemisia arbuscula.

Artemisia tridentata subsp. tridentata - Subspecies Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Big sagebrush - - (New Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Seriphidium tridentatum - (Nuttall) W.A. Weber - (New Mexico)

Artemisia tridentata subsp. vaseyana - (Rydberg) Beetle - Subspecies Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Mountain sagebrush - - (New Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Artemisia vaseyana - Rydberg - (New Mexico)
Seriphidium vaseyanum - (Rydberg) W.A. Weber - (New Mexico)

Artemisia tridentata subsp. wyomingensis - Beetle & A.M. Young - Subspecies Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Wyoming sagebrush - - (New Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Seriphidium tidentatum subsp. wyomingense - (Beetle & A.M. Young) W.A. Weber - (New Mexico)

Artemisia vulgaris -
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Artemisa - - (Mexico)
Ajenjo - - (Mexico)
Corona de san juan - - (Northwestern New Spain)
Istafiate - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Mugwort - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Romerillo - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Yerba de san juan - - (Northwestern New Spain)

Artichoke - Cynara scolymus - (Mexican-American)
Arumbari - B>Acacia farnesiana - (Michoacán)

Arundo - L. - ()
Poaceae

Árvore dos rosarios - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Árvore santa - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Asclepiadaceae - Borkh. - Family Name
[Now placed by APG III within family Apocynaceae Juss.
subfamily Asclepiadoideae Burnett.]
Gentianales - Lindl. - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Lamiidae Takhtajan;
o Garryidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids I = asterids I);
o Gentianidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids or core asterids);
o Asteridae Takhtajan (= asterids);
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes = vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
(land plants).
In New Mexico, 4 genera: - - (BONAP)
Asclepias - L. - (BONAP)
(= Milkweed),
Cynanchum - L. - (BONAP)
(= Swallowwort),
Matelea - Aubl. - (BONAP)
(= Milkvine),
Sarcostemma - R. Br. - (BONAP)
(= Viney milkweed).

Asclepias - L. - (BONAP)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP) Now placed within Apocynaceae) - - (APG)
Common Name
Milkweed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 27 species: - - (Roalson & Allred)
Asclepias arenaria Torrey
(= Sand milkweed),
Asclepias asperula (Decaisne) Woodson
(= Spider milkweed),
Asclepias brachystephana Engelmann ex Torrey
(= Shortcrown milkweed),
Asclepias emoryi (Greene) Vail
(= Emory's comet),
Asclepias engelmanniana Woodson
(= Engelmann milkweed),
Asclepias glaucescens Kunth
(= Nodding milkweed),
Asclepias hallii Gray
(= Hall's milkweed),
Asclepias hypoleuca (Gray) Woodson
(= Mahogany milkweed),
Asclepias incarnata Linnaeus
(= Swamp milkweed),
Asclepias involucrata Engelmann ex Torrey
(= Dwarf milkweed),
Asclepias latifolia (Torrey) Rafinesque
(= Broad-leaf milkweed),
Asclepias linaria Cavanilles
(= Pine-needle milkweed),
Asclepias macrotis Torrey
(= Long-hood milkweed),
Asclepias nummularia Torrey
(= Tufted milkweed),
Asclepias nyctaginifolia Gray
(= Mojave milkweed),
Asclepias oenotheroides Chamisso & Schlectendal
(= Zizotes milkweed),
Asclepias pumila (Gray) Vail
(= Low milkweed),
Asclepias quinquedentata Gray
(= Slimpod milkweed),
Asclepias rusbyi (Vail) Woodson
(= Rusby's milkweed),
Asclepias sanjuanensis Heil, Porter, & Welsh
(= San Juan milkweed),
Asclepias scaposa Vail
(= Bear mountain milkweed),
Asclepias speciosa Torrey
(= Showy milkweed),
Asclepias subverticillata (Gray) Vail
(= Horsetail milkweed),
Asclepias tuberosa Linnaeus subsp. interior Woodson
(= Butterfly milkweed),
Asclepias uncialis Greene
(= Wheel milkweed),
Asclepias verticillata Linnaeus
(= Whorled milkweed),
Asclepias viridiflora Rafinesque
(= Green comet).

Asclepias albicans - ? - (?)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP)
Now placed within family Apocynaceae - - (APG)
Common Name
Mate candelilla - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Yamate - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
White stem milkweed - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Asclepias asperula - (Dcne.) Woods. - (BONAP)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP)
Now placed within Apocynaceae - - (APG)
Common Name
Antelope horns - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Inmortal - - (New Mexico Spanish)
Spider milkweed - - (BONAP, Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
In New Mexico, 2 subspecies: - - (Roalson & Allred)
Asclepias asperula (Decaisne) Woodson subsp. asperula
(= Spider milkweed),
Asclepias asperula (Decaisne) Woodson subsp. capricornu (Woodson) Woodson
(= Antelope-horns).

Asclepias asperula ssp. asperula - (Dcne.) Woods. - (BONAP)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP)
Now placed within Apocynaceae - - (APG)
Common Name
Spider milkweed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Asclepias asperula ssp. capricornu - (Woods.) Woods. - (BONAP)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP) Now placed within family Apocynaceae) - - (APG)
Common Name
Antelope horns - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Antelopehorns - - (BONAP)
Imortal - - (Mexico)
Inmortal - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Spider milkweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Asclepias asperula var. decumbens - (Nutt.) Shinners - (BONAP)
Asclepias capricornu - Woods. - (BONAP)
Asclepias capricornu ssp. occidentalis - Woods. - (BONAP)
Asclepias decumbens - (Nutt.) Dcne. - (BONAP)
Asclepiodora decumbens - (Nutt.) Gray - (BONAP)
This is the plant mentioned by L.S.M. Curtin (1965).
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Asclepias subverticillata - (Gray) Vail - (BONAP)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP)
Now placed within family Apocynaceae) - - (APG)
Common Name
Lechones - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Lechugas - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley, Galisteo)
Lechuria - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley, Cienega)
Lengua de vaca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley, Galisteo)
Milkweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Whorled milkweed - - (U.S.A.)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Asclepias galioides - auct. non Kunth - (BONAP)

Asclepias lanuginosa - ? - (?)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP)
Now placed within Apocynaceae) - - (APG)
Common Name
Ceniso - - (Mexico)
Milkweed - - (Mexico)

Asclepias latifolia - (Torr.) Raf. - (BONAP)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP)
Now placed within Apocynaceae - - (APG)
Common Name
Broadleaf milkweed - - (U.S.A.)
Lechones - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Milkweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Asclepias lemmonii - ? - (?)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP)
Now placed within Apocynaceae - - (APG)
Common Name
Inmortal - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Asclepias linaria - Cav. - (BONAP)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP) Now placed within Apocynaceae - - (APG)
Common Name
Pineneedle milkweed - - (BONAP)
Tlalacxoyatl - - (Aztec)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Asclepias speciosa - Torr. - (BONAP)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP)
Now placed within Apocynaceae - - (APG)
Common Name
Jumete - - (Baja California Sur, Spanish)
Lecheros - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Milkweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Reed-stem milkweed - - (U.S.A.)
Showy milkweed - - (U.S.A.)
Yamete - - (Baja California Sur, Spanish)
Synonym
Asclepias giffordii - Eastw. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Asclepias spp. - ? - (?)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP)
Now placed within family Apocynaceae) - - (APG)
Common Name
Hierba del indio - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Inmortal - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Milkweed - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Asclepias tuberosa - L. - (BONAP)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP)
Now placed within family Apocynaceae - - (APG)
Common Name
Butterfly milkweed - - (BONAP)
Pluerisy root - - (Mexico)
Tlalacxoyatl - - (Mexico)
In New Mexico, 1 subspecies: - - (Roalson & Allred)
Asclepias tuberosa Linnaeus subsp. interior Woodson
(= Butterfly milkweed).

Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior - Woods. - (BONAP)
Family Asclepiadaceae - - (BONAP)
Now placed within family Apocynaceae) - - (APG)
Common Name
Butterfly milkweed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Asclepias tuberosa var. interior - (Woods.) Shinners - (BONAP)
Asclepias tuberosa ssp. terminalis - Woods. - (BONAP)

Asparagaceae - Juss. - (APG III) Family Name
[Also recently and optionally including (according to APG II and III)
the families Agavaceae Dumort.,
Aphyllanthaceae Burnett (Western Mediterranean),
Hesperocallidaceae Traub (Hesperocallis undulata, Southwestern U.S.A.),
Hyacinthaceae Batsch ex Borkh (Mostly Old World),
Laxmanniaceae Bubani (Mostly Australia, also Madagascar, India, South America),
Ruscaceae Spreng. (= Convallariaceae Horan. + Nolinaceae T. Nakai +
Dracaenaceae R.A. Salisbury of temperate to tropical regions), and
Themidaceae Salisb. (British Columbia to northern Guatemala)]
[See genera in New Mexico in Asparagaceae s.l., Agavaceae, Asparagaceae s.s.,
Hyacinthaceae, Ruscaceae s.l. (including Convallariaceae and Nolinaceae),
and Themidaceae]
Asparagales - Link - (APG III) Order Name
Common name
Asparagus family - - (?)
Higher level lineages:
Angiospermae; Mesangiospermae; Monocotyledoneae
(non-commelinid); asparagoids; higher asparagoids.
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, the broadly defined family Asparagaceae s.l.,
now including 7 once separately defined families - - (APG III, BONAP, NM)
(1) Family Agavaceae in New Mexico,
including 4 genera:
Agave L. (= Agave),
Echeandia Ortega (= Echeandia),
Leucocrinum Nutt. ex Gray (= Starlily),
Yucca L. (= Yucca).
(2) The narrowly defined family Asparagaceae s.s. in New Mexico,
including 1 genus:
Asparagus L. (= Asparagus).
(3) Family Hyacinthaceae in New Mexico,
including 1 genus:
Muscari P. Mill. (= Grapehyacinth).
(4) Family Ruscaceae Spreng. in New Mexico [= subfamily Nolinoideae Spreng.
of Asparagaceae s.l. (APG III)], including 4 genera:
Dasylirion Zucc. (= Sotol),
Maianthemum G.H. Weber ex Wiggers (= Beadruby, False Solomon's-seal),
Nolina Michx. (= Beargrass),
Polygonatum P. Mill. (= Solomon's seal).
(5) The genera Maianthemum and Polygonatum of New Mexico often
placed in the separate family Convallariaceae. - - (NM)
(6) The genera Dasylirion and Nolina of New Mexico often
placed in the separate family Nolinaceae. - - (NM)
(7) Family Themidaceae in New Mexico,
including 3 genera:
Androstephium Torr. (= Funnellily),
Dichelostemma Kunth (= Snakelily),
Milla Cav. (= Milla).
See notes.

Asparagus - Asparagus officinalis - (Mexico)

Asparagus - L. - (BONAP)
Genus Name
Family Asparagaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Asparagus - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 1 species: - - (BONAP)
Asparagus officinalis (= Garden asparagus).

Asparagus berries - combined with Yerba del sapo - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Asparagus officinalis - L. - (BONAP)
Species Name
Family Asparagaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Asparagus - - (Mexico)
Asparrago - - (Mexico)
Garden asparagus - - (BONAP)

Asparrago - Asparagus officinalis - (Mexico)

Asperula - Asperula ordata (= Galium odoratum) - (Mexico)

Asperula ordata (= Galium odoratum) - Asperula - (Mexico)
- Sweetscented bedstraw - (U.S.A.)
- Woodruff - (Mexico)

Asphodelaceae - Jussieu - Family Name
(= Aloaceae Batsch)
(This previously defined family is more recently placed by APG III
together with Hemerocallidaceae R. Br. in the broader family
Xanthorrhoeaceae Dumort. of higher asparagoids.)
Asparagales - Link - (APG III) Order Name
[= Asparagales Bromhead (= asparagoids)]
Common Name
Asphodel (or Aloe) family - - (NM)
Higher level lineages:
o rest of the core monocots
other than those in the family Petrosaviaceae Hutch.;
o core monocots;
o Nartheciidae S.W. Graham & W.S. Judd
o Monocotyledoneae de Candolle (= monocots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, the family comprises 1 genus:
Asphodelus L. (= Onionweed)

Aspleniaceae - Newman - (Smith, et al., 2006) Family Name
(One of the eupolypod II families;
see also polypods and eupolypods.)
Polypodiales - Link - (Smith, et al., 2006) Order Name
Common Name
Spleenwort family - - (NM)
Higher level lineages:
o tree ferns + polypods;
o schizaeoid ferns + core leptosporangiates;
o core leptosporangiates;
o Leptosporangiatae Bessey;
o Polypodiophyta Cronquist, Takhtajan & Zimmermann;
o Monilophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= monilophytes).
Highest level lineages:
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue;
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, 1 genus: - - (NM):
Asplenium L. (Spleenwort).

Asplenium - L. - Genus Name
Family Aspleniaceae
Common Name
Spleenwort - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 4 or 5 (A. palmeri?) species of 1 genus: - - (NM)
*Asplenium platyneuron (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns, & Poggenburg
(= Ebony spleenwort),
Asplenium resiliens Kunze
(= Black-stem spleenwort),
Asplenium septentrionale (Linnaeus) Hoffmann
(= Forked spleenwort),
*Asplenium trichomanes Linnaeus
(= Maidenhair spleenwort).

Asplenium platyneuron - (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns, & Poggenburg - Species Name
Family Aspleniaceae
Common Name
Ebony spleenwort - - (NM)
In New Mexico

Asplenium trichomanes - Linnaeus - Species Name
Family Aspleniaceae
Common Name
Adianto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cabello de Venus - - (Spanish-Américas)
Capilera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Culantrillo bastardo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Culantrillo de pozo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Culantrillo hawaiiano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Culantrillo menor - - (EthnobotDB)
Culantrillo rojo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Falsía - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maidenhair spleenwort - - (NM)
Politrico - - (Spanish-Américas)
In New Mexico

Asteraceae - Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Family Name
(= Compositae Giseke)
Asterales - Link - (APG III) Order Name
Common Name
Sunflower (or Aster) Family - - (NM)
Higher level lineages:
o Apiidae M.J. Donoghue & P.D. Cantino;
o Campanulidae M.J. Donoghue & P.D. Cantino
(euasterids II = asterids II = campanulids);
o Garryidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids I = asterids I);
o Gentianidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids or core asterids);
o Asteridae Takhtajan (= asterids);
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, the Asteraceae is a well - - (BONAP, NM)
represented family with the following 191 genera:
Achillea L. (= Yarrow), Acourtia D. Don (= Desert-holly),
Acroptilon Cass. (= Knapweed), Adenophyllum Pers. (= Dogweed),
Ageratina Spach (= Snakeroot), Ageratum L. (= Whiteweed),
Agoseris Raf. (= s.n.), Almutaster A.& D. Love (= Marsh-aster),
Amauriopsis Rydberg (= Bahia), Ambrosia L. (= Ragweed),
Amphiachyris (A. DC.) Nutt. (= Broomweed), Anaphalis DC.
(= Everlasting, Pearly everlasting), Antennaria Gaertn. (= Pussytoes),
Anthemis L. (= Chamomile), Aphanostephus DC. (= Dozedaisy, Faintcrown),
Arctium L. (= Burdock, Burrdock), Arida (R. L. Hartman) D. R. Morgan
& R. L. Hartman (= Spine-aster), Arnica L. (= s.n.), Artemisia L.
(= Sagebrush, Wormwood), Asanthus R.M.King & H.Rob. (= Brickell-bush),
Baccharis L. (= Seep-willow), Bahia Lag. (= s.n.), Baileya Harvey & Gray
ex Gray (= Desert marigold), Barkleyanthus H. Robinson & Brettell
(= Barkley's groundsel), Bartlettia Gray (= Bartlett's daisy), Bebbia Greene
(= Sweetbush), Berlandiera DC. (= Greeneyes), Bidens L. (= Beggartick),
Brickellia Ell. (= Brickell-bush), Brickelliastrum R.M. King & H. Rob.
(= Brickell-bush), Calycoseris Gray (= Tackstem), Calyptocarpus Less.
(= s.n., Straggler-daisy), Carduus L. (= Plumeless thistle, Thistle),
Carminatia Moc. ex DC. (= Plumeweed, s.n.), Carphochaete Gray
(= Bristlehead), Carthamus L. (= Distaff thistle, Safflower), Centaurea L.
(= Knapweed, Star thistle), Chaenactis DC. (= Pincushion, s.n.),
Chaetopappa DC. (= Leastdaisy, Sand-aster), Chamaechaenactis Rydb. (= Fullstem, s.n.),
Chaptalia Vent. (= Silverpuff, Sunbonnetts), Chloracantha Nesom (= Devilweed, s.n.),
Chrysactinia Gray (= Damianita, s.n.), Chrysothamnus Nutt. (= Rabbitbrush),
Cichorium L. (= Chicory), Cirsium P. Mill. (= Thistle), Conoclinium DC. (= Mist-flower),
Conyza Less. (= Horseweed), Coreopsis L. (= Tickseed), Cosmos Cav. (= s.n.),
Cotula L. (= Brassbuttons), Crepis L. (= Hawk's beard, Hawksbeard),
Cyclachaena Fresen. (= Careless-weed), Diaperia Nutt. (= Cudweed),
Dicoria Torr. ex Gray (= s.n., Twinbugs), Dicranocarpus Gray (= Pitchforks, s.n.),
Dieteria Nutt. (= Spine-aster), Dyssodia Cav. (= Fetid-marigold, s.n.),
Echinacea Moench (= Coneflower, Purple coneflower), Eclipta L. (= False daisy, s.n.),
Encelia Adans. (= Brittlebush), Engelmannia Gray ex Nutt. (= Engelmann's daisy, s.n.),
Ericameria Nutt. (= Goldenbush, Heathgoldenrod), Erigeron L. (= Fleabane),
Eriophyllum Lagasca. (= Easter-bonnets, Easterbonnets), Euthamia Nutt. ex Cass.
(= Goldentop), Eutrochium Rafinesque (= Joe-Pye-weed), Flaveria Juss. (Yellowtops),
Fleischmannia Sch. Bip. (= Thoroughwort), Flourensia DC. (Tarbush, Tarwort),
Gaillardia Foug. (= Blanket-flower, s.n.), Galinsoga Ruiz & Pavon (= Gallant soldier, s.n.),
Gamochaeta Wedd. (= Everlasting), Gazania Gaertn. (= Treasure-flower),
Gnaphalium L. (= Cudweed), Grindelia Willd. (= Gumweed), Gutierrezia Lag. (= Snakeweed),
Gymnosperma Less. (= Gumhead, s.n.), Haploesthes Gray (False broomweed, Falsebroomweed),
Hedosyne (A. Gray) Strother (= Marsh-elder), Hedypnois Mill. (= Cretanweed), Helenium L.
(= Sneezeweed), Helianthella Torr. & Gray (= Dwarf sunflower, s.n.), Helianthus L.
(= Sunflower), Heliomeris Nutt. (= Goldeneye, s.n.), Heliopsis Pers. (= Oxeye, s.n.),
Herrickia Woot. & Standl. (= s.n., Wood-aster) Heterosperma Cav. (= s.n., Wing-petal),
Heterotheca Cass. (= Golden-aster, Telegraphplant), Hieracium L. (= Hawkweed),
Hymenopappus L'Her. (= s.n., Woolywhite), Hymenothrix Gray (= s.n., Thimblehead),
Hymenoxys Cass. (= Rubberweed, s.n.), Hypochaeris L. (= Cat's ear, Catsear),
Ionactis Greene (= Ankle-aster, s.n.), Isocoma Nutt. (= Jimmyweed, s.n.), Iva L.
(= Marsh-elder, s.n.), Jefea Stother (= Boss-daisy, s.n.), Koanophyllon Arruda
(= Thoroughwort), Krigia Schreb. (= Dwarf-dandelion, s.n.), Lactuca L. (= Lettuce),
Laennecia Cass. (= s.n., Woolwort), Lapsana L. (= Nipplewort), Lasianthaea DC.
(= Daisy, s.n.), Lasthenia Cass. (= Goldfields, s.n.), Layia Hook. & Arn. ex DC. (= Tidytips),
Leibnitzia Cass. (= s.n., Sunbonnets), Leontodon L. (= Hawkbit), Lepidospartum (Gray) Gray
(= Broomsage, Scalebroom), Leucanthemum P. Mill. (= Daisy, s.n.), Leuciva Rydb. (= Marsh-elder),
Liatris Gaertn. ex Schreb. (= Gayfeather), Logfia Cass. (= Cotton-rose), Lorandersonia Urbatsch,
R.P. Roberts & Neubig (= Rabbitbrush), Lygodesmia D. Don (= Skeleton-plant, Skeletonplant),
Machaeranthera Nees (= s.n., Spine-aster), Madia Molina (= Tarweed),
Malacothrix DC. (= Desert-dandelion, s.n.), Matricaria L. (= Mayweed, Pineappleweed),
Melampodium L. (= Blackfoot-daisy, s.n.), Nicolletia Gray (= s.n.),
Nothocalais (Gray) Greene (= Prairie dandelion, s.n.),
Onopordum L. (= Cottonthistle, Scotch-thistle), Oreochrysum Rydb. (= Goldenrod),
Osteospermum L. (= Daisybush), Oxytenia Nutt. (= Copperweed), Packera A. Löve &
D. Löve (= Ragwort), Palafoxia Lag. (= Palafox, s.n.), Parthenice Gray (= s.n.),
Parthenium L. (= Feverfew), Pectis L. (= Chinchweed, Fetid marigold, Lemonweed),
Pentzia Thunb. (= African sheepbush, s.n.), Pericome Gray (= s.n., Tail-leaf),
Perityle Benth. (= Rock-daisy, Rockdaisy), Petradoria Greene (= Goldenrod, Rockgoldenrod),
Picradeniopsis Rydb. ex Britt. (= Bahia, False bahia), Pinaropappus Less.
(= Rock-lettuce, Rocklettuce), Platyschkuhria Rydb. (= Basin-daisy, s.n.), Plectocephalus D. Don
(= Basketflower), Pluchea Cass. (= Arrow-weed, s.n.), Porophyllum Adans. (= Poreleaf, s.n.),
Prenanthella Rydb. (= Brightwhite, s.n.), Psacalium Cass (= Indianbush, s.n.), Psathyrotopsis
Rydb. (= Turtleback), Pseudoclappia Rydb. (= Clapdaisy, s.n.), Pseudognaphalium Kirp.
(= Rabbit-tobacco), Psilactis Gray (= Ray-aster), Psilostrophe DC. (= Paper-flower, Paperflower),
Pyrrhopappus DC. (= Desertchicory, False-dandelion), Pyrrocoma Hook. (= Goldenweed, s.n.),
Rafinesquia Nutt. (= California chicory, Desert chicory), Ratibida Raf. (= Mexican-hat,
Prairie coneflower), Rayjacksonia R.L. Hartm. (= Camphor-daisy), Roldana La Llave & Lex.
(= Hairwort), Rudbeckia L. (= Coneflower), Sanvitalia Lam. (= Abert's dome, s.n.),
Sartwellia Gray (= s.n.), Schkuhria Roth (= False threadleaf, Threadleaf), Scorzonera L.
(= s.n., Vipergrass), Senecio L. (= Groundsel), Silphium L. (= Compass-plant, Rosinweed),
Silybum Adans. (= Milk-thistle, Milkthistle), Simsia Pers. (= Bush-sunflower, Bushsunflower),
Solidago L. (= Goldenrod), Sonchus L. (= Sow-thistle, Sowthistle),
Stenotus Nutt. (= Goldenweed, s.n.), Stephanomeria Nutt. (= Wire-lettuce, Wirelettuce),
Stevia Cav. (= Candyleaf), Stylocline Nutt. (= s.n., Wooly-heads),
Symphyotrichum (= Aster), Tagetes L. (= Marigold), Tanacetum L. (= Tansy),
Taraxacum G.H. Weber ex Wiggers (= Dandelion), Tetradymia DC. (= Horsebrush),
Tetraneuris Greene (= Hymenoxys, Rubberweed), Thelesperma Less. (= Greenthread),
Thymophylla Lag. (= Dogweed, s.n.), Tonestus A. Nels. (= Serpentweed, s.n.), Townsendia
Hook. (= s.n., Townsend-daisy), Tragopogon L. (= Goatsbeard, Salsify), Tripleurospermum
Sch. (= False mayweed), Trixis P. Br. (= s.n., Threefold), Uropappus Nutt. (= Silverpuff),
Verbesina L. (= Crownbeard), Vernonia Schreb. (= Ironweed), Viguiera Kunth (= Goldeneye),
Wyethia Nutt. (= Mule's-ears, s.n.), Xanthisma DC. (= Sleep-daisy, Xanthium),
Xanthium L. (= Cocklebur), Zaluzania Pers. (= Yellow-streamers), and Zinnia L. (= s.n.).
75 genera of Asteraceae used medicinally in Mexico
(including a few common names of their medicinal species): - - (Atlas)
Achillea L. (e.g., Milenrama or Tlaliztahyac),
Acourtia D. Don (e.g., Coapatli),
Ageratina Spach (e.g., Chamisa or Hierba de la paloma, Hierba del ángel or Yolochíchitl),
Ageratum L. (e.g., Cebollina, Hawayche),
Alomia Kunth (e.g., Yerba del ángel or Zohuapahtli),
Ambrosia L. (e.g., Altamisa or Estafiate, Chicura, Cotafiata or Estafiate),
Artemisia L. (e.g., Ajenjo, Estafiate),
Baccharis L. (e.g., Azumiate, Escoba, Jarilla, Meste),
Bahia Lag. (e.g., Aceitilla amarilla),
Barkleyanthus H.Rob. & Brettell (e.g., Izcatzoyatl or Jarilla),
Berlandiera DC. (e.g., Coronilla),
Bidens L. (e.g., Aceitilla or Mozote, Té de milpa),
Brickellia Ell. (e.g., Peisto or Peistom, Prodigiosa),
Calea L. (e.g., Jaral de castilla or Chilchaca, Prodigiosa or Yerba amarga, Zacatechichi),
Calendula L. (e.g., Alta reyna or Mercadela),
Chaptalia Ventenat (e.g., Agacha cabeza or Chupona),
Chionolaena DC. (e.g., Alcanfor corriente or Gordolobo),
Chromolaena DC. (e.g., Cruz dulce grande or Tokaban),
Cirsium Mill. (e.g., Cardo, Cardosanto, Cardo santo),
Conyza Less. (e.g., Cimonillo, Gordolobo, Simonillo),
Cosmos Cav. (e.g., Andan cabezón, Cocopite, Mirasol),
Critonia P.Browne (e.g., Tabaquillo),
Cynara L. (e.g., Alcachofa or Alcachofera),
Dahlia Cav. (e.g., Dalia or Xicamoxochitl),
Dyssodia Cav. (e.g., Hierba del zorrillo, Micaelita),
Elephantopus L. (e.g., Cebadilla or Escoba),
Emilia Cass. (e.g., Bela' conquie or Lombriz),
Epaltes Cass. (e.g., Hierba del sapo or Tres lomos),
Erigeron L. (e.g., Arrocillo, Manzanilla cimarrona, Marimonia, Pata de león),
Flaveria Juss. (e.g., Hierba de la barranca or Retama),
Fleischmannia Sch. Bip. (e.g., Cruz dulce chica),
Gnaphalium L. (e.g., Gordolobo),
Gutierrezia Lag. (e.g., Hierba del pasmo, Pasmo),
Gymnosperma Less. (e.g., Escobilla or Tatalencho),
Helenium L. (e.g., Cabezona or Chapuz or Sacapedo),
Helianthus L. (e.g., Girasol),
Heterotheca Cass. (e.g., Árnica or Árnica de campo or Árnica de monte or Árnica del país),
Hidalgoa La Llave & Lex. (e.g., Bejuco de chilillo or Hoja de encipela or Mosote de monte),
Hieracium L. (e.g., Oreja de conejo or Rowi nacara),
Iostephane Benth. (e.g., Hierba de oso or Hierba del manso or Zacapal),
Isocoma Nutt. (e.g., Escobilla or Bacín de perro or Popote or Tepopozitli),
Koanophyllon Arruda (e.g., Okiny or Vishé),
Lactuca L. (e.g., Lechuga),
Matricaria L. (e.g., Camomila or Manzanilla),
Melampodium L. (e.g., Hierba tomate, Acahual amarillo),
Mikania Willd. (e.g., Guaco, Palo guaco),
Milleria L. (e.g., Cocolmeca),
Montanoa Cerv. in Llave & Lex. (e.g., Cihuapatli or Zoapatle, Cuasosomocle or Tronadora),
Neurolaena R. Br. (e.g., Burrito or Oreja de burro, Lengua de vaca),
Parthenium L. (e.g., Ciguapa, Escobilla or Hierba de la hormiga, Mariola),
Pectis L. (e.g., Cominillo),
Pinaropappus Less. (e.g., Chichicaquilitl or Chipulillo),
Piqueria Cav. (e.g., Hierba de San Nicolás or Tzonixtalti),
Pluchea Cass. (e.g., Flor de ángel or Hierba de la canela or Santa María or Tabaquillo),
Porophyllum Adans. (e.g., Hierba del venado, Pápalo or Papaloquelite, Pipisca de venado),
Psacalium Cassini (e.g., Mataricue or Matarique),
Pseudognaphalium Kirp. (e.g., Gordolobo, Manzanilla del río, Popu),
Sanvitalia Lam. (e.g., Coyoixtli or Ojo de gallo),
Schkuhria Roth. (e.g., Hierba del venado),
Sclerocarpus Jacq. (e.g., Musutl amarillo),
Silybum Adans. (e.g., Cardo de María),
Simsia Pers. (e.g., Acahual or Tlaxcala),
Sonchus L. (e.g., Achicoria or Chicoria or Lechuguilla),
Stevia Cav. (e.g., Chacal, Burrillo),
Tagetes L. (e.g., Anisillo, Anís, Cempasúchil or Flor de muerto, Cinco llagas, Pericón),
Tanacetum L. (e.g., Altamiza or Santa María),
Taraxacum Weber (e.g., Amargón or Diente de león),
Tithonia Desf. (e.g., Amargoso or Árnica, Cabezona or Gigantón),
Tridax L. (e.g., Hierba del toro),
Trixis P. Browne (e.g., Árnica),
Verbesina L. (e.g., Árnica capitaneja or Capitaneja, Chimalacatl, Huichin),
Vernonanthura H. Rob. (e.g., Copal or Santa María),
Viguiera Kunth (e.g., Tah),
Xanthisma DC. (e.g., Árnica morada),
Xanthium L. (e.g., Cadillo or Chayotillo),
See Asteraceae genera
indicated by single stars (*) that are found in New Mexico
with one or more species reported to be used medicinally
somewhere in the world and with genera indicated by
double stars (**) that are found in New Mexico and
one or more species considered medicinal in Morelos.
See also notes.

Atacaya - Persicaria hydropiper - (Spanish-Américas)

Ataco (= Amaranth) - Amaranthus spp. - (Mexico)

Atencocotl - Persicaria glabra - (Atlas Mexico)
- Persicaria punctata - (Atlas Mexico)

Atkinson's tickseed - Coreopsis tinctoria var. atkinsoniana - (BONAP)

Atochietl - Cunia lythrifolia - (Bye)

Atole - made from Corn or Maiz (= Zea mays) - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Atriplex canescens - Chamis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Chamiso - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Saltbush - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Shad scale - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Atropa belladonna - Belladona - (Mexico)

August flower - Grindelia squarrosa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Aulospermum purpureum (= Cymopterus purpureus) - Chimaja - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Purple spring-parsley - (U.S.A.)

Auyama - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Avena - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)

Avena - Avena sativa - (Mexico)

Avena sativa - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
- Avena - (Mexico)
- Common oat - (BONAP)
- Oat straw - (Mexico)
- Paja - (Mexico)
Synonyms
Avena byzantina - K. Koch - (BONAP)
Avena fatua var. sativa - (L.) Hausskn. - (BONAP)
Avena hybrida - Peterm. ex Reichenb. p.p. - (BONAP)
Avena sativa var. orientalis - (Schreb.) Alef. - (BONAP)

Avinca - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Avocado - Persia americana - (Mexican-American)
- Persia gratissima - (Mexican-American)

Avugués - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)
- Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Axonopus compressus - ? - (?)
Family Poaceae - (Delta)
Common Name
- Grama trenza - (PIER)

Axonopus fissifolius - ? - (?)
Family Poaceae - (Delta)
Common Name
- Gramalote - (PIER)

Axoyate - Abies religiosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Ayauhtona - Cuphea - (Nahuatl)
- Cuphea aequipetala - (Nahuatl)
- Cuphea jorullensis - (Mexican-American)
- Hippocratea excelsa (= Hemiagium excelsum) - (Nahuatl)

Aylin - Alnus acuminata - (Nahuatl)
- Betula alba - (Mexican-American)
- Betula pubescens - (Mexican-American)

Ayohtli - Cucurbita pepo - (Distrito Federal)

Ayohuixtle - Argemone mexicana - (Morelos)

Ayota - Cucurbita argyrosperma - (Spanish-Américas)

Ayote - Cucurbita argyrosperma - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Ayote gigante - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Ayotera - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Ayotli - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Cucurbita moschata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Ayoyote - Thevetia thevetioides - (Mexican-American)

Ayoxochquílitl - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Cucurbita moschata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Azabara - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Azafran - Carthamus tinctorius - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

"Azafrán" - Cuscuta spp. - (Armando González Stuart)

Azahar (= dry orange blossoms) - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Azahar de naranjo - Citrus aurantium - (Mexican-American)
- Citrus sinensis - (Mexican-American)

Azahar lila - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Azahares - Citrus aurantium - (Mexican-American)
- Citrus sinensis - (Mexican-American)

Aztec tobacco - Nicotiana rustica - (BONAP)

Azul champagra - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Azumiate - Sambucus mexicana - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus nigra - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus racemosa - (Mexican-American)

B

Babosa brava - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Bacanora - Agave angustifolia - (southern Sonora)

Bacanora agave - Agave angustifolia - (southern Sonora)

Baccharis - Baccharis spp. - (BONAP)

Baccharis - L. - (BONAP: Genus Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Baccharis - - (BONAP)
Desert broom - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Escoba amarga - - (Baja California Sur)
Romerillon - - (Baja California Sur)
Seep willow - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Species or varieties in New Mexico
not in main list that may be medicinal are:
Baccharis emoryi - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Emory's baccharis),
Baccharis neglecta - Britt. - (BONAP)
(= Rooseveltweed),
Baccharis pilularis - DC. - (BONAP)
(= Coyotebrush),
Baccharis salicina - Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)
(= Great Plains falsewillow),
Baccharis texana - (Torr. & Gray) Gray - (BONAP)
(= Prairie falsewillow),
Baccharis thesioides - Kunth - (BONAP)
(= Arizona baccharis),
Baccharis wrightii - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Wright's baccharis).

Baccharis conferta - ? - (?)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Planta de escobas - - (Aztec)
Quauhizquitli - - (Aztec)
Tepopotli - - (Aztec)

Baccharis pteronioides - DC. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Yerba de pasmo - - (BONAP)

Baccharis salicifolia - (Ruiz & Pavon) Pers. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Batamote - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Guatamote - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Huatamote - - (Baja California Sur)
Mule's fat - - (BONAP)
Seep willow - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Yerba del pasmo - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Synonyms
Baccharis glutinosa - Pers. - (BONAP)
Baccharis viminea - DC. - (BONAP)
Molina salicifolia - Ruiz & Pavon - (BONAP)

Baccharis sarothroides - Gray - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Broom baccharis - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Desert broom - - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
Desertbroom - - (BONAP)

Bagá noiva - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Baja tripa - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Bajatripa - Rivina humilis - (Atlas Mexico)

Balsam fir - Abies balsamea - (U.S.A.)
- Abies arizonica - (U.S.A.)

Balsam of giliad - Amyris gileadensis - (Mexico)

Balsam torchwood - Amyris balsamifera - (U.S.A.)

Balsamo - Amyris gileadensis - (Mexico)
- Myroxylon balsamum var. Pereirae - (Mexican-American)
- Myroxylon spp. - (Mexican-American)

Balsamo de Cartagena - Myroxylon balsamum var. Pereirae - (Mexican-American)
- Myroxylon spp. - (Mexican-American)

Balsamo de las Indias - Myroxylon balsamum var. Pereirae - (Mexican-American)
- Myroxylon spp. - (Mexican-American)

Bálsamo del Canadá - Abies balsamea - (Spanish-Américas)

Balsamo Negro del Peru - Myroxylon balsamum var. Pereirae - (Mexican-American)
- Myroxylon spp. - (Mexican-American)

Balsamodendron myrrh - Mirra - (Mexico)
- Myrrh - (Mexico)

Banana yucca - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Baneberry (= Yerba del peco) - Actaea rubra ssp. arguta - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Bangati - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Bansú - Abies religiosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Barajilla - Hippocratea celastroides - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Barajita - Hippocratea celastroides - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Baras de San Jose (= Varas de San Jose) - Pentstemon torreyi - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Barba china - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Barba de chivo - Acacia angustissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Clematis lasiantha - (Mexican-American)
- Clematis spp. - (Mexican-American)
- Clematis virginiana - (Mexican-American)

Barba de elote (= Corn silk) - Zea mays - (Mexican-American)

Barba de maiz (= Corn silk) - Zea mays - (Mexican-American)

Barballo - Lavandula latifolia - (Elsa Campos)

Barbary matrimony-vine - Lycium barbarum - (GRIN)

Barbasco - Croton corymbulosus (= Croton pottsii var. pottsii) - (Mexican-American)
- Croton texensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Discorea densiflora - (Mexican-American)
- Discorea floribunda - (Mexican-American)

Barberry - Arctostaphylos spp. - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
- Berberis - (BONAP)
- Berberis vulgaris - (Mexico)

Barchata - Lycium berlandieri var. berlandieri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium berlandieri var. parviflorum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Bardana - Arctium lappa - (Mexico)
- Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Bardana carrapicho - Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Bardana común - Arctium minus - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Bardana mayor - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Bardana menor - Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Bardana ordinária - Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Barosma bletulina - Buchu - (Mexico)

Barrete de padre - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Basil - Ocimum basilicum - (Elsa Campos)

Bastard saffron (= Azafran) - Carthamus tinctorius - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Bastard wormwood - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English-United Kingdom)

Batamote - Baccharis salicifolia - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Batisia tintoria - Anil - (Mexico)
- Indigo - (Mexico)
- Indigo dye - (Mexican-American)

Baya - Morus alba - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Morus microphylla - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Baya china - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Bayahonda - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Beach sand verbena - Abronia maritima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Bead vine - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Bear weed (= Yerba del oso) - Heracleum maximum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Bearberry - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Beard tongue (= Varas de San Jose) - Pentstemon torreyi - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Beaver tail (= Nopal) - Opuntia spp. - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Be still tree - Thevetia thevetioides - (Mexican-American)

Bee balm (= Oregano) - Monarda menthaefolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Beggar's ticks - Bidens - (Mexican-American)
- Bidens pilosa - (Mexican-American)

Beggarticks - Bidens - (BONAP)
- Bidens polylepis - (BONAP)

Begoniaceae - C.A. Agardh - Family Name
Cucurbitales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG IV) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o nitrogen-fixing lineage;
o Fabidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids I = fabids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].

Bejuco (= Tripa de Judas) - Cissus verticillata - (Mexican-American)

Bejuco de peonia - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Bejuco de piojo - Hippocratea celastroides - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Belehui - Malva sylvestris - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Belénbelén - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Bellis perennis - Bellorita - (Mexico)
- Daisy (common) - (Mexico)
- Margarita - (Mexico)
- Maya - (Mexico)

Bellorita - Bellis perennis - (Mexico)

Bellota - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Bellota de sabina - Juniperus communis - (Mexican-American)
- Juniperus spp. - (Mexican-American)
- Phoradendron juniperinum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Berberis - Berberis vulgaris - (Mexico)

Berberis - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Berberidaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Barberry - - (BONAP)
Species in New Mexico not in main list are:
Berberis fendleri - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Colorado barberry),
Berberis wilcoxii - Kearney - (BONAP)
(= Wilcox's barberry).

Berberis fremontii, see Mahonia fremontii.

Berberis repens, see Mahonia repens.

Berberis vulgaris - L. - (BONAP)
Family Berberidaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Agracejo - - (Mexico)
Barberry - - (Mexico)
Berberis - - (Mexico)
Common barberry - - (BONAP)

Berenjena - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Bergamot (= Oregano) - Monarda menthaefolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Berlandier Acacia - Acacia berlandieri - (?)

Berro - Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum - (Mexican-American, Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Betonia - Betonica officinalis - (Mexico)

Betónica - Agastache palmeri - (San Luis Potosí)

Betonica officinalis - Betonia - (Mexico)
- Wood betony - (Mexico)

Betula - L. - Species Name
Family Betulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Birch - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 2 species: - - (BONAP)
Betula glandulosa Michaux (= Bog birch) and
Betula occidentalis Hooker (= Water birch).

Betulaceae - Gray - (APG III) Family Name
Fagales - Engl. - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages (APG II; Delta; Cantino, et al., 2007):
Angiosperm; Eudicot; Gunneridae; core Eudicot (= Pentapetalae);
Rosid (~= Rosidae); Eurosid; Eurosid I (= Fabidae);
Nitrogen-fixing clade.
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, 3 gemera: - - (BONAP)
Alnus P. Mill. (= Alder),
Betula L. (= Birch), and
Ostrya Scop. (= Hop-hornbeam).

Betula pubescens - Ehrh. - Species Name
Family Betulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Abedul - - (Mexican-American)
Àlamo blanco - - (Mexican-American)
Aylin - - (Nahuatl)
Birch - - (Mexican-American)
Downy birch - - (BONAP)
Tepeylin - - (Mexican-American)
White birch - - (Mexican-American)
Synonym
Betula alba - L. - (BONAP)

Betula pubescens ssp. pubescens - Ehrh. - Subspecies Name
Family Betulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Downy birch - - (BONAP)

Bidens - L. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Aceitilla - - (Mexican-American)
Acocohxihuitl - - (Nahuatl)
Beggar's ticks - - (Mexican-American)
Beggarticks - - (BONAP)
Burr marigold - - (Mexican-American)
Chichik-kul - - (Maya)
K'an-mul - - (Maya)
Spanish needles - - (Mexican-American)
Te de coral - - (Mexican-American)
Te de milpa - - (Mexican-American)
Tickseed - - (Mexican-American)
In New Mexico, 13 species: - - (BONAP)
Bidens bigelovii Gray (= Bigelow's beggarticks),
Bidens bipinnata L. (= Spanish needles),
Bidens cernua L. (= Nodding beggartick),
Bidens frondosa L. (= Devil's beggartick, Devil's pitchfork),
Bidens heterosperma Gray (= Rocky Mountain beggarticks),
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P. (= Smooth beggartick),
Bidens lemmonii Gray (= Lemmon's beggarticks),
Bidens leptocephala Sherff (= Fewflower beggarticks),
Bidens pilosa L. (= Spanish needles),
Bidens polylepis Blake (= Beggarticks),
Bidens tenuisecta Gray (= Slimlobe beggarticks),
Bidens tripartita L. (= Threelobe beggarticks), and
Bidens vulgata Greene (= Common beggarticks).
The presence of Bidens anthriscoides A.P. de Candolle in southern New Mexico needs further verification.

Bidens bigelovii - Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Bigelow's beggarticks - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Bidens bipinnata - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Komerillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Spanish needles - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Bidens bipinnata var. biternatoides - Sherff - (BONAP)

Bidens cernua - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Nodding beggartick - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Bidens cernua var. dentata (Nutt.) - Boivin - (BONAP)
Bidens cernua var. elliptica - Wieg. - (BONAP)
Bidens cernua var. integra - Wieg. - (BONAP)
Bidens cernua var. minima - (Huds.) Pursh - (BONAP)
Bidens cernua var. oligodonta - Fern. & St. John - (BONAP)
Bidens cernua var. radiata - DC. - (BONAP)
Bidens glaucescens - Greene - (BONAP)
Bidens prionophylla - Greene - (NM)

Bidens frondosa - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Devil's beggartick - - (BONAP)
Devil's pitchfork - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Bidens frondosa var. anomala - Porter ex Fern. - (BONAP)
Bidens frondosa var. caudata - Sherff - (BONAP)
Bidens frondosa var. pallida - Wieg. - (BONAP)
Bidens frondosa var. stenodonta - Fern. & St. John - (BONAP)

Bidens heterosperma - Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Rocky Mountain beggarticks - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Bidens laevis - (L.) B.S.P. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Smooth beggartick - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Bidens elegans - Greene - (BONAP)
Bidens nashii - Small - (BONAP)
Helianthus laevis - L. - (BONAP)

Bidens lemmonii - Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Lemmon's beggarticks - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Bidens leptocephala - Sherff - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Fewflower beggarticks - - (BONAP)
Slim beggarticks - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Bidens pilosa - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Aceitilla - - (Mexican-American)
Aceitilla chatay - - (Hernandez-Galicia, et al., 2002)
Acocohxihuitl - - (Nahuatl)
Beggar's ticks - - (Mexican-American)
Burr marigold - - (Mexican-American)
Chichik-kul - - (Maya)
Chipaca - - (Spanish-Américas)
K'an-mul - - (Maya)
Margarita - - (Spanish-Américas)
Margarita silvestre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Masiquía - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mozote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pirca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Romerillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Saetilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Spanish needles - - (Mexican-American)
Te de coral - - (Mexican-American)
Te de milpa - - (Mexican-American)
Té de Veracruz - - (Hernandez-Galicia, et al., 2002)
Tickseed - - (Mexican-American)
Zeta - - (Hernandez-Galicia, et al., 2002)
In Morelos and New Mexico - - (BONAP, Columba Monroy-Ortiz)
Synonyms
Bidens odorata - Cav. - (BONAP)
Bidens pilosa var. bimucronata - (Turcz.) Schultz-Bip. - (BONAP)
Bidens pilosa var. minor - (Blume) Sherff - (BONAP)

Bidens polylepis - Blake - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Beggarticks - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (NM)

Bidens tenuisecta - Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Slim-lobe beggarticks - - (NM)
Slimlobe beggarticks - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Bidens cognata - Greene - (NM)

Bidens tripartita - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Threelobe beggarticks - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Bidens acuta - (Wieg.) Britt. - (BONAP)
Bidens comosa - (Gray) Wieg. - (BONAP)

Bidens vulgata - Greene - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Common beggarticks - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (NM)

Biengranada - Chenopodium botrys - (Spanish-Américas)

Biennial wormwood - Artemisia biennis - (BONAP)

Bigelow's beggarticks - Bidens bigelovii - (BONAP)

Bigelow's sagebrush - Artemisia bigelovii - (U.S.A.)

Bigfruit dodder - Cuscuta megalocarpa - (BONAP)

Big root (= Estrella del norte) - Echinocystis lobata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Bignoniaceae - Juss. - (APG II: Family Name)
Lamiales - Bromhead - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages (APG II, Delta):
Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Asterid; Euasterid I
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Bihi - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Bindi - Abelmoschus esculentus - (MMPND-English)

Binolo - Acacia cochliacantha - (Spanish-Américas)

Binolo prieto - Acacia cochliacantha - (Spanish-Américas)

Binorama - Acacia farnesiana - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Birch - Alnus acuminata - (Mexican-American)
- Alnus arguta - (Stuart)
- Betula - (BONAP)
- Betula alba - (Mexican-American)
- Betula pubescens - (Mexican-American)

Birdrape - Brassica rapa var. rapa - (BONAP)

Biscuit root - Cymopterus fendleri - (Moore)
- Lomatium dissectum (= Leptotaenia) - (Moore)

Bitter buttons (= Ponso) - Tanacetum vulgare - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Bitter pumpkin - Apodanthera undulata - (EB 56(4): 380–398,2002)

Bitterweed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English)
- Conyza canadensis var. canadensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Bixa - ? - ?
Family Bixaceae - - (BONAP)

Bixa orellana - Achiote - (Mexican-American)
- Achiotl - (Nahuatl)
- Annato - (Mexico)
- Annatto - (Mexican-American)
- Ku-xub - (Maya)
- Lipstick tree - (Mexican-American)

Bizcoba - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Blackbrush acacia - Acacia rigudula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Black calabash - Crescentia alata - (Elsa Campos)

Black current - Ribes nigrum - (Elsa Campos)

Black dye - made from Flor de Santa Rita, Guaco, Jarita, Lemita, Pinon
- (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Black elderberry - Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens var. melanocarpa - (BONAP)

Black-eyed Susan - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Black locust - Acacia greggii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Black mulberry - Morus nigra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Black nightshade (= Tomatito) - Solanum nigrum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Black sage (= Estafiate) - Artemisia mexicana (= Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana)
- (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Blacksamson echinacea - Brauneria angustifolia (= Echinacea angustifolia) - (U.S.A.)

Black samson root - Brauneria angustifolia (= Echinacea angustifolia) - (Mexico)

Blackweed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English-Canada)

Blanco de las sierras - Abies arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Blanket flower (= Coronilla) - Gaillardia pinnatifida - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Bledo carbonero - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Bledo cenizo - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Blood (= Sangre) - animal blood employed in charms and necromancy - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Bloodberry rouge-plant - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Bloodwort - Achillea millefolium - (ITIS, USDA)

Blow ball (= Chicoria) - Taraxacum officinale - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Blue dick (= Cebollita del campo) - Allium recurvatum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Blue-gray dye - made from Anil - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Blue stone (= Piedra Azul) - the crystals of copper sulphate - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Boat-thorn acacia - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Boganga - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Bois d'arc - Maclura pomifera - (PFAF)

Boj - Buxus semprevirens - (Mexico)

Bold - Peumus boldus - (Mexican-American)

Boldo - Peumus boldus - (Mexican-American)

Bolo - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Bolondrón - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Bomba kapel - Abelmoschus moschatus - (San Luis Potosí)

Bombó - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Bonetillo - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Bonetillos - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Boraginaceae - Juss. - (APG II: Family Name)
(Boraginaceae-Hydrophyllaceae, including
families Ehretiaceae Mart. [= Ehretiaceae Lindl.],
Lennoaceae Solms, and Hydrophyllaceae R.Br.
[= Hydrophyllaceae R. Br. ex Edwards];
therefore, Boraginaceae = subfamilies Boraginoideae +
[Hydrophylloideae + Heliotropioideae + Cordioideae + Ehretioideae + family Lennoaceae])
Unplaced (perhaps Boraginales Dumortier) - - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages (APG II, Delta):
Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Asterid; Euasterid I
(Boraginaceae + Vahliaceae + Gentianales + Lamiales + Solanales may form a lineage)
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Borage - Borago officinalis - (Mexico)

Borago officinalis - Borage - (Mexico)
- Borraja - (Mexico)

Borraja - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Atlas Mexico)
- Borago officinalis - (Mexico)

Borregos de encina: See notes.

Botris - Chenopodium botrys - (Spanish-Américas)

Bougainvillea glabra - Bugambilia - (Elsa Campos)

Bouncing Bet (= Clavelina) - Saponaria offcinalis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Bouvardia ternifolia - Hierba del indio - (Mexico)
- Hierba del pasmo - (Mexico)
- Romerillo - (Mexico)
- Scarlet bouvardia - (Mexico)
- Tabaquillo - (Mexico)

Box thorn - Lycium andersonii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium pallidum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium torreyi - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Box-thorn - Lycium - (?)

Box tree - Buxus semprevirens - (Mexico)

Brassica - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Brassicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Mustard - - (BONAP)
Members of Brassica in Mew Mexico not in main list are:
Brassica juncea - (L.) Czern. - (BONAP)
(= India mustard),
Brassica nigra - (L.) W.D.J. Koch - (BONAP)
(= Black mustard),
Brassica rapa - L. - (BONAP)
(= Rape mustard).

Brassica rapa var. rapa - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Brassicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Birdrape - - (BONAP)
Mostaza - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Mustard - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yellow field mustard - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Brassica campestris - L. - (BONAP)
Brassica campestris ssp. campestris - L. - (BONAP)
Brassica campestris var. rapa - (L.) Hartman - (BONAP)
Brassica campestris ssp. rapifera - (Metzger) Sinsk. - (BONAP)
Brassica rapa ssp. campestris - (L.) Clapham - (BONAP)
Brassica rapa var. campestris - (L.) W.D.J. Koch - (BONAP)
Brassica rapa ssp. olifera - DC. - (BONAP)
Brassica rapa ssp. sylvestris - Janchen - (BONAP)
Caulanthus sulfureus - Payson - (BONAP)

Brassicaceae - Burnett - (APG II: Family Name)
(= Cruciferae Juss.)
Brassicales - Bromhead - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages (APG II, Delta):
Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid II
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Brauneria angustifolia (= Echinacea angustifolia)
- Blacksamson echinacea - (U.S.A.)
- Black samson root - (Mexico)
- Echinacea - (Mexico)

Brauneria purpurea (= Echinacea purpurea) - Purple cone flower - (Mexico)

Brazil - Haematoxylon campechianum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Brickellia - Brickellia spp. - (BONAP, Mexico)

Brickellia - Ell. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Brickellia - - (BONAP, Mexico)
Hamula - - (Mexico)
Hamula de monterey - (Mexico)
Prodigiosa - - (Mexico)
Members of Brickellia in New Mexico not in main list are:
Brickellia amplexicaulis - B.L. Robins. - (BONAP)
(= Earleaf brickellbush),
Brickellia amplexicaulis var. amplexicaulis - B.L. Robins. - (BONAP)
(= Earleaf brickellbush),
Brickellia baccharidea - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Resinleaf brickellbush),
Brickellia betonicifolia - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Betonyleaf brickellbush),
Brickellia brachyphylla - (Gray) Gray - (BONAP)
(= Plumed brickellbush),
Brickellia chenopodina - (Greene) B.L. Robins. - (BONAP)
(= Chenopod brickellbush),
Brickellia coulteri - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Coulter's brickellbush),
Brickellia eupatorioides - (L.) Shinners - (BONAP)
(= False boneset),
Brickellia eupatorioides var. corymbulosa - (Torr. & Gray) Shinners - (BONAP)
(= False boneset),
Brickellia eupatorioides var. chlorolepis - (Woot. & Standl.) B.L. Turner - (BONAP)
(= False boneset),
Brickellia fendleri - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Fendler's brickellbush),
Brickellia floribunda - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Chihuahuan brickellbush),
Brickellia grandiflora - (Hook.) Nutt. - (BONAP)
(= Tasselflower brickellbush),
Brickellia laciniata - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Splitleaf brickellbush),
Brickellia lemmonii - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Lemmon's brickellbush),
Brickellia lemmonii var. lemmonii - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Lemmon's brickellbush),
Brickellia lemmonii var. wootonii - (Greene) B.L. Robins. - (BONAP)
(= Lemmon's brickellbush),
Brickellia microphylla (Nutt.) - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Littleleaf brickellbush),
Brickellia microphylla var. scabra - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Rough brickellbush),
Brickellia oblongifolia - Nutt. - (BONAP)
(= Mojave brickellbush),
Brickellia oblongifolia var. linifolia - (D.C. Eat.) B.L. Robins. - (BONAP)
(= Narrowleaf brickellbush),
Brickellia rusbyi - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Stinking brickellbush),
Brickellia simplex - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Sonoran brickellbush),
Brickellia squamulosa - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Mule Mountain brickellbush),
Brickellia venosa - (Woot. & Standl.) B.L. Robins. - (BONAP)
(= Veiny brickellbush),
Brickellia veronicifolia - (Kunth) Gray - (BONAP)
(= Veronicaleaf brickellbush),
Brickellia veronicifolia var. veronicifolia - (Kunth) Gray - (BONAP)
(= Veronicaleaf brickellbush).

Brickellia californica - (Torr. & Gray) Gray - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
California brickellbush - - (BONAP)
Yerba de la mala mujer - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Brickellia californica var. reniformis - (Gray) Torrey & Gray - (Roalson & Allred)
Brickellia reniformis - ? - (?)
Coleosanthus reniformis - (Gray) Rydberg - (NM)

Brickellia californica var. californica - (Torr. & Gray) Gray - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
California brickellbush - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Bulbostylis californica - Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)

Brickellia reniformis, see Brickellia californica.

Brigham Young weed (= Canutillo del campo) - Ephedra torreyana - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Brionia - Bryonia alba - (Mexico)

Brook mint - Mentha arvensis - (Moore)

Broom baccharis - Baccharis sarothroides - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Broom material - made from Popoton, Yerba del buey - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Broom snakeweed - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (BONAP)

Brown dye - made from Jarita - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Brown weed (= Escoba de la vibora) - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Brujitos - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Bryonia - L. - (BONAP)
Family Cucurbitaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Bryony - - (BONAP)

Bryonia alba - L. - (BONAP)
Family Cucurbitaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Brionia - - (Mexico)
Bryony - - (Mexico)
White bryony - - (BONAP)

Bryony - Bryonia alba - (Mexico)

Buchu - Barosma bletulina - (Mexico)

Buddleia americana - Butterfly bush - (Mexico)
- Hierba de la mosca - (Mexico)
- Salvia virgen - (Mexico)
- Tepoza - (Mexico)
- Tepozan - (Mexico)

Buenamoza - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Buena mujer (= Pegapega) - Mentzelia multiflora - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Buffalo gourd - Cucurbita foetidissima - (NM)

Buffalo pea (= Patito del pais) - Lathyrus decaphyllus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Bugallón - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Bugambilia - Bougainvillea glabra - (Elsa Campos)

Bujarola - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Bujarolla - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Bullhorn acacia - Acacia cornigera - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Bullhorn wattle - Acacia cornigera - (BONAP)

Bull nettle (= Tomatillo del campo) - Solanum elaeagnifolium - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Burdock - Arctium lappa - (Mexico)
- Arctium minus - (NM)

Burgmansia x candida - Angel's trumpet - (Elsa Campos)
- Florifundio - (Elsa Campos)
- Floripondio - (Elsa Campos)

Burr marigold - Bidens - (Mexican-American)
- Bidens pilosa - (Mexican-American)

Burrillo - Stevia serrata - (Atlas Mexico)

Burro milk (= Leche de burro) - "Goats' milk and asses' milk have long been considered excellent foods and remedies" - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Burseraceae - Kunth - (APG III) Family Name
Sapindales - Dumort. - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:

o Malvidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids II = malvids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes = vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
(land plants).

Buserola - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Butter daisy - Verbesina encelioides - (CRC)

Butterfly bush - Buddleia americana - (Mexico)

Butternut - Cucurbita moschata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Butterweed - Conyza canadensis var. canadensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Button weed - Abutilon theophrasti - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Buxilo - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Búxulo - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Buxus semprevirens - Boj - (Mexico)
- Box tree - (Mexico)

C

Caacica - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Caare - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Caa-tay - Persicaria punctata - (Spanish-Américas)

Caátay - Persicaria punctata - (Spanish-Américas)

Cabello de ángel - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Cabello de elote (= Corn silk) - Zea mays - (Mexican-American)

Cabello de maiz (= Corn silk) - Zea mays - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Cabello de Venus - Asplenium trichomanes - (Spanish-Américas)

Cabeza de moro - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Cabeza de negro, Mexican yam

Cabeza de Turco - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Cabuyal - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cacaloxochitl - Plumeria rubra - (Elsa Campos)

Cachanquillo - Verbesina crocata - (Guerrero)

Cachito - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Cachito de aroma - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cachito de toro - Acacia cornigera - (Atlas Mexico)

Cachorrera - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)
- Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Cachurrera mayor - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Cachurro - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Cachurros - Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Cacomite (= Cebollita del campo)

Cactaceae - Juss. - (APG III) Family Name
Caryophyllales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes = vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
(land plants).
In New Mexico, including 14 genera: - - (NM)
Coryphantha (Engelm.) Lem. (= Beehive-cactus),
Cylindropuntia (Engelm.) F.M.Knuth (= Cholla),
Echinocactus Link & Otto (= Barrel cactus),
Echinocereus Engelm. (= Hedgehog-cactus),
Echinomastus Britton & Rose (= Early-bloomer),
Epithelantha F.A.C.Weber ex Britton & Rose (= Ball-cactus),
Ferocactus Britton & Rose (= Barrel-cactus),
Glandulicactus Backeb. (= Fish-hook cactus),
Grusonia Rchb.f. ex Britton & Rose (= Club-cholla),
Mammillaria Haw. (= Nipple-cactus),
Opuntia Mill. (= Prickly-pear),
Pediocactus Britton & Rose (= Pincushion-cactus),
Peniocereus (A.Berger) Britton & Rose (= Cereus), and
Sclerocactus Britton & Rose (= Fish-hook cactus).

Cadillo - Arctium lappa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Cadillos - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)
- Xanthium strumarium var. canadense - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Caesalpinia - L. - (BONAP)
Genus Name
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Nicker - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 3 species: - - (BONAP)
Caesalpinia drepanocarpa (= Sicklepod holdback)
Caesalpinia gilliesii (= Bird-of-paradise shrub)
Caesalpinia jamesii (= James' holdback)

Caesalpinia jamesii - (Torr. & Gray) Fisher - (BONAP)
Species Name
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Camote de raton - - (?)
James' holdback - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Hoffmannseggia jamesii - Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)

Café del país - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Cafuche - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Cahuite - Abies religiosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Cal: See notes.

Cahurros - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Caimancillo - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Caimoní - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Caimoní cimarrón - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Caimonicillo - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Cajui - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cakilizche - Acacia farnesiana - (Quintana Roo)

Calabacera - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabacilla - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Atlas Mexico)
- Cucurbita foetidissima - (Atlas Mexico)
- Cucurbita moschata - (Atlas Mexico)

Calabacilla amarga - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabacilla hedionda - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Atlas Mexico)

Calabacilla loca - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabacín - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabacita - Cucurbita argyrosperma - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Cucurbita foetidissima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabacita italiana - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabacita verde - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabaza - Cucurbita maxima - (Atlas Mexico)
- Cucurbita moschata - (Atlas Mexico)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Atlas Mexico)

Calabaza almizclada - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza amarga - Apodanthera undulata - (EB 56(4): 380–398,2002)

Calabaza amargosa - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabaza amarilla - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza amelonada - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza arota - Cucurbita argyrosperma - (Atlas Mexico)

Calabaza biche - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabaza bonetera - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza botonera - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza búfalo - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabaza cegualca - Cucurbita moschata - (Sonora)

Calabaza chompo - Cucurbita argyrosperma - (Atlas Mexico)
- Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabaza común - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza confitera - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza cuarentena - Cucurbita moschata - (Atlas Mexico)

Calabaza de Castilla - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza de Chipre - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza de cidra - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza de comer - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza de cuello torcido - Cucurbita moschata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabaza de invierno - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabaza de Nápoles - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza de olor - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza de pepitagruesa - Cucurbita argyrosperma - (Atlas Mexico)

Calabaza de pepita menuda - Cucurbita moschata - (Atlas Mexico)

Calabaza de San Juan - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza de verano - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabaza forrajera - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza gigante - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabaza grande - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza hedeonda - Apodanthera undulata - (http://www.ecured.cu/Calabaza)

Calabaza hedionda - Apodanthera undulata - (EB 56(4): 380–398,2002)

Calabaza india - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabaza loca - Apodanthera undulata - (EB 56(4): 380–398,2002)

Calabaza melón - Cucurbita moschata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabaza mexicana - Cucurbita argyrosperma - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Calabaza moscada - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza pastelera - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza pipiana - Cucurbita pepo - (Atlas Mexico)

Calabaza redonda - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza tamala - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabaza tamalayota - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Atlas Mexico)

Calabaza totanera - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabaza turbante - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calabazilla - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Calabazo - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Calabazona - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Calalú - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)
- Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Calamaco - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Calamus draco (= Sangre de venado)

Calavera - Cuphea - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea aequipetala - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea jorullensis - (Mexican-American)
- Hippocratea excelsa (= Hemiagium excelsum) - (Mexican-American)

Calendula - L. - (BONAP: Genus Name)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Marigold - - (BONAP)

Calendula - Calendula officinalis - (Elsa Campos)

Calendula arvensis - L. - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Field-marigold - - (PFAF)
Field marigold - - (BONAP)
Maravilla - - (PFAF)
Maravilla Silvestre - - (PFAF)

Calendula officinalis - L. - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alta reyna - - (?)
Belas noites - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bem me queres - - (Spanish-Américas)
Boas noites - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bride of the Sun - - (?)
Caléndula - - (Elsa Campos)
Caléndula hortense - - (Spanish-Américas)
China - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chinas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Common calendula - - (?)
Drunkard - - (?)
English marigold - - (?)
European Calendula - - (?)
Flor de la virreina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Garden marigold - - (?)
Goldbloom - - (Elsa Campos)
Goldes - - (?)
Holigod - - (?)
Holigolde - - (?)
Husbandman’s Dial - - (?)
Maravilha - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maravilha bastarda - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maravilha dos jardins - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maravilla - - (PFAF)
Marigold - - (Elsa Campos)
Mariola - - (?)
Mary bud - - (?)
Marygold - - (?)
Mary Gowles - - (?)
Mercadela - - (Elsa Campos)
Mercadera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pot-marigold - - (PFAF)
Pot marigold - - (BONAP)
Reinita - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ruddes - - (?)
Ruddles - - (?)
Spousa Solis - - (?)
Summer’s Bride - - (?)
Virreina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zempual - - (?)

California brickellbush - Brickellia californica - (BONAP)
- Brickellia californica var. californica - (BONAP)

California tickseed - Coreopsis californica - (BONAP)

California white fir - Abies concolor - (CRC)

Caltrop (= Contrayerba)

Camolenga - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Camalote - Persicaria hydropiperoides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Persicaria glabra - (Spanish-Américas)

Cambrón - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cambronera - Lycium pallidum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Camelote - Persicaria glabra - (Spanish-Américas)

Camichin - Cordia boissieri - (Mexican-American)

Camomila (= Manzanilla)

Camomila de los montes - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Camomile (= Manzanilla)

Camote de raton - Caesalpinia jamesii - (?)

Camphor (= Alcanfor)

Camphor weed - Heterotheca inuloides - (Mexican-American)
- Heterotheca spp. - (Mexican-American)

Cana agria - Rumex hymenosepalus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Canada fleabane - Conyza canadensis var. canadensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Candia - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Candía - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Canadian horseweed - Conyza canadensis var. canadensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Canadian mint - Mentha canadensis - (BONAP)

Canaigra - Rumex hymenosepalus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Canaigre - Rumex hymenosepalus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Canaigre dock - Rumex hymenosepalus - (BONAP)

Canarium commune, Tecomaca

Canatilla (= Canutillo del campo)

Cancerina - Cuphea - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea aequipetala - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea jorullensis - (Mexican-American)
- Hippocratea excelsa (= Hemiagium excelsum) - (Elsa Campos, Mexican-American)

Candelabrum cactus (= Entrana)

Candelaria (= Punchon) - Verbascum thapsus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Candle cactus (= Entrana)

Cane cactus (= Entrana)

Canela - Cinnamomun zeylanicum - (Elsa Campos)
- Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Canelo - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)
- Platanus lindeliana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cankerwort (= Chicoria)

Canlal - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Canloria - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Cannabaceae - Martynov - (APG IV) Family Name
(Cannabidaceae Endl., according to Delta)
Rosales - Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG IV) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o nitrogen-fixing lineage;
o Fabidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids I = fabids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, 2 genera: - - (NM)
Cannabis L. (= Hemp) and
Celtis L. (= Hackberry).

Cannabis sativa, Marihuana

Cansasage - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Cantemó - Acacia angustissima - (Tabasco)

Cantiriz - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cantoria - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Canutillo del campo, Ephedra torreyana

Canutillo del llano, Equiseturn hiemale

Capa rosa - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Capilera - Asplenium trichomanes - (Spanish-Américas)

Capitaneja - Verbesina crocata - (Atlas Mexico, Mexican-American)
- Verbesina encelioides - (Mexican-American)
- Verbesina pedunculosa - (Atlas Mexico)
- Verbesina spp. - (Mexican-American)

Capitaneja anaranjada - Verbesina crocata - (Atlas Mexico)

Capitaneja de Tonila - Verbesina pedunculosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Capitiçova - Persicaria hydropiper - (Spanish-Américas)

Caprifoliaceae - Juss. - (APG III) Family Name
Dipsacales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Dipsapiidae D. C. Tank & M. J. Donoghue (2010);
o Apiidae M.J. Donoghue & P.D. Cantino;
o Campanulidae M.J. Donoghue & P.D. Cantino
(euasterids II = asterids II = campanulids);
o Garryidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids I = asterids I);
o Gentianidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids or core asterids);
o Asteridae Takhtajan (= asterids);
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].

Capsicum sp., Chile

Capuchina - Tropaeolum majus - (Elsa Campos)
- Tropaeolum seemanii - (Elsa Campos)

Capulin - Prunus laurocerasus - (Elsa Campos)
- Prunus melanocarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Capulin silvestre (= Flor de sauz)

Caraguatá - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Caralahua - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Carambomba - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Carambuco - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Carbosanto - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Cardal - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cardo - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Argemone hispida - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Argemone ochroleuca - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Cardo ajonjero - Arctium lappa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cardo amarillo - Argemone mexicana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cardo blanco - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cardo flor amarilla - Argemone mexicana - (Mexico)

Cardolechero - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Cardo reina - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Cardo santo - Argemone hispida - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Argemone ochroleuca - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Cirsium undulatum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Cardosanto - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Cardo santo campestre - Argemone mexicana - (Northwestern New Spain)

Cardón - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cargamanta - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Caricaceae - Dumort. - (APG II: Family Name)
Brassicales - Bromhead - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages (APG II, Delta):
Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid II
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Carmensanto - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Carmín - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Carminera - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Carnizuelo - Acacia cornigera - (Mexican-American)

Carpenter's weed - Achillea millefolium - (ITIS, USDA)

Carpintero - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Carretadera - Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Carretadero - Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Carricillo - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Carrot-weed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English-Canada)

Carruth's sagewort - Artemisia carruthii - (BONAP)

Carthamus tinctorius - American saffron - (Mexican-American)
- Azafran - (Mexican-American)
- Bastard saffron - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- False saffron - (Mexican-American)
- Safflower - (Mexican-American)
- Saffron - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Cascalote - Acacia farnesiana - (Atlas Mexico)

Cáscara del timbre - Acacia angustissima - (Atlas Mexico)

Cashaw - Acacia farnesiana - (Quintana Roo)

Casposo - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Cassie - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Castill (= Anil)

Castilleja - Mutis ex L. f. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Orobanchaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Indian paint brush - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Indian paintbrush - - (BONAP)
Traditionally placed in family Scrophulariaceae.
Castilleja is a semi-parasitic genus closely related to the genus Pedicularis.
Members of the genus Castilleja in New Mexico not in main list are:
Castilleja angustifolia - (Nutt.) G. Don - (BONAP)
(= Northwestern Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja applegatei - Fern. - (BONAP)
(= Wavyleaf Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja applegatei ssp. martinii - (Abrams) Chuang & Heckard - (BONAP),
Castilleja austromontana - Standl. & Blumer - (BONAP)
(= Rincon Mountain Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja exserta - (Heller) Chuang & Heckard - (BONAP)
(= Exserted Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja exserta ssp. exserta - (Heller) Chuang & Heckard - (BONAP)
(= Exserted Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja haydenii - (Gray) Cockerell - (BONAP)
(= Hayden's Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja lanata - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Sierran woolly Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja lanata ssp. lanata - Gray - (BONAP),
Castilleja lineata - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Marshmeadow Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja miniata - Dougl. ex Hook. - (BONAP)
(= Scarlet Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja minor - (Gray) Gray - (BONAP)
(= Lesser Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja miniata var. miniata - Dougl. ex Hook. - (BONAP)
(= Green Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja minor ssp. minor - (Gray) Gray - (BONAP),
Castilleja occidentalis - Torr. - (BONAP)
(= Western Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja ornata - Eastw. - (BONAP),
Castilleja organorum - Standl. - (BONAP)
(= Organ Mountain Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja patriotica - Fern. - (BONAP)
(= Huachuca Mountain Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja rhexiifolia - Rydb. - (BONAP)
(= Splitleaf Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja sessiliflora - Pursh - (BONAP)
(= Downy paintedcup),
Castilleja sulphurea - Rydb. - (BONAP)
(= Sulphur Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja tenuiflora - Benth. - (BONAP)
(= Santa Catalina Indian paintbrush),
Castilleja wootonii - Standl. - (BONAP)
(= Sacramento Mountain Indian paintbrush).

Castilleja integra - Gray - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Orobanchaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Flor de Santa Rita - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Indian paint brush - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Painter's brush - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Painted cup - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Varas de San Jose - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wholeleaf Indian paintbrush - - (BONAP)
Yerba de Apache - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba de la miel virgen - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Castilleja integra var. integra - Gray - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Orobanchaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Flor de Santa Rita - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Indian paint brush - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Painter's brush - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Painted cup - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Varas de San Jose - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wholeleaf Indian paintbrush - - (BONAP)
Yerba de Apache - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba de la miel virgen - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonym
Castilleja elongata - Pennell - (BONAP)

Castilleja linariifolia - Benth. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Orobanchaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Flor de Santa Rita - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Indian paint brush - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Painter's brush - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Painted cup - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Varas de San Jose - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wyoming Indian paintbrush - - (BONAP)
Yerba de Apache - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba de la miel virgen - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Castilleja linearis - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens - (Pennell) Clokey - (BONAP)
Castilleja trainii - Edwin - (BONAP)

Castilleja linairaefolia, see Castilleja linariifolia.

Castillo (= Anil)

Castor oil, see Cuero

Catassol - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Cat claw - Acacia greggii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Catclaw - Acacia greggii - (NM)
- Acacia rigudula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Catclaw acacia - Acacia greggii - (U.S.A.)

Cat's claws - Acacia greggii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Cattail (= Aguapa)

Cayota - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Cayote - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Cebadilla, Frasera speciosa

Cebadilla de la sierra (= Cebadilla)

Cebolla - Allium cepa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Cebollita del campo - Allium recurvatum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Celastraceae - R. Brown - (APG II: Family Name)
(= Hippocrateaceae Juss.)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Celastrales - Baskerville - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages (APG II, Delta):
Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid I
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
Family Celastraceae in New Mexico includes 2 genera:
Mortonia - Gray - (BONAP)
Paxistima - Raf. - (BONAP)

Celery (= Apio) - Apium graveolens - (BONAP)
- Apium graveolens var. dulce - (BONAP, Mexican-American)

Celosia - L. - Genus Name
Family Amaranthaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cock's comb - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Celosia argentea - Lin. - (BONAP)
Family Amaranthaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Abanico - - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)
Crested cock's comb - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Celosia cristata Lin. - - (Plant list)

Celosia virgata - Jacq. - Species Name
Family Amaranthaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Albahaca - - (BONAP)

Cenchrus pauciflorus (= Roseta)

Cenizo - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Centaura - Plectocephalus americanus - (Spanish-Américas)
- Centaurea solstitialis - (Spanish-Américas)

Centinodia - Persicaria hydropiper - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Polygonum aviculare - (Spanish-Américas)

Century plant - Agave americana - (Mexico, Mansfeld's Encyclopedia)
- Agave angustifolia - (ITIS)

Centuryplant - Agave americana - (ITIS)

Cera de campeche, see Trementina de pinon

Ceratus (= Hueso de cereza)

Cercocarpus montanus, Palo duro

Ceyotl (= Cuitlapanaatetl) - The kidneys, considered like sexual organs (pactli, the joyful ones, the glad ones) similar to the testicles, but located inside the body - (Aztec-Nahuatl)

Chá da Espanha - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Chá do Méjico - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Chá dos jesuitas - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Chacalota - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Chacalote - Argemone ochroleuca - (Atlas Mexico)

Chachal - Stevia salicifolia - (Estado de México)

Cháguar - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Chaetopappa - DC. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Leastdaisy
In New Mexico, 2 species - - (BONAP)
Chaetopappa ericoides (= Rose heath)
Chaetopappa hersheyi (= Guadalupe leastdaisy)

Chaetopappa ericoides - (Torr.) Nesom - (BONAP)
Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Rose heath - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Aster arenosus - (Heller) Blake - (BONAP)
Aster hirtifolius - Blake - (BONAP)
Aster leucelene - Blake - (BONAP)
Inula ericoides - Torr. - (BONAP)
Leucelene ericoides - (Torr.) Greene - (BONAP)

Chalalate - Ampbypteryngium adstringens - (Elsa Campos)

Chamaesyce - S.F. Gray - Genus Name
Family Euphorbiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Sandmat - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Chamaesyce abramsiana - (L.C. Wheeler) Koutnik - (BONAP)
(= Abrams' sandmat),
Chamaesyce acuta - (Engelm.) Millsp. - (BONAP)
(= Pointed sandmat),
Chamaesyce albomarginata - (Torr. & Gray) Small - (BONAP)
(= Whitemargin sandmat),
Chamaesyce arizonica - (Engelm.) Arthur - (BONAP)
(= Arizona sandmat),
Chamaesyce capitellata - (Engelm.) Millsp. - (BONAP)
(= Head sandmat),
Chamaesyce carunculata - (Waterfall) Shinners - (BONAP)
(= Sanddune sandmat),
Chamaesyce chaetocalyx - (Boiss.) Woot. & Standl. - (BONAP),
Chamaesyce chaetocalyx var. chaetocalyx - (Boiss.) Woot. & Standl. - (BONAP),
Chamaesyce dioica - (Kunth) Millsp. - (BONAP)
(= Royal sandmat),
Chamaesyce fendleri - (Torr. & Gray) Small - (BONAP)
(= Fendler's sandmat),
Chamaesyce fendleri var. fendleri - (Torr. & Gray) Small - (BONAP)
(= Fendler's sandmat),
Chamaesyce geyeri - (Engelm.) Small - (BONAP)
(= Geyer's sandmat),
Chamaesyce geyeri var. geyeri - (Engelm.) Small - (BONAP),
Chamaesyce geyeri var. wheeleriana - (Warnock & M.C. Johnston) Mayfield - (BONAP),
Chamaesyce glyptosperma - (Engelm.) Small - (BONAP)
(= Ribseed sandmat),
Chamaesyce hypericifolia - (L.) Millsp. - (BONAP)
(= Graceful sandmat),
Chamaesyce hyssopifolia - (L.) Small - (BONAP)
(= Hyssopleaf sandmat),
Chamaesyce lata - (Engelm.) Small - (BONAP)
(= Hoary sandmat),
Chamaesyce maculata - (L.) Small - (BONAP)
(= Spotted sandmat),
Chamaesyce micromera - (Boiss.) Woot. & Standl. - (BONAP)
(= Sonoran sandmat),
Chamaesyce missurica - (Raf.) Shinners - (BONAP)
(= Prairie sandmat),
Chamaesyce nutans - (Lag.) Small - (BONAP)
(= Eyebane),
Chamaesyce parryi - (Engelm.) Rydb. - (BONAP)
(= Parry's sandmat),
Chamaesyce prostrata - (Ait.) Small - (BONAP)
(= Prostrate sandmat),
Chamaesyce revoluta - (Engelm.) Small - (BONAP)
(= Threadstem sandmat),
Chamaesyce serpens - (Kunth) Small - (BONAP)
(= Matted sandmat),
Chamaesyce serrula - (Engelm.) Woot. & Standl. - (BONAP)
(= Sawtooth sandmat),
Chamaesyce setiloba - (Engelm. ex Torr.) Millsp. ex Parish - (BONAP)
(= Yuma sandmat),
Chamaesyce stictospora - (Engelm.) Small - (BONAP)
(= Slimseed sandmat),
Chamaesyce vermiculata - (Raf.) House - (BONAP)
(= Wormseed sandmat),
Chamaesyce villifera - (Scheele) Small - (BONAP)
(= Hairy sandmat).

Chamaesyce serpyllifolia - (Pers.) Small - Species Name
Family Euphorbiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Thymeleaf sandmat - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Chamaesyce serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifolia - (Per.) Small - Species Name
Family Euphorbiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Thymeleaf sandmat - - (BONAP)
Yerba de la golondrina - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Chamaesyce albicaulis - (Rydb.) Rydb. - (BONAP)
Chamaesyce neomexicana - (Greene) Standl. - (BONAP)
Euphorbia neomexicana - Greene - (BONAP)
Euphorbia serpyllifolia - Pers. - (BONAP)

Chamis (= Chamiso)

Chamiso, Atriplex canescens

Chamiso (= Toloache)

Chamiso blanco, Chrysothamnus graveolens

Chamiso cimarron, Chrysothamus graveolens

Chamiso hediondo, Artemisia bigelovii

Champa - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Champagra azul - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Chan, Salvia reflexa, (also Osha)

Chanclana - Cuphea - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea aequipetala - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea jorullensis - (Mexican-American)
- Hippocratea excelsa (= Hemiagium excelsum) - (Mexican-American)

Chandelier cactus (= Entrana)

Chanixnuk - Tribulus cistoides - (Maya)
- Tribulus terrestris - (Maya)

Chanxnuc - Tribulus terrestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Chaparro prieto - Acacia constricta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia rigudula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chapetes, see Hongos

Chapote - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Charms, see Ajo, Albaca, Palo amarillo, Plumajillo, Sangre de venado

Charuteira - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Charuto do rei - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Chaste tree - Vitex mollis - (Mexican-American)
- Vitex agnus-castus - (Mexican-American)

Chaucha turca - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Cheese, see Queso

Cheese pumpkin - Cucurbita moschata - (Moerman)

Cheeses - Malva neglecta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cheeseweed - Malva - (NM)
- Malva parviflora - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chenopodium - L. - Genus Name
See also the genus Dysphania.
Family Amaranthaceae - - (APG II)
(Once placed, as done by BONAP, in family Chenopodiaceae,
which is now often united within family Amaranthaceae.)
Common Name
Goosefoot - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 22 species: - - (BONAP)
Chenopodium album (= Lambsquarters),
Chenopodium ambrosioides (= Mexican tea),
Chenopodium atrovirens (= Pinyon (piñon) goosefoot),
Chenopodium berlandieri (= Pitseed (pitted) goosefoot),
Chenopodium botrys (= Jerusalem oak goosefoot),
Chenopodium capitatum (= Blite goosefoot),
Chenopodium cycloides (= Sandhill goosefoot),
Chenopodium desiccatum (= Aridland (desert) goosefoot),
Chenopodium foliosum (= Leafy goosefoot),
Chenopodium fremontii (= Fremont's goosefoot),
Chenopodium glaucum (= Oakleaf goosefoot),
Chenopodium graveolens (= Fetid goosefoot),
Chenopodium hians (= Hians (gaping) goosefoot),
Chenopodium hircinum (= Avian (foetid) goosefoot),
Chenopodium incanum (= Mealy goosefoot),
Chenopodium leptophyllum (= Narrowleaf goosefoot),
Chenopodium murale (= Nettleleaf (nettle-leaf) goosefoot),
Chenopodium neomexicanum (= New Mexico goosefoot),
Chenopodium pallescens (= Slimleaf (slim-leaf) goosefoot),
Chenopodium rubrum (= Red goosefoot),
Chenopodium simplex (= Mapleleaf (giant-seed) goosefoot),
Chenopodium watsonii (= Watson's (stinking) goosefoot).
According to Kelly W. Allred (Downloadable Version 2010): - - (NM)
o Pale goosefoot C. albescens Small is not in New Mexico,
but C. albescens of New Mexico authors is C. atrovirens Rydberg.
o C. album Linnaeus var. missouriense (Aellen) Bassett & Crompton
is the only native form of an otherwise exotic C. album Linnaeus;
and C. album L. var. lanceolatum (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow)
Cosson & Germain is an introduced variety.
o The introduced Mexican tea C. ambrosioides L. is now called
Dysphania ambrosioides (Linnaeus) Mosyakin & Clemants.
o The pitted goosefoot includes C. berlandieri Moquin-Tandon
var. berlandieri, C. berlandieri Moquin-Tandon var. sinuatum
(Murr) Wahlenberg, and C. berlandieri Moquin-Tandon var.
zschackei (Murr) Murr.
o The introduced Jerusalem oak goosefoot (= Jerusalem-oak)
C. botrys L. is now called Dysphania botrys (L.) Mosyakin
& Clemants.
o The blite goosefoot (= strawberry blite) are introduced varieties
including C. capitatum (Linnaeus) Ambrosi var. capitatum and
C. capitatum (Linnaeus) Ambrosi var. parvicapitatum S.L. Welsh.
o C. desiccatum A. Nelson includes C. desiccatum A. Nelson
var. desiccatum (= desert goosefoot) and C. desiccatum A. Nelson
var. leptophylloides (Murr) Wahl (= plains goosefoot).
o The leafy goosefoot C. foliosum (Moench) Ascherson and oak-leaf
goosefoot C. glaucum Linnaeus var. glaucum are introduced, but
C. salinum Standley now called C. glaucum L. var. salinum (Standley)
B. Boivin (= Rocky Mountain goosefoot) is native.
o The fetid goosefoot C. graveolens Willdenow is now called
Dysphania graveolens (Willdenow) Mosyakin & Clemants.
o The foetid goosefoot C. hircinum Schrader and nettle-leaf goosefoot
C. murale Linnaeus are introduced.
o The Over's goosefoot C. overi Aellen is now called C. capitatum (L.)
Ambrosi var. parvicapitatum S.L. Welsh (= blite goosefoot or
strawberry blite).
o The name C. pratericola Rydberg is no longer prefered, now including
the varieties C. desiccatum A. Nelson var. desiccatum and C. desiccatum
A. Nelson var. leptophylloides (Murr) Wahl.
o C. quinoa Willdenow is occasionally grown in gardens, but it
apparently does not fruit in New Mexico and is not known to escape.
o The red goosefoot C. rubrum L. is the native variety C. rubrum L. var.
humile (Hooker) S. Watson or the introduced C. rubrum L. var. rubrum.
o Rocky Mountain goosefoot C. salinum Standley is now known as
C. glaucum L. var. salinum (Standley) B. Boivin.
o Standley's goosefoot C. standleyanum Aellen is actually a large plant
of the species C. hians Standley.

Chenopodium album - L. - Species Name
Family Amaranthaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Ançarinha branca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Apasote blanco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bledo cenizo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Catassol - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cenizo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chingua - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva formigueira branca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fedegosa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fedegoso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Herva de São João - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lamb's quarter - - (NM)
Quelite salado - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Quelite de trigo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quelites salados - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Quenopodio blanco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quielite - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quingua del campo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quinguilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quinoa de perro - - (Spanish-Américas)
In New Mexico, 3 varieties: - - (NM)
C. album Linnaeus var. album
(= Lamb's quarter),
C. album L. var. lanceolatum (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Cosson & Germain
(= Lamb's quarter), and
Chenopodium album var. missouriense (Aellen) Bassett & Crompton
(= Lamb's quarter).
Either the native Chenopodium album Linnaeus var. missouriense (Aellen)
Bassett & Crompton or the introduced C. album Linnaeus var. album and
C. album L. var. lanceolatum (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Cosson & Germain.

Chenopodium ambrosioides - L. - Species Name
= Dysphania ambrosioides (Linnaeus) Mosyakin & Clemants
Family Amaranthaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Acagualillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Acahualillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alpasotes - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ambrósia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ambrósia de México - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ambrosio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amor del gringo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amush - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Anserina vermífuga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Apasote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Apazote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Caacica - - (Spanish-Américas)
Caare - - (Spanish-Américas)
Crecinho do mato - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chá da Espanha - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chá do Méjico - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chá dos jesuitas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chichiquelite - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Epasote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Epazote - - (Elsa Campos)
Epazote de comer - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Epazote de zorrillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Epazotl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Erva formiga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva formigueira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Formigueira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Herva ambrósia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Herva de bicho - - (Spanish-Américas)
Herva do Méjico - - (Spanish-Américas)
Herva mata pulgas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de santa - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba de santa maría - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba hedionda - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba sagrada - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba santa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba vomiqueira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Huacatay - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lombrigueira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lucumxiu - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Mastruço - - (Spanish-Américas)
Matruz - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Menstruço - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mentrusto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mentruz - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mexican tea - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pacote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Paico - - (Spanish-Américas)
Paico mocho - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Palha teixeira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pasote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Patusai - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pazoli - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pazote - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pisate - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pizate - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quelite - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Quenopódio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quenopodio ambrosio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Santónico americano - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Spanish tea - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Taxarinha - - (Spanish-Américas)
Té borde - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Té de España - - (Spanish-Américas)
Té de Germania - - (Spanish-Américas)
Té de Europa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Té de los Jesuits - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Té de Méjico - - (Spanish-Américas)
Té de México - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Té de Nueva España - - (Spanish-Américas)
Té de milpa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Té español - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Té mexicana - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Trêvo de santa maria - - (Spanish-Américas)
Usaidela - - (Spanish-Américas)
Uzaidela - - (Spanish-Américas)
Wormseed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Wormweed - - (Elsa Campos)
Synonym
Teloxys ambrosioides - (L.) W.A. Weber - (NM)

Chenopodium botrys - L. - Species Name
= Dysphania botrys (Linnaeus) Mosyakin & Clemants
Family Amaranthaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Ambrósia das boticas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Biengranada - - (Spanish-Américas)
Botris - - (Spanish-Américas)
Feather geranium - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba amarilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de chivatito - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba de zorrillo cimarrón - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba hormiguera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba racemosa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba racimosa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Jerusalem oak - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Jerusalem oak goosefoot - - (BONAP)
Milgranada - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pazote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Racimosa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Yerba del chivatito - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba del zorillo cimarron - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Botrydium botrys - (L.) Small - (BONAP)
Teloxys botrys - (L.) W.A. Weber - (NM)

Chenopodium graveolens - Willd. - Species Name
= Dysphania graveolens (Willdenow) Mosyakin & Clemants
Family Amaranthaceae - - (APG III)
Common name
Epazote - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Epazote de coyote - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Epazote de perro - - (Atlas Mexico)
Epazote de toro - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Epazote de zorrillo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Epazote morado - - (Atlas Mexico)
Epazotl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Fetid goosefoot - - (BONAP)
Goosefoot - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hediondillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de chivato - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba de perro - - (Atlas Mexico)
Quelite apestoso - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Quelite de zorrillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Quelite hediondo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Sadugua - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Yerba del zorillo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Chenopodium graveolens var. neomexicanum - (Aellen) Aellen - (BONAP)
Chenopodium inciscum Poiret var. neomexicanum - Aellen - (NM)
Chenopodium incisum - Poir. - (BONAP)
Chenopodium incisum var. neomexicanum - Aellen - (BONAP)
Teloxys graveolens - (Willd.) W.A. Weber - (BONAP)
See notes.

Cheramusco - Acacia angustissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cherry-bay-tree - Prunus laurocerasus - (Elsa Campos)

Cherry-laurel - Prunus laurocerasus - (Elsa Campos)

Cherry stone (= Hueso de cereza)

Chester lily (= Cebollita del campo)

Chiacalote - Argemone ochroleuca - (Morelos)

Chiberre - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Chicale - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Chicalota - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Chicalote - Argemone hispida - (Atlas Mexico, southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Argemone mexicana - (Northwestern New Spain)
- Argemone ochroleuca - (Atlas Mexico)

Chicalote amarillo - Argemone ochroleuca - (Atlas Mexico)

Chicalote blanco - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Chicalote sha - Argemone mexicana - (Nayarit)

Chicalotl - Argemone mexicana - (Aztec)
- Argemone ochroleuca - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chicallotl - Argemone mexicana - (C. Ratsch)

Chicayota - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chicayote - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Spanish-Américas)

Chichic-amole - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chichicayotli - Cucurbita - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Chichicoyote - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chichik-kul - Bidens - (Maya)
- Bidens pilosa - (Maya)

Chichillotl - Argemone mexicana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chichiquelite - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chichilquiltic - Amaranthus spp. - (Mexican-American)

Chicioaquahatl - Jatropha - (Nahuatl)
- Jatropha dioica - (Nahuatl)
- Jatropha macrorhiza - (Nahuatl)

Chico - Lycium pallidum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Chico bush (= Chico)

Chicombó - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Chicoria - Taraxacum officinale

Chicorno - Acacia cornigera - (Atlas Mexico)

Chicote embarranada, Lygodesmia juncea

Chigalotl - Argemone mexicana - (Morelos)

Chilacaiota - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Chilacajota - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Chilacayote - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Chilacayotl - Cucurbita ficifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chile, Capsicum sp., (also see Culantro; Quelite salado; Oregano; Tequesquite)

Chile burro - Stevia serrata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chile cimarrón - Persicaria hydropiperoides - (Atlas Mexico)

Chileperro - Persicaria hydropiper - (Spanish-Américas)

Chile puerco - Amaranthus blitoides - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Amaranthus spp. - (Mexican-American)

Chilicayote - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Chili-cojote - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Chilicote - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Chilicothe - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Chilicoyote (= Calabazilla)

Chilillo - Persicaria hydropiper - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Persicaria hydropiperoides - (Atlas Mexico)
- Persicaria glabra - (Atlas Mexico)
- Persicaria lapathifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Persicaria punctata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Rivina humilis - (Atlas Mexico)

Chilillo blanco - Persicaria lapathifolia - (Atlas Mexico)

Chilillo de varita - Persicaria glabra - (Atlas Mexico)

Chilillo rojo - Persicaria punctata - (Atlas Mexico)

Chillazotl - Argemone mexicana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chilli (= Chile)

Chilocuaco - Rivina humilis - (Atlas Mexico)

Chilpanxuitl - Rivina humilis - (Atlas Mexico)

Chilpun xuitl - Persicaria glabra - (Atlas Mexico)

Chimaha - Cymopterus fendleri - (Moore)

Chimaja - Aulospermum purpureum (= Cymopterus purpureus) - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Cymopterus fendleri - (Moore)

Chimalacatl - Verbesina crocata - (Morelos)
- Verbesina pedunculosa - (Morelos)

Chimaya - Cymopterus fendleri - (Moore)

Chimbombo - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Chimbombó - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

China berry - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chinaberry tree - Melia azedarach - (NM)

Chinajute - Abutilon theophrasti - (Spanish-Américas)

Chinese boxthorn - Lycium barbarum - (GRIN)

Chinese wolfberry - Lycium barbarum - (GRIN)

Chingua - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Chipaca - Bidens pilosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Chirahui - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chírahui - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chirigaita - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Chiroui - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chiverre - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Chocolata - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Cidra - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Cidracayota - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Cidra cayote - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Cidracayote - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Cien nudos - Polygonum aviculare - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cientoenrama - Achillea millefolium - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Cilacayote - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Cinamomo - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cinamono - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Cinnamomum camphora - Alcanfor - (Mexican-American)
- Camphor tree - (Mexican-American)

Chionolaena salicifolia - (Bertol.) G.L.Nesom - (KEW)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alcanfor corriente - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cumas - - (Náhuatl)
Gordolobo - - (Atlas Mexico, Oaxaca, Puebla)
Synonyms
Chionolaena corymbosa Hemsl. - (Illegitimate, TICA)
Chionolaena seemannii (Sch.Bip.) - S.E.Freire - (TICA)
Gnaphaliothamnus rhodanthus - (Sch.Bip.) Kirp. - (TICA)
Gnaphaliothamnus salicifolius - (Bertol.) G.L.Nesom - (TICA)
Gnaphaliothamnus salicifolius - (Bertol.) Anderb. - (Illegitimate, TICA)
Gnaphalium rhodanthum - Sch.Bip. - (Atlas Mexico, TICA)
Gnaphalium salicifolium - (Bert.) Sch. Bip. - (Atlas Mexico, TICA)
Gnaphalium seemannii - Sch.Bip. - (TICA)
Helichrysum salicifolium - Bertol. - (TICA)

Chipped wood (= Brazil)

Chiquete de embarranada (= Chicote embarranada)

Chirahui - Acacia angustissima - (Sonora)

Chiranthodendron pentadactylon - Arbol de las manitas - (Mexican-American)
- Flor de manita - (Mexican-American)
- Handflower tree - (Mexican-American)
- Macpalxochitl - (Nahuatl)
- Mano de dragon - (Mexican-American)

Chispa - Coreopsis - (Spanish-Américas)

Chixcanal - Acacia cornigera - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Chloris gayana - ? - (?)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Grama de Rodas - (PIER)

Chochito - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Chocho - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Chocoyole (= Socoyol) - Oxalis violacea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Choke cherry (= Capulin) - Prunus melanocarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Cholla (= Entrana)

Chopo - Populus balsamifera - (Spanish-Américas)

Chopo boleana - Populus alba - (Spanish-Américas)

Chopo de Italia - Populus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Chopo lombardo - Populus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Chopo temblón - Populus tremuloides - (Spanish-Américas)

Choya (= Entrana)

Chrysanthemum, Crisanta

Chrysanthemum balsamita, Romero de castilla

Chrysanthemum parthenium, see Tanacetum parthenium.

Chrysothamnus - Nutt. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Rabbitbrush - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 7 species, - - (BONAP)
including some subspecies and varieties:
o *Chrysothamnus depressus Nutt.
(= Longflower rabbitbrush),
o *Chrysothamnus greenei (Gray) Greene
(= Greene's rabbitbrush),
o Chrysothamnus linifolius Greene
(= Spearleaf rabbitbrush),
*Chrysothamnus nauseosus ssp. nauseosus (Pallas ex Pursh) Britt.
See Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. nauseosa.
(= Rubber rabbitbrush),
Chrysothamnus parryi ssp. parryi (Gray) Greene
See Ericameria parryi var. parryi.
(= Parry's rabbitbrush),
o Chrysothamnus pulchellus (Gray) Greene
(= Southwestern rabbitbrush),
Chrysothamnus pulchellus ssp. baileyi (Woot. & Standl.) Hall & Clements
(= Bailey's rabbitbrush),
Chrysothamnus pulchellus ssp. pulchellus (Gray) Greene
(= Southwestern rabbitbrush),
o Chrysothamnus spathulatus L.C. Anders.
(= Guadalupe rabbitbrush),
o Chrysothamnus vaseyi (Gray) Greene
(= Vasey's rabbitbrush),
o *Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus (Hook.) Nutt.
(= Green rabbitbrush),
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus ssp. lanceolatus (Nutt.) Hall & Clements
(= Green rabbitbrush),
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus ssp. viscidiflorus (Hook.) Nutt.
(= Green rabbitbrush),
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus ssp. viscidiflorus
var. stenophyllus (Gray) Hall
(= Green rabbitbrush),
*Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus ssp. viscidiflorus
var. viscidiflorus (Hook.) Nutt.
(= Green rabbitbrush).

Chrysothamnus graveolens,
see Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. glabrata
(= Chamiso blanco or Chamiso cimarron)
= Chrysothamnus nauseosus ssp. graveolens.

Chuchau - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Chuchupate - Arracacia brandegeei - (Baja California Sur)
- Ligusticum porteri - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Myloxylon balsamum - (Lower Rio Grande)

Chuchupate raiz - Ligusticum porteri - (Bye & Linares, 1986)

Chumbombó - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Churchsteeples - Agrimonia eupatoria - (BONAP)

Churqui negro - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Chuyem - Mirabilis jalapa - (Mexican-American)
- Mirabilis longiflora - (Mexican-American)
- Mirabilis multiflora (= Quamoclidion multiflorum) - (Mexican-American)

Cicuta occidentalis, Yerba del Peco

Ciento en rama - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)
- Agrimonia eupatoria - (Mexico, Spanish-Américas)

Cilantro, (see Culantro) Coriandrum sativum

Cilindrillo - Lycium berlandieri var. berlandieri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium berlandieri var. parviflorum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cimmarón - Acacia greggii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cinco negritos - Lantana camara - (Elsa Campos)

Cinnamomun zeylanicum - Canela - (Elsa Campos)

Cinnamon, use of, see Alegria, Anil del muerto, Sangre de venado, Yerbabuena, Yerba del lobo

Cinnamon (= Canela) - Cinnamomun zeylanicum - (Elsa Campos)

Ciprés de invierno - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Ciprés de Judea - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Ciprés de perla - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Cipreso - Abies religiosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Cirian - Crescentia alata - (Elsa Campos)

Cirsium undulatum, Cardo santo

Cissus - L. - Genus Name
Family Vitaceae (= Vitidaceae)
Common Name
Treebine - - (BONAP)
Peppervine - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
A species in New Mexico not listed here that may be medicinal is:
Cissus incisa Des Moulins (= Ivy treebine).

Cissus verticillata - (L.) D.H. Nicols. & Jarvis - Species Name
Family Vitaceae (= Vitidaceae)
Common Name
Bejuco - - (Mexican-American)
Temecatl - - (Nahuatl)
Tepemecatl - - (Nahuatl)
Tlayapaloni - - (Mexican-American)
Tripa de Judas - - (Mexican-American)
Tripa de Vaca - - (Mexican-American)
Ya'ax-tabakanil - - (Maya)
Yerba del buey - - (Mexican-American)
Synonym
Cissus sicyoides - L. - (BONAP)

Cistaceae - Juss. - (APG III) Family Name
Malvales - Dumort. - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid II
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Citerach - Selaginella lepidophylla - (?)

Citronella - Cymbopogon citratus - (Elsa Campos)

Citrus aurantium - Azahar (= dry orange blossoms) - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Azahar de naranjo - (Mexican-American)
- Azahares - (Mexican-American)
- Orange blossoms - (Mexican-American)

Citrus sinensis - Azahar (= dry orange blossoms) - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Azahar de naranjo - (Mexican-American)
- Azahares - (Mexican-American)
- Orange blossoms - (Mexican-American)

Clematis - L. - (KEW)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Ranunculaceae - - (BONAP)

Clematis - Clematis lasiantha - (Mexican-American)
- Clematis spp. - (Mexican-American)
- Clematis virginiana - (Mexican-American)

Clematis lasiantha
- Barba de chivo - (Mexican-American)
- Clematis - (Mexican-American)
- Coctemecatl (= pungent vine) - (Nahuatl)
- Old man's beard - (Mexican-American)
- Virgin's bower - (Mexican-American)

Clematis spp.
- Barba de chivo - (Mexican-American)
- Clematis - (Mexican-American)
- Coctemecatl - (Nahuatl)
- Old man's beard - (Mexican-American)
- Virgin's bower - (Mexican-American)

Clematis virginiana
- Barba de chivo - (Mexican-American)
- Clematis - (Mexican-American)
- Coctemecatl - (Nahuatl)
- Old man's beard - (Mexican-American)
- Virgin's bower - (Mexican-American)

Clastico de moscas, see Clavelina

Clavelina, Saponaria officinalis

Cleome serrulata, Guaco

Clocks (= Alfilerillo)

Cloves, use of, see Alegria, Anil del muerto, Guaco, Popoton, Yerbabuena, Yerba del lobo

Cluster lily (= Cebollita del campo)

Cocklebur - Arctium lappa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Xanthium strumarium var. canadense - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Cockleburr - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Mexico)

Cockscomb - Amaranthus spp. - (Mexican-American)

Cocra - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Coctemecatl - Clematis lasiantha - (Nahuatl)
- Clematis spp. - (Nahuatl)
- Clematis virginiana - (Nahuatl)

Cocú - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cocuí - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cocuy - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cocuyo - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cocuisa - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Coentro (= Culantro)

Coffee plant - Thelesperma megapotamicum - (?)

Cohombrillo - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cohombro - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cohosh (= Yerba del peco)

Cola de borrego - Stevia serrata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cola de caballo - Equisetum arvense - (Elsa Campos)

Cola de iguana - Plumbago - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago pulchella - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago scandens - (Mexican-American)
Genus Plumbago not native in New Mexico.

Colchón de pobre - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Coliander (= Culantro)

Colita - Acacia farnesiana - (Atlas Mexico)

Colita de rata, Eriogonum racemosum

Collalle - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Coloquinto - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Colorado greenthread - Thelesperma ambiguum - (BONAP)

Colorado rubber plant (= Pinhue)

Colorín - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Colt's tail - Conyza canadensis var. canadensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Comfrey - Symphytum officinalis - (Elsa Campos)

Commelina coelestris - Dayflower - (Elsa Campos)
- Hierba del pollo - (Elsa Campos)
- Widow's tears - (Elsa Campos)

Commelinaceae - Mirb. - (APG II: Family Name)
Commelinales - Dumort. - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages (APG II, Delta):
Angiosperm; Monocot; Commelinid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Common beggarticks - Bidens vulgata - (NM)

Common cedar (= Cuipa de sabina)

Common cowparsnip - Heracleum maximum - (BONAP)

Common fig - Ficus carica - (Mexican-American)

Common hop - Humulus lupulus - (BONAP)
- Humulus lupulus var. neomexicanus - (BONAP)

Common mallow - Malva neglecta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Common nasturtium - Tropaeolum majus - (Elsa Campos)
- Tropaeolum seemanii - (Elsa Campos)

Common plantain - Plantago major - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Plantago major var. major - (BONAP)

Common ragweed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English)

Common Tobacco - Nicotiana tabacum - (Uphuf, 1959)

Common yarrow - Achillea millefolium - (ITIS, U.S.A.)
- Achillea millefolium var. alpicola - (ITIS, BONAP)
- Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis - (ITIS)

Condalia spathulata, Teconblate

Cone flower (= Dormilon, Yerba de la tusa) - Ratibida tagetes - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Coneflower - Rudbeckia - (BONAP)

Congarey - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Cóngera - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Congeraman - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Congora - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Cóngora - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Cónguera - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Congueran - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Conioselinum - Hoffmann - (NM)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Hemlock-parsley - - (NM)
In New Mexico

Conioselinum scopulorum - (Gray) Coulter & Rose - (NM)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Rocky Mountain hemlock-parsley - - (NM)
In New Mexico
Synonym
Ligusticum scopulorum - Gray - (NM)

Conjira - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Consuelda (= Chicoria)

Consuelda - Symphytum officinalis - (Elsa Campos)

Conteira - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Contrayerba, Kallstroemia brachystylis, (also, Osha, Patito del pais)

Contrayerba - Psoralea pentaphylia - (Elsa Campos)

Contrayerba blanca - Psoralea pentaphylia - (Elsa Campos)

Convovulac (= Yerba sin raiz)

Convolvulaceae - Juss. - (APG II) Family Name
Solanales - Dumort. - (APG II) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Lamiidae Takhtajan;
o Garryidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids I = asterids I);
o Gentianidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids or core asterids);
o Asteridae Takhtajan (= asterids);
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o superasterids;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, 7 genera: - - (NM)
Calystegia R.Br. (= Hedge bindweed),
Convolvulus L. (= Bindweed),
Cressa L. (= Alkaliweed),
Cuscuta L. (= Dodder),
Dichondra J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. (= Pony's-foot),
Evolvulus L. (= Morning-glory), and
Ipomoea L. (= Morning-glory)

Conyza - Less. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Horseweed - - (BONAP)
Related species or variety in New Mexico not listed that might be medicinal:
Conyza canadensis var. glabrata - (Gray) Cronq. - (BONAP: Canadian horseweed)
Conyza ramosissima - Cronq. - (BONAP: Dwarf horseweed)

Conyza canadensis - (L.) Cronq. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Canadian horseweed - - (BONAP)

Conyza canadensis var. canadensis - (L.) Cronq. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Bitterweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Butterweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Canada fleabane - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Canadian horseweed - - (BONAP)
Colt's tail - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Fleabane - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Horseweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pazotillo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pride weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Erigeron canadensis - L. - (BONAP)
Leptilon canadense - (L.) Britt. - (BONAP)

Copalchi - Coutarea latiflora - (Elsa Campos)

Copalquin, see Contrayerba

"Copangel" - - (Apachian/Madrean region)
This is made as a combination, two-fifths of which is the ground roots
of the perennial herb Chuchupate (Ligusticum porteri = Ligusticum madrensis)
that is found in the region centred on the Sierra Madre Occidental of northern Mexico.
The Mexican national health programme has done clinical studies, determining that this
combination is effective in the treatment of peptic ulcers.

Copper globemallow - Sphaeralcea angustifolia - (BONAP)

Copper leaf - Acalypha phleoides - (Mexico)

Copper sulphate, see Piedra azul

Coqueta - Acacia pennatula - (Spanish-Américas)
- Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Coquetta - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Coral - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Coral-bead plant - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Coral pea - Abrus precatorius - (Plant Book)

Coral xilacuaco - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Coralillo - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Coralito - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Coralito cimarrón - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Coralitos - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Cordia alliodora - Anacahuite - (Elsa Campos)
- Frei-jorge - (Elsa Campos)

Cordia boissieri - Amatl - (Nahuatl)
- Amaquahuitl - (Nahuatl)
- Anacahuite - (Mexican-American)
- Camichin - (Mexican-American)
- Little trumpet - (Mexican-American)
- Trompillo - (Mexican-American)
- Zalate - (Mexican-American)

Coreopsis - L. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Chispa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Romerillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tickseed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 5 species: - - (BONAP)
Coreopsis californica (Nutt.) H.K. Sharsmith (= California tickseed),
Coreopsis grandiflora Hogg ex Sweet (= Largeflower tickseed),
Coreopsis lanceolata L. (= Lanceleaf tickseed),
Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. (= Golden tickseed), and
Coreopsis wrightii (Gray) H.M. Parker (= Rock tickseed).

Coreopsis californica - (Nutt.) H.K. Sharsmith - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
California tickseed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 1 variety: - - (BONAP)
Coreopsis californica var. newberryi (Gray) E.B. Sm.
(= Newberry's tickseed).

Coreopsis californica var. newberryi - (Gray) E.B. Sm. - Variety Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Newberry's tickseed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Coreopsis newberryi - Gray - (BONAP)

Coreopsis grandiflora - Hogg ex Sweet - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Largeflower tickseed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 1 variety: - - (BONAP)
Coreopsis grandiflora var. grandiflora Hogg ex Sweet
(= Largeflower tickseed)

Coreopsis grandiflora var. grandiflora - Hogg ex Sweet - Variety Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Largeflower tickseed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Coreopsis grandiflora var. pilosa - Sherff - (BONAP)

Coreopsis lanceolata - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Lanceleaf tickseed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Coreopsis crassifolia - Ait. - (BONAP)
Coreopsis heterogyna - Fern. - (BONAP)
Coreopsis lanceolata var. villosa - Michx. - (BONAP)

Coreopsis tinctoria - Nutt. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Golden tickseed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 2 varieties: - - (BONAP)
Coreopsis tinctoria var. atkinsoniana (Dougl. ex Lindl.) H.M. Parker
(= Atkinson's tickseed) and
Coreopsis tinctoria var. tinctoria Nutt.
(= Golden tickseed).

Coreopsis tinctoria var. atkinsoniana - (Dougl. ex Lindl.) H.M. Parker - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Atkinson's tickseed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Coreopsis atkinsoniana - Dougl. ex Lindl. - (BONAP)

Coreopsis tinctoria var. tinctoria - Nutt. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names Golden tickseed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Coreopsis cardaminefolia (DC.) - Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)
Coreopsis stenophylla - Boynt. - (BONAP)
Coreopsis tinctoria var. imminuta - Sherff - (BONAP)

Coreopsis wrightii - (Gray) H.M. Parker - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Rock tickseed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Coreopsis basalis var. wrightii - (Gray) Blake - (BONAP)
Coreopsis drummondii var. wrightii - Gray - (BONAP)

Coriander (= Culantro)

Coriandro (= Culantro)

Coriandrum sativum, Culantro

Corkbark fir - Abies arizonica var. arizonica - (BONAP)

Corn poppy - Papaver rhoeas - (Mexican-American)

Corn silk - Zea mays - (Mexican-American)

Cornaceae - Bercht. & J.Presl - Family Name
Cornales - Link. - Order Name
Higher level lineages (Cantino, et al., 2007):
Angiospermae; Mesangiospermae;
Eudicotyledoneae (= eudicots);
Gunneridae (= core eudicots);
Pentapetalae; Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
Caryophyllales + Asteridae; Asteridae (= asterids)
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, 1 genus - - (BONAP)
Cornus L. (= Dogwood)
See notes.

Cornezuelo - Acacia collinsii - (Atlas Mexico)
- Acacia cornigera - (Mexican-American)
- Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Cornus - L. - Genus Name
Family Cornaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Dogwood - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, including 2 species: - - (BONAP)
*Cornus canadensis (= Canadian bunchberry)
*Cornus sericea subsp. sericea (= Red-osier dogwood)

Cornus alternifolia - L. f. - Species Name
Family Cornaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alternateleaf dogwood - - (BONAP)
Kinnikinnick - - (Menomini, Ojibwe)

Cornus amomum - P. Mill. - Species Name
Family Cornaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Silky dogwood - - (BONAP)
Kinnikinik - - (Menomini)
Kinnikinnick - - (Menomini)

Cornus canadensis - Linnaeus - Species Name
Family Cornaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Bunchberry dogwood - - (BONAP)
Canadian bunchberry - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Cornus florida - L. - Species Name
Family Cornaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Albellanino - - (Spanish-Américas)
Flowering dogwood - - (BONAP)

Cornus sanguinea - L. - Species Name
Family Cornaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Albellanino - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bloodtwig dogwood - - (BONAP)
Cornejo hembra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sanguiñuelo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sanapudio blanco - - (Spanish-Américas)

Cornus sericea subsp. sericea - Linnaeus - Subspecies Name
Family Cornaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Red-osier dogwood - - (NM)
Tepecuilo - - (Spanish-Américas)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Cornus instolonea - A. Nelson - (NM)
Cornus sericea Linnaeus subsp. stolonifera - (Michaux) Fosberg - (NM)
Cornus stolonifera - Michaux - (NM)

Corôa Christi - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Coronacris - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Coronha - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Coronilla (= little crown) - Gaillardia pinnatifida - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Correhuela - Polygonum aviculare - (Spanish-Américas)

Corrigiola - Polygonum aviculare - (Spanish-Américas)

Cortapito - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)

Corteno - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Corteza de curtidora - Acacia farnesiana - (Atlas Mexico)

Cosmos (= Amores)

Cosmos parviflorus, Amores

Cota - Thelesperma longipes - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Thelesperma megapotamicum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Cottonwood - Populus - (Mexican-American)
- Populus alba - (Mexican-American)
- Populus angustifolia - (Mexican-American)
- Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni - (Mexican-American)

Cotula fétida - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Coutarea latiflora - Copalchi - (Elsa Campos)

Covillea glutinosa, Hediondilla

Cowbane (= Yerba del peco)

Cow herb (= Clavelina)

Cow parsnip (= Yerba del oso) - Heracleum maximum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Cow pen daisy - Verbesina encelioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cowpen daisy - Verbesina encelioides var. encelioides - (NM)
- Verbesina encelioides var. exauriculata - (NM)

Cow's milk (= Leche de vaca)

Coyote melon - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Coyote tobacco - Nicotiana attenuata - (BONAP)

Crab-eye vine - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Crab's eye - Abrus precatorius - (Uphof, 1959)

Cranesbill (= Patita de leon)

Crassulaceae - J.St.-Hil. - (APG II: Family Name)
(Crassulaceae DC., according to Delta)
Saxifragales - Dumort. - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages (APG II, Delta):
Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Crazy pumpkin - Apodanthera undulata - (EB 56(4): 380–398,2002)

Crazy weed (= Frijolillo)

Crecinho do mato - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Creeping barberry - Mahonia repens - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Creosote bush (= Hediondilla)

Crescentia alata - Black calabash - (Elsa Campos)
- Cirian - (Elsa Campos)
- Cuatecomate - (Elsa Campos)

Crested mallow - Anoda cristata - (?)

Crisanta, Chrysanthemum indicum

Crisantemo

Crisp cheeseweed - Malva crispa - (NM)

Crookneck squash - Cucurbita moschata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Croton - L. - Genus Name
Family Euphorbiaceae
Common Name
Croton - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 7 species, 1 variety: - - (NM)
Croton dioicus Cavanilles (= Grassland croton),
Croton fruticulosus Engelmann ex Torrey
(= Bush croton),
Croton glandulosus Linnaeus var. lindheimeri Muller Argoviensis
(= Glandular croton),
Croton lindheimerianus Scheele
(= Lindheimer's croton),
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
(= Prairie-tea),
Croton pottsii (Klotzsch) Mueller Argoviensis
(= Leatherweed), and
Croton texensis (Klotzsch) Mueller Argoviensis
(= Texas croton).

Croton pottsii (Klotzsch) Muell.-Arg - Species Name
Family Euphorbiaceae
Common Name
Barbasco - - (Mexican-American)
Dove weed - - (Mexican-American)
Leatherweed - - (NM)
Palillo - - (Mexican-American)
Pionillo - - (Mexican-American)
Potts' leatherweed - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (NM)
Synonyms
Croton corymbulosus - Engelm. - (BONAP)
Croton eremophilus - Wooton & Standley - (NM)
Lasiogyne pottsii - Klotzsch - (NM)

Croton texensis - (Klotzsch) Muell.-Arg. - Species Name
Family Euphorbiaceae
Common Name
Barbasco - - (Mexican-American)
Dove weed - - (Mexican-American)
Croton weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Palillo - - (Mexican-American)
Pionillo - - (Mexican-American)
Texas croton - - (BONAP, Mexican-American)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Croton luteovirens - Wooton & Standley - (NM)
Hendecandra texensis - Klotzsch - (NM)

Croton weed (= Barbasco) - Croton texensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Crow foot (= Patita de leon)

Crown Beard - Verbesina encelioides var. exauriculata - (Moerman)

Crownbeard (= Anil del muerto) - Verbesina - (NM)
- Verbesina crocata - (Mexican-American)
- Verbesina encelioides - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Verbesina encelioides var. exauriculata - (Moerman)
- Verbesina spp. - (Mexican-American)

Cuachalala - Ampbypteryngium adstringens - (Elsa Campos)

Cuachalalacua - Rivina humilis - (Atlas Mexico)

Cuachalalate - Ampbypteryngium adstringens - (Elsa Campos)

Cuahulote - Guazuma tomentosa - (Mexican-American)
- Guazuma ulmifolia - (Mexican-American)

Cuajilotillo - Aralia humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Cuajo (Rennet)

Cuatecomate - Crescentia alata - (Elsa Campos)

Cuauholotl - Guazuma tomentosa - (Nahuatl)
- Guazuma ulmifolia - (Nahuatl)

Cubata - Acacia cochliacantha - (Atlas Mexico)

Cuca - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cucabit - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cucaracho - Hippocratea celastroides - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Cucharilla - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cucharitas - Acacia cochliacantha - (Spanish-Américas)

Cucharo - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cucurbita - L. - Genus Name
Family Cucurbitaceae
Common Name
Chichicayotli - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Gourd - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 3 species, 2 varieties: - - (NM)
*Cucurbita digitata Gray
(= Finger-leaf gourd),
*Cucurbita foetidissima Kunth
(= Buffalo gourd),
*Cucurbita pepo Linnaeus var. pepo
(= Field pumpkin), and
*Cucurbita pepo Linnaeus var. texana (Scheele) Decker
(= Field pumpkin).
The edible seeds (sometimes fruit) of cultivated species of the genus are
commonly called Pepitas (also often considered medicinal).
o Sanjur, O. I., Piperno, D. R., Andres, T. C., and Wessel-Beaver, L. (2002)
Phylogenetic relationships among domesticated and wild species of Cucurbita
(Cucurbitaceae) inferred from a mitochondrial gene: implications for crop
plant evolution and areas of origin. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99:535-540.

Cucurbita argyrosperma - C.Huber - Species Name
[Cucurbita argyrosperma K.Koch (unresolved name).] - - (Plant List)
Family Cucurbitaceae
Common Name
Ayota - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabacita - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Calabaza arota - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabaza chompo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabaza de pepitagruesa - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabaza mexicana - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Garden pumpkin - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Green-striped cushaw - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Green striped cushaw squash - - (?)
Pumpkin - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonym
Cucurbita mixta - Pangalo - (Plant List)
The seeds for various cultural varieties of Northern Mexico and US Southwest
are available from Native Seeds/SEARCH, including Calabaza de las Aguas,
Calabaza Mexicana, Chimayo Calabaza, Gila Pima "Ha:I," Mesilla Calabaza,
Navajo Cushaw "Tail Squash," Papalote Ranch Cushaw, Silver Edged,
Tohono O'odham "Ha:l," Velarde
, and Veracruz Pepita.
Cucurbita argyrosperma subsp. sororia (L.H. Bailey) Merrick & Bates
is a wild plant that is found today from Mexico to Central America.
This wild subspecies is probably the progenitor of the above cultivated
group that is also called Cucurbita argyrosperma subsp. argyrosperma
(see Sanjur et al., 2002). Also see Jones (1992).
o Jones, C. S. (1992) Ontogeny of a Wild Cucurbit and its Derived Cultivar,
Evolution, Vol. 46, No. 6, pp. 1827-1847.

Cucurbitác - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Cucurbitaceae - Juss. - Family Name
Cucurbitales - Dumort. - (APG IV) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o nitrogen-fixing lineage;
o Fabidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids I = fabids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, 12 genera: - - (NM)
*Apodanthera Arn. (= Melon-loco),
Citrullus Schrad. ex Eckl. & Zeyh. (= Watermelon),
*Cucumis L. (= Melon),
*Cucurbita L. (= Gourd),
*Cyclanthera Schrad. (= Cyclanthera),
Echinocystis Torr. & Gray (= Wild cucumber),
Echinopepon Naud. (= Spiny-melon),
Ibervillea Greene (= Globeberry),
Marah Kellogg (= Manroot),
Momordica L. (= Balsam-apple),
Sicyos L. (= Bur-cucumber), and
Sicyosperma Gray (= Arrowheads).

Cucurbita digitata - Gray - Species Name
Family Cucurbitaceae
Common Name
Calabacilla - - (Food Plants Americas)
Calabaza amarga - - (Food Plants Americas)
Chichicayote - - (Food Plants Americas)
Chichi coyote - - (Felger)
Coyote gourd - - (Food Plants Americas)
Fingerleaf gourd - - (Food Plants Americas)
Finger-leaved gourd - - (NM)
Meloncillo - - (Food Plants Americas)
Melón de coyote - - (Food Plants Americas)
In New Mexico
No synonyms recorded. - - (Plant List)
Although the fruit extract of this species may be a source of many
medicinally interesting chemical compounds (et al., Sudarsanam, 2014),
the pulp of fruit is considered poisonous, - - (Food Plants Americas)
and seeds have been roasted and eaten as a snack food
by Native Americans in southwest US, - - (Moerman)
there could not be found any reports of strickly medicinal uses
of this species in North America north of Mexico.
o et al., Sudarsanam (2014) Phytochemical, antioxidant and cytotoxic
properties of the fruit extract Cucurbita digitata,
Int J Pharm Pharm Sci, 6(4), pp. 353-356.

Cucurbita ficifolia - Bouche - Species Name
Family Cucurbitaceae
Common Name
Abóbora chila - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora gila - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alcayota - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alcayota común - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Boganga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cabello de ángel - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabacilla - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cayota - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chiberre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chilacaiota - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chilacajota - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chilacayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chilacayotl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chirigaita - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chiverre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cidra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cidra cayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cidracayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fig-leaved gourd - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Lacahuiti - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lacayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mail - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malabar gourd - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ticati - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ticatsa - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tzilacayotli - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Vitoriera - - (Spanish-Américas)

Cucurbita foetidissima - Kunth - Species Name
Family Cucurbitaceae
Common Name
Alficaz - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
American wild gourd - - (Moerman)
Buffalo gourd - - (NM)
Calabacilla - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabacilla amarga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabacilla hedionda - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabacilla loca - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabacita - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza amargosa - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabaza búfalo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabazilla - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Chicayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chichic-amole - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chili-cojote - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Chichicoyote - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chilicayote - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Chilicote - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Chilicothe - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Cohombrillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cohombro - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Coloquinto - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Coyote melon - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cucurbitác - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Desert gourd - - (Moerman)
Gourd - - (Moerman)
Hierba de la víbora - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Jamacha - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Missouri gourd - - (Moerman)
Mock orange - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Oreja de burro - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pepino del diablo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Wild gourd - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wild melon - - (Moerman)
Wild pumpkin - - (Moerman)
Wild squash - - (Moerman)
Zaracoche - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Cucurbita perennis - Gray - (NM)
Pepo foetidissima - (Kunth) Britton - (NM)

Cucurbita maxima - Lam. - Species Name
Family Cucurbitaceae
Common Name
Abóbora amarela - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora do telhado - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora gigante - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora grande - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora menina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Acorn squash - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ahuyama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alcayota - - (Spanish-Américas)
Auyama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ayote - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ayote gigante - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ayotli - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ayoxochquílitl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Bellota - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Bolo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabacera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabaza amarilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza confitera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza de cidra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza de invierno - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabaza gigante - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabaza grande - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza redonda - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza tamala - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabaza tamalayota - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza totanera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabazo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabazona - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Casposo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cayota - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chilacayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chirigaita - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chiverre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cidracayota - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cidracayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cilacayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Girimu - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gourd - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Gueto - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Guu - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hoyito - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hubbard squash - - (Moerman)
Istacayota - - (Spanish-Américas)
Melón - - (Atlas Mexico)
Moganga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ojibwe squash - - (Moerman)
Pumpkin - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Sambo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Squash - - (Moerman)
Tamalayota - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tamalayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tecats - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Totanera - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Turban squash - - (Moerman)
Uyama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Vitoria - - (Spanish-Américas)
Winter squash - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Xigaba - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Zapallito - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zapallito de tronco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zapallo bugango - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zapallo criollo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zapallo forrajero - - (Spanish-Américas)
The seeds for various cultural varieties of Northern Mexico and US Southwest
are available from Native Seeds/SEARCH, including Calabaza Temporal,
Mayo Blusher, Minnie's Apache Hubbard, Navajo Gray Hubbard,
Navajo Hubbard, Peñasco Cheese
, and Taos.

Cucurbita moschata - (Lam.) Poiret - Species Name
Family Cucurbitaceae
Common Name
Abóbora almiscar - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora almiscarada - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora catinga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora cheirosa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora melão - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora preta - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora rasteira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ahuyama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Anco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Auyama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ayotli - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ayoxochquílitl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Butternut - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabacera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabacilla - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabacín - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabaza almizclada - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza amarilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza amelonada - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza cegualca - - (Sonora)
Calabaza cuarentena - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabaza de Castilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza de Chipre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza de comer - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza de cuello torcido - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabaza de Nápoles - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza de olor - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza de pepita menuda - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabaza melón - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabaza moscada - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cheese pumpkin - - (Moerman)
Crookneck squash - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cum - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cushaw - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hacayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Iscum - - (Spanish-Américas)
Joco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Joko - - (Spanish-Américas)
K'uum - - (Quintana Roo)
Lacayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Melocotón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pumpkin - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Sapallo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sehualca - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Spiral cushaw pumpkin - - (Moerman)
Squash - - (Moerman)
Striped cushaw pumpkin - - (Moerman)
Winter crookneck - - (Moerman)
Xmehen k'uum - - (Yucatán)
Zapallo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zapallo andai - - (Spanish-Américas)
The seeds for various cultural varieties of Northern Mexico and US Southwest
are available from Native Seeds/SEARCH, including Carrizo, Guarijio Segualca,
Magdalena Big Cheese, Mayo Kama, Sonoran, Yoeme Segualca
, and
Waltham Butternut (most popular winter squash).

Cucurbita pepo - Linnaeus - Species Name
Family Cucurbitaceae
Common Name
Abobeira de moita - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abobobeira grande - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora amarela - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora carneira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora de agua - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora de coroa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora de enfeite - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora de porco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora jerimu - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora laranja - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora machado - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora moganga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora moranga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora pepa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abóbora porqueira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ahuyama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Anco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Auyama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Avinca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ayohtli - - (Distrito Federal)
Ayote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ayotera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Barrete de padre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Berenjena - - (Spanish-Américas)
Boganga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bolo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bonetillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Bonetillos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cabeza de moro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cabeza de Turco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabacera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabacín - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabacita - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabacita italiana - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabacita verde - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabaza - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabaza biche - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabaza bonetera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza botonera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza chompa - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabaza común - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza confitera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza de San Juan - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza de verano - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabaza forrajera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza india - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabaza pastelera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza pipiana - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabaza redonda - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calabaza tamalayota - - (Atlas Mexico)
Calabaza turbante - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Calabazo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Camolenga - - (Spanish-Américas)
Canloria - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cantoria - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chicayota - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cum - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Dinhángoa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Escariote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Field pumpkin - - (NM)
Hoco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Huyama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Iztacayotli - - (Distrito Federal)
Jerimum - - (Spanish-Américas)
Large pie pumpkin - - (Moerman)
Marrow - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Oyama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pipián - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pumpion pumpkin - - (Moerman)
Pumpkin - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Puru - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Purú - - (Spanish-Américas)
Roman squash - - (Moerman)
Sapuyo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Semillas de calabaza - - (Atlas Mexico)
Squash - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Summer squash - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ts'ol - - (Quintana Roo)
Tsolitas - - (Quintana Roo)
Turbante de moro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tzol - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Uyama - - (Spanish-Américas)
Vitoriera - - (Spanish-Américas)
White scallop squash - - (Moerman)
Zambo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zapallito - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Zapallito de tronco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zapallito italiano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zapallo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zapallo de Angola - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zapallo de tronco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zapallo del tiempo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zucchini - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico, 2 wild varieties,
one introduced (var. pepo) and
the other (var. texana) native: - - (NM)
Cucurbita pepo var. pepo
(Field pumpkin) and
Cucurbita pepo var. texana (Scheele) Decker
(Field pumpkin).
The seeds for cultural varieties (various pumpkins, acorn squash, zucchini and
ornamental gourds) of Northern Mexico and US Southwest are available from
Native Seeds/SEARCH, including Acoma Pumpkin, Hopi Pumpkin,
Pacheco Pumpkin, Tarahumara, Big Max Pumpkin, Dark Star Zucchini
,
and Yellow Crookneck.
Winter squash varieties of the species includes acorn, spaghetti and delicata;
summer squash varieties include yellow summer squash, zucchini, pattypan,
and bush scallop.
Although the wild ancestor of the var. pepo is unknown, Sanjur et al. (2002)
points out that wild populations of plants (called subsp. fraterna) more closely
related to var. pepo may still exist in central or southern Mexico. Therefore,
additional collections of cucurbits in these areas are needed. Teppner (2004)
reported that a plant called Cucurbita pepo subsp. gumala Teppner is cultivated
in Guatemala and Mexico. This cultivated plant is closely related to wild species
and could have been the starting point of the domestication of var. pepo.
According to María Ferriol and Belén Picó (2008), the potential zone for the
domestication of the cultivated acorn types of Cucurbita pepo var. texana
[syn. subsp. ovifera (L.) Decker] ranges from eastern North America to
northeastern Mexico. Wild and native plants of this variety can be found
growing in North America north of Mexico, including New Mexico.
Although the wild populations of plants often called Cucurbita pepo subsp.
fraterna (L.H. Bailey) Lira, Andres & Nee from northern Mexico are closely
related to var. texana (Sanjur et al., 2002), many individuals of these wild
populations are also completely interfertile with the other domesticated variety,
the pumpkin type Cucurbita pepo var. pepo.
o María Ferriol and Belén Picó (2008) Pumpkin and Winter Squash, In Vegetables I:
Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Chenopodicaceae, and Cucurbitaceae (edited) by Jaime
Prohens and Fernando Nuez, Springer, pp. 317-350.
o Teppner, H. (2004) Notes on Lagenaria and Cucurbita (Cucurbitaceae) - review
and new contributions, Phyton, 44 (2):245-308.

Cuernecillo - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)

Cuernito - Acacia cornigera - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cuernitos - Acacia cornigera - (Atlas Mexico)
- Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Cuerno de toro - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Cuerno de venado, see Yerba de Alonso Garcia

Cuero (Leather)

Cuipa de sabina - Juniperus sp. - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Cují - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cuji aromo - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Cuji cimarrón - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Culantrillo bastardo - Asplenium trichomanes - (Spanish-Américas)

Culantrillo de pozo - Adiantum capillus-veneris - (Elsa Campos)
- Asplenium trichomanes - (Spanish-Américas)

Culantrillo hawaiiano - Asplenium trichomanes - (Spanish-Américas)

Culantrillo menor - Asplenium trichomanes - (EthnobotDB)

Culantrillo rojo - Asplenium trichomanes - (Spanish-Américas)

Culantro, Coriandrum sativum

Cultivated tobacco - Nicotiana tabacum - (BONAP)

Culuncuahui - Acacia millefolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cum - Cucurbita moschata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cuntich - Acacia farnesiana - (Quintana Roo)

Cuphea - P. Br. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lythraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ayauhtona - - (Nahuatl)
Calavera - - (Mexican-American)
Cancerina - - (Mexican-American)
Chanclana - - (Mexican-American)
Mexican heather - - (Mexican-American)
Waxweed - - (BONAP)
Yerba del cancer - - (Mexican-American)
Yerba del coyote - - (Mexican-American)
Species in New Mexico (according to BONAP):
Cuphea viscosissima - Jacq. - (BONAP)
(= Blue waxweed),
Cuphea wrightii - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Wright's waxweed).

Cuphea aequipetala - Cav. - (Tropicos)
Family Lythraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alcancer - - (Mexican-American)
Ayauhtona - - (Nahuatl)
Calavera - - (Mexican-American)
Cancerina - - (Mexican-American)
Chanclana - - (Mexican-American)
Mexican heather - - (Mexican-American)
Yerba del cancer - - (Mexican-American)
Yerba del coyote - - (Mexican-American)
Found in Mexico (e.g., Chiapas, Coahuila, Distrito Federal, Guanajuato,
Guerrero, Hidalgo, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla,
Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz), Guatemala,
and Honduras.

Cuphea jorullensis - Kunth - (Tropicos)
Family Lythraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alcancer - - (Mexican-American)
Ayauhtona - - (Nahuatl)
Calavera - - (Mexican-American)
Cancerina - - (Mexican-American)
Chanclana - - (Mexican-American)
Mexican heather - - (Mexican-American)
Yerba del cancer - - (Mexican-American)
Yerba del coyote - - (Mexican-American)
Found in Mexico (e.g., Michoacán).

Cuphea viscosissima - Jacq. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lythraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Blue waxweed - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Cuphea petiolata - (L.) Koehne - (BONAP)
Parsonsia petiolata - (L.) Rusby - (BONAP)

Cuphea wrightii - Gray - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lythraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Wright's waxweed - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Cuphea wrightii var. nematopetala - Bacig. - (BONAP)
Parsonsia wrightii - (Gray) Kearney - (BONAP)

Cupressaceae - Rich. ex Bartl. - Family Name
Pinales - Dumort. - Order Name
Higher level lineages (Cantino, et al., 2007):
Acrogymnospermae; Coniferae; Cupressophyta
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, 2 genera:
Cupressus L.
(= Cypress),
Juniperus L.
(= Juniper).
See notes.

Cuquet - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Curguatón - Aralia humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Curled dock - Rumex crispus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Curly dock - Rumex crispus - (BONAP)

Cuscuta megalocarpa - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Family Convolvulaceae - - (APG III)
Common name
Bigfruit dodder - - (BONAP)
Cuscuta - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Dodder - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Golden thread - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Love vine - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Strangle weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba mala - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba sin raiz - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Cuscuta curta - (Engelm.) Rydb. - (BONAP)
Cuscuta gronovii var. curta - Engelm. - (BONAP)
Placed in family Cuscutaceae Bercht. & J.Presl by BONAP,
now as before considered part of family Convolvulaceae.

Cuscuta spp. - ? - (Armando González Stuart)
Family Convolvulaceae - - (APG III)
Common name
Azafrán” - - (Armando González Stuart)
Zacatlaxcale - - (Armando González Stuart)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Cushaw - Cucurbita moschata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cutleaf anemone - Pulsatilla patens ssp. multifida - (BONAP)

Cutleaf coneflower - Rudbeckia laciniata - (BONAP)
- Rudbeckia laciniata var. ampla - (BONAP)
- Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata - (BONAP)

Cutupito - Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Cuxubean - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Cymbopogon - Spreng. - (BONAP)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cymbopogon - - (BONAP)

Cymbopogon citratus - (DC. ex Nees) Stapf - (BONAP)
(= Andropogon citratus)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Citronella - - (Elsa Campos)
Hierba de limon - - (Elsa Campos)
Hierba luisa - - (Mexico)
Lemon grass - - (BONAP, Elsa Campos)
Te de limon - - (Mexico)
Zacate de limon - - (Elsa Campos)

Cymopterus - Raf. - (BONAP)
Genus Name

Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cymopterus - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 8 species: - - (BONAP)
Cymopterus acaulis (= Plains springparsley),
Cymopterus bulbosus (= Bulbous springparsley),
Cymopterus macrorhizus (= Bigroot springparsley),
Cymopterus montanus (= Mountain springparsley),
Cymopterus multinervatus (= Purplenerve springparsley),
Cymopterus newberryi (= Sweetroot springparsley),
Cymopterus purpurascens (= Widewing springparsley),
Cymopterus purpureus (= Purple springparsley).

Cymopterus acaulis - (Pursh) Raf. - (BONAP)
Species Name
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Plains springparsley - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 1 variety: - - (BONAP)
Cymopterus acaulis var. fendleri (= Fendler's springparsley)

Cymopterus acaulis var. fendleri - (Gray) Goodrich - (BONAP)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Biscuit root - - (Moore)
Chimaha - - (Moore)
Chimaja - - (Moore)
Chimaya - - (Moore)
Fendler's springparsley - - (BONAP)
Wild celery - - (Chiricahua and Mescalero)
Synonym
Cymopterus fendleri - Gray - (BONAP)
Apache used the leaves for flavoring - - (Chiricahua and Mescalero)
soups and meats. Flavor is intermediate between that of
celery and carrot.

Cynara scolymus - Alcachofa - (Mexican-American)
- Artichoke - (Mexican-American)
- Quahtlahuitzquilitl - (Nahuatl)

Cynodon dactylon - (L.) Pers. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Bermudagrass - (BONAP)
- Common bermudagrass - (Herbalgram)
- Devilgrass - (Herbalgram)
- Grama - (Doris, PIER)
- Grama dulce - (PIER)
- Grama rastera - (PIER)
- Grama-seda - (Herbalgram)

Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon - (L.) Pers. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Bermudagrass - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Capriola dactylon - (L.) Kuntze - (BONAP)
Panicum dactylon - L. - (BONAP)

Cyperaceae - Juss. - Family Name
Poales Small
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Monocot; Commelinid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, 14 genera: - - (NM)
Bolboschoenus (Asch.) Palla in Hallier & Brand (= Bulrush),
Bulbostylis Kunth (= Hair-sedge),
Carex L. (= Sedge, Caric-sedge),
Cladium P. Browne (= Saw-grass),
Cyperus L. (= Flat-sedge),
Eleocharis R. Br. (= Spike-rush),
Eriophorum L. (= Cotton-grass),
Fimbristylis Vahl (= Fimbry),
Fuirena Rottboll (= Umbrella-sedge),
Kobresia Willd. (= Kobresia),
Kyllinga Rottb. (= Spike-sedge),
Lipocarpha R.Br. (= Chaff-sedge),
Schoenoplectus (Rchb.) Palla (= Bulrush),
Scirpus L. (= Bulrush).

Cyperus - L. - Genus Name
Flat-sedge
Cyperus acuminatus Torrey & Hooker ex Torrey

Cyperus rotundus - L. - Species Name
Family Cyperaceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
Ajo
Artikira
Coquí
Coquito
Coyolillo
Chintul
Irriakura

D

Dakota Indians, see Anil, Jarita

Dakota mock vervain - Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida - (BONAP)

Dalea - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Prairieclover - - (BONAP)
Members of Dalea in New Mexico not in main list are:
Dalea albiflora - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Whiteflower prairieclover),
Dalea aurea - Nutt. ex Pursh - (BONAP)
(= Golden prairieclover),
Dalea bicolor - Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. - (BONAP)
(= Silver prairieclover),
Dalea bicolor var. argyrea - (Gray) Barneby - (BONAP)
(= Silver prairieclover),
Dalea brachystachya - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Fort Bowie prairieclover),
Dalea candida - Willd. - (BONAP)
(= Slender white prairieclover),
Dalea candida var. oligophylla - (Torr.) Shinners - (BONAP)
(= White prairieclover),
Dalea compacta - Spreng. - (BONAP)
(= Compact prairieclover),
Dalea compacta var. pubescens - (Gray) Barneby - (BONAP)
(= Compact prairieclover),
Dalea cylindriceps - Barneby - (BONAP)
(= Andean prairieclover),
Dalea enneandra - Nutt. - (BONAP)
(= Nineanther prairieclover),
Dalea exigua - Barneby - (BONAP)
(= Chihuahuan prairieclover),
Dalea filiformis - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Sonoran prairieclover),
Dalea frutescens - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Black prairieclover),
Dalea grayi - (Vail) L.O. Williams - (BONAP)
(= Gray's prairieclover),
Dalea greggii - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Gregg's prairieclover),
Dalea jamesii - (Torr.) Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)
(= James' prairieclover),
Dalea lachnostachys - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Glandleaf prairieclover),
Dalea lanata - Spreng. - (BONAP)
(= Woolly prairieclover),
Dalea lanata var. lanata - Spreng. - (BONAP)
(= Woolly prairieclover),
Dalea lanata var. terminalis - (M.E. Jones) Barneby - (BONAP)
(= Woolly prairieclover),
Dalea leporina - (Ait.) Bullock - (BONAP)
(= Foxtail prairieclover),
Dalea nana - Torr. ex Gray - (BONAP)
(= Dwarf prairieclover),
Dalea nana var. carnescens - Kearney & Peebles - (BONAP)
(= Dwarf prairieclover),
Dalea nana var. nana - Torr. ex Gray - (BONAP)
(= Dwarf prairieclover),
Dalea neomexicana - (Gray) Cory - (BONAP)
(= Downy prairieclover),
Dalea neomexicana var. neomexicana - (Gray) Cory - (BONAP)
(= New Mexican prairieclover),
Dalea pogonathera - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Bearded prairieclover),
Dalea polygonoides - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Sixweeks prairieclover),
Dalea pogonathera var. pogonathera - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Bearded prairieclover),
Dalea pulchra - H.C. Gentry - (BONAP)
(= Santa Catalina prairieclover),
Dalea purpurea - Vent. - (BONAP)
(= Purple prairieclover),
Dalea purpurea var. arenicola - (Wemple) Barneby - (BONAP)
(= Violet prairieclover),
Dalea purpurea var. purpurea - Vent. - (BONAP)
(= Violet prairieclover),
Dalea scariosa - S. Wats. - (BONAP)
(= Albuquerque prairieclover),
Dalea tenuifolia - (Gray) Shinners - (BONAP)
(= Slimleaf prairieclover),
Dalea urceolata - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Pineforest prairieclover),
Dalea villosa - (Nutt.) Spreng. - (BONAP)
(= Silky prairieclover),
Dalea villosa var. villosa - (Nutt.) Spreng. - (BONAP)
(= Silky prairieclover),
Dalea wrightii - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Wright's prairieclover).

Dalea formosa - Torr. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Featherplume - - (BONAP)
Yerba de Alonso garcia - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Dandelion (= Chicoria)

Datil - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Datilla - Yucca - (Mexican-American)
- Yucca schidigera - (Mexican-American)
- Yucca valida - (Mexican-American)

Datura - L. - (BONAP)
Genus Name
Family Solanaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Datura - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 4 species: - - (BONAP)
Datura ferox (= Chinese thornapple),
Datura inoxia (= Pricklyburr),
Datura stramonium (= Jimsonweed),
Datura wrightii (= Sacred thornapple)

Datura ferox - L. - (BONAP)
Species Name
Family Solanaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Chinese thornapple - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym Datura quercifolia - Kunth - (BONAP)

Datura inoxia - P. Mill. - (BONAP)
Species Name
Family Solanaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Pricklyburr - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Datura stramonium - L. - (BONAP)
Species Name
Family Solanaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Angel's trumpet - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Apple of Peru - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Jimsonweed - - (BONAP)
Toloache - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Datura stramonium var. tatula - (L.) Torr. - (BONAP)
Datura tatula - L. - (BONAP)

Datura wrightii - Regel - (BONAP)
Species Name
Family Solanaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Angel's trumpet - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Apple of Peru - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Jamestown Weed - - (?)
Sacred thornapple - - (BONAP)
Thornapple - - (?)
Toloache - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Datura meteloides - DC. ex Dunal - (BONAP)
Datura metel var. quinquecuspida - Torr. - (BONAP)

Day - Acacia angustissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Dayflower - Commelina coelestris - (Elsa Campos)

Dead, The Efficacious

Deer's Ears, Cebadilla

Dennstaedtiaceae - Lotsy - (Family Name)
Polypodiales - Link - (Order Name)
Higher level lineages: Leptosporangiate; Core Leptosporangiate; Tree fern/Polypod
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyte (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Vascular plant;
Eutracheophyte; Euphyllophyte; Monilophyte
Family in New Mexico, including species of 1 genus:
Pteridium - Gleditsch ex Scop. - (BONAP)
(= Brackenfern).

Denseflower knotweed - Persicaria glabra - (USDA)

Dentallaria - Plumbago - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago pulchella - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago scandens - (Mexican-American)
Genus Plumbago not native in New Mexico.

Dentate falsepennyroyal - Hedeoma dentata - (BONAP)

Desert broom - Baccharis spp. - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
- Baccharis sarothroides - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Desertbroom - Baccharis sarothroides - (BONAP)

Desert gourd - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Moerman)

Desert tea, Canutillo del campo

Desert thorn - Lycium andersonii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Desert-thorn - Lycium - (?)

Desert tobacco - Nicotiana trigonophylla - (BONAP)

Desert wolfberry - Lycium andersonii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Destemplamiento de la cabeza, see Ruda de la sierra

Devil's apple, Toloache

Devil's beggartick - Bidens frondosa - (BONAP)

Devil's claw - Acacia greggii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Devil's fig - Argemone mexicana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Devil's pitchfork - Bidens frondosa - (NM)

Dinhángoa - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Dinosaur plant - Selaginella lepidophylla - (?)

Dipsacaceae

Discorea densiflora - Barbasco - (Mexican-American)
- Dove weed - (Mexican-American)
- Palillo - (Mexican-American)
- Pionillo - (Mexican-American)

Discorea floribunda - Barbasco - (Mexican-American)
- Dove weed - (Mexican-American)
- Palillo - (Mexican-American)
- Pionillo - (Mexican-American)

Distichlis - Raf. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Saltgrass - - (BONAP)
Genus with one species in New Mexico.

Distichlis spicata - (L.) Greene - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Inland saltgrass - - (BONAP)
Yerba del burro - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms Distichlis spicata var. borealis - (J. Presl) Beetle - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Distichlis spicata var. divaricata - Beetle - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Distichlis spicata var. nana - Beetle - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Distichlis spicata var. stolonifera - Beetle - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Distichlis spicata var. stricta - (Torr.) Scribn. - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Distichlis spicata ssp. stricta - (Torr.) Thorne - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Distichlis stricta - (Torr.) Rydb. - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Distichlis stricta var. dentata - (Rydb.) C.L. Hitchc. - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Uniola spicata - L. - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Dittany - Cunia lythrifolia - (Bye)

Doblegee - Tribulus terrestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Dock - Rumex - (BONAP)

Dock-leaf smartweed - Persicaria lapathifolia - (NM)

Doctorbush - Plumbago scandens - (BONAP)

Doctrine of Signatures, see Alegria, Brazil, Lechones, Palo amarillo, Varas de San Jose, Yerba de la golondrina, Yerba de la sangre

Dodder - Cuscuta megalocarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Dog cloves, Clavelina

Dogbane, Lechuguilla

Dogwood, see Yerba del chivato

Don juan - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Donjuán - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Doradilla - Selaginella lepidophylla - (?)

Dormidera - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Dormilon - Ratibida tagetes - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Rudbeckia laciniata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Verbena macdougalii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Dotted smartweed - Persicaria punctata - (NM)

Dove's foot, Patita de leon

Dove weed (= Barbasco) - Croton corymbulosus (= Croton pottsii var. pottsii) - (Mexican-American)
- Croton texensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Discorea densiflora - (Mexican-American)
- Discorea floribunda - (Mexican-American)

Dragon's blood, Sangre de venado

Dropseed grass - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Drosera - Drosera rotundifolia - (Elsa Campos)

Drosera rotundifolia - Drosera - (Elsa Campos)
- Sundew - (Elsa Campos)

Drummond's falsepennyroyal - Hedeoma drummondii - (BONAP)

Dryopteridaceae - Herter - (Family Name)
Aspleniales - Pic. Serm. ex Reveal - (Order Name)
Higher level lineages:
Leptosporangiatae; core leptosporangiate;
tree fern/polypod; polypod;
eupolypod I; dryopteroid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Monilophyta; Polypodiophyta;
core ferns;
Family in New Mexico, including species of 2 genera:
Dryopteris - Adans. - (BONAP)
(= Woodfern)
Phanerophlebia - K. Presl - (BONAP)
(= Phanerophlebia)
Although listed under Dryopteridaceae by BONAP,
the following genera should be considered
members of the family Woodsiaceae:
Athyrium - Roth - (BONAP)
(= Ladyfern)
Cystopteris - Bernh. - (BONAP)
(= Bladderfern)
Gymnocarpium - Newman - (BONAP)
(= Oakfern)
Woodsia - R. Br. - (BONAP)
(= Woodsia)

Dryopteris - Adans. - Genus Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Dryopteridaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Woodfern - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 1 species: - - (BONAP)
Dryopteris filix-mas (= Male fern).
See notes.

Dryopteris filix-mas - (L.) Schott - Species Name
Family Dryopteridaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Male fern - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Dubbletge - Tribulus terrestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Duke of Argyll's tea plant - Lycium barbarum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Duke of Argyll's teaplant - Lycium barbarum - (GRIN)

Duke of Argyll's teatree - Lycium barbarum - (GRIN)

Durazno, Prunus Persica

Dwarf cheeseweed - Malva neglecta - (NM)

Dysodia papposa, Pague

Dysphania - R. Brown - Genus Name
See also the genus Chenopodium.
Family Amaranthaceae - - (APG II)
(Once placed, as done by BONAP, in family Chenopodiaceae,
which is now often united within family Amaranthaceae.)
Common Name
Wormseed - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 3 species: - - (NM)
Dysphania ambrosioides (= Mexican tea),
Dysphania botrys (= Jerusalem-oak),
Dysphania graveolens (= Fetid goosefoot)
The above species are mainly listed under the older names of
Chenopodium ambrosioides, Chenopodium botrys, and
Chenopodium graveolens, respectively.

E

Eastern white-thorn acacia - Acacia constricta var. vernicosa - (NM)

Ebenaceae
Family: Ebenaceae - Gürke
- Order: Ericales - Dumort.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Asterid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Echinacea - Echinacea purpurea - (Elsa Campos)

Echinacea purpurea - Echinacea - (Elsa Campos)
- Equinacia - (Elsa Campos)
- Purple cone-flower - (Elsa Campos)

Echinocereus paucispinus, Pitajaya

Echinocystis - Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Cucurbitaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Echinocystis - - (BONAP)

Echinocystis lobata - (Michx.) Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Cucurbitaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Big root - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Estrella del norte (star of the north) - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wild cucumber - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Zarza - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Micrampelis lobata - (Michx.) Greene - (BONAP)
Sicyos lobata - Michx. - (BONAP)

Egg, use of, see Trementina de pinon, Yerba mansa, Yerba del peco

Efficacacious, Dead

El Mercado Juarez of Toluca: - - (EB 54(4): 427–438,2000)
See notes.

Elder flower - Sambucus mexicana - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus nigra - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus racemosa - (Mexican-American)

Elderberry (Flor de sauz) - Sambucus - (BONAP)
- Sambucus melanocarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Sambucus mexicana - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Elettaria cardamomum - (L.) Maton - (BONAP)
Family Zingiberaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cardamom - - (BONAP)
Cardamomo - - (Mexico)
Cardamum - - (Mexico)

Eleusine indica - (L.) Gaertn. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Grama de caballo - (PIER)
- Indian goosegrass - (BONAP)
Synonym
Cynosurus indicus - L. - (BONAP)

Elfdock - Inula helenium - (Elsa Campos)

Elotl (= Corn silk) - Zea mays - (Nahuatl)

Elytrigia - Desv. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Couch - (Delta)
- Quick Grass - (Delta)
- Scutch - (Delta)
- Wheatgrass - (BONAP)
Species or subspecies and varieties in New Mexico (according to BONAP) not in main list that may be medicinal are
Elytrigia elongata (Host) Nevski (= Tall wheatgrass),
Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski (= Intermediate wheatgrass),
Elytrigia intermedia ssp. intermedia (Host) Nevski (= Intermediate wheatgrass),
Elytrigia pontica (Podp.) Holub (= Rush wheatgrass), and
Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. ex B.D. Jackson (= Creeping quackgrass)

Elytrigia repens var. repens - (L.) Desv. ex B.D. Jackson - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Blue-joint - (northern U.S.A.)
- Colorado blue-grass - (northern U.S.A.)
- Couch-grass - (northern U.S.A.)
- Dog-grass - (northern U.S.A.)
- False Wheat - (northern U.S.A.)
- Knot-grass - (northern U.S.A.)
- Pond-grass - (northern U.S.A.)
- Quack-grass - (northern U.S.A.)
- Quackgrass - (BONAP)
- Quichens - (northern U.S.A.)
- Quitch-grass - (northern U.S.A.)
- Scutch - (Delta)
- Shelly-grass - (northern U.S.A.)
- Shear-grass - (northern U.S.A.)
- Slough-grass - (northern U.S.A.)
- Squitch - (northern U.S.A.)
- Stroil - (northern U.S.A.)
- Twitch-grass - (northern U.S.A.)
- Wickens - (northern U.S.A.)
- Witch-grass - (northern U.S.A.)
Synonyms
Agropyron repens - (L.) Beauv. - (BONAP)
Agropyron repens var. subulatum - (Schreb.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes - (BONAP)
Elymus repens - (L.) Gould - (BONAP)
Triticum repens - L. - (BONAP)
Introduced from Europe (naturalized in U.S.A.), often a troublesome weed, and native to Europe and Asia.

Embarranada - Ratibida tagetes - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Encinilla - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Encinillo, Quercus fendleri

Encino, Quercus gambelii

Encino - Quercus rugosa - (Elsa Campos)

Encino de la hoja ancha, Quercus gambelii

Encino rojo - Quercus conspersa - (Elsa Campos)

Eneldo, see Hinojo

English broad beans, Habas

English lavender (= Alhucema) - Lavandula angustifolia - (Mexican-American)
- Lavandula spica - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Lavandula vera - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Entrana - Opuntia imbricata var. imbricata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Enula - Inula helenium - (Elsa Campos)

Epasote - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Epazote - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Elsa Campos)
- Chenopodium graveolens - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Epazote de comer - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Epazote de coyote - Chenopodium graveolens - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Epazote de perro - Chenopodium graveolens - (Atlas Mexico)

Epazote de toro - Chenopodium graveolens - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Epazote de zorrillo - Chenopodium graveolens - (Atlas Mexico)

Epazote morado - Chenopodium graveolens - (Atlas Mexico)

Epazotl - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Chenopodium graveolens - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Ephedra - L - Genus Name
Family Ephedraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ephedra - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 6 species - - (BONAP, NM)
Ephedra aspera Engelmann ex S. Watson
(= Rough ephedra),
Ephedra coryi E.L. Reed
(= Cory's ephedra),
Ephedra cutleri Peebles
(= Cutler's ephedra),
Ephedra torreyana var. torreyana Torrey ex S. Watson
(= Torrey's ephedra),
Ephedra trifurca Torrey ex S. Watson
(= Longleaf ephedra),
Ephedra viridis Coville
(= Green ephedra)

Ephedra torreyana, Canutillo del campo

Ephedraceae - Dumort. - Family Name
Ephedrales - Dumort. - Order Name
Higher level lineages (Cantino, et al., 2007):
Acrogymnospermae; Gnetophyta
[Gnetales Luerss. = Gnetophyta Bessey]
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, 1 genus - - (BONAP)
Ephedra L (= Ephedra)

Equinacia - Echinacea purpurea - (Elsa Campos)

Equisetaceae - Michx. ex DC. - Family Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Equisetales - Dumort. - Order Name
Higher level lineages: Equisetopsida; Equisetophyte; Monilophyte?
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyte (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Vascular plant;
Eutracheophyte; Euphyllophyte

Equisetum - L. - Species Name
Family Equisetaceae
Common Name
Horsetail - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico,

Equisetum arvense - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Equisetaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Cola de caballo - (Elsa Campos)
- Field horsetail - (BONAP)
- Horsetail - (Elsa Campos)
Synonyms
Equisetum arvense var. alpestre - Wahlenb - (BONAP)
Equisetum arvense var. boreale - (Bong.) Rupr. - (BONAP)
Equisetum arvense var. campestre - Wahlenb. - (BONAP)
Equisetum arvense var. riparium - Farw. - (BONAP)
Equisetum calderi - Boivin - (BONAP)

Equisetum X ferrissii - Clute (pro sp.) - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Equisetaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Ferriss' horsetail - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Equisetum hyemale var. elatum - (Engelm.) Morton - (BONAP)
Equisetum hyemale var. intermedium - A.A. Eat. - (BONAP)
Equisetum intermedium - (A.A. Eat.) Rydb. - (BONAP)

Equisetum hyemale - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Equisetaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Canutillo del llano - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Scouringrush horsetail - (BONAP)

Equisetum hyemale var. affine - (Engelm.) A.A. Eat. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Equisetaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Scouringrush horsetail - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Equisetum affine - Engelm. - (BONAP)
Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine - (Engelm.) Calder & Taylor - (BONAP)
Equisetum hyemale var. californicum - Milde - (BONAP)
Equisetum hyemale var. pseudohyemale - (Farw.) Morton - (BONAP)
Equisetum hyemale var. robustum - (A. Braun) A.A. Eat. - (BONAP)
Equisetum praealtum - Raf. - (BONAP)
Equisetum robustum - A. Braun - (BONAP)

Equisetum laevigatum - A. Braun - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Equisetaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Smooth horsetail - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Equisetum funstonii - A.A. Eat. - (BONAP)
Equisetum kansanum - Schaffn. - (BONAP)
Equisetum laevigatum ssp. funstonii - (A.A. Eat.) Hartman - (BONAP)

Ericaceae - Juss. - Family Name
(including Empetraceae, Epacridaceae, Monotropaceae,
Pyrolaceae, Vacciniaceae)
Ericales - Dumort. - Order Name
Higher level lineages (Cantino, et al., 2007):
Angiospermae; Mesangiospermae;
Eudicotyledoneae (= eudicots);
Gunneridae (= core eudicots);
Pentapetalae; Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
Caryophyllales + Asteridae; Asteridae (= asterids)
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, 10 genera, - - (BONAP)
*Arbutus L. (= Madrone),
*Arctostaphylos Adans. (= Manzanita),
*Chimaphila Pursh (= Pipsissewa, Prince's pine),
*Gaultheria L. (= Snowberry, Wintergreen),
Moneses Salisb. ex S.F. Gray (= Moneses, Wintergreen),
Monotropa L. (= Indian-pipe, Indianpipe, Indian pipe),
Orthilia Raf. (= Orthilia, Wintergreen),
Pterospora Nutt. (= Pinedrops),
Pyrola L. (= Pyrola, Wintergreen),
Vaccinium L. (= Blueberry, Vaccinium).
See notes.

Ericameria - Nutt. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Heathgoldenrod - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 5 species, - - (BONAP)
including some subspecies and varieties:
o Ericameria cuneata (Gray) McClatchie
(= Cliff heathgoldenrod),
Ericameria cuneata var. spathulata (Gray) Hall
(= Cliff heathgoldenrod),
o Ericameria laricifolia (Gray) Shinners
(= Turpentine bush),
o Ericameria microcephala (Cronq.) Kartesz & Gandhi
(= Smallhead heathgoldenrod),
o *Ericameria nauseosa (Pallas ex Pursh) Nesom & Baird
(= ?),
*Ericameria nauseosa ssp. consimilis (Greene) Nesom & Baird
(= ?),
*Ericameria nauseosa ssp. consimilis
var. arenaria (L.C. Anders.) Nesom & Baird
(= ?),
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. consimilis
var. juncea (Greene) Nesom & Baird
(= ?),
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. consimilis
var. nitida (L.C. Anders.) Nesom & Baird
(= ?),
*Ericameria nauseosa ssp. consimilis
var. oreophila (A. Nels.) Nesom & Baird
[In California, treated as Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pallas) Britton
ssp. consimilis (E. Greene) H.M. Hall & Clements]
(= ?),
*Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa (Pallas ex Pursh) Nesom & Baird
(= ?),
*Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa
var. bigelovii (Gray) Nesom & Baird
[In Texas, treated as Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pursh) Britt.
ssp. bigelovii (Gray) Hall & Clem. by Hatch et al, 1990]
(= Rubber rabbitbrush),
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa
var. glabrata (Gray) Nesom & Baird
[In Texas, treated as Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pursh) Britt.
ssp. graveolens (Nutt.) Piper by Hatch et al, 1990]
(= ?),
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa
var. hololeuca (Gray) Nesom & Baird
[In California, treated as Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pallas) Britton
ssp. hololeucus (A. Gray) H.M. Hall & Clements]
(= ?),
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa
var. latisquamea (Gray) Nesom & Baird
(= ?),
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. nauseosa
[In California, treated as Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pallas) Britton]
(= ?),
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa
var. speciosa (Nutt.) Nesom & Baird
[In California, treated as Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pallas) Britton
ssp. albicaulis (Nutt.) H.M. Hall & Clements]
(= ?),
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa
var. texensis (L.C. Anders.) Nesom & Baird
[In Texas, treated as Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pursh) Britt.
ssp. texensis L.C. Anders. by Hatch et al, 1990]
(= ?),
o Ericameria parryi (Gray) Nesom
(= ?),
Ericameria parryi var. attenuata (M.E. Jones) Nesom & Baird
(= ?),
Ericameria parryi var. howardii (Parry ex Gray) Nesom & Baird
(= ?),
Ericameria parryi var. parryi (Gray) Nesom
[In California, treated as Chrysothamnus parryi (A. Gray) E. Greene]
(= ?).

Erigeron - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Fleabane - - (BONAP)

Erigeron canadensis, see Conyza canadensis var. canadensis

Erigeron flagellaris - Gray - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Trailing fleabane - - (BONAP)
Zarzilla - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Eriogonum racemosum, Colita de rata

Erodium - L'Her. ex Ait. - Genus Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Gentianaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Stork's bill - - (BONAP)
Storksbill - - (Mexican-American)
Species or subspecies in New Mexico:
Erodium cicutarium - (L.) L'Her. ex Ait. - (BONAP)
(= Redstem stork's bill),
Erodium cicutarium ssp. cicutarium - (L.) L'Her. ex Ait. - (BONAP)
(= Redstem stork's bill),
Erodium texanum - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Texas stork's bill)

Erodium cicutarium - (L.) L'Her. ex Ait. - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Gentianaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alfilaria - - (Mexican-American)
Alfilerillo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Fillery - - (Mexican-American)
Heronsbill - - (Mexican-American)
Redstem stork's bill - - (BONAP)
Storksbill - - (Mexican-American)
An ancient herb introduced from Old World.

Erodium cicutarium ssp. cicutarium - (L.) L'Her. ex Ait. - Subspecies Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Gentianaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alfilaria - - (Mexican-American)
Alfilerillo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Fillery - - (Mexican-American)
Heronsbill - - (Mexican-American)
Redstem stork's bill - - (BONAP)
Storksbill - - (Mexican-American)
An ancient herb introduced from Old World.

Erva agrimónia - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva carpinteira - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva das cortadelas - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva de São João - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva de todos los males - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva do Bom Deus - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva do rei - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva do tabaco - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva dos cachos da India - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva dos cancros - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva dos carpinteiros - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva dos golpes - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva dos militares - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva dos soldados - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva eupatória - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva formiga - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva formigueira - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva formigueira branca - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva hepática - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva santa - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)
- Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Erva tintureira - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Erysimum - L. - Genus Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Brassicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Wallflower - - (BONAP)
Species or varieties in New Mexico:
Erysimum capitatum - (Dougl. ex Hook.) Greene - (BONAP)
(= Sanddune wallflower),
Erysimum capitatum var. argillosum - (Greene) R.J. Davis - (BONAP)
(= Sanddune wallflower),
Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum - (Dougl. ex Hook.) Greene - (BONAP)
(= Sanddune wallflower),
Erysimum capitatum var. purshii - (Dur.) Rollins - (BONAP),
Erysimum inconspicuum - (S. Wats.) MacM. - (BONAP)
(= Shy wallflower),
Erysimum inconspicuum var. inconspicuum - (S. Wats.) MacM. - (BONAP)
(= Shy wallflower),
Erysimum repandum - L. - (BONAP)
(= Spreading wallflower).

Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum - (Dougl. ex Hook.) Greene - Variety Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Brassicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Sanddune wallflower - - (BONAP)
Western wallflower - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wallflower - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba del Apache - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Cheirinia aspera - (Nutt.) Britt. - (BONAP)
Erysimum amoenum - (Greene) Rydb. - (BONAP)
Erysimum angustatum - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Erysimum arkansanum - Nutt. - (BONAP)
Erysimum asperum - (Nutt.) DC. - (BONAP)
Erysimum asperum var. angustatum - (Rydb.) Boivin - (BONAP)
Erysimum asperum var. arkansanum - (Nutt.) Gray - (BONAP)
Erysimum asperum var. amoenum - (Greene) Reveal - (BONAP)
Erysimum asperum var. capitatum - (Dougl. ex Hook.) Boivin - (BONAP)
Erysimum capitatum var. amoenum - (Greene) R.J. Davis - (BONAP)
Erysimum capitatum var. stellatum - (J.T. Howell) Twisselmann - (BONAP)
Erysimum capitatum var. washoense - G. Rossb. - (BONAP)
Erysimum elatum - Nutt. - (BONAP)
Erysimum moniliforme - Eastw. - (BONAP)
Erysimum nivale - (Greene) Rydb. - (BONAP)
Erysimum wheeleri - Rothrock - (BONAP)

Erysimum elatum, see Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum.

Escariote - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Escoba - Abutilon incanum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Escoba de la vibora - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Escobilla - Scabiosa atropurpurea - (Mexico)

Esculcona - Stevia serrata - (Atlas Mexico)

Espicanardo - Aralia racemosa - (Mexico)

Espicardo - Aralia racemosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Espigol mascle - Lavandula latifolia - (Elsa Campos)

Espiga de maiz, see Maiz

Espina blanca - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Espina del diablo - Tribulus terrestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Espina divina o sagrada - Acacia farnesiana - (Atlas Mexico)

Espinaca de América - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Espinillo - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Espino - Acacia berlandieri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Espino blanco - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia farnesiana - (Atlas Mexico)
- Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia pennatula - (Atlas Mexico)

Espinocilla - Argemone ochroleuca - (Atlas Mexico)

Espino de jiote - Acacia pennatula - (Spanish-Américas)

Espliego - Lavandula latifolia - (Elsa Campos)

Estafiate - Artemisia absinthium - (Mexican-American)
- Artemisia dracunculus ssp. dracunculus - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
- Artemisia franserioides - (Mexican-American)
- Artemisia ludoviciana - (New Mexico Spanish, Elsa Campos)
- Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Estiercol de cabra, see Chamiso hediondo

Estilos de maiz (= Corn silk) - Zea mays - (Mexican-American)

Estramonio, Toloache

Estrella del norte (star of the north) - Echinocystis lobata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Eucalipto - Eucalyptus globulus - (Elsa Campos)

Eucalypt - Eucalyptus globulus - (Elsa Campos)

Eucalyptus globulus - Eucalipto - (Elsa Campos)
- Fever tree - (Elsa Campos)

Eupatoria - Agrimonia eupatoria - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Eupatoria dos griegos - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Eupatorio - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)
- Eupatorium cannabium - (Elsa Campos)

Eupatorium, Mata

Eupatorium arizonicum, Mata

Eupatorium cannabium - Eupatorio - (Elsa Campos)
- Hemp agrimony - (Elsa Campos)

Euphorbia serpyllifolia, see Chamaesyce serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifolia.

European alder - Alnus glutinosa - (BONAP)

European black elder - Sambucus nigra - (BONAP)

European pasqueflower - Pulsatilla vulgaris - (BONAP)

European Pennyroyal - Mentha puleguim - (Moore)

Euphorbiaceae - Juss. - Family Name
Malpighiales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG IV) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Fabidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids I = fabids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, 11 genera: - - (BONAP, NM)
Acalypha L. (= Copperleaf),
Bernardia Houst. ex Mill. (= Bernardia),
Chamaesyce S.F. Gray = Euphorbia L. (= Sandmat, Spurge),
Croton L. (= Croton),
Ditaxis Vahl ex A.Juss. (= Silverbush),
Euphorbia L. (= Spurge),
Jatropha L. (= Nettle-spurge),
Phyllanthus L. (= Leaf-flower),
Reverchonia Gray (= Sandy-mat),
Stillingia Garden ex L. (= Tooth-leaf),
Tragia Plum. ex L. (= Noseburn).

European red elderberry - Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens var. microbotrys - (BONAP)

Evening primrose, Flor de San Juan

Eve's needle - Yucca faxoniana - (BONAP)

Eve's thread - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Evergreen oak - Quercus conspersa - (Elsa Campos)

Everlasting - Anaphalis margaritacea - (?)
- Gnaphalium - (?)
- Pseudognaphalium - (?)

F

Fabaceae - Lindl. - (APG III) Family Name
[= Leguminosae Juss., including
Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae Kunth (= Caesalpiniaceae R. Br.),
Leguminosae-Papilionoideae DC. (= Papilionaceae Giseke, Prael.),
and Leguminosae-Mimosoideae Kunth (= Mimosaceae R. Br.)]
Fabales - Bromhead - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o nitrogen-fixing lineage;
o Fabidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids I = fabids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, species of 58 genera: - - (BONAP, NM)
Acaciella Britton & Rose (= Acacia),
Albizia Durz. (= Albizia, Silktree),
Alhagi Gagnebin (= Alhagi, Camel-thorn),
Amorpha L. (= Indigo-bush, Indigobush),
Astragalus L. (= Locoweed, Milkvetch),
Caesalpinia L. (= Nicker, Paradise-flower),
Calliandra Benth. (= Stickpea, Stick-pea),
Caragana Fabr. (= Pea-shrub),
Cercis L. (= Redbud),
Chamaecrista (L.) Moench (= Partridge-pea, Sensitive pea),
Cologania Kunth (= Cologania),
Colutea L. (= Bladder-senna),
Coronilla L. (= Crownvetch, Crown-vetch),
Crotalaria L. (= Rattlebox),
Dalea L. (= Prairieclover, Prairie-clover),
Desmanthus Willd. (= Bundleflower, Bundle-flower),
Desmodium Desv. (= Ticktrefoil, Tick-trefoil),
Erythrina L. (= Coral-bean, Erythrina),
Eysenhardtia Kunth (= Kidneywood),
Galactia P. Br. (= Milkpea, Milk-pea),
Gleditsia L. (= Honey-locust, Locust),
Glycyrrhiza L. (= Licorice),
Hedysarum L. (= Sweetvetch, Sweet-vetch),
Hoffmannseggia Cav. (= Hoffmanseggia, Rush-pea),
Indigofera L. (= Indigo),
Lathyrus L. (= Peavine, Sweetpea),
Leucaena Benth. (= Leadtree),
Lotus L. (= Trefoil),
Lupinus L. (= Lupine),
Macroptilium (Benth.) Urban (= Bush-bean, Macroptilium),
Marina Liebm. (= Marina, Prairie-clover),
Mariosousa Seigler & Ebinger (= Acacia),
Medicago L. (= Alfalfa, Medick),
Melilotus P. Mill. (= Sweetclover, Sweet-clover),
Mimosa L. (= Mimosa, Sensitive plant),
Onobrychis P. Mill. (= Sainfoin),
Oxytropis DC. (= Crazyweed),
Parkinsonia L. (= Palo-verde, Parkinsonia),
Parryella Torr. & Gray ex Gray (= Dune-broom, Parryella),
Pediomelum Rydb. (= Breadroot, Pediomelum),
Peteria Gray (= Peteria),
Phaseolus L. (= Bean),
Pomaria Cav. (= Pomaria),
Prosopis L. (= Mesquite),
Psoralidium Rydb. (= Psoralidium, Scurf-pea),
Psorothamnus Rydb. (= Dalea, Smokebush),
Rhynchosia Lour. (= Snoutbean, Snout-bean),
Robinia L. (= Locust),
Senegalia Rafinesque (= Acacia),
Senna P. Mill. (= Senna),
Sophora L. (= Sophora),
Sphaerophysa DC. (= Bladder-vetch, Sphaerophysa),
Strophostyles Ell. (= Fuzzybean, Fuzzy-bean),
Tephrosia Pers. (= Hoary-pea, Tephrosia),
Thermopsis R. Br. ex Ait. f. (= Golden-pea, Thermopsis),
Trifolium L. (= Clover),
Vachellia Wight & Arnott. (= Acacia), and
Vicia L. (= Vetch).

Fachina - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Fagaceae - Dumort - (APG III) Family Name
Fagales - Engl. - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o nitrogen-fixing lineage;
o Fabidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids I = fabids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, species of 1 genus: - - (BONAP)
Quercus L. (= Oak).

Fallugia paradoxa, Ponil

Falsa arnica or Falsa árnica - Heterotheca inuloides - (Mexican-American)
- Heterotheca spp. - (Mexican-American)

False goldenrod, Chamiso cimarron

Falsepennyroyal - Hedeoma - (BONAP)
- Hedeoma apiculata - (BONAP)
- Hedeoma costata - (BONAP)
- Hedeoma costata var. pulchella - (BONAP)
- Hedeoma hyssopifolia - (BONAP)
- Hedeoma nana - (BONAP)
- Hedeoma nana ssp. nana - (BONAP)
- Hedeoma oblongifolia - (BONAP)
- Hedeoma plicata - (BONAP)
- Hedeoma pulcherrima - (BONAP)

False saffron, Azafran False saffron (= Azafran) - Carthamus tinctorius - (Mexican-American)

Falsía - Asplenium trichomanes - (Spanish-Américas)

Falso cardo - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Falso sicómoro - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Feather acacia - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Feather geranium - Chenopodium botrys - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Featherfew - Tanacetum parthenium - (Mexican-American)

Featherfoil - Tanacetum parthenium - (Mexican-American)

Featherplume - Dalea formosa - (BONAP)

Fedegosa - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Fedegoso - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Feiteirinha - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Fendler oak, Encinillo

Fendler's globemallow - Sphaeralcea fendleri - (BONAP)
- Sphaeralcea fendleri ssp. fendleri - (BONAP)

Fennel, Hinojo

Fern acacia - Acacia angustissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Fernleaf acacia - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Feteirinha - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Fetid goosefoot - Chenopodium graveolens - (BONAP)

Fetid marigold, Pague

Fever tree - Eucalyptus globulus - (Elsa Campos)

Feverfew - Tanacetum parthenium - (Mexican-American)

Fewflower beggarticks - Bidens leptocephala - (BONAP)

Ficus carica (= Carica, Higos) - Amate - (Mexican-American)
- Amatl - (Nahuatl)
- Common fig - (Mexican-American)
- Higueroa - (Mexican-American)
- Tepe-amatl - (Nahuatl)
- Texcal-amatl - (Nahuatl)

Field mint - Mentha arvensis - (NM)

Field poppy - Papaver rhoeas - (Mexican-American)
Field pumpkin - Cucurbita pepo - (NM)

Field sagewort - Artemisia campestris - (BONAP)

Fig, Higos

Fig-leaved gourd - Cucurbita ficifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Fillery (= Alfilerillo) - Erodium cicutarium - (Mexican-American)

Fineleaf yucca - Yucca angustissima var. angustissima - (BONAP)

Fiñisachi - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Fique - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Fir - Abies - (BONAP)
- Abies balsamea - (Mexico)

Fitolaca - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Flanders poppy - Papaver rhoeas - (Mexican-American)

Flannel leaf (= Punchon) - Verbascum thapsus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Flatbud prickly poppy - Argemone hispida - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Flaxseed, Linasa

Fleabane - Conyza canadensis var. canadensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Flor blanca - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Flor de aroma - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Flor decampante - Anoda cristata - (Atlas Mexico)

Flor de la pluma - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Flor de maiz, see Maiz

Flor de manita - Chiranthodendron pentadactylon - (Mexican-American)

Flor de mayo - Plumeria rubra - (Elsa Campos)

Flor de niño - Acacia constricta - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Flor de peña - Selaginella lepidophylla - (?)

Flor de pluma - Achillea millefolium - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Flor de san juan, Anogra runcinata

Flor de Santa Rita - Castilleja integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja integra var. integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja linariifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Flor de sauz - Sambucus melanocarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) - Sambucus mexicana - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Flor sauco - Sambucus mexicana - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus nigra - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus racemosa - (Mexican-American)

Flores do paraíso - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Florifundio - Burgmansia x candida - (Elsa Campos)

Floripondio - Burgmansia x candida - (Elsa Campos)

Flour, use of, see Ponil, Yedra

Fly, see Clavelina, Alfalfon

Foeniculum vulgare, Hinojo

Formigueira - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Four-o'clock - Mirabilis jalapa - (Mexican-American)
- Mirabilis longiflora - (Mexican-American)
- Mirabilis multiflora (= Quamoclidion multiflorum) - (Mexican-American)

Fragrant sand-verbena - Abronia fragrans - (NM)

Fragrant sumac, Lemita

Fragrant white sand verbena - Abronia elliptica - (BONAP)

Franseria acanthicarpa, see Ambrosia acanthicarpa

Franseria tenuifolia, see Ambrosia confertiflora

Frasera speciosa, Cebadilla

Frei-jorge - Cordia alliodora - (Elsa Campos)

Fremont's barberry - Mahonia fremontii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Fremont's mahonia - Mahonia fremontii - (BONAP)

Frijoles (Beans), Phaseolus vulgares

Frijolillo, Garbancillo, Habas, Patito del pais, Trebol [?], Yerba de Alonso Garcia, Yerba del coyote [?]

Frijolillo, Oxytropis lambertii

Fringed sagewort - Artemisia frigida - (BONAP)

Frutilla - Lycium andersonii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium berlandieri var. berlandieri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium berlandieri var. parviflorum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium pallidum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Fumaria - Fumaria officinalis - (Elsa Campos)

Fumaria officinalis - Fumaria - (Elsa Campos)
- Fumitory - (Elsa Campos)

Fumitory - Fumaria officinalis - (Elsa Campos)

Fumo - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Fumo agreste - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Fumo brasileiro - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Fumo de paisano - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Fumo roxo - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Fumo rústico - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

G

Gabia - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Gafetí - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Gaillardia pinnatifida - Torr. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Blanket flower - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Coronilla - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Red dome blanketflower - - (BONAP)
Yerba del sol - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Gaillardia pinnatifida var. linearis - (Rydb.) Biddulph - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Red dome blanketflower - - (BONAP)

Gaillardia pinnatifida var. pinnatifida - Torr. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Red dome blanketflower - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Gaillardia gracilis - A. Nels. - (BONAP)
Gaillardia mearnsii - Rydb. - (BONAP)

Gallua - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Gallubera - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Gambell's scrub oak, Encino

Gambó - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Garabatá - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Garambullo - Lycium berlandieri var. berlandieri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium berlandieri var. parviflorum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Garambuyo - Lycium torreyi - (Spanish-Américas)

Garbancillo, Lupinus aduncus

Garden basil - Ocimum basilicum - (Elsa Campos)

Garden huckleberry, Tomate del campo

Garden lovage - Levisticum officinale - (NM)

Garden onion, Cebolla, (also see Manzanilla)

Garden pumpkin - Cucurbita argyrosperma - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Garlic (= Ajo) - Allium sativum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley, Galisteo)

Garlic sented petiveria - Petiveria alliacea - (Elsa Campos)

Garrapote - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Garrobo - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Gatuña - Acacia greggii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Gaulla - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)
- Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Gaura - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Onagraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Beeblossom - - (BONAP)
Species or subspecies in New Mexico not in main list are:
Gaura hexandra - Ortega - (BONAP)
(= Harlequinbush),
Gaura hexandra ssp. gracilis - (Woot. & Standl.) Raven & Gregory - (BONAP)
(= Harlequinbush),
Gaura neomexicana - Woot. - (BONAP)
(= New Mexico beeblossom),
Gaura neomexicana ssp. neomexicana - Woot. - (BONAP)
(= New Mexico beeblossom),
Gaura parviflora - Dougl. ex Lehm. - (BONAP)
(= Velvetweed),
Gaura suffulta - Engelm. ex Gray - (BONAP)
(= Kisses),
Gaura suffulta ssp. nealleyi - (Coult.) Raven & Gregory - (BONAP)
(= Nealley's kisses),
Gaura villosa - Torr. - (BONAP)
(= Woolly beeblossom),
Gaura villosa ssp. villosa - Torr. - (BONAP)
(= Woolly beeblossom).

Gaura coccinea - Nutt. ex Pursh - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Onagraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Scarlet beeblossom - - (BONAP)
Scarlet gaura - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba de la virgen - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms Gaura coccinea var. arizonica - Munz - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Gaura coccinea var. epilobioides - (Kunth) Munz - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Gaura coccinea var. glabra - (Lehm.) Munz - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Gaura coccinea var. parvifolia - (Torr.) Rickett - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Gaura coccinea var. typica - Munz - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Gaura glabra - Lehm. - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Gaura odorata - Sesse ex Lag. - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Gaúva - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Gavia - Acacia angustissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia rigudula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Gayuba - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)
- Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Gayubera - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Genciana - Anoda cristata - (Atlas Mexico)

Gentianaceae
Family: Gentianaceae - Juss.
- Order: Gentianales - Lindl.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Asterid; Euasterid I
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)


Geraniaceae
Family: Geraniaceae - Juss.
(Close to families Ledocarpaceae Meyen & Vivianiaceae Klotzsch.)
- Order: Geraniales - Dumort.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Geranio (Geranium), Pelargonium graveolens

Geranium, Geranio

Geranium atropurpureum, Patita de leon

Giant oleander - Thevetia thevetioides - (Mexican-American)

Gigantillo - Acacia constricta - (Spanish-Américas)

Ginger, use of, see Yerba del lobo

Girasol, Anil

Girasolillo - Verbesina encelioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Girimu - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Glandularia - J.F. Gmel. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Verbenaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Mock vervain - - (BONAP)
Members of genus in New Mexico not in main list are:
Glandularia bipinnatifida - (Nutt.) Nutt.
(= Dakota mock vervain),
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. brevispicata - Umber
(= Dakota mock vervain),
Glandularia canadensis - (L.) Nutt. - (BONAP)
(= Rose mock vervain),
Glandularia chiricahensis - Umber - (BONAP)
(= Chiricahua Mountain mock vervain),
Glandularia gooddingii - (Briq.) Solbrig - (BONAP)
(= Southwestern mock vervain),
Glandularia pumila - (Rydb.) Umber - (BONAP)
(= Pink mock vervain),
Glandularia racemosa - (Eggert) Umber - (BONAP)
(= Pale mock vervain),
Glandularia tumidula - (Perry) Umber - (BONAP)
(= Plains mock vervain).

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida - (Nutt.) Nutt. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Verbenaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Dakota mock vervain - - (BONAP)
Moradilla - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Verbena - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Verbena ambrosiifolia - Rydb. ex Small - (BONAP)
Verbena bipinnatifida - Nutt. - (BONAP)
Verbena bipinnatifida var. latilobata - Perry - (BONAP)
Verbena ciliata - Benth. - (BONAP)
Verbena ciliata var. longidentata - Perry - (BONAP)
Verbena ciliata var. pubera - (Greene) Perry - (BONAP)
Verbena demareei - Moldenke - (BONAP)
Verbena pubera - Greene - (BONAP)

Glechoma hederacea - Alehoof - (Elsa Campos)
- Ground ivy - (Elsa Campos)
- Hiedra terrestre - (Elsa Campos)

Glycyrrhiza - L. - (BONAP: genus Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Licorice - - (BONAP)

Glycyrrhiza lepidota - Nuttall ex Pursh - Species Name
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
American licorice - - (NM)
Amolillo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Licorice - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Licorice root - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Nuttall's licorice - - (CRC)
Orozuz - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Orozuz americano - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Raíz del desierto - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Regaliz - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Wild licorice - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Glycyrrhiza glutinosa - Nutt. - (BONAP)
Glycyrrhiza lepidota var. glutinosa - (Nutt.) S. Wats. - (BONAP) Liquivitia lepidota - Nuttall - (NM)

Globe mallow - Sphaeralcea angustifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Globemallow - Sphaeralcea - (BONAP)

Gnaphalium - L. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cudweed - - (BONAP, NM)
Everlasting - - (?)
Life-everlasting - - (?)
In New Mexico, 2 or 3 species: - - (BONAP, NM)
Gnaphalium exilifolium A. Nels. (= Slender cudweed)
Gnaphalium palustre Nutt. (= Western marsh cudweed)
Gnaphalium uliginosum Linnaeus (= Marsh cudweed)
See notes.

Gnaphalium exilifolium - A. Nels. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Slender cudweed - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Gnaphalium angustifolium - A. Nelson - (NM)
Gnaphalium grayi - A. Nels. & J.F. Macbr. - (BONAP)
Gnaphalium strictum - Torrey - (NM)
See notes.

Gnaphalium palustre - Nutt. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cudweed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Everlasting - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Gordolobo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Western marsh cudweed - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Gnaphalium uliginosum - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Marsh everlasting - - (?)
In New Mexico - - (NM)

Gobernadora, Hediondilla

Goji-berry - Lycium barbarum - (GRIN)

Goldbloom - Calendula officinalis - (Elsa Campos)

Golden bush, Chamiso cimarron

Golden crownbeard - Verbesina encelioides - (CRC)
- Verbesina encelioides var. encelioides - (NM)
- Verbesina encelioides var. exauriculata - (NM)

Golden thread - Cuscuta megalocarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Goldenrod, Mariquilla

Golden tickseed - Coreopsis tinctoria var. tinctoria - (BONAP)

Gold weed (= Anil del muerto) - Verbesina encelioides - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Goldweed - Verbesina crocata - (Mexican-American)
- Verbesina encelioides - (Mexican-American)
- Verbesina spp. - (Mexican-American)

Goma arabe - Acacia senegal - (Mexico)

Goma arábiga - Acacia senegal - (Spanish-Américas)

Gombo - Abelmoschus esculentus - (MMPND-English, MMPND-Spanish)

Goosefoot - Chenopodium graveolens - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Gopher earth, Tierra de rata

Gordolobo - Achillea millefolium - (USDA)
- Anaphalis margaritacea - (Baja California Sur)
- Gnaphalium - (Mexico Spanish)
- Pseudognaphalium - (Mexico Spanish)
- Pseudognaphalium attenuatum - (Atlas Mexico)
- Pseudognaphalium viscosum - (Elsa Campos)
- Verbascum thapsus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Gorrincha - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Gossypium - L. - Genus Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Cotton - - (?)
In Mexico, two species at least are
used medicinally: - - (Atlas-Mexico)
Gossypium barbadense L. (= Creole cotton) and
Gossypium hirsutum L. (= Upland cotton).

Gossypium barbadense - L. - Species Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Algodoeiro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodoeiro americano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodoeiro crioulo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodoeiro da costa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodoeiro da Guiné - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodoeiro da praia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodoeiro das Barbadas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodoeiro de Pernambuco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodoeiro egipcio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodoeiro folha parreira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Algodón americano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón común - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Algodón de las Indias - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón de las islas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón del país - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Algodón jujure - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón vicuña - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodonero - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Algodonero de las Barbadas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodonero egipcio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cotton - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Creole cotton - - (?)
Egyptian cotton - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Jtaman - - (Atlas-Mexico)
Palo de algodón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pima cotton - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Sarobei - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sea island cotton - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tamán - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ts'iin - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Xurata - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In Mexico, used Medicinally.

Gossypium hirsutum - L. - Species Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Alcotón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodão americano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodoero - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Algodoero americano - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Algodoeiro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón - - (Atlas-Mexico)
Algodón americano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón coyuche - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón de la altura - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón de ratón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón de riñón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón del país - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón morado - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón silvestre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodón velloso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodonal - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodonero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Algodonero americano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ixcatl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Mooj - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Musá - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Suruata - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Taman - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Xurata - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Upland cotton - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In Mexico, used Medicinally.

Gourd - Cucurbita - (NM)
- Cucurbita foetidissima - (Moerman)
- Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Grama - Cynodon dactylon - (Doris, PIER)

Grama de agua - Paspalum dilatatum - (PIER)

Grama de caballo - Eleusine indica - (PIER)

Grama de Rodas - Chloris gayana - (PIER)

Grama dulce - Cynodon dactylon - (PIER)
- Paspalum notatum - (PIER)

Grama rastera - Cynodon dactylon - (PIER)

Grama-seda - Cynodon dactylon - (Herbalgram)

Grama trenza - Axonopus compressus - (PIER)

Gramalote - Axonopus fissifolius - (PIER)

Grana encarnada - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Granilla - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Granillo - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Grass nut, Cebollita del campo

Greasewood, Hediondilla

Great pokeweed - Phytolacca americana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Great valley gumweed - Grindelia camporum var. camporum - (BONAP)

Green dye, see Capulin

Green prairie coneflower - Ratibida tagetes - (BONAP)

Green-striped cushaw - Cucurbita argyrosperma - (southwest US & northern Mexico)


Green striped cushaw squash - Cucurbita argyrosperma - (?)

Greenthread - Thelesperma filifolium var. intermedium - (NM)

Gretaña - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Grindelia - Grindelia camporum var. camporum - (Elsa Campos)

Grindelia - Willd. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Gumweed - - (BONAP)
Gum weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico, 7 species and 3 varieties:
Grindelia arizonica Gray var. arizonica
(= Arizona gumweed, narrowleaf gumweed),
Grindelia arizonica Gray var. neomexicana (Wooton & Standley) Nesom
(= New Mexico gumweed),
Grindelia ciliata (Nuttall) Sprengel
(= Spanish gold),
Grindelia decumbens Greene var. subincisa (Greene) Steyermark
(= Reclined gumweed),
Grindelia havardii Steyermark
(= Havard's gumweed),
Grindelia hirsutula Hooker & Arnott
(= Hairy gumweed, sharpleaf gumweed, rolled gumweed),
Grindelia scabra Greene
(Rough gumweed), and
Grindelia squarrosa (Pursh) Dunal
(= Curly-cup gumweed, curlytop gumweed).

Grindelia aphanactis, see Grindelia squarrosa.

Grindelia camporum var. camporum - Greene - Variety Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Great valley gumweed - - (BONAP)
Grindelia - - (Elsa Campos, Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de la goma - - (Spanish-Américas)
Synonym
Grindelia robusta - Nutt. p.p. - (BONAP)
Relatives also found in North America north of Mexico
but not in New Mexico are:
Grindelia camporum Greene
(= Great Valley gumweed),
Grindelia camporum var. bracteosa - (J.T. Howell) M.A. Lane
(= Bract gumweed).

Grindelia integrifolia - DC. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Puget Sound gumweed - - (BONAP)

Grindelia robusta, see Grindelia camporum var. camporum.

Grindelia squarrosa - (Pursh) Dunal - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
August flower - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Gum plant - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Gumweed - - (BONAP)
Gum weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pegapega - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Resin weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba del buey - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonyms
Donia squarrosa - Pursh - (NM)
Grindelia aphanactis - Rydberg - (NM)
Grindelia nuda - Wood - (NM)
Grindelia pinnatifida - Wooton & Standley - (NM)
Grindelia serrulata - Rydberg - (NM)
Grindelia squarrosa var. nuda - (Wood) Gray - (NM)
Grindelia squarrosa var. serrulata - (Rydberg) Steyermark - (NM)

Grindelia subalpina Greene - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Subalpine gumweed - - (BONAP)
Uncertainly present in New Mexico.

Grosellero negro - Ribes nigrum - (Elsa Campos)

Ground cherry, Tomate del campo

Ground ivy - Glechoma hederacea - (Elsa Campos)

Ground tomato, Tomate del campo

Groundsel - Senecio - (BONAP)
- Senecio flaccidus var. flaccidus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Senecio spartioides var. multicapitatus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Senecio eremophilus var. kingii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Guaba - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Guaco, Cleome serrulata

Guaco - Mikania guaco - (Elsa Campos)

Guajalote, Ambystoma tigrium, see Leche de vaca

Guaje brujo - Acacia angustissima - (Atlas Mexico)

Guajillo - Acacia angustissima - (Atlas Mexico)
- Acacia berlandieri - (Elsa Campos)

Guajillo Acacia - Acacia berlandieri - (?)

Guang apix y guana arich - Acacia cornigera - (Atlas Mexico)

Guariaca - Ligusticum porteri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Guarico - Sambucus mexicana - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus nigra - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus racemosa - (Mexican-American)

Guascanal - Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Guasima - Guazuma tomentosa - (Mexican-American)
- Guazuma ulmifolia - (Mexican-American)

Guatamote - Baccharis salicifolia - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico) Guayamé - Abies religiosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Guayuba - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Mexico)

Guazima - Guazuma tomentosa - (Mexican-American)
- Guazuma ulmifolia - (Mexican-American)

Guazuma tomentosa - Ahiya - (Nahuatl)
- Aquiche - (Maya)
- Cuahulote - (Mexican-American)
- Cuauholotl - (Nahuatl)
- Guasima - (Mexican-American)
- Guazima - (Mexican-American)
- Huasima - (Mexican-American)
- Pixoy - (Maya)
- Pricklenut - (Mexican-American)
- West Indian mulberry - (Mexican-American)

Guazuma ulmifolia - Ahiya - (Nahuatl)
- Aquiche - (Maya)
- Cuahulote - (Mexican-American)
- Cuauholotl - (Nahuatl)
- Guasima - (Mexican-American)
- Guazima - (Mexican-American)
- Huasima - (Mexican-American)
- Pixoy - (Maya)
- Pricklenut - (Mexican-American)
- West Indian mulberry - (Mexican-American)

Güérigo - Populus balsamifera - (Spanish-Américas)
- Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni - (Spanish-Américas)
- Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii - (Spanish-Américas)

Gueto - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Guijones, see Hinojo

Guingambó - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)
- Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Guingombó - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Guinole - Acacia cochliacantha - (Baja California)

Güirigo - Populus balsamifera - (Spanish-Américas)

Guisache - Acacia cochliacantha - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia cornigera - (Atlas Mexico)
- Acacia farnesiana - (Mexico)

Güisache - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Guisache corteño - Acacia cochliacantha - (Spanish-Américas)

Guisantes de América - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Guizache - Acacia farnesiana - (Atlas Mexico)

Guizache yondero - Acacia farnesiana - (Michoacán)

Gum arabic - Acacia senegal - (BONAP)

Gumbo - Abelmoschus esculentus - (MMPND-English)

Gumbó - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Gum elemi, Tecomaca

Gum plant - Grindelia squarrosa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Gumweed - Grindelia - (BONAP)
- Grindelia squarrosa - (BONAP)

Gum weed - Grindelia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Grindelia squarrosa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Gurney's yucca - Yucca glauca var. gurneyi - (BONAP)

Gutierrezia - Lag. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Snakeweed - - (BONAP)
Species in New Mexico (according to BONAP)
not in main list that may be medicinal are:
Gutierrezia microcephala - (DC.) Gray - (BONAP)
(= Threadleaf snakeweed),
Gutierrezia sphaerocephala - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Roundleaf snakeweed),
Gutierrezia texana - (DC.) Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)
(= Texas snakeweed), and
Gutierrezia wrightii - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Wright's snakeweed).

Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Pursh) Britt. & Rusby - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Broom snakeweed - - (BONAP)
Brown weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Collalle - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Dropseed grass - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Escoba de la vibora - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley) Rattlesnake root - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Rattlesnake weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Sheep weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Snake weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Snakeweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yellow weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba de la vibora - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Gutierrezia diversifolia - Greene - (BONAP)
Gutierrezia lepidota - Greene - (BONAP)
Gutierrezia linearifolia - Lag. - (BONAP)
Gutierrezia linearis - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Gutierrezia linoides - Greene - (BONAP)
Gutierrezia longipappa - Blake - (BONAP)
Gutierrezia pomariensis - (Welsh) Welsh - (BONAP)
Gutierrezia sarothrae var. pomariensis - Welsh - (BONAP)
Gutierrezia tenuis - Greene - (BONAP)
Solidago sarothrae - Pursh - (BONAP)
Xanthocephalum sarothrae - (Pursh) Shinners - (BONAP)
Xanthocephalum sarothrae var. pomariense - (Welsh) Welsh - (BONAP)
Xanthocephalum tenue - (Greene) Shinners - (BONAP)

Gutierrezia tenuis, see Gutierrezia sarothrae.

Guu - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

H

Habas (Horse beans), Vicin faba, (also see Patito del pais)


Habros - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Hacayote - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Haematoxylon Campechianum, Brazil

Halanche - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Handflower tree - Chiranthodendron pentadactylon - (Mexican-American)

Haplopappus - Cass. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae
See notes.

Hardtack, Palo duro

Haremint, Oregano

Harinoso - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Harriman's Spanish bayonet - Yucca harrimaniae var. harrimaniae - (BONAP)

Hat-thorn acacia - Acacia hindsii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hay-fever weed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English-Canada)

Hazel alder - Alnus serrulata - (BONAP)

He - Papaver rhoeas - (Elsa Campos)

Heart's-delight - Abronia fragrans - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hedeoma - Pers. - Genus Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP) Genus with 11 species in New Mexico.

Hedeoma apiculata - W.S. Stewart - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)

Hedeoma costata - Gray - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)
Species with one variety in New Mexico.

Hedeoma costata var. pulchella - (Greene) Irving - Variety Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Hedeoma convisae - A. Nels. - (BONAP)
Hedeoma pulchella - Greene - (BONAP)

Hedeoma dentata - Torr. - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Dentate falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)

Hedeoma drummondii - Benth. - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Drummond's falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Hedeoma campora - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Hedeoma ciliata - Nutt. - (BONAP)
Hedeoma drummondii var. crenulata - Irving - (BONAP)
Hedeoma longiflora - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Hedeoma ovata - A. Nels. - (BONAP)

Hedeoma hyssopifolia - Gray - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)

Hedeoma nana - (Torr.) Briq. - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)
Species with one subspecies in New Mexico.

Hedeoma nana ssp. nana - (Torr.) Briq. - Subspecies Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Hedeoma nana ssp. typica - W.S. Stewart - (BONAP)
Hedeoma thymoides - Gray - (BONAP)

Hedeoma oblongifolia - (Gray) Heller - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)
Poleo chino - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Hedeoma piperita var. oblongifolia - Gray - (BONAP)
Hedeoma thymoides var. oblongifolia - (Gray) Gray - (BONAP)

Hedeoma plicata - Torr. - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)

Hedeoma pulcherrima - Woot. & Standl. - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)

Hedeoma reverchonii - (Gray) Gray - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Reverchon's falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)
Species with one variety in New Mexico.

Hedeoma reverchonii var. serpyllifolia - (Small) Irving - Variety Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Reverchon's falsepennyroyal - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Hedeoma sancta - Small - (BONAP)
Hedeoma serpyllifolia - Small - (BONAP)

Hedeoma todsenii - Irving - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Todsen's falsepennyroyal - (BONAP)

Hedge-apple - Maclura pomifera - (?)

Hediondilla, Covillea glutinoso

Hediondillo - Chenopodium graveolens - (Spanish-Américas)

Helenio - Inula helenium - (Elsa Campos)

Helenium hoopesii, see Hymenoxys hoopesii.

Helianthus annuus - Anil - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Helichrysum italicum - - (?)
Helicrizo - - (Elsa Campos)
Live ever - - (Elsa Campos)
Sol de oro - - (Elsa Campos)
Yellow chaste weed - - (Elsa Campos)

Helicrizo - Helichrysum italicum - (Elsa Campos)

Hemlock, see Yerba del peco

Hemp agrimony - Eupatorium cannabium - (Elsa Campos)

Henequén - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Heracleum - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name - - U.S.A. or Mexico
Cowparsnip - - (BONAP)
Genus Heracleum with only one species in New Mexico.

Heracleum maximum - Bartr. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Bear weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Common cowparsnip - - (BONAP)
Cow parsnip - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba del oso - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Heracleum lanatum - Michx. - (BONAP)
Heracleum sphondylium var. lanatum - (Michx.) Dorn - (BONAP)
Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum - (Schleich. ex Gaudin) Briq. - (BONAP)

Herb of the Apache, Yerba del Apache

Herb of the bad woman, Yerba de la mala mujer

Herb of the blood - Mahonia repens - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Herb of the fish, see Yerba del pescado

Herb of the he-goat, Yerba del chivato

Herb of the horse, Yerba del caballo

Herb of the negress, Yerba de la negrita

Herb of the negro, Yerba del negro

Herb of the ox, Yerba del buey

Herb of the prairie dog, Yerba de la tusa

Herb of San Pedro, Yerba de San Pedro

Herb of the skunk, Yerba del zorillo

Herb of the snake, Escoba de la vibora

Herb of the stone, Yerba de la piedra

Herb of the swallow, Yerba de la golondrina

Herb of the toad, Yerba del sapo

Herb of the Virgin, Yerba de la Virgen

Herb of the wolf, Yerba del lobo

Heronsbill (= Alfilerillo) - Erodium cicutarium - (Mexican-American)

Herva ambrósia - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Herva de bicho - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Hervor de sangre, see Cuipa de sabina

Herva de São João - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Herva do carpintero - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Herva do Méjico - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Herva mata pulgas - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Heterotheca - Cass. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Arnica del pais - - (Mexican-American)
Arnica Mexicana - - (Mexican-American)
Camphor weed - - (Mexican-American)
Falsa arnica - - (Mexican-American)
Telegraphplant - - (BONAP)
Telegraph weed - - (Mexican-American)
Tlalyetl - - (Nahuatl)
In New Mexico, 6 species: - - (NM)
o Heterotheca canescens
(= Gray camphorweed, Hoary golden-aster),
o Heterotheca fulcrata var. amplifolia
(= Green camphorweed),
Heterotheca fulcrata var. arizonica
(= Arizona camphorweed),
Heterotheca fulcrata var. fulcrata
(= Green camphorweed),
Heterotheca fulcrata var. senilis
(= Green camphorweed),
o Heterotheca stenophylla
(= Stiff-leaf golden-aster),
o Heterotheca subaxillaris var. latifolia
(= Camphorweed),
o Heterotheca villosa var. angustifolia
(= Stiff-leaf golden-aster),
Heterotheca villosa var. minor
(= Hairy golden-aster),
Heterotheca villosa var. nana
(= Hairy golden-aster),
Heterotheca villosa var. pedunculata
(= Zion golden-aster),
Heterotheca villosa var. scabra
(= Hairy golden-aster),
Heterotheca villosa var. sierrablancensis
(= Sierra Blanca golden-aster),
Heterotheca villosa var. villosa
(= Hairy golden-aster), and
o Heterotheca viscida
(= Cliff golden-aster).
See notes.

Heterotheca inuloides - Cass. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Arnica - - (Durango)
Arnica del pais - - (Mexican-American)
Arnica falsa - - (Elsa Campos)
Arnica Mexicana - - (Mexican-American)
Camphor weed - - (Mexican-American)
Falsa arnica - - (Mexican-American)
Fancy falsegoldenaster - - (BONAP)
Mexican arnica - - (Elsa Campos)
Telegraph weed - - (Mexican-American)
Tlalyetl - - (Nahuatl)

Hewe bread, see Alegria, Maiz

Hichin - Acacia farnesiana - (Veracruz)

Hides, see Tanning

Hiedra - Toxicodendron rydbergii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Hiedra terrestre - Glechoma hederacea - (Elsa Campos)

Hierba or zacate de limon - Cymbopogon citratus - (Elsa Campos)

Hierba almizclada - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba amarilla - Chenopodium botrys - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba anis - Artemisia dracunculus - (?)
- Illicium verum - (?)
- Pimpinella anisum - (?)
- Tagetes filifolia - (?)
- Tagetes lucida - (?)
- Tagetes micrantha - (?)

Hierba carmesí - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba carmín - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba carmín decandra - Phytolacca americana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba carpintera - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba china - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de Aquiles - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba de chivatito - Chenopodium botrys - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de chivato - Chenopodium graveolens - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de cochino - Ligusticum porteri - (Bye & Linares, 1986)

Hierba de culebra - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Atlas Mexico)

Hierba de hicotea - Persicaria hydropiper - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba de la bruja - Verbesina encelioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de la China - Abutilon theophrasti - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de la consolación - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba de la cortadura - Achillea millefolium - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de la culebra - Abelmoschus moschatus - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de la muela - Achillea millefolium - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de la mula - Stevia salicifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de la oblea - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba de la pulga - Stevia viscida - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de la Santa Rita - Stevia salicifolia - (Soejarto)

Hierba de la vibora - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de la víbora - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de las cortaduras - Achillea millefolium - (ITIS, USDA)

Hierba del carpintero - Achillea millefolium - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba del cortes - Achillea millefolium - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de los carpinteros - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba de los tiñosos - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba de perro - Chenopodium graveolens - (Atlas Mexico)

Hierba de San Guillermo - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba de San Nicolás - Stevia salicifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Thelesperma megapotamicum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de santa - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba de santa maría - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba de semilla de culebra - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Atlas Mexico)

Hierba de todos los males - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba de zorrillo cimarrón - Chenopodium botrys - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba del aire - Stevia salicifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba del amor - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba del diablo - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba del gran prior - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba del monte - Lycium andersonii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba del piojo - Hippocratea celastroides - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
- Hippocratea excelsa - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Hierba del podador - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba del pollo - Commelina coelestris - (Elsa Campos)

Hierba del susto - Rivina humilis - (Atlas Mexico)

Hierba del tiñoso - Arctium lappa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba del zorrillo - Petiveria alliacea - (Elsa Campos)

Hierba hedionda - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba hormiguera - Chenopodium botrys - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba loca - Argemone ochroleuca - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba mora - Anoda cristata - (Atlas Mexico)
- Morus microphylla - (Atlas Mexico)

Hierbamora - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hierba mora roja - Rivina humilis - (Atlas Mexico)

Hierba racemosa - Chenopodium botrys - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba racimosa - Chenopodium botrys - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba sagrada - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba santa - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)
- Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Hierba vomiqueira - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

High mallow - Malva sylvestris - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Higo del infierno - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Higos, Ficus carica

Higueroa - Ficus carica - (Mexican-American)

Hinds acacia - Acacia hindsii - (?)

Hincha del estomago, see Yerba del lobo

Hinojo, Foeniculum vulgare

Himalayan goji - Lycium barbarum - (GRIN)

Hipazote, Chenopodium ambrosioides

Hipericón - Stevia serrata - (Soejarto)

Hippocratea celastroides - Kunth - (EB 57(1): 54–64)
(= Hippocratea acapulcensis)
Family Celastraceae - - (APG II)
Barajilla - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Barajita - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Bejuco de piojo - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Cucaracho - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Hierba del piojo - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Ixcate - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Ixcate cimarron - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Izcate blanco - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Mata piojo - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Matapiojo - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Piojoso - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Quina - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Hippocratea excelsa - Kunth - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
(= Hemiagium excelsum)
Family Celastraceae - - (APG II)
Alcancer - - (Mexican-American)
Ayauhtona - - (Nahuatl)
Calavera - - (Mexican-American)
Cancerina - - (Elsa Campos)
Chanclana - - (Mexican-American)
Hierba del piojo - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Ixcate - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Izcate rojo - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Mata piojo - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Matapiojo - - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
Mexican heather - - (Mexican-American)
Yaco-yage - - (Elsa Campos)
Yerba del cancer - - (Mexican-American)
Yerba del coyote - - (Mexican-American)
In Mexico, a table spoon of bark of root in 1 liter water is commonly
boiled for a few minutes, cooled to room temperature, and drunk
during the day instead of water (used as agua de tiempo or day water).

Hoarhound, Marrubio

Hoco - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Hog-weed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English)

Hoitzmamaxali - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)

Hoitzmamazali - Acacia cornigera - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hoja petate - Abies religiosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Hoja de petate - Abies religiosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Holly-leafed barberry - Mahonia repens - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Hollyleaved barberry - Mahonia aquifolium - (BONAP)

Holy thistle - Argemone mexicana - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Honey, see Barbasco, Chile, Escoba de la vibora, Flor de Santa Rita,

Honey ants - Hormigas meliferas - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Hongos (Mushrooms)

Hop - Humulus - (BONAP)

Hopi-tea - Thelesperma megapotamicum - (NM)

Hopi tea - Thelesperma megapotamicum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hopi-tea greenthread - Thelesperma megapotamicum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Hopi tea greenthread - Thelesperma megapotamicum - (BONAP)

Hormigas coloradas - ? - (?)
Family - - (?)
Common Name
Large red ants - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Red ants - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico

Hormigas mieleras - ? - (?)
Family - - (?)
Common Name
Honey ants - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pouched ants - - (?)
In New Mexico

Horse beans, Habas

Horsemint (= Oregano, Oregano del campo) - Monarda menthaefolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Monarda pectinata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Horsetail - Equisetum arvense - (Elsa Campos)

Horseweed - Conyza - (BONAP)
- Conyza canadensis var. canadensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Hoyito - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Huacatay - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Huajillo - Acacia berlandieri - (?)

Huasima - Guazuma tomentosa - (Mexican-American)
- Guazuma ulmifolia - (Mexican-American)

Huatamote - Baccharis salicifolia - (Baja California Sur)

Huauhtli - Amaranthus spp. - (Nahuatl)

Hubbard squash - Cucurbita maxima - (Moerman)

Huechachin (náhuatl) - Acacia farnesiana - (Atlas Mexico, Morelos)

Hueso de abuelo

Hueso de cereza (Cherry stones), Prunus cerasus

Huichaxin - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Huichin - Verbesina persicifolia - (Atlas Mexico)

Huinol - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Huinarillo - Anoda cristata - (?)

Huinole - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Huirivo - Populus balsamifera - (Spanish-Américas)

Huisache - Acacia cochliacantha - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia constricta - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia farnesiana - (Mexico, Guerrero)
- Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Huisache costeño - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Huisache de semilla - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Huisache yóndiro - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Huisache tepame - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Huispancle - Acacia berlandieri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Huitzaxin - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Huitziloxitl - Myroxylon balsamum var. Pereirae - (Nahuatl)
- Myroxylon spp. - (Nahuatl)

Huitzmamaxalli - Acacia cornigera - (Aztec)

Huitzquilitl - Argemone hispida - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Huizache - Acacia constricta - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia cornigera - (Atlas Mexico)
- Acacia farnesiana - (Atlas Mexico)

Humble-weed - Rivina humilis - (NM)

Humming bird's dinner horn, Varas de San Jose

Humulus - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Cannabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name - - U.S.A. or Mexico
Hop - - (BONAP)

Humulus lupulus - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Cannabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name - - U.S.A. or Mexico
Common hop - - (BONAP)

Humulus lupulus var. neomexicanus - A. Nels. & Cockerell - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Cannabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name - - U.S.A. or Mexico
Common hop - - (BONAP)
Wild hops - - (BONAP)
Zarza - - (BONAP)
Zarza parilla - - (BONAP)

Hung wort (= Punchon) - Verbascum thapsus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Huyama - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Hymenoxys - Cass. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Rubberweed - - (NM)
Species in New Mexico (according to BONAP)
not in main list that may be medicinal are:
Hymenoxys ambigens - (Blake) Bierner - (BONAP),
Hymenoxys bigelovii - (Gray) Parker - (BONAP)
(= Bigelow's rubberweed),
Hymenoxys brachyactis - Woot. & Standl. - (BONAP)
(= East View rubberweed),
Hymenoxys helenioides - (Rydb.) Cockerell - (BONAP)
(= Intermountain hymenoxys),
Hymenoxys odorata - DC. - (BONAP)
(= Bitter rubberweed),
Hymenoxys quinquesquamata - Rydb. - (BONAP)
(= Rincon rubberweed),
Hymenoxys rusbyi - (Gray) Cockerell - (BONAP)
(= Rusby's rubberweed),
and Hymenoxys vaseyi - (Gray) Cockerell - (BONAP)
(= Vasey's rubberweed).
Hymenoxys is close to the genus Tetraneuris Greene.

Hymenoxys floribunda, see Hymenoxys richardsonii var. floribunda.

Hymenoxys hoopesii - (Gray) Bierner - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Yerba del lobo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Dugaldia hoopesii - (Gray) Rydb. - (BONAP)
Helenium hoopesii - Gray - (BONAP)

Hymenoxys richardsonii - (Hook.) Cockerell - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Colorado rubberweed - - (NM)
Pingue - - (NM)
Pingue hymenoxys - - (BONAP)

Hymenoxys richardsonii var. floribunda - (Gray) Parker - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Colorado rubber plant - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Colorado rubberweed - - (BONAP)
Pinhue - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pingue - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Hymenoxys floribunda - ? - (?)
Hymenoxys olivacea - Cockerell - (BONAP)
Hymenoxys richardsonii var. utahensis - Cockerell - (BONAP)

I

Illicium verum - Anis de estrella - (Mexican-American)
- Star anise - (Mexican-American)

Indian Hemp, Lechuguilla

Indian licorice - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Indian liquorice - Abrus precatorius - (Uphof, 1959)

Indian mallow - Abutilon incanum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Indian paint brush - Castilleja - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja integra var. integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja linariifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Indian paintbrush - Castilleja - (BONAP)

Indian tabacco - Nicotiana quadrivalvis - (BONAP)
- Nicotiana rustica - (PFAF)

Indian tea - Thelesperma megapotamicum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Indigo - Batisia tintoria - (Mexico)
- Indigofera - (BONAP)
- Indigofera suffruticosa - (Armando González Stuart)

Indigo dye - Batisia tintoria - (Mexican-American)

Inland saltgrass - Distichlis spicata - (BONAP)

Inmortal, Asclepiodora decumbens (also Anis, Cebadilla, Poleo, Poleo del pais)

Intendente - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Intermediate yucca - Yucca baileyi var. intermedia - (BONAP)

Inula helenium - Elfdock - (Elsa Campos)
- Enula - (Elsa Campos)
- Helenio - (Elsa Campos)

Inundido - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Ipomoea - L. - Genus Name
Family Convolvulaceae
Common Name
Morning-glory - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 13 species, 4 varieties: - - (NM)
Ipomoea barbatisepala Gray
(= Canyon morning-glory),
Ipomoea capillacea (Kunth) G. Don
(= Purple morning-glory),
Ipomoea cardiophylla Gray
(= Dutchman's-pipe morning-glory),
Ipomoea costellata Torrey
(= Crested morning-glory),
Ipomoea cristulata H. Hall
(= Trans-Pecos morning-glory),
Ipomoea dumetorum Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
(= Railway-creeper),
*Ipomoea hederacea Jacquin
(= Ivy-leaf morning-glory),
Ipomoea leptophylla Torrey
(= Bush morning-glory),
Ipomoea lindheimeri Gray
(= Lindheimer's morning-glory),
Ipomoea plummerae Gray var. cuneifolia (Gray) Macbride
(= Huachuca morning-glory),
Ipomoea plummerae Gray var. plummerae
(= Plummer's morning-glory),
Ipomoea pubescens Lamarck
(= Silky morning-glory),
Ipomoea purpurea (Linnaeus) Roth
(= Common morning-glory),
Ipomoea tenuiloba Torrey var. tenuiloba
(= Spiderleaf), and
Ipomoea ternifolia Cavanilles var. leptotoma (Torrey) McDonald
(= Three-leaf morning-glory).

Ipomoea spp. - ? - Some Species of Genus
Family Convolvulaceae
Common Name
Amole - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amoli - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amolli - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amollyi - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)

Iris, Lirio

Iscanal - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Iscanal negro - Acacia hindsii - (EOL)

Iscum - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Istacayota - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Istowan piocha - Melia azedarach - (Atlas Mexico)

Ixiconal - Acacia hindsii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Ixcate - Hippocratea excelsa - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Ixcate cimarron - Hippocratea celastroides - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Ix-im (= Corn silk) - Zea mays - (Maya)

Ix'k'ann lool - Argemone mexicana - (Yucatán)

Ixtle manso - Agave angustifolia - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Iyamole - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Izcanal - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)

Izcate blanco - Hippocratea celastroides - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Izcate rojo - Hippocratea excelsa - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Iztacayotli - Cucurbita pepo - (Distrito Federal)

J

Jabonera - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Jacinto - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Jalapa - Jatropha macrorhiza - (Spanish-Américas)

Jalatripa - Rivina humilis - (Atlas Mexico)

Jalocote - Abies religiosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Jam - Argemone mexicana - (Yucatán)

Jamacha - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Jamaica feverplant - Tribulus cistoides - (Mexican-American)
- Tribulus terrestris - (Mexican-American)

Jamaica liquorice - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Jamestown weed, Toloache

Jarilla - Stevia salicifolia - (Atlas Mexico)

Jarita, Salix exigua

Jarretadera - Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Jasmín de soldado - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Jatropha - L. - Genus Name
Family Euphorbiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Chicioaquahatl - - (Nahuatl)
Limberbush - - (Mexican-American)
Nettle-spurge - - (New Mexico)
Palo Sangriento - - (Mexican-American)
Quauhayohuachtli - - (Nahuatl)
Sangre de Drago - - (Mexican-American)
Sangre de Cristo - - (Mexican-American)
Sangregado - - (Mexican-American)
Telondilla - - (Mexican-American)
Tzontecapatli - - (Nahuatl)
In New Mexico, 1 species: - - (New Mexico)
Jatropha macrorhiza Bentham
(= Ragged nettle-spurge).

Jatropha dioica - Species Name
Family Euphorbiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Chicioaquahatl - - (Nahuatl)
Leatherstem - - (BONAP)
Limberbush - - (Mexican-American)
Palo Sangriento - - (Mexican-American)
Quauhayohuachtli - - (Nahuatl)
Sangre de Drago - - (Mexican-American)
Sangre de Cristo - - (Mexican-American)
Sangregado - - (Mexican-American)
Telondilla - - (Mexican-American)
Tzontecapatli - - (Nahuatl)

Jatropha macrorhiza - Bentham - Species Name
Family Euphorbiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Chicioaquahatl - - (Nahuatl)
Jalapa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Limberbush - - (Mexican-American)
Palo Sangriento - - (Mexican-American)
Quauhayohuachtli - - (Nahuatl)
Ragged nettle-spurge - - (New Mexico)
Ragged nettlespurge - - (BONAP)
Sangre de Drago - - (Mexican-American)
Sangre de Cristo - - (Mexican-American)
Sangregado - - (Mexican-American)
Telondilla - - (Mexican-American)
Tzontecapatli - - (Nahuatl)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Jejiri - Lycium andersonii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Jeniquén - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Jequerity seeds - Abrus precatorius - (Plant Book)

Jequiriti - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Jequirity - Abrus precatorius - (Uphof, 1959)

Jequirity bean - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Jerimum - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Jerusalem oak - Chenopodium botrys - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Jerusalem oak goosefoot - Chenopodium botrys - (BONAP)

Jimson weed, Toloache

Jiote - Acacia pennatula - (Spanish-Américas)

Joco - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Joco pino - Pinus arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Jocoyol (= Socoyol) - Oxalis violacea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

John crow beads - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Joko - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Joso - Lycium berlandieri var. berlandieri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium berlandieri var. parviflorum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Juan - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Juanita - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Juglans sp., Nogal

Julianaceae Hemsl.

Jumbie bead - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Juniper mistletoe, Bellota de sabina

Juniper pitch (= Almaciga de sabina) - oleoresin of Juniperus monosperma - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
See resin production in conifers.

Juniperus - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Cupressaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Juniper - - (BONAP)
Species in New Mexico not listed here that may be medicinal are
Juniperus ashei Buchh. (Ashe's juniper),
Juniperus deppeana Steud. (Alligator juniper),
Juniperus erythrocarpa Cory (Redberry juniper),
Juniperus osteosperma (Torr.) Little (Utah juniper),
Juniperus pinchotii Sudworth (Pinchot's juniper), and
Juniperus scopulorum Sarg. (Rocky Mountain juniper).
For example, Juniperus scopulorum of New Mexico
could be used similar to European savin,
which is also used similar to the dried scale-leaves
of eastern North American Juniperus virginiana.

Juniperus communis - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Cupressaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Bellota de Sabina - - (Mexican-American)
Common juniper - - (BONAP)
Drooping juniper - - (Mexican-American)
Enebro - - (Mexican-American)
Guata - - (Mexican-American)
Mexican juniper - - (Mexican-American)
Sabino - - (Mexican-American)
A low shrub, often spreading, leaves on mature branches not scalelike,
smooth and shining above, glaucous (waxy) beneath.

Juniperus communis var. depressa - Pursh - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Cupressaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Common juniper - - (BONAP)
Dwarf juniper - - (NM)
Mule pine - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pino macho - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Prostrate juniper - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Sabina macho - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Juniperus canadensis - Lodd. ex Burgsd. - (BONAP)
Juniperus communis ssp. depressa - (Pursh) Franco - (BONAP)
Juniperus depressa - (Pursh) Raf. - (BONAP)
The variety Juniperus communis Linnaeus var. saxatilis Pallas
(= Juniperus communis Linnaeus var. montana Aiton
= Juniperus sibirica Burgsdorff) is apparently not in New Mexico;
and the dwarf juniper is represented only by Juniperus communis var. depressa Pursh.

Juniperus monosperma - (Engelm.) Sarg. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Cupressaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names - - U.S.A. or Mexico
Almaciga de sabina (oleoresin or pitch) - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Oneseed juniper - - (BONAP)
Rama de sabina (Juniper branch) - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Juniperus occidentalis var. gymnocarpa - Lemmon - (BONAP)
Sabina monosperma - (Engelm.) Rydb. - (BONAP)

Juniperus spp. - ? - (?)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Cupressaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Bellota de Sabina - - (Mexican-American)
Common juniper - - (BONAP)
Drooping juniper - - (Mexican-American)
Enebro - - (Mexican-American)
Guata - - (Mexican-American)
Mexican juniper - - (Mexican-American)
Sabino - - (Mexican-American)

Justicia - L - (Atlas, Mexico)
Genus Name
Family Acanthaceae - - (Atlas, Mexico)
Common Name
Justica - - (BONAP)
In Morelos, a medicinal genus.
In New Mexico, 1 species: - - (BONAP)
Justicia wrightii Gray (= Wright's waterwillow)

K

Kallstroemio brachystylis, Contrayerba

K'ank'ilixche - Acacia farnesiana - (Quintana Roo)

Kankilizche - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Kanlal - Argemone mexicana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

K'an-mul - Bidens - (Maya)
- Bidens pilosa - (Maya)

Kantiriz - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Kí - Agave fourcroydes - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Yucatán)

Ki'che - Verbesina crocata - (Yucatán)

Kid stew, see Culantro

King's cureall, Flor de San Juan

King's groundsel - Senecio eremophilus var. kingii - (BONAP)

Kinnikinick - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (PFAF)

Kinnikinik - Cornus amomum - (Menomini)
- Cornus sericea ssp. sericea - (Potawatomi)

Kinnikinnic - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Kinnikinnick - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (PFAF)
- Cornus alternifolia - (Menomini, Ojibwe)
- Cornus amomum - (Menomini)
- Cornus sericea ssp. sericea - (Gosiute)

Kix-xtez - Amaranthus spp. - (Maya)

Knotgrass - Polygonum aviculare - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Komerillo - Bidens bipinnata - (Spanish-Américas)

Kongaran - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Kongarani - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

K'onguarani - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Konguera - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Konguera blanca - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Konguera prieta - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Krameriaceae
Family: Krameriaceae - Dumort.
- Order: Zygophyllales - Chalk.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid I
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Kuká - Acacia farnesiana - (Sonora)

K'uum - Cucurbita moschata - (Quintana Roo)

Ku-xub - Bixa orellana - (Maya)

L

Lacahuiti - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Lacayote - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Ladies' fingers - Abelmoschus esculentus - (MMPND-English)

Lady bleeding, Alegria

Lady's chewing tobacco, Hinojo

Lady's finger - Abelmoschus esculentus - (MMPND-English)

La envidia - Stevia salicifolia - (Soejarto)

Lagarto - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)
- Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Lama del agua

Lamb's quarter - Chenopodium album - (NM)

Lamiaceae - Martynov - Family Name
(= Labiatae Juss. or Menthaceae, including Symphoremataceae Van Tiegh.
and many genera once placed in
Verbenaceae Jaume St-Hil.;
but it excludes Tetrachondraceae Wettst.)
Lamiales - Bromhead - Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Lamiidae Takhtajan;
o Garryidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids I = asterids I);
o Gentianidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids or core asterids);
o Asteridae Takhtajan (= asterids);
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o superasterids;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, 21 genera
Agastache (= Giant-hyssop)
Dracocephalum (= Dragonhead)
Hedeoma (= False-pennyroyal)
Lamium (= Henbit)
Leonurus (= Motherwort)
Lycopus (= Water-horehound)
Marrubium (= Horehound)
Mentha (= Mint)
Monarda (= Beebalm)
Monardella (= Mountainbalm)
Nepeta (= Catnip)
Physostegia (= False dragonhead)
Poliomintha (= Rosemary-mint)
Prunella (= Selfheal)
Salvia (= Sage)
Satureja (= Wild-basil)
Scutellaria (= Skullcap)
Stachys (= Hedge-nettle)
Teucrium (= Germander)
Trichostema (= Bluecurls)
Vitex (= Chaste-tree)

Lamparaza - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Lampaza - Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Lampazo - Arctium lappa - (Mexico)
- Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Lampazo menor - Arctium minus - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Lanceleaf tickseed - Coreopsis lanceolata - (BONAP)

Lantana camara - ? - Species Name
Cinco negritos - - (Elsa Campos)
Largeleaf lantana - - (Elsa Campos)

Lanten - Plantago major - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Lapa - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Lard, use of, see Cadillos, Cebadilla, Frijolillo, Marrubio, Punche

Largancillo - Acacia constricta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Largeflower tickseed - Coreopsis grandiflora var. grandiflora - (BONAP)

Large Indian cress - Tropaeolum majus - (Elsa Campos)
- Tropaeolum seemanii - (Elsa Campos)

Largeleaf lantana - Lantana camara - (Elsa Campos)

Large pie pumpkin - Cucurbita pepo - (Moerman)

Large red ants - Hormigas coloradas - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Largoncillo - Acacia constricta - (Spanish-Américas)

Larrea glutinosa, Hediondilla

Lasater's pride - Abronia fragrans - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Lathyrus decaphyllus, Patito del pais

Lauraceae
Family: Lauraceae - Juss.
- Order: Laurales - Perleb
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Magnoliid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Laurel, Laurus nobilis

Lauris nobilis, Laurel

Lavender (= Alhucema) - Lavandula angustifolia - (Mexican-American)
- Lavandula latifolia - (Elsa Campos)
- Lavandula spica - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Lavandula spp. - (Mexican-American)
- Lavandula vera - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Lavandula angustifolia - Alhucema - (Mexican-American)
- English lavender - (U.S.A.)
- Lavender - (Mexican-American)

Lavandula latifolia - Alhucema - (Elsa Campos)
- Barballo - (Elsa Campos)
- Espigol mascle - (Elsa Campos)
- Espliego - (Elsa Campos)

Lavandula spica (= Lavandula angustifolia) - Alhucema - (Mexican-American)
- English lavender - (U.S.A.)
- Lavender - (Mexican-American)

Lavandula spp. - Alhucema - (Mexican-American)
- Lavender - (Mexican-American)

Lavandula vera (= Lavandula angustifolia) - Alhucema - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- English lavender - (U.S.A.)
- Lavender - (Mexican-American)

Leadwort - Plumbago - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago pulchella - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago scandens - (Mexican-American)
Genus Plumbago not native in New Mexico.

Leatherstem - Jatropha dioica - (BONAP)

Leche de burro (Burro's milk)

Leche de conejo (Rabbit's milk)

Leche de vaca (Cow's milk)

Lecheros, Asclepias speciosa

Lechones, Asclepins galioides

Lechones, Asclepias latifolia

Lechugas, Lechones

Lechuguilla - Abronia fragrans - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Agave lechuguilla - (BONAP, Spanish-Américas)
- Apocynum cannabinum var. lividum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca - (Mexican-American)
- Yucca schidigera - (Mexican-American)
- Yucca valida - (Mexican-American)

Lechuria, Lechones

Legústico - Levisticum officinale - (Spanish-Américas)

Lemita, Rhus trilobata

Lemmon's beggarticks - Bidens lemmonii - (BONAP)

Lemon grass - Cymbopogon citratus - (Elsa Campos)

Lemonade berry, Lemita

Lengua de pájaro - Polygonum aviculare - (Spanish-Américas)

Lengua de vaca - Rumex crispus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Asclepias subverticillata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley, Galisteo)

Lennox soap, use of, see Pazote

Lepachys tagetes, see Ratibida tagetes.

Lepidium alyssoides, Mostacilla

Lesser burdock - Arctium minus - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Levestico - Levisticum officinale - (Spanish-Américas)

Levístico - Levisticum officinale - (Spanish-Américas)
- Ligusticum porteri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Levisticum officinale - Koch - (NM)
Family Apiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Apio de montaña - - (Spanish-Américas)
Apio de monte - - (Spanish-Américas)
Apio montano - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Garden lovage - - (NM)
Legústico - - (Spanish-Américas)
Levestico - - (Spanish-Américas)
Levístico - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ligústico - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Lovage - - (NM)
Osha - - (Bye & Linares, 1986)
Osha del campo - - (Bye & Linares, 1986)
Osha del jardin - - (Bye & Linares, 1986)
Perejil silvestre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zazalicpatli - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico, a garden plant introduced from Europe.
In Curtin (1965), the white flowered Angelica pinnata Wats. is possibly confused with
the yellow flowered Levisticum officinale, which in Colorado is also called osha by
Spanish speaking people (Bye & Linares, 1986).

Lichen, Yerba de la piedra

Licor indio - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Licorice - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)
- Glycyrrhiza lepidota - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Licorice bean - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Licorice root - Glycyrrhiza lepidota - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Licorice vine - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Liendre de cochino - Persicaria punctata - (Atlas Mexico)

Ligústico - Levisticum officinale - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Ligusticum grayi J.M. Coult. & Rose
Gray's licorice-root

Ligusticum porteri - Coulter & Rose - (NM)
Family Apiaceae
Common Name
Chuchupate - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Chuchupate raiz - - (Bye & Linares, 1986)
Guariaca - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba de cochino - - (Bye & Linares, 1986)
Levístico - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Osha - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Oshá - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Osha de la sierra - - (Bye & Linares, 1986)
Oshá de la sierra - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Perejil del campo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Wild-lovage - - (NM)
In New Mexico
According to Bye & Linares (1986), chuchupate is possibly based on the
modification by early Spanish settlers of a Nahuatl term such as chichipatli
(meaning in English 'dog medicinal herb').
In southern New Mexico, chuchupate and hierba de cochino can both apply
to L. porteri.

Lila - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Lila de China - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Lila de las Indias - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Lila de Persia - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Lilaila - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Lilás das Antilhas - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Lilás de India - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Lilás do Cabo - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Lilayo - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Liliaceae - A.L. de Jussieu - (APG II: Family Name)
Common Name
Lily family - - (?)
Liliales - Perleb - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages (APG II, Delta):
Angiosperm; Monocot (non-commelinid)
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
The family in Mew Mexico comprises 6 genera:
Calochortus - Pursh - (BONAP)
Erythronium - L. - (BONAP)
Fritillaria - L. - (BONAP)
Lilium - L. - (BONAP)
Lloydia - Salisb. ex Reichenb. - (BONAP)
Streptopus - Michx. - (BONAP)

Lime, Cal, (also Cana agria, Mostacilla)

Lemon cutweed - Pseudognaphalium viscosum - (Elsa Campos)

Limberbush - Jatropha - (Mexican-American)
- Jatropha dioica - (Nahuatl)
- Jatropha macrorhiza - (Nahuatl)

Limoncillo, Pectis angustifolia

Limonium - Mill. - Genus Name
Family Plumbaginaceae
Common Name
Sea-lavender - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 1 species: - - (NM)
*Limonium limbatum Small
(= Southwestern sea-lavender).

Limonium limbatum - Small - Species Name
Family Plumbaginaceae
Common Name
Southwestern sea-lavender - - (NM)
Trans-Pecos sea-Lavender
In New Mexico
Although only one historical report could be found that this species was used medicinally by
only one Native American tribe in the state, other species of the genus (e.g., L. californicum,
L. carolinianum, and L. vulgare) have been reported to be used medicinally by a few other
Native American tribes elsewhere in North America and especially in folk medicine of people
in Europe and Asia.

Linasa, Linum lewisii

Linseed, Linasa

Lipstick tree - Bixa orellana - (Mexican-American)

Lirio (Iris)

Lirio da India - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Littleleaf mulberry - Morus microphylla - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Little mallow - Malva parviflora - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Little trumpet - Cordia boissieri - (Mexican-American)

Live ever - Helichrysum italicum - (Elsa Campos)

Loasaceae - Juss. - Family Name
Cornales - Link. - Order Name
Higher level lineages (Cantino, et al., 2007):
Angiospermae; Mesangiospermae;
Eudicotyledoneae (= eudicots);
Gunneridae (= core eudicots);
Pentapetalae; Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
Caryophyllales + Asteridae; Asteridae (= asterids)
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, 2 genera - - (NM)
Cevallia (= Stinging-serpent) and
Mentzelia (= Blazingstar, Stickleaf).
See notes.

Loco weed, Frijolillo

Logwood, Brazil

Lomatium dissectum - Biscuit root - (Moore)
- Leptotaenia - (Moore)

Lombrigueira - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Long-stalk greenthread - Thelesperma longipes - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Longstalk greenthread - Thelesperma longipes - (BONAP)

Loranthaceae - Juss. - (APG II: Family Name)
Santalales - Dumort. - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Louisiana sagewort - Artemisia ludoviciana - (BONAP)

Lovage - Levisticum officinale - (NM)

Love bean - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Love pea - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Love vine - Cuscuta megalocarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Low ragweed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English)

Lucerne (=Alfalfa) - Medicago sativa - (Mexican-American)

Lucky bean - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Lucky beans - Abrus precatorius - (Plant Book)

Lucumxiu - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Lunar caustic, Piedra infernal

Lupine, Garbancillo

Lupinus aduncus, Garbancillo

Lupulin - sifted yellow powder procured by beating or rubbing the flowers (strobiles) of hops - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Lupulite - bitter principle of hops - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Lycium - L. - Genus Name
Family Solanaceae
Common Name
Box-thorn - - (?)
Desert-thorn - - (?)
Palo de gallina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Wolfberry - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 6 species, one with 2 varieties: - - (NM)
Lycium andersonii Gray
(= Anderson's wolfberry),
Lycium barbarum Linnaeus
(Matrimony-vine),
Lycium berlandieri var. berlandieri Dunal
(= Silver wolfberry),
Lycium berlandieri var. parviflorum (Gray) Terracciono
(= Silver wolfberry),
Lycium pallidum Miers
(= Pale wolfberry),
Lycium torreyi Gray and
(= Torrey's wolfberry).
Lycium parishii A. Gray is expected in New Mexico,
but awaits varification.

Lycium andersonii - Gray - Species Name
Family Solanaceae
Common Name
Anderson's wolfberry - - (NM)
Box thorn - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Desert thorn - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Desert wolfberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Frutilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba del monte - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Jejiri - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Manzanita - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Salicieso - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Sigreropo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tomato berry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Vara prieta - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Waterjacket - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico

Lycium barbarum - Linnaeus - Species Name
Family Solanaceae
Common Name
Barbary matrimony-vine - - (GRIN)
Chinese boxthorn - - (GRIN)
Chinese wolfberry - - (GRIN)
Duke of Argyll's tea plant - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Duke of Argyll's teaplant - - (GRIN)
Duke of Argyll's teatree - - (GRIN)
Goji-berry - - (GRIN)
Himalayan goji - - (GRIN)
Matrimony-vine - - (NM)
Matrimony vine - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ning xia gou qi - - (GRIN)
Tibetan goji - - (GRIN)
In New Mexico, an introduced species.
Synonym
Lycium halimifolium - Miller - (NM)
Lycium vulgare - (Aiton) Dunal - (NM)

Lycium berlandieri var. berlandieri - Dunal - Variety Name
Family Solanaceae
Common Name
Barchata - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cilindrillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Frutilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Garambullo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Joso - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Salicieso - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Silver wolfberry - - (NM)
Tomatillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Wolfberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico

Lycium berlandieri var. parviflorum - (Gray) Terracciono - Variety Name
Family Solanaceae
Common Name
Barchata - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cilindrillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Frutilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Garambullo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Joso - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Salicieso - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Silver wolfberry - - (NM)
Tomatillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Wolfberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico
Synonym
Lycium parviflorum - Gray - (NM)

Lycium pallidum - Miers - Species Name
Family Solanaceae
Common Name
Box thorn - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cambronera - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chico - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Frutilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pale wolfberry - - (NM)
Tomatillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico

Lycium parishii - A. Gray - Species Name

Lycium torreyi - Gray - Species Name
Family Solanaceae
Common Name
Box thorn - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Garambuyo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tomatillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tomatillo mexicano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Torrey's wolfberry - - (NM)
In New Mexico

Lygodesmia juncea, Chicote embarranada

Lythraceae - J.St.-Hil. - (APG II: Family Name)
(Includes Punicaceae Horan.)
Myrtales - Rchb. - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
Family in New Mexico, including species of 5 genera:
Ammannia - L. - (BONAP)
Cuphea - P. Br. - (BONAP)
Lythrum - L. - (BONAP)
Nesaea - Comm. ex Kunth - (BONAP)
Rotala - L. - (Roalson & Allred)

M

MacDougal verbena - Verbena macdougalii - (BONAP)

Machaeranthera - Nees - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Machaeranthera - - (BONAP)
Species, subspecies, or varieties in New Mexico not in main list:
Machaeranthera asteroides var. asteroides - (Torr.) Greene - (BONAP)
(= New Mexico tansyaster),
Machaeranthera bigelovii - (Gray) Greene - (BONAP)
(= Bigelow's tansyaster),
Machaeranthera bigelovii var. bigelovii - (Gray) Greene - (BONAP)
(= Bigelow's tansyaster),
Machaeranthera blephariphylla - (Gray) Shinners - (BONAP)
(= Texas tansyaster),
Machaeranthera canescens - (Pursh) Gray - (BONAP)
(= Hoary aster),
Machaeranthera canescens ssp. canescens var. ambigua - B.L. Turner - (BONAP)
(= Hoary aster),
Machaeranthera canescens ssp. glabra var. aristata - (Eastw.) B.L. Turner - (BONAP)
(= Hoary tansyaster),
Machaeranthera canescens ssp. canescens - (Pursh) Gray - (BONAP)
(= Hoary aster),
Machaeranthera canescens ssp. canescens var. canescens - (Pursh) Gray - (BONAP)
(= Cutleaf goldenweed),
Machaeranthera canescens ssp. glabra - (Gray) B.L. Turner - (BONAP)
(= Hoary tansyaster),
Machaeranthera canescens ssp. glabra var. glabra - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Hoary tansyaster),
Machaeranthera canescens ssp. canescens var. incana - (Lindl.) Gray - (BONAP)
(= Cutleaf goldenweed),
Machaeranthera gracilis - (Nutt.) Shinners - (BONAP)
(= Slender goldenweed),
Machaeranthera grindelioides - (Nutt.) Shinners - (BONAP)
(= Rayless aster),
Machaeranthera grindelioides var. grindelioides - (Nutt.) Shinners - (BONAP)
(= Rayless aster),
Machaeranthera gypsitherma - Nesom, Vorobik & Hartman - (BONAP)
(= La Playa Springs tansyaster),
Machaeranthera gypsophila - B.L. Turner - (BONAP)
(= Gypsum tansyaster),
Machaeranthera parviflora - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Smallflower tansyaster),
Machaeranthera pinnatifida - (Hook.) Shinners - (BONAP)
(= Lacy tansyaster),
Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. chihuahuana - B.L. Turner & Hartman - (BONAP)
(= Chihuahua aster),
Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. glaberrima - (Rydb.) B.L. Turner & Hartman - (BONAP)
(= Lacy tansyaster),
Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida - (Hook.) Shinners - (BONAP)
(= Lacy tansyaster),
Machaeranthera riparia - (Kunth) A.G. Jones - (BONAP)
(= Chiricahua Mountain tansyaster),
Machaeranthera tagetina - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Mesa tansyaster),
Machaeranthera tanacetifolia - (Kunth) Nees - (BONAP)
(= Tanseyleaf aster),
Machaeranthera viscida - (Woot. & Standl.) R.L. Hartman - (BONAP)
(= Sticky tansyaster).

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida - (Hook.) Shinners - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Lacy tansyaster - - (BONAP)
Yerba de la quintana - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Amellus spinulosus - Pursh, non Machaeranthera spinulosus Greene - (BONAP)
Aplopappus spinulosus - DC. - (?)
Aster pinnatifidus - (Hook.) Kuntze - (BONAP)
Dieteria spinulosa - (Pursh) Nutt. - (BONAP)
Diplopappus pinnatifidus - Hook. - (BONAP)
Eriocarpum australe - Greene - (BONAP)
Eriocarpum spinulosum - (Pursh) Greene - (BONAP)
Eriocarpum wootonii - Greene - (BONAP)
Haplopappus coulteri - Harvey & Gray ex Gray - (BONAP)
Haplopappus spinulosus - (Pursh) DC. - (BONAP)
Haplopappus spinulosus ssp. australis - (Greene) Hall - (BONAP)
Haplopappus spinulosus ssp. cotulus - (Small) Hall - (BONAP)
Haplopappus spinulosus var. canescens - Gray - (BONAP)
Haplopappus spinulosus var. glaber - Gray - (BONAP)
Haplopappus spinulosus ssp. laevis - (Woot. & Standl.) Hall - (BONAP)
Haplopappus spinulosus var. turbinellus - (Rydb.) Blake - (BONAP)
Haplopappus texensis - R.C. Jackson - (BONAP)
Machaeranthera australis - (Greene) Shinners - (BONAP)
Machaeranthera laevis - (Woot. & Standl.) Shinners - (BONAP)
Machaeranthera pinnata - (Nutt.) Shinners - (BONAP)
Machaeranthera texensis - (R.C. Jackson) Shinners - (BONAP)
Sideranthus australis - (Greene) Rydb. - (BONAP)
Sideranthus cotula - Small - (BONAP)
Sideranthus laevis - Woot. & Standl. - (BONAP)
Sideranthus machaerantherus - Small - (BONAP)
Sideranthus puberulus - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Sideranthus spinulosus - (Pursh) Sweet ex Rydb. - (BONAP)
Sideranthus turbinellus - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Sideranthus wootonii - (Greene) Standl. - (BONAP)
Starkea pinnata - Nutt. - (BONAP)

Maclura - Maclura pomifera - (Spanish-Américas)

Maclura - Nutt. - Genus Name
Family Moraceae
Common Name
Osage-orange - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 1 introduced species: - - (NM)
*Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
(= Osage-orange).

Maclura pomifera - (Rafinesque) Schneider - Species Name
Family Moraceae
Common Name
Bois d'arc - - (PFAF)
Hedge-apple - - (?)
Maclura - - (Spanish-Américas)
Madera de arco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mock orange - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Naranjo de chino - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Naranjo de osage - - (Spanish-Américas)
Naranjo del Osage - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Osage orange - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Osage-orange - - (Moerman, NM, PFAF)
In New Mexico, introduced.
Synonym
Toxylon pomiferum - Rafinesque - (NM)
Native in east of the state of New Mexico. However, it has widely
escaped or it persists from old plantings in the state. - - (NM)

Macpalxochitl - Chiranthodendron pentadactylon - (Nahuatl)

Madera de arco - Maclura pomifera - (Spanish-Américas)

Mad apple, Toloache

Madroño rastrero - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Maguey - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas, Mexico)
- Agave atrovirens - (Spanish-Américas, Aztec, BONAP, ITIS, Mexico)

Maguey africano - Agave angustifolia - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Maguey amarillo - Agave americana - (Aztec)

Maguey americano - Agave americana - (ITIS)

Maguey arroqueño - Agave americana - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Maguey blanco - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Maguey chichimeco - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Maguey chino - Agave americana - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Maguey de aguamiel - Agave atrovirens - (Spanish-Américas)

Maguey de mezcal - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Maguey de montaña - Agave atrovirens - (ITIS)

Maguey de pulque - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Agave atrovirens - (Spanish-Américas)

Maguey del cumbre - Agave atrovirens - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Maguey delgado - Agave angustifolia - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Maguey espadín - Agave angustifolia - (ITIS)

Maguey fino - Agave americana - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Maguey javalin - Agave atrovirens - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Maguey meco - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Maguey manso - Agave atrovirens - (Spanish-Américas)

Mahonia - Nutt. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Berberidaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Oregongrape - - (BONAP)
Species in New Mexico not in main list are:
Mahonia haematocarpa - (Woot.) Fedde - (BONAP)
(= Red barberry),
Mahonia trifoliolata - (Moric.) Fedde - (BONAP)
(= Algerita).

Mahonia aquifolium - (Pursh) Nutt. - (BONAP)
(= Berberis aquifolium Pursh or Berberis aquifolia)
Family Berberidaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Agracejo (= Oregon) - - (Mexico)
Oregon grape - - (Mexico)
Hollyleaved barberry - - (BONAP)

Mahonia fremontii - (Torr.) Fedde - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Berberidaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Fremont's barberry - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Fremont's mahonia - - (BONAP)
Palo Amarillo (literally, yellow wood) - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Berberis fremontii - Torr. - (BONAP)
Berberis higginsiae - Munz - (BONAP)
Mahonia higginsiae - (Munz) Ahrendt - (BONAP)
Odostemon fremontii - (Torr.) Rydb. - (BONAP)

Mahonia repens - (Lindl.) G. Don - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Berberidaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Creeping barberry - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Herb of the blood - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Holly-leafed barberry - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Oregon grape - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Oregongrape - - (BONAP)
Sangre de cristo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Trailing mahonia - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba de la sangre - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Berberis amplectens - (Eastw.) L.C. Wheeler - (BONAP)
Berberis aquifolium var. repens - (Lindl.) Scoggan - (BONAP)
Berberis pumila - Greene - (BONAP)
Berberis repens - Lindl. - (BONAP)
Berberis sonnei - (Abrams) McMinn - (BONAP)
Mahonia amplectens - Eastw. - (BONAP)
Mahonia pumila - (Greene) Fedde - (BONAP)
Mahonia sonnei - Abrams - (BONAP)
Odostemon pumilus - (Greene) Heller - (BONAP)
Odostemon repens - (Lindl.) Cockerell - (BONAP)

Maidenhair fern - Adiantum capillus-veneris - (Elsa Campos)

Maidenhair spleenwort - Asplenium trichomanes - (NM)

Mail - Cucurbita ficifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Maiz (Corn) - Zea Mays - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Maíz de perro - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Majagua - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Malabar gourd - Cucurbita ficifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Malba - Malva parviflora - (Atlas Mexico)

Mallow - Malva - (NM)
- Malva crispa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Malpighiaceae - Juss. - Family Name
Malpighiales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG IV) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Fabidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids I = fabids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].

Malva - Abutilon incanum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Anoda cristata - (Atlas Mexico)
- Malva crispa - (Spanish-Américas)
- Malva neglecta - (Atlas Mexico)
- Malva parviflora - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Malva rotundifolia - (Atlas Mexico)
- Malva sylvestris - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Malva - L. - Genus Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Cheeseweed - - (NM)
Mallow - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 3-4 introduced (exotic) species: - - (BONAP, NM)
Malva crispa (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
(Crisp cheeseweed),
Malva neglecta Wallroth
(Dwarf cheeseweed),
Malva parviflora Linnaeus
(Small-flower cheeseweed),
Malva sylvestris Linnaeus
(Tall cheeseweed).
At least three species are used medicinally in Mexico. - - (Atlas Mexico)
Malva neglecta (L.) Wall.
Malva parviflora L.
Malva rotundifolia L. = Malva pusilla Sm.

Malva almizclera - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva blanca - Malva sylvestris - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Malvaceae - Juss. - Family Name
(Includes Sterculiaceae Vent. ex. Salisb., Tiliaceae Juss.)
Malvales - Dumort. - (APG III) Order Name
Common Name
Mallow family - - (NM)
Higher level lineages:
o Malvidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids II = malvids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes = vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
(land plants).
In New Mexico, 14 genera: - - (NM)
*Abutilon Mill. (= Indian-mallow),
Alcea L. (= Hollyhock),
Allowissadula D.M.Bates (= Indian-mallow),
*Anoda Cav. (= Anoda),
Callirhoe Nutt. (= Poppy-mallow),
Herissantia Medik. (= Bladder-mallow),
*Hibiscus L. (= Rose-mallow),
Iliamna Greene (= Wild-hollyhock),
*Malva L. (= Cheeseweed, Mallow),
Malvella Jaub. & Spach (= Mallow),
Rhynchosida Fryxell (= Buff-petal),
*Sida L. (= Fan-petal),
Sidalcea A.Gray (= Checker-mallow), and
*Sphaeralcea A.St.-Hil. (= Globemallow).
In Mexico, at least one or more species of 12 genera are used medicinally: - - (Atlas Mexico)
*Abelmoschus Medik. (e.g., Almis),
*Anoda (e.g., Violeta),
*Gossypium L. (e.g., Jtaman, Algodón),
*Hampea Schltdl. (e.g., Nacahuita, Sakjool),
*Hibiscus (e.g., Tulipán, Jamaica, Ch'ixol ak'),
*Malva (e.g., Malva or Malva de quesitos, Malva or Ahala, Malva or Malvón),
*Malvastrum A.Gray (e.g., Guiñare de anten),
*Malvaviscus Fabr. (e.g., Manzanita),
*Modiola Moench (e.g., Malva chiquita),
*Pavonia Cav. (e.g., Cadillo),
*Sida (e.g., Malva or Ajalache, Escobilla or Malvilla), and
*Sphaeralcea (e.g., Hierba del negro).

Malva chica - Anoda cristata - (?)

Malva común - Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva con espuelas - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Malva crespa - Malva crispa - (Spanish-Américas)
- Malva parviflora - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva crespa verdadeira - Malva crispa - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva crispa - (L.) L. - Species Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Crisp cheeseweed - - (NM)
Mallow - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Malva - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva crespa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva crespa verdadeira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva de Castilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva rizada - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva rosa - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
An exotic (introduced plant) said to have been once collected in
Tularosa in New Mexico, but not reported since 1907 in state. - - (NM)
In New Mexico, it was at least once found sometimes growing in gardens
and said to have been much taller than Malva parviflora. - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Malva das boticas - Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva das hortas - Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva de casa - Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva de Castilla - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Malva crispa - (Spanish-Américas)
- Malva neglecta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Malva parviflora - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva de campo - Malva parviflora - (Atlas Mexico)

Malva de España - Malva rotundifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva de flor chica - Malva parviflora - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva de flores pequeñas - Malva parviflora - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Malva de hoja pequeña - Malva parviflora - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva de hoja redonda - Malva rotundifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva de hojas redondas - Malva neglecta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Malva de quesitos - Malva neglecta - (Atlas Mexico)
- Malva parviflora - (Atlas Mexico)

Malva del campo - Malva neglecta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Malva parviflora - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Malva enana - Malva neglecta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Malva extranjera - Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva grande - Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva india - Abutilon theophrasti - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva índica - Abutilon theophrasti - (Spanish-Américas)

Malvaísco - Malva parviflora - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva maior - Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva medicinal - Malva neglecta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Malva morada - Anoda cristata - (?)

Malva neglecta - Wallroth - Species Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Cheeses - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Common mallow - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Dwarf cheeseweed - - (NM)
Malva - - (Atlas Mexico)
Malva de Castilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva de hojas redondas
Malva de quesitos - - (Atlas Mexico)
Malva del campo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva enana - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva medicinal - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Umbrella mallow - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico, an introduced species.

Malva parviflora - L. - Species Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Ahala - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cheeseweed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Little mallow - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malba - - (Atlas Mexico)
Malva - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva crespa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva de campo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Malva de Castilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva de flor chica - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva de flores pequeñas - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva de hoja pequeña - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva de quesitos - - (Atlas Mexico)
Malva del campo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva silvestre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malvaísco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malvilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quesito - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Salicieso - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Small-flower cheeseweed - - (NM)
In New Mexico, an introduced species.

Malva peluda - Abutilon incanum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Malva real - Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva rizada - Malva crispa - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva rosa - Malva crispa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Malva rotundifolia - L. - Species Name
= Malva pusilla Sm.
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Malva - - (Atlas Mexico)
Malva de España - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva de hoja redonda - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malvón - - (Atlas Mexico)
This species, not in New Mexico, is not the same as the M. rotundifolia
of past New Mexico authors, which is either M. neglecta or M. parviflora. - - (NM)

Malva selvagem - Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva selvática - Malva sylvestris - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Malva silvestre - Malva parviflora - (Spanish-Américas)
- Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Malva sylvestris - L. - Species Name
Family Malvaceae
Common Name
Alboheza - - (Spanish-Américas)
Belehui - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
High mallow - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva blanca - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva común - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva das boticas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva das hortas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva de casa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva extranjera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva grande - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva maior - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva real - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva selvagem - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva selvática - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Malva silvestre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malva verde - - (Spanish-Américas)
Malves - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quelite - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tall cheeseweed - - (NM)

Malva verde - Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Malvavisco - Anoda cristata - (Atlas Mexico)

Malvavisco de Indias - Abutilon theophrasti - (Spanish-Américas)

Malvavisco de las Indias - Abutilon theophrasti - (Spanish-Américas)

Malves - Malva sylvestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Malvilla - Malva parviflora - (Spanish-Américas)

Malvón - Malva rotundifolia - (Atlas Mexico)

Malvón de campo - Anoda cristata - (Atlas Mexico)

Malvón de quesitos - Anoda cristata - (Atlas Mexico)

Manfreda - Salisb. - Genus Name
[Transferred to Agave L.]
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common Name
Amole - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amoli - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amolli - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amollyi - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)

Mano de dragon - Chiranthodendron pentadactylon - (Mexican-American)

Mansanilla - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Manteca de pela: the outside fat of sheep. - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Manteca de zorillo (Skunk lard)

Manto de San José - Stevia serrata - (Atlas Mexico)

Manzanete - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Manzanilla - Anthemis nobilis - (Mexico)
- Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)
- Matricaria discoidea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Manzanilla de Alemania - Matricaria discoidea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Manzanilla del pastor - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Manzanita - Arctostaphylos - (NM)
- Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)
- Arctostaphylos spp. - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
- Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Californian Spanish, Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Lycium andersonii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Mapacho - Nicotiana rustica - (?)

Maraquiana - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Maravilla - Mirabilis jalapa - (Mexican-American)
- Mirabilis longiflora - (Mexican-American)
- Mirabilis multiflora (= Quamoclidion multiflorum) - (Mexican-American) (also Ponil)

Margarita - Bidens pilosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Margarita silvestre - Bidens pilosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Margosa - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Margoseira - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Marigold - Calendula officinalis - (Elsa Campos)

Mariguana - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Marihuana - Cannabis sativa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Mariola, Artemisia rhizomata

Mariquilla, Solidago canadensis

Maroma - Acacia farnesiana - (Atlas Mexico)

Marquesotes, see Tequesquite

Marrow - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Marrubio, Marrubium vulgare, (also Ponil)

Marrubium - L. - Genus Name
Horehound
Marrubio
In New Mexico, including 1 species - - (BONAP)

Marrubium vulgare - L.
Horehound
Marrubio
Originally introduced from Europe for a garden herb in the Atlantic States, and now found wild across the continent and from Maine to Texas and New Mexico.

Marsh-pepper smartweed - Persicaria hydropiper - (?)

Marsh-pepper knotweed - Persicaria hydropiper - (USDA)

Marshpepper - Persicaria hydropiper - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Marshpepper knotweed - Persicaria hydropiper - (USDA)

Masiquía - Bidens pilosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Mastranto, Marrubio

Mastranzo, Marrubio

Mastranzo cimarron, Marrubio

Mastranzo mexicano, Marrubio

Mastruço - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Mata, Eupatorium arizonicum

Mata gallina - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Mata piojo - Hippocratea celastroides - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
- Hippocratea excelsa - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
These plants are called lice killers because a paste is made of the ground
seeds or the whole fruit and applied to kill head lice. - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Matapiojo - Hippocratea celastroides - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
- Hippocratea excelsa - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)
These plants are called lice killers because a paste is made of the ground
seeds or the whole fruit and applied to kill head lice. - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Matapulgas - Stevia viscida - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Mate - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Matita - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Matorral - Acacia berlandieri - (Spanish-Américas)

Matricaria discoidea - DC. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Chamomila - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Chamomile - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Disc mayweed - - (BONAP)
Manzanilla - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Manzanilla de Alemania - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pineappleweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Sweet false chamomile - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wild chamomile - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Matrimony-vine - Lycium barbarum - (NM)

Matrimony vine - Lycium barbarum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Matruz - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Mauto - Acacia millefolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Mazorquilla - Phytolacca americana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Meadow rue, Ruda de la sierra

Mecoztli - Agave americana - (Aztec)

Medicago sativa - Alfalfa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Lucerne - (Mexican-American)
- Purple medic - (Mexican-American)

Medronheiro rojante - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Medronheiro ursino - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Megarrhiza lobata, Estrella del norte

Meliaceae - Juss. - (APG III) Family Name
Sapindales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Common Name
Mahogany family - - (NM)
Higher level lineages:
o Malvidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids II = malvids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes = vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
(land plants).
In New Mexico, one introduced genus.
Melia L. (= Chinaberry tree).

Mélia - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Melia - L. - Genus Name
Family Meliaceae
Common Name
Chinaberry tree - - (NM)
In New Mexico, one introduced species.
Melia azedarach L.
(= Chinaberry tree, Pride-of-India).

Melia azedarach - L. - Species Name
Family Meliaceae
Common Name
Acederaque - - (Spanish-Américas)
Agriar - - (Spanish-Américas)
Agriaz - - (Spanish-Américas)
Agrión - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alelaila - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alelí - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alhelí - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alilaila - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amargoseira brastarda - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amargoseira do Himalaya - - (Spanish-Américas)
Árbol de quitasol - - (Spanish-Américas)
Árbol del paraíso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Árbol enano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Árbol paraíso - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Árvore dos rosarios - - (Spanish-Américas)
Árvore santa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Azahar lila - - (Spanish-Américas)
Baya china - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Canela - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Canelo - - (Spanish-Américas)
China berry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chinaberry tree - - (NM)
Cinamomo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cinamono - - (Spanish-Américas)
Conteira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cotula fétida - - (Spanish-Américas)
Falso sicómoro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Flores do paraíso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Granillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Intendente - - (Spanish-Américas)
Istowan piocha - - (Atlas Mexico)
Jacinto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Jasmín de soldado - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lila - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lila de China - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Lila de las Indias - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lila de Persia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lilaila - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lilás das Antilhas - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lilás de India - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lilás do Cabo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lilayo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lirio da India - - (Spanish-Américas)
Margosa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Margoseira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mélia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mélia do Himalaya - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mirabobo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Nido de paloma - - (Spanish-Américas)
Panjí - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Paraguas chino - - (Spanish-Américas)
Paraíso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Paraíso chino - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Paraíso morado - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pasilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Paternoster - - (Spanish-Américas)
Persian lilac - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pestaña - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pioch - - (Atlas Mexico)
Piocha - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pioche - - (Atlas Mexico)
Piochi - - (Atlas Mexico)
Piocho - - (Atlas Mexico)
Pride-of-India - - (NM)
Prusiana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Rosariera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quitasol - - (Spanish-Américas)
Rosarieria - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Sicomoro bastardo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sicomoro falso - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tendente - - (Spanish-Américas)
Texas umbrella tree - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Umbrella tree - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Violeta - - (Spanish-Américas)
Viuva - - (Spanish-Américas)
In New Mexico, introduced. - - (NM)
Although not native, used medicinally in Mexico - - (Atlas Mexico)
(e.g., in Veracruz or San Luis Potosí).

Mélia do Himalaya - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Melilotus alba, Alfalfon

Melocotón - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Melón - Apodanthera undulata - (Hicks)
- Cucurbita maxima - (Atlas Mexico)

Melon de coyote - Apodanthera undulata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Meloncillo - Apodanthera undulata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Melon lóco - Apodanthera undulata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Melon-loco - Apodanthera - (NM)
- Apodanthera undulata - (NM)

Mentha - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Mint - - (BONAP)
Pennyroyal - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Poleo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Members of Mentha in New Mexico not in main list are:
Mentha X rotundifolia - (L.) Huds. (pro sp.) - (BONAP)
(= Hybrid mint, Mint),
Mentha suaveolens - Ehrh. - (BONAP)
(= Apple mint).
Mentha is a widely used but difficult genus due to polyploidy.
Mentha arvensis in New Mexico is sometimes referred to as
Mentha canadensis L. by some authors.
According to Roalson & Allred,
Mentha canadensis L. = Mentha arvensis L.
However, according to BONAP, North American Mentha canadensis is
not in New Mexico.
According to Roalson & Allred,
Mentha X rotundifolia (Linnaeus) Hudson is a hybrid of the species
Mentha spicata L. [= Mentha longifolia auct. non (L.) Huds.]
and Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. However, the last mentioned species is
not listed by these authors as found in New Mexico.
Members of Mentha listed by BONAP for North America that are not
wild in New Mexico are:
Mentha aquatica - L. - (BONAP)
(= Water mint),
? Mentha canadensis - L. - (BONAP)
(= Canadian mint),
Mentha X gracilis - L. - (BONAP)
(= Red mint),
Mentha X gracilis - Sole (pro sp.) - (BONAP)
(= Mint),
Mentha X piperita - L. (pro sp.) - (BONAP)
(= Peppermint),
Mentha X piperita var. citrata - (Ehrh.) Briq. - (BONAP)
(= Lemon mint),
Mentha X piperita var. piperita - L. - (BONAP)
(= Peppermint),
Mentha pulegium - L. - (BONAP)
(= Pennyroyal),
Mentha requienii - Benth. - (BONAP)
(= Mint),
Mentha X smithiana - Graham - (BONAP)
(= Smith's mint),
Mentha X verticillata - L. - (BONAP)
(= Mint),
Mentha X villosa - Huds. (pro sp.) - (BONAP)
(= Hairy mint).

Mentha arvensis - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Brook mint - - (Moore)
Field mint - - (NM)
Mint - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Poleo - - (Moore)
Poleo del pais - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Poleo grande - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wild mint - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Mentha gentilis - L. - (BONAP)
Mentha arvensis in New Mexico is sometimes referred to as
Mentha canadensis L. by some authors.
According to Roalson & Allred,
Mentha canadensis L. = Mentha arvensis L.
However, according to BONAP, Mentha canadensis L. is in
North America (surely native) but not in New Mexico.

Mentha canadensis - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico (?) - - (NM)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
American wild mint - - (PFAF)
Canadian mint - - (BONAP)
Poleo - - (Moore)
Poleo del pais - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Poleo grande - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Mentha arvensis - auct. non L. - (BONAP)
Mentha arvensis ssp. borealis - (Michx.) Taylor & MacBryde - (BONAP)
Mentha arvensis var. canadensis - (L.) Kuntze - (BONAP)
Mentha arvensis var. glabrata - (Benth.) Fern. - (BONAP)
Mentha arvensis ssp. haplocalyx - Briq. - (BONAP)
Mentha arvensis var. lanata - Piper - (BONAP)
Mentha arvensis var. sativa - auct. non Benth. - (BONAP)
Mentha arvensis var. villosa - (Benth.) S.R. Stewart - (BONAP)
Mentha glabrior - (Hook.) Rydb. - (BONAP)
Mentha penardii - (Briq.) Rydb. - (BONAP)
Mentha arvensis in New Mexico is sometimes referred to as the same as
Mentha canadensis by some authors.
According to Roalson & Allred,
Mentha canadensis L. = Mentha arvensis L.
However, according to BONAP, Mentha canadensis L. is in
North America (surely native) but not in New Mexico.

Mentha puleguim - L. - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
European Pennyroyal - - (Moore)
Pennyroyal - - (BONAP)
Poleo - - (in Baja California Sur, Mexico)
According to BONAP, this species is found in North America but
not in New Mexico. It occurs as a cultivated and escaped species
along or near coast in California north to Southwest Canada and
south to Baja. Brought to North America from Spain or Europe.

Mentha spicata - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Spearmint - - (BONAP)
Yerba buena - - (Moore)
Yerbabuena - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Mentha cordifolia - auct. - (BONAP)
Mentha longifolia - auct. non (L.) Huds. - (BONAP)
Mentha viridis - L. - (BONAP)
Often found along water ways or streams in mountains of New Mexico.

Mentholatum, see Cuero, Escoba de la vibora

Menstruço - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Mentrusto - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Mentruz - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Mentzelia multiflora, Pegapega

Mercadela - Calendula officinalis - (Elsa Campos)

Mermasangre - Agrimonia eupatoria - (Spanish-Américas)

Mescal - Agave americana - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Mescal casero - Agave angustifolia - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Mescal del monte - Agave angustifolia - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Mescat acacia - Acacia constricta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Mesquite bush, see Tornillo

Metl - Agave americana - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)
- Agave atrovirens - (Aztec, Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Mexican heather - Cuphea - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea aequipetala - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea jorullensis - (Mexican-American)
- Hippocratea excelsa (= Hemiagium excelsum) - (Mexican-American)

Mexican mulberry - Morus microphylla - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Mexican oil, see Aceite mexicano

Mexican poppy - Argemone mexicana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Mexican pricklypoppy - Argemone mexicana - (U.S.A.)

Mexican tea, Pazote

Mexican tea - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Mexican wormseed, Pazote

Mezcal - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Agave angustifolia - (southern Sonora)

Mezquitillo - Acacia constricta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Micrampelis lobata, Estrella del norte

Mikania guaco - Guaco - (Elsa Campos)

Milflor - Achillea millefolium - (Mexico)

Milfoil (= Plumajillo) - Achillea millefolium - (ITIS, European English)
- Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Milfoil acacia - Acacia millefolia - (NM)

Milfoil wattle - Acacia millefolia - (BONAP)

Milfolhada - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Milfolio - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Milgranada - Chenopodium botrys - (Spanish-Américas)

Milhojas - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Milkweed, Lecheros, Lechones

Millenrama - Achillea millefolium - (Mexico)

Mimbre - Acacia berlandieri - (Spanish-Américas)

Mimosa - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Mint - Mentha - (BONAP)
- Mentha arvensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Mirabilis jalapa - Amarilla - (Mexican-American)
- Chuyem - (Mexican-American)
- Four-o'clock - (Mexican-American)
- Maravilla - (Mexican-American)
- Quetzalatzonyatli - (Nahuatl)
- Tlaquiln - (Nahuatl)
- Tsutsuy-xiu - (Maya)

Mirabilis longiflora - Amarilla - (Mexican-American)
- Chuyem - (Mexican-American)
- Four-o'clock - (Mexican-American)
- Maravilla - (Mexican-American)
- Quetzalatzonyatli - (Nahuatl)
- Tlaquiln - (Nahuatl)
- Tsutsuy-xiu - (Maya)

Mirabilis multiflora (= Quamoclidion multiflorum) - Amarilla - (Mexican-American)
- Chuyem - (Mexican-American)
- Four-o'clock - (Mexican-American)
- Maravilla - (Mexican-American)
- Quetzalatzonyatli - (Nahuatl)
- Tlaquiln - (Nahuatl)
- Tsutsuy-xiu - (Maya)

Mirabobo - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Mirasol, Anil

Missouri gourd - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Moerman, Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Mock orange - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Maclura pomifera - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Mock vervain - Glandularia - (BONAP)

Moco de guajolote - Persicaria glabra - (Atlas Mexico)

Moco de pavo - Persicaria glabra - (Spanish-Américas)

Moganga - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Moka - Morus alba - (Atlas Mexico)

Molondrón - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Monarda, Oregano

Monarda menthaefolia - Bee balm - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Bergamot - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Haremint - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Horsemint - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Monarda - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Oregano - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Oregano de la sierra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Oswego tea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Monarda pectinata - Horsemint - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Oregano del campo - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Monito - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Montezuma cypress - Taxodium mucronatum - (Mexican-American)

Mora - Morus alba - (Spanish-Américas)
- Morus microphylla - (Atlas Mexico)
- Morus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Mora blanca - Morus alba - (Spanish-Américas)

Mora de tierra caliente - Morus alba - (Atlas Mexico)

Moraceae - Gaudich. - Family Name
Rosales - Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG IV) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o nitrogen-fixing lineage;
o Fabidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids I = fabids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, 2 genera: - - (NM)
*Maclura Nutt. (= Osage-orange) and
*Morus L. (= Mulberry).

Mora de árbol - Morus nigra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Moradilla - Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Moral - Morus alba - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Morus microphylla - (Atlas Mexico)
- Morus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)
- Morus rubra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Moral blanco - Morus alba - (Spanish-Américas)

Moral negro - Morus microphylla - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Morus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Moral rojo - Morus rubra - (Spanish-Américas)

Mora negra - Morus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Moras - Morus microphylla - (Puebla)

Moras de árbol - Morus microphylla - (Atlas Mexico)

Moreda - Morus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Morera - Morus alba - (Spanish-Américas)
- Morus nigra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Morera blanca - Morus alba - (Spanish-Américas)

Morera negra - Morus microphylla - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Morus nigra - (Spanish-Américas)

Morero - Morus alba - (Spanish-Américas)

Morito - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Mormon tea, Canutillo del campo

Morus - L. - Genus Name
Family Moraceae
Common Name
Mulberry - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 2 species: - - (NM)
*Morus alba Linnaeus (= White mulberry) and
*Morus microphylla Buckley (= Texas mulberry).

Morus alba - Linnaeus - Species Name
Family Moraceae
Common Name
Amoreira branca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amoreira multicaule - - (Spanish-Américas)
Baya - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Moka - - (Atlas Mexico)
Mora - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mora blanca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mora de tierra caliente - - (Atlas Mexico)
Moral - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Moral blanco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Morera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Morera blanca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Morero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Silk worm mulberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
White mulberry - - (NM)
In New Mexico, introduced.

Morus microphylla - Buckley - Species Name
= Morus celtidifolia Kunth
Family Moraceae
Common Name
Amacapulín - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Apurí - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Baya - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba mora - - (Atlas Mexico)
Littleleaf mulberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Mexican mulberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Mora - - (Atlas Mexico)
Moral - - (Atlas Mexico)
Moral negro - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Moras - - (Puebla)
Moras de árbol - - (Atlas Mexico)
Morera negra - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Palo moral - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Texas mulberry - - (NM)
Tzitzi - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Wild mulberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico

Morus nigra - L. - Species Name
Family Moraceae
Common Name
Amoreira negra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amoreira preta - - (Spanish-Américas)
Black mulberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Mora - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mora de árbol - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Mora negra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Moral - - (Spanish-Américas)
Moral negro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Moreda - - (Spanish-Américas)
Morera - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Morera negra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Persian mulberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Sycamine - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Morus rubra - L. - Species Name
Family Moraceae
Common Name
Moral - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Moral rojo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Red mulberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Moss, Lama del agua, (also Yerba de la piedra)

Mostacilla, Lepidium alyssoides

Mostaza, Brassica campestris

Mostaza montés - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Mota - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Motua - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Mountain cottonwood (= Àlamo sauco) - Populus angustifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Mountain mahogany, Palo duro

Mountain mugwort - Artemisia franserioides - (Mexican-American)

Mozote - Bidens pilosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Mulberry - Morus - (NM)

Mule pine, Sabina macho

Mule's fat - Baccharis salicifolia - (BONAP)

Mullein (= Punchon) - Verbascum thapsus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Musgo

Mushrooms, Hongos

Musk mallow - Abelmoschus moschatus - (MMPND-English)

Musk okra - Abelmoschus moschatus - (MMPND-English)

Musky-seeded hibiscus - Abelmoschus moschatus - (MMPND-English)

Mustard - Brassica - (BONAP)
- Brassica rapa var. rapa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

My lady's wash bowl, Clavelina

Myosurus apetalus - Gay - (BONAP)
Reported to be used medicinally in New Mexico.

Myroxylon - L.f. - (KEW)
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
= Leguminosae-Papilionoideae DC.

Myloxylon balsamum (L.) Harms
Chuchupate - - (Lower Rio Grande)

Myroxylon balsamum var. Pereirae - Balsamo - (Mexican-American)
- Balsamo de Cartagena - (Mexican-American)
- Balsamo de las Indias - (Mexican-American)
- Balsamo negro del peru - (Mexican-American)
- Huitziloxitl - (Nahuatl)
- Tolu balsam - (Mexican-American)

Myroxylon spp. - Balsamo - (Mexican-American)
- Balsamo de Cartagena - (Mexican-American)
- Balsamo de las Indias - (Mexican-American)
- Balsamo negro del peru - (Mexican-American)
- Huitziloxitl - (Nahuatl)
- Tolu balsam - (Mexican-American)

Myrtaceae
Family: Myrtaceae - Juss.
- Order: Myrtales - Rchb.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

N

Nacazcalotl - Acacia farnesiana - (Morelos)

Nahuiliput - Verbesina crocata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Nahuilipute - Verbesina crocata - (Spanish-Américas)

Najú or ñajú or ñangú - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Namole - Phytolacca icosandra - (Morelos)

Ñamole - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Naranjo de chino - Maclura pomifera - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Naranjo de osage - Maclura pomifera - (Spanish-Américas)

Naranjo del Osage - Maclura pomifera - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Nardo - Argemone hispida - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Nardo americano - Aralia racemosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Narciso amarillo - Thevetia thevetioides - (Mexican-American)

Narrow dock - Rumex crispus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Narrowleaf cottonwood - Populus angustifolia - (BONAP)

Narrow-leafed cottonwood (= Àlamo sauco) - Populus angustifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Narrowleaf yucca - Yucca angustissima - (BONAP)

Navajo-tea - Thelesperma megapotamicum - (NM)

Navajo tea - Thelesperma longipes - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Thelesperma megapotamicum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Thelesperma subnudum var. subnudum - (BONAP)

Navajo yucca - Yucca baileyi - (BONAP)
- Yucca baileyi var. navajoa - (BONAP)

Nequén - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Netleaf oak - Quercus rugosa - (Elsa Campos)

Nettle-spurge - Jatropha - (New Mexico)

Newberry's tickseed - Coreopsis californica var. newberryi - (BONAP)

New Mexico Spanish bayonet - Yucca harrimaniae var. neomexicana - (BONAP)

Niamol - Phytolacca icosandra - (Náhualt)

Niamole - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Nicociana - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Nicotiana - L. - Genus Name
Family Solanaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Tobacco - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 3 species: - - (BONAP)
Nicotiana attenuata (= Coyote tobacco)
Nicotiana glauca (= Tree tobacco)
Nicotiana trigonophylla (= Desert tobacco)
See notes.

Nicotiana attenuata - Torrey ex S. Watson - Species Name
Family Solanaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Coyote tobacco - - (BONAP)
Punche - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Punche mejicano - - (?)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Nicotiana glauca - Graham - Species Name
Family Solanaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Almorranera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Arbol del tabaco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Belénbelén - - (Spanish-Américas)
Buenamoza - - (Spanish-Américas)
Caralahua - - (Spanish-Américas)
Charuteira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Charuto do rei - - (Spanish-Américas)
Don juan - - (Spanish-Américas)
Donjuán - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gretaña - - (Spanish-Américas)
Juanita - - (Spanish-Américas)
Maraquiana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mariguana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Marihuana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mostaza montés - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mota - - (Spanish-Américas)
Palán - - (Spanish-Américas)
Palancho - - (Spanish-Américas)
Palán-palán - - (Spanish-Américas)
Palanpalán - - (Spanish-Américas)
Palo pelado - - (Spanish-Américas)
Palo virgen - - (Spanish-Américas)
Palqui extranjero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco amarillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco bravo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco cimarrón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco feiticeira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco lampiño - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco moruno - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabacón mejicano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaquillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tacote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tepozán - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tree tobacco - - (BONAP)
Tronadora - - (Spanish-Américas)
Virginio - - (Spanish-Américas)
Yerba del gigante - - (Spanish-Américas)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Nicotiana quadrivalvis - Pursh - Species Name
Family Solanaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Indian tabacco - - (BONAP)
Tabaco del Missouri - - (Spanish-Américas)
Not wild in New Mexico, 4 varieties: - - (BONAP)
(1) Nicotiana quadrivalvis var. bigelovii (Torr.) DeWolf
(= Bigelow's tobacco)
Synonym
Nicotiana bigelovii - (Torr.) S. Wats. - (BONAP)
(2) Nicotiana quadrivalvis var. multivalvis (Lindl.) Mansf.
(= Indian tobacco)
Synonym
Nicotiana bigelovii var. multivalvis - (Lindl.) Eastw. - (BONAP)
(3) Nicotiana quadrivalvis var. quadrivalvis Pursh
(= Indian tobacco)
Synonym
Nicotiana bigelovii var. quadrivalvis - (Pursh) Eastw. - (BONAP)
(4) Nicotiana quadrivalvis var. wallacei (Gray) Mansf.
(= Wallace's tobacco)
Synonym
Nicotiana bigelovii var. wallacei - Gray - (BONAP)
See notes.

Nicotiana plumbaginifolia - Viviani - Species Name
Family Solanaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Tabaquillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tex-Mex tobacco - - (BONAP)
Not wild in New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Nicotiana rustica - Linnaeus - Species Name
Common Name
Aztec tobacco - - (BONAP)
Erva santa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fumo agreste - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fumo brasileiro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fumo de paisano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fumo roxo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fumo rústico - - (Spanish-Américas)
Indian tabacco - - (PFAF)
Mapacho - - (?)
Picietl - - (PFAF)
Punche mexicano - - (?)
Punche de mexicano - - (Winter, 2001)
Tobacco - - (PFAF)
Tabaco azteca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco cimarrón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco de machuchi - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco de México - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco rústico - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco salvaje - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco turco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco verde - - (Spanish-Américas)
Turkish tobacco - - (PFAF)
Virginia alemão - - (Spanish-Américas)
Wild tobacco - - (PFAF)
Yetl - - (PFAF)
Although known to have been cultivated by Native Americans
since the early historic period, the presence in wild in
New Mexico requires conformation - - (Roalson & Allred)
See notes.

Nicotiana tabacum - L. - Species Name
Family Solanaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cafuche - - (Spanish-Américas)
Common Tobacco - - (Uphuf, 1959)
Cultivated tobacco - - (BONAP)
Erva de todos los males - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva do rei - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva do tabaco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva santa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fumo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de la consolación - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de todos los males - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba del diablo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba del gran prior - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba santa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Nicociana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Petén - - (Spanish-Américas)
Peti - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pitrén - - (Spanish-Américas)
Puteí - - (Spanish-Américas)
Putey - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sayri - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tobacco - - (BONAP)
Tabaco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaco de olor - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabacoeiro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaqueira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaquera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaquillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
See notes.

Nicotiana trigonophylla - Dunal - Species Name
Family Solanaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Desert tobacco - - (BONAP)
Punche - - (?)
Tabaco del desierto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tabaquillo - - (?)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Nicotiana obtusifolia - Mertens & Galeotti - (BONAP)
Nicotiana obtusifolia var. obtusifolia - - (BONAP)
Nicotiana trigonophylla var. trigonophylla - Dunal - (BONAP)
See notes.

Nido de paloma - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Nightwillow herb, Flor de San Juan

Nigrito - Sambucus mexicana - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus nigra - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus racemosa - (Mexican-American)

Ning xia gou qi - Lycium barbarum - (GRIN)

Nistamal, see Maravilla

Nodding beggartick - Bidens cernua - (BONAP)

Nogal, Juglans sp.

Nolina - Michx. - (BONAP)
Family Ruscaceae (including Nolinaceae) - - (BONAP)
Common name
Beargrass - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Nolina microcarpa - S. Wats. - (BONAP)
Family Ruscaceae (including Nolinaceae) - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Sacahuista - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Nopal - Opuntia spp.

Northwest sagebrush - Artemisia lindleyana - (BONAP)

Nosebleed (= Plumajillo) - Achillea millefolium - (European English)
- Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Nuphar - Sm. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
pondlilly
Nymphaeaceae

Nuphar lutea - (L.) Sm. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
yellow pondlily
Nymphaeaceae

Nuphar lutea ssp. polysepala - (Engelm.) E.O. Beal - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Rocky Mountain pondlily
Nymphaeaceae
Synonyms
Nuphar polysepala - Engelm - (BONAP)
Nymphaea polysepala - (Engelm.) Greene - (BONAP)
Nymphozanthus polysepalus - (Engelm.) Fern. - (BONAP)

Nutgalls: See notes.

Nutmeg, see Sangre de venado, Yerbabuena, Yerba del lobo

Nuttall's licorice - Glycyrrhiza lepidota - (CRC)

Nyctaginaceae - Juss. - Family Name
Caryophyllales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes = vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
(land plants).
In New Mexico

Nymphaeaceae
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm (first branching)
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

O

Oblea - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Ocimum basilicum - L. - Species Name
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Albaca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Albacar - - (EB 54(4): 427–438,2000; Mexican-American)
Albacaron - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Albahaca - - (Mexican-American)
Albahacar - - (Mexican-American)
Alvaca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Alvacar - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Basil - - (Elsa Campos)
Common basil - - (Mexican-American)
Garden basil - - (Elsa Campos)
Kla-kal-tun - - (Maya)
Sweet basil - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
See notes.

Ocimum spp. - Albacar - (Mexican-American)
- Albahaca - (Mexican-American)
- Albahacar - (Mexican-American)

Ocopetla - Abies religiosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Ocote - Pinus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Pinus edulis - (Spanish-Américas)
- Pinus arizonica - (Spanish-Américas)

Ocotl - Pinus - (Aztec, Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Ocpatl - Acacia angustissima - (C. Ratsch)

Ocra - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas, MMPND-Spanish)

Ochro - Abelmoschus esculentus - (EthnobotDB)

Oenothera - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Onagraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Eveningprimrose - - (BONAP)
Species, subspecies, or varieties in New Mexico (according to BONAP)
not in main list that may be medicinal are
Oenothera albicaulis Pursh (= Whitest eveningprimrose),
Oenothera brachycarpa Gray (= Shortfruit eveningprimrose),
Oenothera canescens Torr. & Frem. (= Spotted eveningprimrose),
Oenothera cespitosa Nutt. (= Tufted eveningprimrose),
Oenothera cespitosa ssp. macroglottis (Rydb.) W.L. Wagner (= Tufted eveningprimrose),
Oenothera cespitosa ssp. marginata (Nutt. ex Hook. & Arn.) Munz (= Tufted eveningprimrose),
Oenothera cespitosa ssp. navajoensis W.L. Wagner, Stockhouse & Klein (= Navajo eveningprimrose),
Oenothera coronopifolia Torr. & Gray (= Crownleaf eveningprimrose),
Oenothera elata Kunth (= Hooker's eveningprimrose),
Oenothera elata ssp. hirsutissima (Gray ex S. Wats.) W. Dietr. (= Hooker's eveningprimrose),
Oenothera elata ssp. texensis W. Dietr. & W.L. Wagner (= Texas eveningprimrose),
Oenothera engelmannii (Small) Munz (= Engelmann's eveningprimrose),
Oenothera flava (A. Nels.) Garrett (= Yellow eveningprimrose),
Oenothera flava ssp. flava (A. Nels.) Garrett (= Yellow eveningprimrose),
Oenothera flava ssp. taraxacoides (Woot. & Standl.) W.L. Wagner (= Yellow eveningprimrose),
Oenothera grandis (Britt.) Smyth (= Showy eveningprimrose),
Oenothera laciniata Hill (= Cutleaf eveningprimrose),
Oenothera longissima Rydb. (= Longstem eveningprimrose),
Oenothera latifolia (Rydb.) Munz (= Mountain eveningprimrose),
Oenothera neomexicana (Small) Munz (= New Mexico eveningprimrose),
Oenothera organensis Munz (= Organ Mountain eveningprimrose),
Oenothera pallida Lindl. (= Pale eveningprimrose),
Oenothera pallida ssp. gypsophila (Eastw.) Munz & W. Klein (= Whitepole eveningprimrose),
Oenothera pallida ssp. pallida Lindl. (= Pale eveningprimrose),
Oenothera primiveris Gray (= Desert eveningprimrose),
Oenothera primiveris ssp. primiveris Gray (= Desert eveningprimrose),
Oenothera pubescens Willd. ex Spreng. (= South American eveningprimrose),
Oenothera rhombipetala Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray (= Fourpoint eveningprimrose),
Oenothera rosea L'Her. ex Ait. (= Rose eveningprimrose),
Oenothera speciosa Nutt (= Pinkladies),
Oenothera triloba Nutt. (= Stemless eveningprimrose),
Oenothera villosa Thunb. (= Hairy eveningprimrose),
Oenothera villosa ssp. strigosa (Rydb.) W. Dietr. & Raven (= Hairy eveningprimrose), and
Oenothera villosa ssp. villosa Thunb. (= Hairy eveningprimrose).

Oenothera biennis - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Onagraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Common eveningprimrose - - (BONAP)
Seeds rich in essential (omega-6 fatty acid) gamma-linoleinc acid (GLA);
used in alternative medicine, this oil is said to prevent hardening of the arteries,
heart disease, skin rashes (eczema and atopic dermatitis), cirrhosis of the liver,
rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and high blood pressure.
Also it is claimed to be useful in treatment of menopause, PMS,
and could have a positive influence on sex hormone response,
including that involving estrogen and testosterone.
Although there are indications of its usefulness in skin rashes,
many of these claims need to be confirmed by further studies.
Evening Primrose Oil is obtained by pressing oil from the minute seeds
or the ground seeds can be used in a similar way to flax seed.
The bark and the leaves are said to be astringent and sedative.
The fragrant yellow flowers, lemon scented leaves, and sweet, starchy roots are edible.

Oenothera pallida ssp. runcinata - (Engelm.) Munz & W. Klein - (BONAP)
(= Anogra runcinata)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Onagraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Evening primrose - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Flor de San Juan - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Kings cureall - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Nightwillow herb - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pale eveningprimrose - - (BONAP)
Scabbish - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Scurvish - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Tree primrose - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Ojibwe squash - Cucurbita maxima - (Moerman)

Ojo de ratón - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Okra - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas, BONAP)

Old fashioned red rose, Rosa de castilla

Old man (= Plumajillo) - Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Old man's beard - Clematis lasiantha - (Mexican-American)
- Clematis spp. - (Mexican-American)
- Clematis virginiana - (Mexican-American)

Old woman - Artemisia absinthium - (Mexico)

Oleaceae
Family: Oleaceae - Hoffmanns. & Link
- Order: Lamiales - Bromhead
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Asterid; Euasterid I
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Olive oil, use of, see Calabazilla, Malva de castilla, Manzanilla, Romerillo, Sangre de venado, Trementina de pinon

Olmo - Populus balsamifera - (Spanish-Américas)

One-seeded juniper, Rama de sabina

Onagraceae
Family: Onagraceae - Juss.
- Order: Myrtales - Rchb.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Opuntia - P. Mill. - (BONAP)
Genus Name
Famiy Cactaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Beaver tail - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Nopal - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Prickly pear - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pricklypear - - (BONAP)
Tuna - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico, 26 species: - - (BONAP)
Opuntia arenaria (= El Paso pricklypear),
Opuntia chlorotica (= Dollarjoint pricklypear),
Opuntia clavata (= Club cholla),
Opuntia cymochila (= Grassland pricklypear),
Opuntia engelmannii (= Cactus apple),
Opuntia erinacea (= Grizzlybear pricklypear),
Opuntia ficus-indica (= Tuna cactus),
Opuntia fragilis (= Brittle pricklypear),
Opuntia fulgida (= Jumping cholla),
Opuntia grahamii (= Graham's pricklypear),
Opuntia humifusa (= Pricklypear),
Opuntia imbricata (= Tree cholla),
Opuntia kleiniae (= Candle cholla),
Opuntia kunzei (= Devil's cholla),
Opuntia leptocaulis (= Christmas cactus),
Opuntia macrorhiza (= Twistspine pricklypear),
Opuntia macrocentra (= Purple pricklypear),
Opuntia phaeacantha (= Tulip pricklypear),
Opuntia polyacantha (= Plains pricklypear),
Opuntia santa-rita (= Santa Rita pricklypear),
Opuntia spinosior (= Walkingstick cactus),
Opuntia tunicata (= Thistle cholla),
Opuntia valida (= Pricklypear),
Opuntia versicolor (= Staghorn cholla),
Opuntia viridiflora (= Rattail cholla),
Opuntia whipplei (= Whipple cholla).

Opuntia imbricata - (Haw.) DC. - (BONAP)
Species Name
Famiy Cactaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Entrana - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Tree cholla - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 1 variety: - - (BONAP)
Opuntia imbricata var. imbricata (= Tree cholla)

Opuntia imbricata var. imbricata - (BONAP)
Variety Name
Famiy Cactaceae - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Entrana - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Tree cholla - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Cereus imbricatus - Haw. - (BONAP)
Cylindropuntia imbricata - (Haw.) F.M. Knuth - (BONAP)
Opuntia arborescens - Engelm. - (BONAP)
Opuntia imbricata var. arborescens - (Engelm.) Weniger - (BONAP)
Opuntia imbricata var. vexans - (Griffiths) Weniger - (BONAP)

Opuntia leptocaulis - DC. - (BONAP)
Species Name
Famiy Cactaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Christmas cactus - - (BONAP)
Coyote cactus - - (Mescalero and Chiricahua)
Garrambulo - - (Mescalero and Chiricahua)
Tasajulla - - (Mescalero and Chiricahua)
Turkey cactus - - (Mescalero and Chiricahua)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
It is claimed that eating a single fruit will make one
"drunk and dizzy." Once added to Tiswin (= Tesvino).

Opuntia spp. - Beaver tail - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Nopal - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Prickly pear - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Tuna - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Orange blossoms (= Azahar, Azahares) - Citrus aurantium - (Mexican-American)
- Citrus sinensis - (Mexican-American)

Oregano, Monarda menthaefolia, (also Culantro)

Oregano de la sierra, Monarda menthaefolia

Oregano del campo, Monarda pectinata

Oregon grape - Mahonia aquifolium - (BONAP)
- Mahonia repens - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Oregongrape - Mahonia - (BONAP)
- Mahonia repens - (BONAP)

Oreja de burro - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Oreja de lobo - Verbesina encelioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Orobanchaceae
Family: Orobanchaceae - Vent.
(Including plants [e.g., Castilleja] once placed in Scrophulariaceae Juss.)
- Order: Lamiales - Bromhead
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Asterid; Euasterid I
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Orozuz - Glycyrrhiza lepidota - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Orozuz americano - Glycyrrhiza lepidota - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Osage orange - Maclura pomifera - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Osage-orange - Maclura pomifera - (Moerman, NM, PFAF)

Osha - Levisticum officinale - (Bye & Linares, 1986)
- Ligusticum porteri - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Oshá - Ligusticum porteri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Osha de la sierra - Ligusticum porteri - (Bye & Linares, 1986)

Oshá de la sierra - Ligusticum porteri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Osha del campo - Levisticum officinale - (Bye & Linares, 1986)

Osha del jardin - Levisticum officinale - (Bye & Linares, 1986)

Ostrya - Scop. - Genus Name
Family Betulaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Hop-hornbeam - - (New Mexico)
Hophornbean - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 1 species: - - (BONAP)
Ostrya knowltonii Coville
(= Knowlton's hop-hornbeam).
Synonym
Ostrya baileyi - Rose - (New Mexico)

Oswego tea, Oregano

Our Lord's candles - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Oyama - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Oyamel - Abies religiosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Oyametl - Abies religiosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Oyamol - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Oxalis - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Common Name - - U.S.A. or Mexico
Woodsorrel - - (BONAP)
Species and subspecies in New Mexico not in main list are:
Oxalis albicans - Kunth - (BONAP)
(= Radishroot woodsorrel),
Oxalis albicans ssp. albicans - Kunth - (BONAP)
(= Radishroot woodsorrel),
Oxalis albicans ssp. pilosa - (Nutt.) Eiten - (BONAP)
(= Radishroot woodsorrel),
Oxalis alpina - (Rose) Rose ex R. Knuth - (BONAP)
(= Alpine woodsorrel),
Oxalis caerulea - (Small) R. Knuth - (BONAP)
(= Blue woodsorrel),
Oxalis corniculata - L. - (BONAP)
(= Creeping woodsorrel),
Oxalis decaphylla - Kunth - (BONAP)
(= Tenleaf woodsorrel),
Oxalis dillenii - Jacq. - (BONAP)
(= Dillen's oxalis),
Oxalis dillenii ssp. dillenii - Jacq. - (BONAP)
(= Dillen's oxalis),
Oxalis drummondii - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Drummond's woodsorrel),
Oxalis frutescens - L. - (BONAP)
(= Shrubby woodsorrel),
Oxalis frutescens ssp. angustifolia - (Kunth) Lourteig - (BONAP)
(= Shrubby woodsorrel),
Oxalis latifolia - Kunth - (BONAP)
(= Broadleaf woodsorrel),
Oxalis stricta - L. - (BONAP)
(= Common yellow oxalis).
The acid taste is due to its content of oxalic acid.

Oxalis violacea - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Oxalidaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Chocoyle - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Jocoyol - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Shamrock - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Socoyol - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Trefoil - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Violet wood-sorrel - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Violet woodsorrel - - (BONAP)
Wood sorrel - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Ionoxalis violacea - (L.) Small - (BONAP)
Oxalis violacea var. trichophora - Fassett - (BONAP)

Oxcoac - Abrus precatorius - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Oxoak - Abrus precatorius - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Oxytropis lambertii, Frijolillo

P

Pacific ponderosa pine - Pinus ponderosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pacote - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Palo espino - Verbesina crocata - (Atlas Mexico)

Palo moral - Morus microphylla - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Palo santo - Aralia humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pega-pega - Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Pegamacaco - Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Pegamasco menor - Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Pegotes - Arctium minus - (Spanish-Américas)

Pagua - Persea butyracea - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)
- Persea Ligue - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Pague, Dysodia papposa

Paico - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Paico mocho - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Painted cup - Castilleja integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja integra var. integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja linariifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Painter's brush - Castilleja integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja integra var. integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja linariifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Palha teixeira - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Paja (Straw)

Pajiza - Abelmoschus manihot - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Palán - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Palancho - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Palán-palán - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Palanpalán - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Pale wolfberry - Lycium pallidum - (NM)

Palillo - Croton corymbulosus (= Croton pottsii var. pottsii) - (Mexican-American)
- Croton texensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Discorea densiflora - (Mexican-American)
- Discorea floribunda - (Mexican-American)

Palma - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Palmilla - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca schidigera - - (Mexican-American)
- Yucca valida - - (Mexican-American)

Palmilla ancha - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Palmillas - Young shoots of yucca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Boiled for hours to make stimulating drink and thicked into a syrup that is
kept to rub on rheumatic joints - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Palo amarillo - Mahonia fremontii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Palo azul, Blue stick (herb store worker)

Palo de gallina - Lycium - (Spanish-Américas)

Palo chino - Acacia greggii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Palo de arco - Acacia roemeriana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Palo de cucharitas - Acacia cochliacantha - (Spanish-Américas)

Palo de ocote - Pinus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Palo de pingüica - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Palo de pulque - Acacia angustissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Palo duro, Cercocarpus montanus

Palo garrobo - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Palo pelado - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Palo Sangriento - Jatropha - (Mexican-American)
- Jatropha dioica - (Nahuatl)
- Jatropha macrorhiza - (Nahuatl)

Palo virgen - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Palqui extranjero - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Panete - Plumbago - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago pulchella - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago scandens - (Mexican-American)
Genus Plumbago not native in New Mexico.

Panjí - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Panthahochoixachin - Acacia farnesiana - (Morelos)

Papa cimarron, Solanum Jamesii

Papas (Potatoes) Solanum tuberosum

Papas cimarron, Papa cimarron

Papaver rhoeas - Adormidera - (Mexican-American)
- Amapola - (Mexican-American)
- Corn poppy - (Mexican-American)
- Field poppy - (Mexican-American)
- Flanders poppy - (Mexican-American)
- He - (Elsa Campos)
- Red poppy - (Elsa Campos)

Papaveraceae
Family: Papaveraceae - Juss.
- Order: Ranunculales - Dumort.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot (peripheral)
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Papera (Goitre)

Papoula de espinho - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Papoula espinhosa - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Papoula de México - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

Paraguas chino - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Paraíso - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Paraíso chino - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Paraíso morado - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Parosela formosa, see Dalea formosa.

Parry's wormwood - Artemisia laciniata - (NM)
- Artemisia laciniata subsp. parryi - (NM)

Parsley fern, Ponso

Pasilla - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Pasmo - Tribulus cistoides - (Spanish-Américas)

Pasmo: See notes.

Pasote - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Paspalum dilatatum - Poir. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Dallasgrass - (BONAP)
- Grama de agua - (PIER)

Paspalum notatum - ? - (?)
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Grama dulce - (PIER)

Paternoster - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Paternoster beans - Abrus precatorius - (Plant Book)

Patita de la paloma, Garbancillo

Patita de leon, Geranium atropurpureum

Patito del campo, Lathyrus decaphyllus, Lathyrus decaphyllus

Patito - Acacia greggii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Patitos - Acacia greggii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Patusai - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pazoli - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Pazote - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Chenopodium botrys - (Spanish-Américas)

Pazotillo - Conyza canadensis var. canadensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Peach, Durazno

Pectis angustifolia, Limoncillo

Pedo de burro - Acacia farnesiana - (Atlas Mexico)

Pegadillo - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Pegajosa - Stevia salicifolia - (Atlas Mexico)

Pegapega - Grindelia squarrosa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Mentzelia multiflora - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Pegotes - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Pelargonium graveolens, Geranio

Pelotazo - Abutilon incanum - (BONAP, NM)

Pelotazo chico - Abutilon incanum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Penca - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Pennyroyal - Mentha - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Mentha puleguim - (BONAP)
- Hedeoma oblongifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Pentstemon torreyi - Baras de San Jose - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Beard tongue - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Varas de San Jose - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Varitas de San Jose - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Humming
-bird's dinner horn - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Red pentstemon - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Scarlet bugler - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Peonía - Abrus precatorius - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pepino del diablo - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Peppergrass, Mostacilla

Pepperweed, Mostacilla

Perejil del campo - Ligusticum porteri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Perejil silvestre - Levisticum officinale - (Spanish-Américas)

Perfume, see Geranio

Pergamasso - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Pergamasso maior - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Pericome - Gray - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Pericome - - (BONAP)
Only one species of the genus in New Mexico.

Pericome caudata - Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Mountain leaftail - - (BONAP)
Yerba del chivato - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Pericome caudata var. glandulosa - (Goodman) Harrington - (BONAP)

Pericón - Pimpinella anisum - (Cheo Torris)
- Tagetes filifolia - (Mexican-American)
- Tagetes lucida (most commonly) - (Mexican-American)
- Tagetes micrantha - (Mexican-American)
- Tribulus cistoides - (Spanish-Américas)

Pericón blanco - Stevia eupatoria - (?)

Perla de China - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Peronía - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Persia americana - Miller - (México Desconocido)
Family Lauraceae - (México Desconocido)
Common Names - - U.S.A. or Mexico
- Aguacate - (Mexican-American)
- Ahuacate - (Nahuatl)
- Ahuacatl - (En Nahuatl)
- Alligator pear - (Elsa Campos)
- Avocado - (Mexican-American)

Persia gratissima - - (Mexican-American)
- Ahuacate - (Nahuatl)
- Avocado - (Mexican-American)

Persian lilac - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Persian mulberry - Morus nigra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Persian yellow rose, Rosa de castilla

Persicaria - Miller - Genus Name
Family Polygonaceae
Common Name
Smartweed - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 7 species: - - (NM)
Persicaria amphibia (Linnaeus) S.F. Gray
(= Water smartweed),
Persicaria bicornis (Rafinesque) Nieuwland
(= Pinkweed),
*Persicaria hydropiper (Linnaeus) Spach
(= Water pepper),
*Persicaria lapathifolia (Linnaeus) Gray
(= Dock-leaf smartweed),
Persicaria maculosa Gray
(= Lady's-thumb),
Persicaria pensylvanica (Linnaeus) M. Gomez
(= Pennsylvania smartweed),
*Persicaria punctata (Elliott) Small
(= Dotted smartweed).
P. lapathifolia and P. maculosa are introduced species.

Persicaria acederifolia - Persicaria lapathifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Persicaria glabra - (Willd.) M.Gómez - Species Name
Family Polygonaceae
Common Name
Atencocotl - - (Atlas Mexico)
Camalote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Camelote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chilillo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chilillo de varita - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chilpun xuitl - - (Atlas Mexico)
Denseflower knotweed - - (USDA)
Moco de guajolote - - (Atlas Mexico)
Moco de pavo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Smooth smartweed - - (FNA)
Synonym
Polygonum mexicanum - Small - (Atlas Mexico)

Persicaria hydropiper - (Linnaeus) Spach - Species Name
= Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Delarbre
Family Polygonaceae
Common Name
A-chili - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Atacaya - - (Spanish-Américas)
Capitiçova - - (Spanish-Américas)
Centinodia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chileperro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chilillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba de hicotea - - (Spanish-Américas)
Marsh-pepper smartweed - - (?)
Marsh-pepper knotweed - - (USDA)
Marshpepper - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Marshpepper knotweed - - (USDA)
Persicaria mordaz - - (Spanish-Américas)
Persicaria picante - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Persicaria urente - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pimenta da agua - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pimienta acuática - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pimienta de agua - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Plumerillo del campo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Potincoba - - (Spanish-Américas)
Resquemona - - (Spanish-Américas)
Smartweed - - (FM, HDR)
Water pepper - - (FM, NM)
Waterpepper - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Synonyms
Persicaria hydropiper - (L.) Opiz - (?)
Polygonum hydropiper - Linnaeus - (NM)
In New Mexico

Persicaria hydropiperoides - (Michaux) Small - Species Name
Family Polygonaceae
Common Name
Camalote - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chile cimarrón - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chilillo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Waterpepper - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
The possible presence in New Mexico awaits verification.

Persicaria lapathifolia - (Linnaeus) Gray - Species Name
Family Polygonaceae
Common Name
Achilillo hembra - - (Atlas Mexico)
Ananash - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chilillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chilillo blanco - - (Atlas Mexico)
Dock-leaf smartweed - - (NM)
Persicaria acederifolia - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Poligono pata de perdiz - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Venenillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Willowleaf smartweed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Willow weed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Zarzaparrilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico, introduced.
Synonyms
Persicaria incarnata - (Elliott) Small - (NM)
Polygonum incarnatum - Elliott - (NM)
Polygonum lapathifolium - Linnaeus - (NM)

Persicaria mordaz - Persicaria hydropiper - (Spanish-Américas)

Persicaria picante - Persicaria hydropiper - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Persicaria punctata - (Elliott) Small - Species Name
Family Polygonaceae
Common Name
Ananash - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ajicillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Atencocotl - - (Atlas Mexico)
Caa-tay - - (Spanish-Américas)
Caátay - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chilillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chilillo rojo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Dotted smartweed - - (NM)
Liendre de cochino - - (Atlas Mexico)
Venenillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Water smartweed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Yerba del bicho - - (Spanish-Américas)
Synonym
Polygonum punctatum - Elliott - (NM)
In New Mexico

Persicaria urente - Persicaria hydropiper - (Spanish-Américas)

Pestaña - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Petalostemum purpureum, Yerba del lobo

Petén - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Peti - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Petiveria alliacea - Anamu - (Elsa Campos)
- Garlic sented petiveria - (Elsa Campos)
- Hierba del zorrillo - (Elsa Campos)

Peumus - Molina - (KEW)
Family Monimiaceae - (KEW)

Peumus boldus - ? - (?)
Family Monimiaceae - (KEW)
- Bold - (Mexican-American)
- Boldo - (Mexican-American)

Phaseolus vulgares, Frijoles

Phlox nana - Nutt. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Polemoniaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alpine pink - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Rosita morada - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Santa Fe phlox - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Phoradendron juniperinum - Bellota de sabina - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Juniper mistletoe - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Physalis neomexicana, Tomate del campo

Phytolacca - L. - Genus Name
Family Phytolaccaceae
Common Name
Pokeweed - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 1 variety of 1 species:
Phytolacca americana L. var. americana
(= American pokeweed).

Phytolacca americana var. americana - L. - Variety Name
Family Phytolaccaceae
Common Names
Bagá noiva - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bledo carbonero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Calalú - - (Spanish-Américas)
Capa rosa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Carminera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva dos cachos da India - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva dos cancros - - (Spanish-Américas)
Erva tintureira - - (Spanish-Américas)
Espinaca de América - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fitolaca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Grana encarnada - - (Spanish-Américas)
Granilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Great pokeweed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba carmesí - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba carmín - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba carmín decandra - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba de la oblea - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mazorquilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pigeonberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pokeberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pokeroot - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pokeweed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Scoke - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Uva de América - - (Spanish-Américas)
Uva de Canadá - - (Spanish-Américas)
Uva de España - - (Spanish-Américas)
Uva de macaco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Uva dos tintureiros - - (Spanish-Américas)
Vermelhão - - (Spanish-Américas)
In New Mexico

Phytolacca icosandra - L. - Species Name
Family Phytolaccaceae
Common Names
Amole - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Amolquelite - - (Spanish-Américas)
Amolquilitl - - (Atlas Mexico)
Amolxihuitl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Barba china - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Bledo carbonero - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cargamanta - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Carricillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Congarey - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cóngera - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Congeraman - - (Atlas Mexico)
Congora - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cóngora - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cónguera - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Congueran - - (Atlas Mexico)
Conjira - - (Atlas Mexico)
Fitoloca - - (Atlas Mexico)
Guaba - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba china - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Iyamole - - (Spanish-Américas)
Jabonera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Juan - - (Spanish-Américas)
Kongaran - - (Atlas Mexico)
Kongarani - - (Atlas Mexico)
K'onguarani - - (Atlas Mexico)
Konguera - - (Atlas Mexico)
Konguera blanca - - (Atlas Mexico)
Konguera prieta - - (Atlas Mexico)
Maíz de perro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Mazorquilla - - (Atlas Mexico)
Namole - - (Morelos)
Ñamole - - (Spanish-Américas)
Niamol - - (Náhualt)
Niamole - - (Spanish-Américas)
Oblea - - (Spanish-Américas)
Oyamol - - (Atlas Mexico)
Perla de China - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pokeweed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Quelite - - (Atlas Mexico)
Quelite de toro - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Reventón - - (Atlas Mexico)
Sicamole - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tarasca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tarasca de negros - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tarascana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Te'elkox - - (Atlas Mexico)
T'elkokox - - (Atlas Mexico)
Telcocox - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Telcox - - (Atlas Mexico)
Telkox - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tesmol de monte - - (Atlas Mexico)
Tonojosa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Verbachina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Yamole - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Synonyms
Phytolacca octandra - L. - (Atlas Mexico)
Phytolacca longespica - Moq. - (Atlas Mexico)

Phytolaccaceae - R.Br. - (APG III) Family Name
[Evidently, Phytolaccaceae s.l. (as broadly defined by APG III) includes the
subfamily Rivinoideae Nowicke = family Petiveriaceae Meissner (genera:
Gallesia Casar., Hilleria Vellozo, Ledenbergia Moquin, Monococcus F. Mueller,
Petiveria L., Rivina L., Schindleria H. Walter, Seguieria Loefling, and Trichostigma
A. Richard), as well as subfamily Phytolaccoideae Arnott = Phytolaccaceae s.s.
(genera: Anisomeria D. Don, Ercilla A. de Jussieu, Nowickea Martinez G. &
McDonald, and Phytolacca L.) and the subfamily Agdestidoideae Nowicke
(1 genus: Agdestis Sesse & Mocino ex de Candolle of Florida, Texas, West Indies,
Mexico, and Guatemala to Nicaragua).]
Caryophyllales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, 2 genera:
Phytolacca L. (= Pokeweed), and
Rivina L. (= Humble-weed).
Petiveriaceae (= Rivinoideae) may be more closely related to the family
Nyctaginaceae Juss. and Rivinoideae should probably be removed from
Phytolaccaceae. Therefore, the genus Rivina should more likely be placed
in the separate family Petiveriaceae outside the family Phytolaccaceae
and closer to the family Nyctaginaceae.
Although less certain, it is possible on the basis of some DNA evidence that the
genus Sarcobatus Nees (= Greasewood) should also be considered a member of
Phytolaccaceae. This genus with 1 species Sarcobatus vermiculatus (Hooker)
Torrey in New Mexico is traditionally placed in the family Chenopodiaceae.
The genus Agdestis (1 species: A. clematidea Sesse & Mocino ex de Candolle)
was recovered as sister to Sarcobatus with moderate support in the analyses
of Cuenoud et al. (2002), Schaferhoff et al. (2009), and Brockington et al. (2011).
o Brockington SF, Walker RH, Glover BJ, Soltis PS, Soltis DE. (2011) Complex
pigment evolution in the Caryophyllales, New Phytol. 190(4):854-864.
o Cuenoud P, Savolainen V, Chatrou LW, Powell M, Grayer RJ, Chase MW. (2002)
Molecular phylogenetics of Caryophyllales based on nuclear 18S rDNA and
plastid rbcL, atpB, and matK DNA sequences, Am J Bot. 89(1):132-144.
o Schaferhoff B, Muller KF, Borsch T. (2009) Caryophyllales phylogenetics:
disentangling Phytolaccaceae and Molluginaceae and description of
Microteaceae as a new isolated family, Willdenowia 39(2):209-228.

Piche - Acacia angustissima - (Spanish-Américas)

Picea común - Abies religiosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pichehumo - Acacia angustissima - (Spanish-Américas)

Pichejumo - Acacia angustissima - (Spanish-Américas)

Pichihumo - Acacia angustissima - (Spanish-Américas)

Pichijumo - Acacia angustissima - (Spanish-Américas)

Picietl - Nicotiana rustica - (PFAF)

Piedra alumbre

Piedra azul (Copper sulphate)

Piedra infernal

Piedra lumbre

Pigeonberry - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Phytolacca americana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pigweed (= Chile puerco, Quelite salado)
- Amaranthus blitoides - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Amaranthus powellii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Amaranthus spp. - (Mexican-American)

Piki bread, see Alegria, Azafran, Maiz

Piloncillo, use of, see Alfilerillo, Alhucema, Altamisa de la sierra, Capulin, Chamiso hediondo, Coralillo, Coronilla, Dormilon, Maiz, Manzanilla, Osha, Yerba del buey

Pimenta da agua - Persicaria hydropiper - (Spanish-Américas)

Pimienta acuática - Persicaria hydropiper - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pimienta de agua - Persicaria hydropiper - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pimpín - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Pimpinella anisum, Anis Pimpinella anisum - Anis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Anise - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Pinabete - Abies concolor - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Abies religiosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Pinus ponderosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Pinaceae - Lindley - Family Name
= Pinaceae Spreng. ex F.Rudolphi
Pinales - Dumort. - Order Name
= Pinales Gorozh.
Higher level lineages (Cantino, et al., 2007):
Acrogymnospermae; Coniferae
[Coniferae may (?) also include Gnetophyta sister to Pinaceae]
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, 4 genera:
Pinus L. (= Pine)
Picea A. Dietrich (= Spruce)
Abies P. Mill. (= Fir)
Pseudotsuga Carriere (= Douglas-fir)

Pinclover, Alfilerillo

Pine - Pinus - (BONAP)

Pineappleweed, Manzanilla

Pingue, see Pinhue

Pinguica - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
- Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Mexico)

Pingüica - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Pinhue, Hymenoxys floribunda

Pinkets, Alfilerillo

Pino - Abies religiosa - (Spanish-Américas)
- Pinus edulis - (Spanish-Américas)
- Pinus ponderosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pino arizónica - Pinus arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pino blanco - Abies concolor - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Pinus arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Pinus ponderosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Pinus scopulorum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pino cembroide - Pinus edulis - (Spanish-Américas)

Pino cenizo - Pinus arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pino de Arizona - Pinus edulis - (Spanish-Américas)

Pino de méxico - Pinus edulis - (Spanish-Américas)

Pino fino - Pinus arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pino oyamel - Abies religiosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Pino piñón - Pinus edulis - (Spanish-Américas)

Pino piñonero - Pinus edulis - (Spanish-Américas)

Pino ponderosa - Pinus ponderosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pino real - Abies arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Pinus ponderosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Pinus scopulorum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pino real americano - Pinus ponderosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pino real blanco - Abies concolor - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Abies arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pino real blanco de las sierras - Abies arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pino real Colorado - Pinus scopulorum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Pinole: See notes.

Piñon - Pinus edulis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Piñon pitch: Trementina de pinon

Pintapinta - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Pinto beans, Frijoles

Pintura - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Piñuela - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Pinus - L. - Genus Name
Family Pinaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ocote - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Ocotl - - (Aztec, Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Palo de ocote - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Pine - - (NM)
Pitch pine - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Torch pine - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico, 10 species,
3 varieties, 2 in P. cembroides
and 1 in P. leiophylla:
Pinus aristata Engelmann
(= Bristlecone pine),
Pinus arizonica Engelmann
(= Arizona pine),
Pinus cembroides Zuccarini var. cembroides
(= Mexican piñon pine),
Pinus cembroides Zuccarini var. bicolor Little
(= Mexican piñon pine),
Pinus edulis Engelmann
(= Piñon pine),
Pinus engelmannii Carrier
(= Apache pine),
Pinus flexilis James
(= Limber pine),
Pinus leiophylla Schiede & Deppe var. chihuahuana (Engelmann) Shaw
(= Chihuahua pine),
Pinus monophylla Torrey & Fremont subsp. fallax (Little) Zavarin
(= Arizona single-leaf piñon),
Pinus scopulorum (Engelmann) Lemmon
(= Rocky Mountain pine, Western yellow pine),
Pinus strobiformis Engelmann
(= Southwestern white pine).

Pinus edulis - Engelm. - (BONAP)
Family Pinaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ocote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pino - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pino cembroide - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pino de Arizona - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pino de México - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pino piñón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pino piñonero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Piñon - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Piñón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Piñón mexicano - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pinyon - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Twoneedle pinyon - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico
Synonym
Pinus cembroides var. edulis - (Engelm.) Voss - (BONAP)

Pinus ponderosa - Lawson - (FNA)
Family Pinaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Pacific ponderosa pine - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pinabete - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pino - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino blanco - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino ponderosa - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino real - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino real americano - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ponderosa pine - - (BONAP)
Western yellow pine - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Yellow pine - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Synonyms
According to Flora of North America,
Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex Lawson & C. Lawson
includes Pinus ponderosa var. arizonica (Engelmann) Shaw
(more recently considered Pinus arizonica Engelmann,
an uncommon tree in southwestern New Mexico),
Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa
(more recently considered Pinus ponderosa Lawson in the Pacific Coast region),
and Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum Engelmann
(more recently considered Pinus scopulorum, a common tree in New Mexico).

Pinus ponderosa var. arizonica - (Engelmann) Shaw - (FNA)
= Pinus arizonica Engelmann
Family Pinaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Arizona pine - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Joco pino - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ocote - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pino arizónica - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino blanco - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino cenizo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino fino - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Úkui - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Western yellow pine - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In southwestern New Mexico

Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum - Engelmann - (FNA)
= Pinus scopulorum (Engelmann) Lemmon
Family Pinaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Pino blanco - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino real - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pino real Colorado - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Ponderosa pine - - (BONAP)
Rocky Mountain pine - - (NM)
Rocky Mountain ponderosa pine - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Western yellow pine - - (NM)
Yellow pine - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Pinus brachyptera - Engelmann - (NM)
Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum - Engelmann - (NM)

Pinyon - Pinus edulis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Pioch - Melia azedarach - (Atlas Mexico)

Piocha - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Pioche - Melia azedarach - (Atlas Mexico)

Piochi - Melia azedarach - (Atlas Mexico)

Piocho - Melia azedarach - (Atlas Mexico)

Piojoso - Hippocratea celastroides - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Pionillo - Croton corymbulosus (= Croton pottsii var. pottsii) - (Mexican-American)
- Croton texensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Discorea densiflora - (Mexican-American)
- Discorea floribunda - (Mexican-American)

Piperaceae
Family: Piperaceae - Bercht. & J. Presl
(Piperaceae C.A. Agardh, according to Delta;
includes Peperomiaceae (Miq.) Wettst.)
- Order: Piperales - Dumort.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Magnoliid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Pipián - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Pipitzáhuatl - Stevia viscida - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pipizhuatl - Stevia viscida - (?)

Pirca - Bidens pilosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Pisate - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Pita - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Pita americana - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Pita-ci - Agave angustifolia - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Pita común - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Pita fina - Agave atrovirens - (Spanish-Américas)

Pita maguey - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Pitahaya, see Entrana, Pitajaya

Pitajaya, Echinocereus paucispinus

Pitaya, Pitajaya

Pitch pine - Pinus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Piteira - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Piteira brava - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Piteira de boi - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Pitera - Agave americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Pitrén - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Pixoy - Guazuma tomentosa - (Maya)
- Guazuma ulmifolia - (Maya)

Pizate - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Plains yucca - Yucca campestris - (BONAP)

Planta de escobas - Baccharis conferta - (Aztec)

Plantaginaceae - Juss. - (APG III) Family Name
(= Antirrhinaceae Pers. = Veronicaceae Durande)
[Scroph II, including plants [e.g., Bacopa] once placed in traditional
family Scrophulariaceae Juss. plus the traditional families
Plantaginaceae (now tribe Plantagineae), Callitrichaceae
(now tribe Callitricheae), Globulariaceae (now tribe Globularieae),
Haloragidaceae (Hippuridaceae; now tribe Hippurideae), and
Veronicaceae (now tribe Veroniceae) in the new family Plantaginaceae.]
Lamiales - Bromhead - Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Lamiidae Takhtajan;
o Garryidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids I = asterids I);
o Gentianidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids or core asterids);
o Asteridae Takhtajan (= asterids);
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].

Plantago - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Plantaginaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Plantain - - (BONAP)
Members in New Mexico not in main list are:
Plantago argyraea - Morris - (BONAP)
(= Saltmeadow plantain),
Plantago aristata - Michx. - (BONAP)
(= Largebracted plantain),
Plantago australis - Lam. - (BONAP)
(= Mexican plantain),
Plantago australis ssp. hirtella - (Kunth) Rahn - (BONAP)
(= Mexican plantain),
Plantago elongata - Pursh - (BONAP)
(= Longleaf plantain),
Plantago elongata ssp. elongata - Pursh - (BONAP)
(= Prairie plantain),
Plantago eriopoda - Torr. - (BONAP)
(= Redwool plantain),
Plantago helleri - Small - (BONAP)
(= Heller's plantain),
Plantago lanceolata - L. - (BONAP)
(= Narrowleaf plantain),
Plantago patagonica - Jacq. - (BONAP)
(= Woolly plantain),
Plantago rhodosperma - Dcne. - (BONAP)
(= Redseed plantain),
Plantago tweedyi - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Tweedy's plantain),
Plantago virginica - L. - (BONAP)
(= Virginia plantain),
Plantago wrightiana - Dcne. - (BONAP)
(= Wright's plantain).

Plantago major - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Plantaginaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Common plantain - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Lanten - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yanten - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Plantago major var. major - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Plantaginaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Common plantain - - (BONAP)

Plantain - Plantago - (BONAP)

Planta que da frutos acinosos al tomatl - Arctostaphylos spp. - (Aztec)

Plaster, see Cal

Plectocephalus - D. Don - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Basketflower - - (FNA)

Plectocephalus americanus - (Nuttall) D. Don - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
American basketflower - - (FNA)
American star-thistle - - (FNA)
Cardo del valle - - (FNA)
Centaura - - (Spanish-Américas)
Powderpuff - - (FNA)
Thornless thistle - - (FNA)

Pluma de la tierra (feather of the land) - Achillea millefolium - (Aztec)

Plumbaginaceae - Juss. - Family Name
Caryophyllales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae Takhtajan;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes = vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
(land plants).
In New Mexico, 1 genus: - - (NM)
*Limonium Mill.
(= Sea-lavender).

Plumajillo (little feather) - Achillea millefolium - (ITIS)
- Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis (= Achillea lanulosa) - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Plumajo - Achillea millefolium - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Plumbago - Plumbago - (BONAP)
Genus

Plumbago - L. - (BONAP)
Family Plumbaginaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alacran - - (Mexican-American)
Cola de iguana - - (Mexican-American)
Dentallaria - - (Mexican-American)
Leadwort - - (Mexican-American)
Panete - - (Mexican-American)
Plumbago - - (BONAP)
Tlachichinolli - - (Nahuatl)
Tlepatli - - (Nahuatl)
Yerba del alacran - - (Mexican-American)
Yerba del pescado - - (Mexican-American)
Genus Plumbago not native in New Mexico.

Plumbago pulchella - ? - (?)
Family Plumbaginaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alacran - - (Mexican-American)
Cola de iguana - - (Mexican-American)
Dentallaria - - (Mexican-American)
Leadwort - - (Mexican-American)
Panete - - (Mexican-American)
Tlachichinolli - - (Nahuatl)
Tlepatli - - (Nahuatl)
Yerba del alacran - - (Mexican-American)
Yerba del pescado - - (Mexican-American)

Plumbago scandens - L. - (BONAP)
Family Plumbaginaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Alacran - - (Mexican-American)
Cola de iguana - - (Mexican-American)
Dentallaria - - (Mexican-American)
Doctorbush - - (BONAP)
Leadwort - - (Mexican-American)
Panete - - (Mexican-American)
Tlachichinolli - - (Nahuatl)
Tlepatli - - (Nahuatl)
Yerba del alacran - - (Mexican-American)
Yerba del pescado - - (Mexican-American)

Plumeria rubra - Cacaloxochitl - (Elsa Campos)
- Flor de mayo - (Elsa Campos)
- Pomelia - (Elsa Campos)
- Tipanier - (Elsa Campos)

Plumerillo del campo - Persicaria hydropiper - (Spanish-Américas)

Poaceae
Family: Poaceae - (R.Br.) Barnh.
(= Gramineae Juss.)
- Order: Poales - Small
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Monocot; Commelinid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Pointleaf manzanita - Arctostaphylos pungens - (NM)

Pois rouge - Abrus precatorius - (Lady Bird Johnson)

Poison Ivy - Toxicodendron rydbergii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Poison oak - Toxicodendron - (BONAP)

Pokeberry - Phytolacca americana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pokeroot - Phytolacca americana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Pokeweed - Phytolacca americana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Polemoniaceae - Juss. - (APG III) Family Name
Common Name
Phlox Family - - (?)
Ericales - Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages (Cantino, et al., 2007):
Angiospermae; Mesangiospermae;
Eudicotyledoneae (= eudicots);
Gunneridae (= core eudicots);
Pentapetalae; Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
Caryophyllales + Asteridae; Asteridae (= asterids)
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, 8 genera: - - (BONAP, Roalson & Allred)
*Collomia Nutt. (= Mountaintrumpet),
*Eriastrum Woot. & Standl. (= Woolstar),
*Gilia Ruiz & Pavon (= Gilia),
*Ipomopsis Michx. (= Gilia),
*Linanthus Benth. (= Linanthus),
Navarretia Ruiz & Pavon (= Navarretia),
*Phlox L. (= Phlox),
*Polemonium L. (= Polemonium),
See notes.

Polemonium - L. - Genus Name
Family Polemoniaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Polemonium - - (BONAP)
Jacob's-ladder - - (Roalson & Allred)
In New Mexico, 5 species: - - (BONAP, Roalson & Allred)
Polemonium brandegeei (Gray) Greene
(= Brandegee's Jacob's-ladder, Polemonium brandegei),
Polemonium flavum Greene
(= Yellow Jacob's-ladder, Polemonium foliosissimum var. flavum),
Polemonium foliosissimum Gray
(= Jacob's-ladder, Towering Jacobsladder),
*Polemonium pulcherrimum Hooker var. delicatum (Rydberg) Cronquist
(= Beautiful Jacob's-ladder, Skunkweed polemonium),
*Polemonium viscosum Nuttall
(= Sky-pilot, Sticky polemonium).
See notes.

Poleo - Cunia lythrifolia - (Bye)
- Mentha - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Mentha arvensis - (Moore)
- Mentha canadensis - (Moore)
- Mentha puleguim - (in Baja California Sur, Mexico)

Poleo chino - Hedeoma oblongifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Poleo de campo - Cunia lythrifolia - (Bye)

Poleo del pais - Mentha arvensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Mentha canadensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Poleo grande - Mentha arvensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Mentha canadensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Poliadas, see Cal

Polianthes geminiflora - (Lex.) Rose - Species Name
= Agave coetocapnia (M. Roem.) Govaerts & Thiede
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common Name
Amole - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amoli - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amolli - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amollyi - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)

Poligono heterofilo - Polygonum aviculare - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Poligono pata de perdiz - Persicaria lapathifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Politrico - Asplenium trichomanes - (Spanish-Américas)

Polygalaceae
Family: Polygalaceae - Hoffmanns. & Link
(Polygalaceae Juss., according to Delta)
- Order: Fabales - Bromhead
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid I
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Polygonaceae - Juss. - Family Name
Caryophyllales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae Takhtajan;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes = vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
(land plants).
In New Mexico, 12 genera: - - (NM)
Bistorta Adanson (= Bistort),
Chorizanthe R. Brown (= Spine-flower),
*Eriogonum Michaux (= Wild-buckwheat),
Fagopyrum Miller (= Buckwheat),
Fallopia Adanson (= Black-bindweed),
Oxyria Hill (= Mountain-sorrel),
*Persicaria Miller (= Smartweed),
Polygonella Michaux (= Jointweed),
*Polygonum L. (= Knotweed, Smartweed),
Pterostegia Fischer & C. A. Meyer (= Threadstem),
*Rumex L. (= Dock),
Stenogonum Nuttall (= Wild-buckwheat).

Polygonum - L. - Genus Name
Family Polygonaceae
Common Name
Knotweed - - (NM)
Smartweed - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 8 species: - - (NM)
Polygonum arenastrum Jordan ex Boreau (= Oval-leaf knotweed),
Polygonum argyrocoleon Steudel ex Kunze (= Silver-sheath knotweed),
*Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus (= Yard knotweed),
Polygonum douglasii Greene (= Douglas's knotweed),
Polygonum erectum Linnaeus (= Erect knotweed),
Polygonum polygaloides Wallich ex Meisner subsp. confertiflorum (Nuttall ex Piper) Hickman
(= White-margin knotweed),
Polygonum polygaloides Wallich ex Meisner subsp. kelloggii (Greene) Hickman
(= White-margin knotweed),
Polygonum ramosissimum Michaux (= Yellow-flower knotweed),
Polygonum sawatchense Small (= Sawatch knotweed).
P. arenastrum, P. argyrocoleon, and P. aviculare are introduced.
The possible presence of P. bellardii Allioni, which would be another introduced species,
awaits verification.

Polygonum aviculare - L. - Species Name
Family Polygonaceae
Common Name
Albohol - - (Spanish-Américas)
Albohol de Castilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Altabaquillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Altamandría - - (Spanish-Américas)
Centinodia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cien nudos - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Correhuela - - (Spanish-Américas)
Corrigiola - - (Spanish-Américas)
Knotgrass - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Lengua de pájaro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Poligono heterofilo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Prostrate knotweed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Sanguinaria - - (Atlas Mexico)
Sanguinaria mayor - - (Spanish-Américas)
Saucillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Yard knotweed - - (NM)
Synonym
Polygonum buxiforme - Small - (NM)
In New Mexico, introduced.

Polypodiaceae
Family: Polypodiaceae - Bercht. & J. Presl
- Order: Polypodiales - A.B. Frank
Higher level lineages: Leptosporangiate; core Leptosporangiate; Polypod; Dryopteroid; Polygrammoid

Pomelia - Plumeria rubra - (Elsa Campos)

Ponderosa pine - Pinus scopulorum - (NM)

Ponil, Fallugia paradoxa (also see Maravilla)

Ponso, Tanacetum vulgare

Popoton, Stipa vaseyi

Popotillo, Canutillo del campo

Popular - Populus - (Mexican-American)
- Populus alba - (Mexican-American)
- Populus angustifolia - (Mexican-American)
- Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni - (Mexican-American)

Populus - L. - Genus Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Àlamo - - (Mexican-American)
Cottonwood - - (BONAP, Mexican-American)
Popular - - (Mexican-American)
In New Mexico, 5 species: - - (BONAP)
Populus alba (= White poplar),
Populus angustifolia (= Narrowleaf cottonwood),
Populus deltoides (= Eastern cottonwood),
Populus fremontii (= Fremont's cottonwood),
Populus tremuloides (= Quaking aspen).
2 hybrids: - - (New Mexico)
Populus X acuminata (= Lance-leaf cottonwood),
Populus X hinckleyana (= Hinckley poplar).

Populus X acuminata - Rydb. - Hybrid Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Lanceleaf cottonwood - - (BONAP)
Lance-leaf cottonwood - - (New Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Hybrids between Populus angustifolia × Populus deltoides - - (New Mexico)
Synonym
Populus acuminata var. rehderi - Sarg. - (BONAP)

Populus alba - L. - Species Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Abedul - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abelo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Àlamo - - (Mexican-American)
Àlamo boleana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Àlamo blanco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chopo boleana - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cottonwood - - (Mexican-American)
Popular - - (Mexican-American)
White poplar - - (BONAP, New Mexico)
In New Mexico, introduced - - (BONAP, New Mexico)
Synonyms
Populus alba var. bolleana - Lauche - (BONAP)
Populus alba var. pyramidalis - Bunge - (BONAP)

Populus angustifolia - James - Species Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Àlamo - - (Mexican-American)
Àlamo sauco - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Cottonwood - - (Mexican-American)
Mountain cottonwood - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Narrow-leafed cottonwood - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Narrowleaf cottonwood - - (BONAP)
Popular - - (Mexican-American)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Populus balsamifera var. angustifolia - (James) S. Wats. - (BONAP)
Populus canadensis var. angustifolia - (James) Wesmael - (BONAP)
Populus fortissima - A. Nels. & J.F. Macbr. - (BONAP)
Populus salicifolia - Raf. - (BONAP)
Populus X sennii - Boivin - (BONAP)
Populus tweedyi - Britt. - (BONAP)

Populus balsamifera - L. - Species Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Àlamo - - (Mexican-American)
Balm of Gilead Poplar - - (Moore)
Balsam poplar - - (BONAP)
Chopo - - (Mexican-American)
Güérigo - - (Mexican-American)
Güirigo - - (Mexican-American)
Huirivo - - (Mexican-American)
Olmo - - (Mexican-American)
Tacamaca común - - (Mexican-American)

Populus deltoides - Bartr. ex Marsh. - Species Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Àlamo de la Carolina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Àlamo carolino - - (Spanish-Américas)
Eastern cottonwood - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 3 subspecies: - - (BONAP)
Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides
(= Eastern cottonwood),
Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera
(= Plains cottonwood),
Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni
(= Rio Grande cottonwood).

Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides - Bartr. ex Marsh. - Subspecies Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Eastern cottonwood - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Populus angulata - Ait. - (BONAP)
Populus angulata var. missouriensis - A. Henry - (BONAP)
Populus balsamifera var. missouriensis - (A. Henry) Rehd. - (BONAP)
Populus balsamifera var. pilosa - Sarg. - (BONAP)
Populus balsamifera var. virginiana - (Foug.) Sarg. - (BONAP)
Populus canadensis var. virginiana - (Foug.) Fiori - (BONAP)
Populus deltoides var. angulata - (Ait.) Sarg. - (BONAP)
Populus deltoides var. missouriensis - (A. Henry) A. Henry - (BONAP)
Populus deltoides var. pilosa - (Sarg.) Sudworth - (BONAP)
Populus deltoides var. virginiana - (Foug.) Sudworth - (BONAP)
Populus nigra var. virginiana - (Foug.) Castigl. - (BONAP)
Populus palmeri - Sarg. - (BONAP)
Populus virginiana - Foug. - (BONAP)
Populus virginiana var. pilosa - (Sarg.) F.C. Gates - (BONAP)

Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera - (Ait.) Eckenwalder - Subspecies Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Plains cottonwood - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Monilistus monilifera - (Ait.) Raf. ex B.D. Jackson - (BONAP)
Populus besseyana - Dode - (BONAP)
Populus deltoides var. occidentalis - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Populus monilifera - Ait. - (BONAP)
Populus occidentalis - (Rydb.) Britt. ex Rydb. - (BONAP)
Populus sargentii - Dode - (BONAP)
Populus sargentii var. texana - (Sarg.) Correll - (BONAP)
Populus texana - Sarg. - (BONAP)

Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni - (S. Wats.) Eckenwalder - Subspecies Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Àlamo - - (Mexican-American, Spanish-Américas)
Àlamo de hoja redonda - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Àlamo de la hoja redonda - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Güérigo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cottonwood - - (Mexican-American)
Popular - - (Mexican-American)
Rio Grande cottonwood - - (BONAP)
Valley cottonwood - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Populus deltoides var. wislizeni - (S. Wats.) Dorn - (BONAP)
Populus fremontii var. wislizeni - S. Wats. - (BONAP)
Populus wislizeni - (S. Wats.) Sarg. - (BONAP)

Populus fremontii - S. Wats. - Species Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Àlamo - - (Moore, Spanish-Américas)
Fremont's cottonwood - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 1 subspecies: - - (BONAP)
Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii
(= Fremont's cottonwood).

Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii - S. Wats. - Subspecies Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Àlamo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Güérigo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fremont's cottonwood - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Populus arizonica - Sarg. - (BONAP)
Populus arizonica var. jonesii - Sarg. - (BONAP)
Populus canadensis var. fremontii - (S. Wats.) Kuntze - (BONAP)
Populus fremontii var. arizonica - (Sarg.) Jepson - (BONAP)
Populus fremontii var. macdougalii - (Rose) Jepson - (BONAP)
Populus fremontii var. macrodisca - Sarg. - (BONAP)
Populus fremontii var. pubescens - Sarg. - (BONAP)
Populus fremontii var. toumeyi - Sarg. - (BONAP)
Populus fremontii var. thornberi - Sarg. - (BONAP)
Populus macdougalii - Rose - (BONAP)

Populus X hinckleyana - Correll - Hybrid Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Hinckley poplar - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, - - (BONAP)
Hybrids between Populus angustifolia × Populus fremontii - - (New Mexico)

Populus nigra - L. - Species Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Àlamo argentino - - (Spanish-Américas)
Àlamo criollo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Àlamo de Lombardía - - (Spanish-Américas)
Àlamo negro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chopo de Italia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chopo lombardo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Lombardy poplar - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, awaits verification - - (New Mexico)
If present, introduced.
Synonyms
Populus dilatata - Ait. - (BONAP)
Populus italica - (Du Roi) Moench - (BONAP)
Populus nigra var. italica - Du Roi - (BONAP)

Populus tremuloides - Michx. - Species Name
Family Salicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Àlamo temblón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Alamillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chopo temblón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Quaking aspen - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Populus aurea - Tidestrom - (BONAP)
Populus cercidiphylla - Britt. - (BONAP)
Populus X polygonifolia - Bernard - (BONAP)
Populus tremuloides var. aurea - (Tidestrom) Daniels - (BONAP)
Populus tremuloides var. cercidiphylla - (Britt.) Sudworth - (BONAP)
Populus tremuloides var. intermedia - Victorin - (BONAP)
Populus tremuloides var. magnifica - Victorin - (BONAP)
Populus tremuloides var. rhomboidea - Victorin - (BONAP)
Populus tremula ssp. tremuloides - (Michx.) A.& D. Love - (BONAP)
Populus tremuloides var. vancouveriana - (Trel.) Sarg. - (BONAP)
Populus vancouveriana - Trel. - (BONAP) Populus tremuloides = álamo temblón, alamillo, chopo temblón.

Porcupine grass, Popoton

Portulacaceae - Juss.- (APG II: Family Name)
Caryophyllales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
Angiospermae; Mesangiospermae;
Eudicotyledoneae (= eudicots);
Gunneridae (= core eudicots);
Pentapetalae; Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
Caryophyllales + Asteridae
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
Family in New Mexico, including 8 genera:
Calandrinia - Kunth - (BONAP)
Cistanthe - Spach - (BONAP)
Claytonia - L. - (BONAP)
Lewisia - Pursh - (BONAP)
Montia - L. - (BONAP)
Portulaca - L. - (BONAP)
Talinopsis - Gray - (BONAP)
Talinum - Adans. - (BONAP)

Posole, see Maiz

Potatoes, Papas

Potincoba - Persicaria hydropiper - (Spanish-Américas)

Potts' leatherweed - Croton pottsii var. pottsii - (BONAP)

Pouched ants - Hormigas mieleras - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Prairie acacia - Acacia angustissima - (BONAP)
- Acacia angustissima var. suffrutescens - (BONAP)
- Acacia angustissima var. texensis - (NM)

Prairie wattle - Acacia angustissima var. texensis - (BONAP)

Prairieclover - Dalea - (BONAP)

Prairie coneflower - Ratibida - (BONAP)

Prayer bean - Abrus precatorius - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Prayer beads - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Prazer das damas - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Precatory bean - Abrus precatorius - (Lady Bird Johnson)

Precatory-pea - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Pricklenut - Guazuma tomentosa - (Mexican-American)
- Guazuma ulmifolia - (Mexican-American)

Prickly pear, Nopal

Prickle poppy - Argemone hispida - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Argemone mexicana - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Prickly-poppy - Argemone - (NM)

Pride-of-India - Melia azedarach - (NM)

Pride weed - Conyza canadensis var. canadensis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Primulaceae - Batsch ex. Borkh. - (APG III) Family Name
[Primulaceae Vent. (according to Delta), including
Maesaceae Anderb., B.Ståhl & Källersjö,
Myrsinaceae R.Br., nom. cons.,
Theophrastaceae G.Don, nom. cons.]
Ericales - Dumort. - Order Name
Higher level lineages (Cantino, et al., 2007):
Angiospermae; Mesangiospermae;
Eudicotyledoneae (= eudicots);
Gunneridae (= core eudicots);
Pentapetalae; Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
Caryophyllales + Asteridae; Asteridae (= asterids)
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, 2 genera - - (BONAP, NM)
Androsace L. (= Rock-jasmine, Rockjasmine)
Primula L. (= Primrose)
See notes.

Princess feather, Alegria

Pringle's abutilon - Abutilon incanum - (BONAP)

Prochnyanthes - S.Watson - Genus Name
[Transferred to Agave L.]
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common Name
Amole - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amoli - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amolli - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amollyi - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)

Prochnyanthes mexicana - (Zucc.) Rose - Species Name
= Agave bulliana (Baker) Thiede & Eggli
Family Asparagaceae (including Agavaceae)
Common Name
Amole - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amoli - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amolilla - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amolli - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)
Amollyi - - (EB 32(2): 124-130,1978)

Prostrate knotweed - Polygonum aviculare - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Prunus - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Rosaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Prunus - (BONAP)
Species or varieties in New Mexico (according to BONAP) not in main list that may be medicinal are
Prunus americana Marsh. (= American plum),
Prunus angustifolia Marsh. (= Chickasaw plum),
Prunus angustifolia var. angustifolia Marsh. (= Chickasaw plum),
Prunus angustifolia var. watsonii (Sarg.) Waugh (= Watson's plum),
Prunus emarginata (Dougl. ex Hook.) Walp. (= Bitter cherry),
Prunus emarginata var. emarginata (Dougl. ex Hook.) Walp. (= Bitter cherry),
Prunus gracilis Engelm. & Gray (= Oklahoma plum),
Prunus serotina Ehrh. (= Black cherry),
Prunus serotina var. rufula (Woot. & Standl.) McVaugh (= Black cherry),
Prunus serotina var. virens (Woot. & Standl.) McVaugh (= Black cherry),
Prunus virginiana L. (= Common chokecherry), and
Prunus virginiana var. demissa (Nutt.) Torr. (= Western chokecherry)

Prunus armeniaca - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Rosaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Albaricoque - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Apricot - (BONAP)

Prunus cerasus - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Rosaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Hueso de Cereza - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Sour cherry - (BONAP)

Prunus laurocerasus - L. - (BONAP)
Family Rosaceae - - (BONAP)
- Capulin - (Elsa Campos)
- Cherry-bay-tree - (Elsa Campos)
- Cherry-laurel - (Elsa Campos)
- Cherry laurel - (BONAP)

Prunus virginiana var. melanocarpa - (A. Nels.) Sarg. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Rosaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Black chokecherry - (BONAP)
- Capulin - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Choke cherry - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Rum cherry - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Padus melanocarpa - (A. Nels.) Shafer - (BONAP)
Padus virginiana ssp. melanocarpa - (A. Nels.) W.A. Weber - (BONAP)
Prunus melanocarpa - (A. Nels.) Rydb. - (BONAP)
Prunus virginiana ssp. melanocarpa - (A. Nels.) Taylor & MacBryde - (BONAP)

Prunus persica - (L.) Batsch - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Rosaceae - - (BONAP)
- Durazno - (Mexico, Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Peach - (BONAP)
- Peach tree - (Mexico)
Synonyms
Amygdalus persica - L. - (BONAP)
Persica vulgaris - P. Mill. - (BONAP)

Prusiana - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Pseudognaphalium - Kirp. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cudweed - - (Jepson)
Everlasting - - (Jepson)
Gordolobo - - (Mexico Spanish)
Gordolobo Mejicano - - (Mexico Spanish)
Rabbit-tobacco - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 7 species: - - (BONAP, NM)
Pseudognaphalium canescens (DC.) W.A. Weber
(= Wright's rabbit-tobacco),
Pseudognaphalium jaliscense (Greenman) A. Anderberg
(= Jaliso rabbit-tobacco),
Pseudognaphalium leucocephalum (Gray) A. Anderberg
(= White rabbit-tobacco),
Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum (Linnaeus) Hilliard & Burtt
(= Jersey rabbit-tobacco),
Pseudognaphalium macounii (Greene) Kartesz
(= Macoun's rabbit-tobacco),
Pseudognaphalium pringlei (Gray) A. Anderb.
(= Pringle's rabbit-tobacco), and
Pseudognaphalium stramineum (Kunth) W.A. Weber
(= Cotton-batting-plant)
Common name Cudweed can also refer to the related genus Diaperia
Nuttall, Filago L., Gamochaeta Weddell, or Gnaphalium L. - - (southwest US & northern Mexico, NM, FNA)
In New Mexico, the genus Diaperia, often called Cudweed, Dwarf
cudweed
, or Rabbit-tobacco, comprises Diaperia prolifera (Nuttall
ex A.P. de Candolle) Nuttall var. barnebyi Morefield, Diaperia prolifera
(Nuttall ex A.P. de Candolle) Nuttall var. prolifera [= Evax prolifera
Nuttall ex A.P. de Candolle or Filago prolifera (Nuttall ex A.P. de
Candolle) Britton], and Diaperia verna (Rafinesque) Morefield var.
verna (= Evax multicaulis A.P. de Candolle, Evax verna Rafinesque, or
Filaginopsis multicaulis Torrey & Gray). The first listed variety can be
called Barneby's cudweed; the second can be called Big-head cudweed;
and the third can be called Spring cudweed or Rabbit tobacco. - - (NM)
The genus Diaperia is restricted to central USA and northern Mexico.
The genus Stylocline Nuttall, commonly called Neststraw or Wooly-heads,
is also of restricted geographical distribution in southwest USA (including
New Mexico) and northwest Mexico. - - (FNA, NM)
The genus Filago Linnaeus (also called Cudweed, Herba impia, or
Cottonrose) is not found in the state. - - (FNA)
Only the introduced Filago pyramidata L. and Filago vulgaris are found
growing wild in North America outside New Mexico.
Filago pyramidata L. (= Filago germanica Hudson) in tribe Gnaphalieae
is native to south Europe, southwest Asia, north Africa, Atlantic Islands,
and introduced to North America, only found wild in northwestern
California and Saturna Island, British Columbia. - - (FNA)
Filago pyramidata L. (= Algodonosa, Broad-leaved cudweed,
Broadleaf cottonrose, Common cudweed, Herba impia, Hierba
algodonera, Hierba del pastor
).
Common name Everlasting also refers to other species: - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Helipterum roseum and Xeranthemum annuum (= Immortelle).
Although widely cultivated, Helipterum roseum in tribe Gnaphalieae
is native to Australia. Although widely cultivated, Xeranthemum annuum
in a different tribe Cardueae is native to parts of Europe and western Asia.
Common name Everlasting also refers to the related genus Anaphalis de
Candolle or Gamochaeta Weddell [= Gnaphalium L. section Gamochaeta
(Weddell) Hoffmann or Gnaphalium subgenus Gamochaeta (Weddell) Grenier].
Anaphalis is often called Pearly everlasting. Gamochaeta stagnalis
(I.M. Johnston) Anderberg (= Gnaphalium stagnale I.M. Johnston) is - - (NM)
often called Rosy everlasting. This last mentioned species (also called
Desert cudweed) is only found wild in the southwest USA (Arizona +
New Mexico) and parts of Mexico.
The Greek name γναφαλιον (gnaphalion or gnaphalon), meaning 'soft dawn,'
is applied to a plant described by Pedanius Dioscorides. Because of the often
whitish 'woolly coat' of such a plant, it has been referred to in some herbals as
Cottonweede. Although there are many types that could fit this description,
they are all probably related within the tribe Gnaphalieae. Many of these plants
(some short, low growing and at least starting out as a basal rosette) can be
characterized as wooly all over the stems and leaves, giving the plant a whitish
fuzzy appearance; hence they were given the name Cottonweede or Cottonrose.
In Britain, some of the fuzzy white, often low growing plants (e.g., Filago vulgaris),
bruised with fat, were once fed to cattle that could not chew their cud; hence
these plants began to be called cudweeds.
In traditional medicine of Europe and Asia Minor, there is much confusion over
which type of Cottonweede or Cudweed is referred to in the herbals.
For example, the plant referred to by Dioscorides could be in the genus Antennaria,
Filago, Gnaphalium, Helichrysum, Logfia, or Pseudognaphalium.
The genus Logfia Cassini [= Oglifa (Cassini) Cassini] is today often referred to
as Cotton-rose, Cottonweed, or Fluffweed. Logfia filaginoides (Hooker &
Arnott) Morefield (= Filago californica Nuttall or Gnaphalium filaginoides
Hooker & Arnott) can be called California cotton-rose, which can also be
found wild in New Mexico.
The related Stylocline micropoides Gray, commonly called Wooly-heads
(= Woollyhead, Desert fanbract, or Woollyhead fanbract), is not known
to be used medicinally. This species is restricted to Arizona, California, Nevada,
New Mexico, Texas, Utah, Baja California, Chihuahua, and Sonora.
Logfia gallica (Linnaeus) Cosson & Germain [= Filago gallica L. or Oglifa gallica
(Linnaeus) Chrtek & Holub] is not found in New Mexico, but it has been
introduced (probably from Spain or Portugal) to California, Oregon, and Baja
California. This species has been called Daggerleaf cottonrose, Filago,
Mediterranean herba impia, Narrow cudweed, Narrowleaf cottonrose,
Narrow leaved filago
.
See further notes.

Pseudognaphalium attenuatum - (DC.) Anderb. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Gordolobo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Synonym
Gnaphalium attenuatum - DC. - (Atlas Mexico)

Pseudognaphalium beneolens - (Davidson) Anderb. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Fragrant everlasting - - (Calflora)
Fragrant rabbit-tobacco - - (FNA)
Wright's cudweed - - (EOL)
Synonyms
Gnaphalium beneolens - Davidson - (FNA)
Gnaphalium canescens subsp. beneolens - (Davidson) Stebbins & D. J. Keil - (FNA)
Pseudognaphalium canescens subsp. beneolens - (Davidson) Kartesz - (FNA)

Pseudognaphalium bicolor - (Bioletti) A. Anderb. - Species Name
= Pseudognaphalium biolettii Anderb.
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Bioletti's cudweed - - (Calflora)
Cudweed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Everlasting - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Gordolobo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Twocolor cudweed - - (Calflora)
Two-toned everlasting - - (?)
Synonym
Gnaphalium bicolor - Bioletti - (Calflora)

Pseudognaphalium bourgovii - (A.Gray) Anderb. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Gordolobo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Lobito - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Manzanilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Manzanilla del río - - (Atlas Mexico)
Synonym
Gnaphalium bourgovii - A. Gray - (Atlas Mexico)

Pseudognaphalium californicum - (DC.) Anderb. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
California cudweed - - (?)
California everlasting - - (?)
California pearly everlasting - - (?)
California rabbit tobacco - - (FNA)
Ladies' tobacco - - (Calflora)
Synonyms
Gnaphalium californicum - de Candolle - (FNA)
Gnaphalium decurrens var. californicum - (de Candolle) A. Gray - (FNA)
http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=127088

Pseudognaphalium canescens - (DC.) W.A. Weber - Species Name
= Pseudognaphalium canescens (de Candolle) Anderberg
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cauellos hediondos - - (Mexico Spanish)
Gordolobo - - (Mexico Spanish)
Gordolobo Mejicano - - (Mexico Spanish)
Papaconi - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tlacochichic - - (Mexico Spanish)
Tzonpoton - - (Mexico Spanish)
Tzonpotonic - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Wright's rabbit-tobacco - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Gnaphalium canescens - DC. - (BONAP, FNA)
Gnaphalium sonorae - I. M. Johnston - (FNA)
Gnaphalium texanum - I. M Johnston - (FNA)
Gnaphalium viridulum - I. M. Johnston - (FNA)
Gnaphalium wrightii - A. Gray - (BONAP, FNA)
Pseudognaphalium canescens ssp. canescens - (DC.) W.A. Weber - (BONAP)
Pseudognaphalium canescens ssp. microcephalum - (Nutt.) Kartesz - (BONAP)
See notes.

Pseudognaphalium chartaceum - (Greenm.) Anderb. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Gordolobo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Synonym
Gnaphalium chartaceum - Greenman - (Atlas Mexico)

Pseudognaphalium conoideum - (Kunth) Anderb. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Gordolobo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Popu - - (Michoacán)
Synonym
Gnaphalium conoideum - Kunth - (Atlas Mexico)

Pseudognaphalium jaliscense - (Greenman) A. Anderberg - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Jaliso rabbit-tobacco - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (NM)
Synonym
Gnaphalium jaliscense - Greenman - (NM)

Pseudognaphalium leucocephalum - (Gray) A. Anderberg - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Everlasting - - (American Southwest)
Gordolobo - - (American Southwest)
Lampaquate - - (American Southwest)
Lemon cudweed - - (American Southwest)
Manzanilla - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Manzanilla del campo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Manzanilla del rio - - (American Southwest)
Sticky rabbit-tobacco - - (?)
White cudweed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
White rabbit-tobacco - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (NM)
Synonym
Gnaphalium leucocephalum - Gray - (NM)

Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum - (Linnaeus) Hilliard & Burtt - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Jersey rabbit-tobacco - - (NM)

Pseudognaphalium macounii - (Greene) Kartesz, comb. nov. ined. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Clammy cudweed - - (USDA)
Macoun's cudweed - - (USDA)
Winged cudweed - - (USDA)
In New Mexico - - (NM)
Synonyms
Gnaphalium decurrens - Ives, non L. - (USDA)
Gnaphalium macounii - Greene - (USDA)
Pseudognaphalium viscosum - auct. non (Kunth) W.A. Weber - (USDA)

Pseudognaphalium microcephalum
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)

Pseudognaphalium oxyphyllum - (DC.) Kirp. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Gordolobo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Synonym
Gnaphalium oxyphyllum - DC. - (Atlas Mexico)

Pseudognaphalium pringlei - (Gray) A. Anderb. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Pringle's rabbit-tobacco - - (FNA)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Gnaphalium pringlei - A. Gray - (BONAP)

Pseudognaphalium ramosissimum
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)

Pseudognaphalium roseum - (Kunth) Anderb. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Gordolobo - - (Chiapas)
Rosy cudweed - - (EOL)
Rosy rabbit-tobacco - - (EOL)
Sak nich vomol - - (Chiapas)
Sanalotodo - - (Honduras)
Xela momol - - (Chiapas)
Synonyms
Gnaphalium nitens - Willd. ex Spreng. - (EOL)
Gnaphalium oblanceolatum - Greenm. - (EOL)
Gnaphalium roseum - Kunth - (EthnobotDB)
Gnaphalium roseum var. angustifolium - Benth. - (EOL)
Gnaphalium roseum var. hololeucum - Benth. - (EOL)
Gnaphalium roseum var. roseum - Kunth - (EOL)
Gnaphalium roseum var. sordescens - Benth. - (EOL)
Gnaphalium roseum var. stramineum - Kuntze - (EOL)

Pseudognaphalium semiamplexicaule - (DC.) Anderb. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Gordolobo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Synonym
Gnaphalium semiamplexicaule - DC. - (Atlas Mexico)

Pseudognaphalium stramineum - (Kunth) W.A. Weber - Species Name
= Pseudognaphalium stramineum (Kunth) Anderberg
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cotton-batting-plant - - (FNA)
Cottony everlasting - - (?)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Gnaphalium chilense - Spreng. - (BONAP)
Gnaphalium chilense var. confertifolium - Greene - (BONAP)
Gnaphalium gossypinum - Nuttall - (FNA)
Gnaphalium lagopodioides - Rydberg - (FNA)
Gnaphalium proximum - Greene - (FNA)
Gnaphalium stramineum - Kunth - (BONAP)
Gnaphalium sulphurescens - Rydberg - (FNA)
See notes.

Pseudognaphalium thermale
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)

Pseudognaphalium viscosum - (Kunth) W.A. Weber - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Canelilla - - (Atlas Mexico)
Everlasting - - (Elsa Campos)
Gordolobo - - (Elsa Campos)
Lemon cutweed - - (?)
Sticky rabbit-tobacco - - (?)
Synonyms
Gnaphalium hirtum - Kunth - (Atlas Mexico)
Gnaphalium leptophyllum - DC - (Atlas Mexico)
Gnaphalium tenue - Kunth - (Atlas Mexico)
Gnaphalium viscosum - Kunth - (BONAP)
See notes.

Psoralea pentaphylia - Contrayerba - (Elsa Campos)
- Contrayerba blanca - (Elsa Campos)

Pteridaceae - E.D.M. Kirchn. - Family Name
(= Pteridaceae Reichb.)
(Includes Adiantaceae Newman,
Sinopteridaceae Koidz,
and Vittariaceae (C. Presl) R.C. Ching,
among other once distinct families)
Polypodiales - Schimp. - Order Name
(= Pteridales Doweld = Parkeriales A.B. Frank)
Higher level lineages: Leptosporangiate; core Leptosporangiate; Polypod
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyte (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Vascular plant;
Eutracheophyte; Euphyllophyte; Monilophyte

Puas de piedra (Thorns of stone) - Acacia cornigera - (Aztec)

Pub, see Aguapa

Pujos, Yerba del peco

Pulque tree - Acacia angustissima - (C. Ratsch)

Pulsatilla - Pulsatilla spp. - (BONAP)
- Pulsatilla vulgaris - (BONAP)

Pulsatilla - P. Mill. - (BONAP)
Family Ranunculaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Pulsatilla - - (BONAP)

Pulsatilla patens - (L.) P. Mill. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Ranunculaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
American pasqueflower - - (BONAP)

Pulsatilla patens ssp. multifida - (Pritz.) Zamels - (BONAP)
Family Ranunculaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cutleaf anemone - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Anemone ludoviciana - Nutt. - (BONAP)
Anemone multifida - (Pritz.) Zamels, non Poir. - (BONAP)
Anemone nuttalliana - DC. - (BONAP)
Anemone patens var. multifida - Pritz. - (BONAP)
Anemone patens var. nuttalliana - (DC.) Gray - (BONAP)
Anemone patens var. wolfgangiana - (Bess. ex Richards) Trauvtr. & Mey ex F. Kurtz - (BONAP)
Pulsatilla hirsutissima - (Pursh) Britt. - (BONAP)
Pulsatilla ludoviciana - Heller - (BONAP)
Pulsatilla nuttalliana - (DC.) Spreng. - (BONAP)
Pulsatilla patens ssp. hirsutissima - (Pursh) Zamels - (BONAP)

Pulsatilla vulgaris - Miller - (BONAP)
(= Anemone pulsatilla)
Family Ranunculaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
European pasqueflower - - (BONAP)
Pulsatilla - - (Mexico)

Pumpion pumpkin - Cucurbita pepo - (Moerman)

Pumpkin - Cucurbita argyrosperma - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Cucurbita moschata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Punah-ki - Tribulus cistoides - (Maya)
- Tribulus terrestris - (Mexican-American)

Punche - Nicotiana attenuata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Nicotiana trigonophylla - (?)

Punche mejicano - Nicotiana attenuata - (?)

Punche Mexicano - Nicotiana rustica - (?)

Punchon - Verbascum thapsus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Puncture vine - Tribulus cistoides - (Mexican-American)
- Tribulus terrestris - (Mexican-American)

Purple cone-flower - Echinacea purpurea - (Elsa Campos)

Purple medic (=Alfalfa) - Medicago sativa - (Mexican-American)

Purplish red dye, see Capulin, Malva, Rosita morada

Purpùrea - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Puru - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Purú - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Puteí - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Putey - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Q

Quahtlahuitzquilitl - Cynara scolymus - (Nahuatl)

Quaker bonnets, Garbancillo

Quamoclidion multiflorum, Maravilla

Quauhayohuachtli - Jatropha - (Nahuatl)
- Jatropha dioica - (Nahuatl)
- Jatropha macrorhiza - (Nahuatl)

Quauhizquitli - Baccharis conferta - (Aztec)

Quelite - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)
- Malva sylvestris - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Quelite apestoso - Chenopodium graveolens - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Quelite de toro - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Quelite salado - Chenopodium album - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Quelite de trigo - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Quelite de zorrillo - Chenopodium graveolens - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Quelite hediondo - Chenopodium graveolens - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Quelites colorado yus, Amaranthus powellii

Quelites salados - Chenopodium album - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Quelites yus, Amaranthus powellii

Quenopódio - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Quenopodio ambrosio - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Quenopodio blanco - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Quercus conspersa - Encino rojo - (Elsa Campos)
- Evergreen oak - (Elsa Campos)

Quercus fendleri, Encinillo

Quercus gambelii, Encino

Quercus rugosa - Encino - (Elsa Campos)
- Netleaf oak - (Elsa Campos)

Quesito - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Malva parviflora - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Queso (Cheese)

Quetzalatzonyatli - Mirabilis jalapa - (Nahuatl)
- Mirabilis longiflora - (Nahuatl)
- Mirabilis multiflora (= Quamoclidion multiflorum) - (Nahuatl)

Quiabeiro - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Quiabo - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Quielite - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Quigombó - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Quigombó de cheiro - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Quihlitl - Amaranthus spp. - (Nahuatl)

Quilete blanco - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Quimbombo - Abelmoschus esculentus - (MMPND-Spanish)

Quimbombó - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)
- Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Quina - Hippocratea celastroides - (EB 57(1): 54–64, 2003)

Quingombo - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Quingombó - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Quingua del campo - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Quinguilla - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Quinoa de perro - Chenopodium album - (Spanish-Américas)

Quitasol - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Quixzaclol - Argemone mexicana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

R

Rabbit brush, Chamiso cimmaron

Rabbit thorn, Chico

Rabbit's milk, Leche de conejo

Racimosa - Chenopodium botrys - (Spanish-Américas)

Radicula nasturtium-aquaticum (= Radicula nasturtium = Rorippa nasturtium
-aquaticum)
- Berro - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Water cress - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Ragged nettle-spurge - Jatropha macrorhiza - (New Mexico)

Ragged nettlespurge - Jatropha macrorhiza - (BONAP)

Ragweed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English)

Ragweed sagebrush - Artemisia franserioides - (U.S.A.)

Raisin, use of, see Malva, Malva de castilla

Raiz de angelica - Angelica archangelica - (Mexican-American)
- Angelica atropurpurea - (Mexico)

Raíz del desierto - Glycyrrhiza lepidota - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Rama de sabina, Juniperus monosperma

Rama de sabina, Rosita morada

Ranunculaceae - Juss. - (APG III) Family Name
Ranunculales - Dumort. - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
Angiosperm; Eudicot (peripheral)
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
Family in New Mexico, including species of 14 genera:
Aconitum - L. - (BONAP)
Actaea - L. - (BONAP)
Anemone - L. - (BONAP)
Aquilegia - L. - (BONAP)
Caltha - L. - (BONAP)
Ceratocephala - Moench - (BONAP)
Clematis - L. - (BONAP)
Consolida - S.F. Gray - (BONAP)
Delphinium - L. - (BONAP)
Myosurus - L. - (BONAP)
Pulsatilla - P. Mill. - (BONAP)
Ranunculus - L. - (BONAP)
Thalictrum - L. - (BONAP)
Trautvetteria - Fisch. & C.A. Mey. - (BONAP)

Ratibida - Raf. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Prairie coneflower - - (BONAP)
One additional species in New Mexico not in main list is:
Ratibida columnifera - (Nutt.) Woot. & Standl. - (BONAP)
(= Upright prairie coneflower).

Ratibida tagetes - (James) Barnh. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cone flower - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Dormilon - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Embarranada - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Green prairie coneflower - - (BONAP)
Yerba de la tusa - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Rudbeckia globosa - Nutt. - (BONAP)
Rudbeckia tagetes - James - (BONAP)

Rattlesnake master - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Rattlesnake oil: Aceite de la vibora - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Rattlesnake root - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Rattlesnake weed - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Rattleweed, Frijolillo

Real de oro - Achillea millefolium - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Requesón - Anoda cristata - (Atlas Mexico)

Reventón - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Rewé - Anoda cristata - (?)

Reweque - Anoda cristata - (?)

Rivina - L. - Genus Name
Family Phytolaccaceae
Common Name
Humble-weed - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 1 species:
Rivina humilis L.
(= Humble-weed).

Rivina humilis - L. - Species Name
Family Phytolaccaceae
Common Name
Ají de culebra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Baja tripa - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Bajatripa - - (Atlas Mexico)
Bloodberry rouge-plant - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Caimancillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Caimoní - - (Spanish-Américas)
Caimoní cimarrón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Caimonicillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Carmín - - (Spanish-Américas)
Carpintero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chilillo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chilocuaco - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chilpanxuitl - - (Atlas Mexico)
Colorín - - (Spanish-Américas)
Coqueta - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Coral - - (Spanish-Américas)
Coral xilacuaco - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Coralillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Coralito - - (Spanish-Américas)
Coralito cimarrón - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Coralitos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cuachalalacua - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cuxubean - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Flor blanca - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba de la vibora - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba de los carpinteros - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hierba del susto - - (Atlas Mexico)
Hierbamora - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba mora roja - - (Atlas Mexico)
Humble-weed - - (NM)
Jalatripa - - (Atlas Mexico)
Mata gallina - - (Spanish-Américas)
Ojo de ratón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pigeonberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pimpín - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pintapinta - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pintura - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pokeberry - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Quilete blanco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Rouge-plant - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ruivinha - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sacatinta - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sangre de toro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Small pokeweed - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tangandoto - - (Atlas Mexico)
Teihuisí - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tomatillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Ucuquiro - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Xilacuaco - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico
Synonym
Rivina portulacoides - Nuttall - (NM)

Rayless thelesperma - Thelesperma megapotamicum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Red alder - Alnus rubra - (BONAP)

Red ants - Hormigas coloradas - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Red bead plant - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Red bean vine - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Red bearberry - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Red cockscomb, Alegria

Red dye, see Alegria, Brazil, Capulin, Cota, Palo duro,

Red mulberry - Morus rubra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Red pentstamon, Varas de San Jose

Red poppy - Papaver rhoeas - (Elsa Campos)

Redstem stork's bill - Erodium cicutarium - (BONAP)
- Erodium cicutarium ssp. cicutarium - (BONAP)

Red-stemmed filaree, Alfilerillo

Regaliz - Glycyrrhiza lepidota - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Regaliz de las Antillas - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Remolino (also Anis)

Rennet, see Cuajo

Repalesa - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Requesón - Stevia serrata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Resfrio en los huesos, see Yerba del buey

Resin weed - Grindelia squarrosa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Respigón - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Resquemona - Persicaria hydropiper - (Spanish-Américas)

Resurrection Plant - Selaginella lepidophylla - (?)

Reverchon's falsepennyroyal - Hedeoma reverchonii - (BONAP)
- Hedeoma reverchonii var. serpyllifolia - (BONAP)

Rhus trilobata, Lemita

Rhus toxicodendron, see Toxicodendron rydbergii.

Ribes nigrum - Black current - (Elsa Campos)
- Grosellero negro - (Elsa Campos)

Rio Grande cottonwood - Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni - (BONAP)

Ristra, see Chile, Maiz

Rob (Arabic) - refers to "a thick fruit syrup which has been made by slowly boiling fruit juice until a great deal of its water content has been evaporated."
- (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Rob de sauco - Sambucus melanocarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Sambucus mexicana - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
See Rob.

Rocky Mountain bee plant, Guaco

Rocky Mountain beggarticks - Bidens heterosperma - (BONAP)

Rocky Mountain fir - Abies arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Rocky Mountain pine - Pinus scopulorum - (NM)

Rocky Mountain ponderosa pine - Pinus scopulorum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Rocky Mountain sage, Estafiate

Rocky Mountain white fir - Abies concolor - (CRC)

Roemer acacia - Acacia roemeriana - (NM)

Roman bitterweed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English-Canada)

Roman squash - Cucurbita pepo - (Moerman)

Roman wormwood - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English)

Romerillo, Artemisia filifolia, (also Escoba de la vibora)

Romerillo - Artemisia filifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Bidens pilosa - (Spanish-Américas)
- Coreopsis - (Spanish-Américas)

Romerillo del llano

Romero de castilla, Chrysanthemum balsamita (also Punche)

Rorippa - Scop. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Brassicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Yellowcress - (BONAP)
Species and varieties in New Mexico (according to BONAP) not in main list that may be medicinal are Rorippa curvipes Greene (Bluntleaf yellowcress), Rorippa curvipes var. curvipes Greene (Bluntleaf yellowcress), Rorippa curvipes var. truncata (Jepson) Rollins, Rorippa microphylla (Boenn. ex Reichenb.) Hyl. ex A.& D. Love (Onerow yellowcress), Rorippa palustris (L.) Bess. (Bog yellowcress), Rorippa palustris ssp. fernaldiana (Butters & Abbe) Jonsell (Fernald's yellowcress), Rorippa palustris ssp. hispida (Desv.) Jonsell (Hispid yellowcress), Rorippa palustris ssp. occidentalis (S. Wats.) Abrams (Western bog yellowcress), Rorippa sinuata (Nutt.) A.S. Hitchc. (Spreading yellowcress), Rorippa sphaerocarpa (Gray) Britt. (Roundfruit yellowcress), Rorippa sylvestris (L.) Bess. (Creeping yellowcress), and Rorippa tenerrima Greene (Modoc yellowcress).

Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum - (L.) Hayek - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Brassicaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Berro - (Mexican-American, Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Watercress - (BONAP, Mexican-American)
Synonyms
Nasturtium nasturtium-aquaticum - (L.) Karsten - (BONAP)
Nasturtium officinale - Ait. f. - (BONAP)
Nasturtium officinale var. siifolium - (Reichenb.) W.D.J. Koch - (BONAP)
Sisymbrium nasturtium-aquaticum - L. - (BONAP)
Note also Radicula nasturtium (= Radicula nasturtium-aquaticum = Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum)

Rosa almiscarada - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Spanish-Américas)

Rosa cimarron, Rosa fendleri

Rosa de castilla, Rosa

Rosa de jerico - Selaginella lepidophylla - (?)

Rosa del campo, Rosa fendleri

Rosa fendleri, Rosa cimarron

Rosaceae
Family: Rosaceae - Juss.
(Rosaceae L., according to Delta)
- Order: Rosales - Perleb
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid I
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Rosariera - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Rosarieria - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Rosario - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Rosary pea - Abrus precatorius - (Uphof, 1959)

Rosarypea - Abrus precatorius - (Lady Bird Johnson)

Rose of Jericho - Selaginella lepidophylla - (?)

Roseta, Cenchrus pauciflorus

Roseta - Tribulus terrestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Rosetilla, Yerba del sapo

Rosita morada, Phlox nana

Rouge-plant - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Rough prickly poppy - Argemone hispida - (U.S.A.)

Roundflower catclaw - Acacia roemeriana - (BONAP)


Rubiaceae
Family: Rubiaceae - Juss.
- Order: Gentianales - Lindl.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Asterid; Euasterid I
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Rubia menor - Alnus glutinosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Ruda, Ruta graveolens

Ruda cimarron, Thalictrum fendleri

Ruda de la sierra, Thalictrum fendleri

Rudbeckia - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Coneflower - - (BONAP)
One additional species and variety in New Mexico not in main list is:
Rudbeckia hirta - L. - (BONAP)
(= Blackeyed Susan),
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima - Farw. - (BONAP)
(= Blackeyed Susan).

Rudbeckia laciniata - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cutleaf coneflower - - (BONAP)
Dormilon - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Tall cone flower - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Rudbeckia laciniata var. ampla - (A. Nels.) Cronq. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cutleaf coneflower - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Rudbeckia ampla - A. Nels. - (BONAP)
Rudbeckia laciniata ssp. ampla - (A. Nels.) W.A. Weber - (BONAP)

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cutleaf coneflower - - (BONAP)
Dormilon - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Tall cone flower - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonym
Rudbeckia laciniata var. hortensis - Bailey - (BONAP)

Rudbeckia tagetes, see Ratibida tagetes.

Rue, Ruda

Ruibarbo - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Ruivinha - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Rum cherry (= Capulin) - Prunus melanocarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Rumex - Rumex crispus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Rumex - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Polygonaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Dock - - (BONAP)
Members in New Mexico not in main list are:
Rumex acetosella - L. - (BONAP)
(= Common sheep sorrel),
Rumex altissimus - Wood - (BONAP)
(= Pale dock),
Rumex aquaticus - L. - (BONAP)
(= Western dock),
Rumex aquaticus var. fenestratus - (Greene) Dorn - (BONAP)
(= Western dock),
Rumex densiflorus - Osterhout - (BONAP)
(= Denseflowered dock),
Rumex hastatulus - Baldw. - (BONAP)
(= Heartwing sorrel),
Rumex maritimus - L. - (BONAP)
(= Golden dock),
Rumex nematopodus - Rech. f. - (BONAP)
(= Arizona dock),
Rumex obtusifolius - L. - (BONAP)
(= Bitter dock),
Rumex orthoneurus - Rech. f. - (BONAP)
(= Chiricahua Mountain dock),
Rumex salicifolius - Weinm. - (BONAP)
(= Willow dock),
Rumex salicifolius var. denticulatus - Torr. - (BONAP)
(= Toothed willow dock),
Rumex salicifolius var. mexicanus - (Meisn.) C.L. Hitchc. - (BONAP)
(= Mexican dock),
Rumex tomentella - Rech. f. - (BONAP)
(= Willow Creek dock),
Rumex venosus - Pursh - (BONAP)
(= Veiny dock),
Rumex verticillatus - L. - (BONAP)
(= Swamp dock),
Rumex violascens - Rech. f. - (BONAP)
(= Violet dock).

Rumex crispus - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Polygonaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Curled dock - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Curly dock - - (BONAP)
Lengua de vaca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Narrow dock - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Rumex - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Sour dock - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yellow dock - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Rumex hymenosepalus - Torr. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Polygonaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cana agria - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Canaigra - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Canaigre - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Canaigre dock - - (BONAP)
Wild pieplant - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Rumex hymenosepalus var. euhymenosepalus - Rech. f. - (BONAP)
Rumex hymenosepalus var. salinus (A. Nels.) - Rech. f. - (BONAP)

Ruta graveolens, Ruda

Rutaceae
Family: Rutaceae - Juss.
- Order: Sapindales - Dumort.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid II
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

S

Sabina - Taxodium mucronatum - (Mexican-American)

Sabina macho, Juniperus sibirica

Sabino - Juniperus communis - (Mexican-American)
- Juniperus spp. - (Mexican-American)
- Taxodium mucronatum - (México Desconocido)

Sacatinta - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Sacaton, Popoton

Sac-ci - Agave fourcroydes - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Sacred fir - Abies religiosa - (Southwestern N. America/Mexico)

Sadugua - Chenopodium graveolens - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Saetilla - Bidens pilosa - (Spanish-Américas)

Safflower (= Azafran) - Carthamus tinctorius - (Mexican-American)

Saffron, Azafran

Sagán - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

Sagebrush, Anisote, Chamiso hediondo, Mariola, Saint Peter's wort, Altimisa mexicana

Saitas, Cebollita del campo

Sak-ki - Agave fourcroydes - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Yucatán)

Sak-tuk - Yucca schidigera - (Maya)
- Yucca spp. - (Maya)
- Yucca valida - (Maya)

Salicieso - Lycium andersonii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium berlandieri var. berlandieri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium berlandieri var. parviflorum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Malva parviflora - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Salix exigua, Jarita

Salt, use of, see Aceite de la vibora, Altamisa de la sierra, Anil, Anil del muerto, Anisote, Brazil, Cadillos, Chamiso, Chan, Chile, Coronilla Cuipa de sabina, Geranio, Higos Malva, Pazote, Poleo, Poleo del pais, Ponil, Ponso, Popoton, Romerillo, Tomate del campo, Tomatillo del campo, Trementina de pinon, Yedra, Yerba de la quintana, Yerba del sapo

Saltbush, Chamiso

Saltgrass - Distichlis - (BONAP)

Salts of sorrel: Salts of oxalic acid found in species of Oxalis.

Salvaçao do mundo - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Salvia reflexa, Chan

Salvilla - Scabiosa atropurpurea - (Mexico)

Sambo - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Sambucus - L. - (BONAP)
Family Adoxaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Elderberry - - (BONAP, NM)
In New Mexico, 4 varieties of 2 species: - - (NM)
Sambucus caerulea Rafinesque var. mexicana (C. Presl ex A.P. de Candolle) L. Benson
(Mexican elderberry),
Sambucus caerulea Rafinesque var. neomexicana (Wooton) Rehder
(New Mexico elderberry)
Sambucus racemosa Linnaeus var. melanocarpa (Gray) McMinn
(Red elderberry), and
Sambucus racemosa Linnaeus var. microbotrys (Rydberg) Kearney & Peebles
(Red elderberry).
See notes.

Sambucus caerulea var. mexicana - (C. Presl ex A.P. de Candolle) L. Benson - Variety Name
Family Adoxaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Alcanfor - - (Chiapas)
Azumate - - (Veracruz)
Azumatl - - (Veracruz, N+S of Mexican border)
Azumiate - - (Mexican-American)
Bi-xhumi - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Blue elderberry - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Capiro - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Capulin - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Capulin silvestre - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Cayapa - - (Chiapas)
Chuté - - (Chiapas)
Chiki té - - (Chiapas)
Chijii té - - (Chiapas [Tzeltal/Tzotzil])
Coyapa - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Coyopa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Cumdemba - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Cundumba - - (Spanish-Américas)
Desert elderberry - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Elder flower - - (Mexican-American)
Flor de sauz - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Flor de sauco - - (Atlas Mexico)
Flor sauco - - (Mexican-American)
Guarico - - (Mexican-American)
Ita tinao - - (Oaxaca [Yuku])
Ita tindoo - - (Oaxaca [Yaa, Mixteco])
Joday llochic - - (Nayarit [Tepehuano])
Kondembasí - - (Michoacán)
Mexican elder - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Mexico elderberry - - (NM)
Mexicana mayor - - (Spanish-Américas)
Nigrito - - (Mexican-American)
Nttzirza - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Ocoquihui - - (Chiapas, N+S of Mexican border)
Sauco - - (Mexican-American)
Sauco azul - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Sauco chico - - (Atlas Mexico)
Sauco grande - - (Atlas Mexico)
Saugua - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Sauzo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Shaul - - (Chiapas)
Sawko - - (San Luis Potosí [Tenek])
Sikil anjel - - (Chiapas [Tzotzil])
Tapiro - - (Mexican-American)
Tengatsi - - (Michoacán, Puebla)
Tlsolos-che - - (Maya)
Tongatsi - - (Puebla [Otomí])
Topsiwi - - (Puebla [Totonaco])
Toqiwa - - (Puebla)
Toxem - - (Oaxaca [Mixe])
Toxeem - - (Oaxaca [Mixe])
Toxio - - (Veracruz [Tepehua])
Toxiwua - - (Veracruz)
Xiiksh - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Xomet - - (Michoacán, Puebla, N+S of Mexican border)
Xometl - - (Morelos [Nahuatl])
Xumetl - - (Puebla, Nahuatl)
Yutmicate - - (Spanish-Américas)
Yutnucate - - (N+S of Mexican border)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonyms
Sambucus canadensis L. var. mexicana - (Presl ex A.P. de Candolle) Sargent - (NM)
Sambucus glauca Nuttall var. arizonica - Sargent - (NM)
Sambucus mexicana - Presl ex A.P. de Candolle - (NM)
See notes.

Sambucus caerulea var. neomexicana - (Wooton) Rehder - Variety Name
Family Adoxaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
New Mexico elderberry - - (NM)
Synonyms
Sambucus glauca Nuttall var. neomexicana - A. Nelson - (NM)
Sambucus neomexicana - Wooton - (NM)
Sambucus neomexicana Wooton var. vestita - (Wooton & Standley) Kearney & Peebles - (NM)
Sambucus vestita - Wooton & Standley - (NM)

Sambucus nigra - L. - Species Name
Family Adoxaceae - - (APG II)
Common Names
Back elderberry - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Cañilero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Canillero - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Elder flower - - (Mexican-American)
Europen elder - - (N+S of Mexican border)
European black elder - - (BONAP)
Flor sauco - - (Mexican-American)
Guarico - - (Mexican-American)
Linsusa - - (Spanish-Américas)
Nigrito - - (Mexican-American)
Sabuco - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Sabugo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sabugueiro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sabugueiro negro - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sabugueiro preto - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sauco - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Saúco blanco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Saúco europeo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sauco negro - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Sauquero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Sayugo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tapiro - - (Mexican-American)
Tlsolos-che - - (Maya)
Xumetl - - (Nahuatl)
Yezgo - - (Spanish-Américas)
See notes.

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis - (L.) R. Bolli - Subspecies Name
= Sambucus canadensis L.
Family Adoxaceae - - (APG II)
Common Names
Azumiate - - (Mexican-American)
Capulin silvestre - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Elder blows - - (Sievers, 1930)
Elder flower - - (Mexican-American)
Flor de sauz - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Flor sauco - - (Mexican-American)
Guarico - - (Mexican-American)
Nigrito - - (Mexican-American)
Sauco - - (Mexican-American)
Sweet elder - - (Sievers, 1930)
Tapiro - - (Mexican-American)
Tlsolos-che - - (Maya)
Xumetl - - (Nahuatl)

Sambucus racemosa var. melanocarpa - (Gray) McMinn - Variety Name
Family Adoxaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Blackberry elder - - (?)
Capulin silvestre - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Elderberry - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Flor de sauz - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Red elderberry - - (NM)
Sauco - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Sauco de racimos - - (N+S of Mexican border)
Sauco rojo - - (N+S of Mexican border)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonym
Sambucus melanocarpa - Gray - (NM)
See notes.

Sambucus racemosa var. microbotrys - (Rydberg) Kearney & Peebles - Variety Name
Family Adoxaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Mountain red elder - - (?)
Red elderberry - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonym
Sambucus microbotrys - Rydberg - (NM)

Sanalotodo (cure-all): See notes.

Sand bur, see Roseta

San Carlos - Argemone ochroleuca - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Sand fringedpod - Thelesperma subnudum - (BONAP)

Sand puff - Abronia fragrans - (U.S.A.)

Sand sagebrush - Artemisia filifolia - (U.S.A.)

Sanddune wallflower - Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum - (BONAP)

Sand verbena - Abronia - (BONAP)
- Abronia fragrans - (BONAP)

Sandbar willow, Jarita

Sangre, (Blood)

Sangre de Drago - Jatropha - (Mexican-American)
- Jatropha dioica - (Nahuatl)
- Jatropha macrorhiza - (Nahuatl)

Sangre de Cristo - Jatropha - (Mexican-American)
- Jatropha dioica - (Nahuatl)
- Jatropha macrorhiza - (Nahuatl)
- Mahonia repens - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Sangre de toro - Rivina humilis - (Spanish-Américas)

Sangre de venado, Calomus draco, (also see Azahar, Brazil, Ponil)

Sangregado - Jatropha - (Mexican-American)
- Jatropha dioica - (Nahuatl)
- Jatropha macrorhiza - (Nahuatl)

Sanguinaria - Polygonum aviculare - (Atlas Mexico)

Sanguinaria mayor - Polygonum aviculare - (Spanish-Américas)

San Pedro agats - Argemone mexicana - (Oaxaca)

Santa Juana - Stevia salicifolia - (Atlas Mexico)

Santa maria - Tanacetum parthenium - (Mexican-American)

Santalaceae
Family: Santalaceae - R.Br.
(Includes Viscaceae Batsch, Viscaceae Miq., according to Delta)
- Order: Santalales - Dumort.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Santa Rita acacia - Acacia millefolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Santa Teresa - Stevia salicifolia - (Atlas Mexico)
- Stevia serrata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Santónico americano - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Sanvitalia - Lam. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Sanvitalia - - (BONAP)
Only one species of this genus is found in New Mexico.

Sanvitalia abertii - Gray - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Albert's creeping zinnia - - (BONAP)
Yerba fria - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Sapallo - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Sapindaceae - Juss. - (APG III) Family Name
(Includes family Aceraceae Juss.
and Hippocastanaceae A.Rich.)
Sapindales - Dumort. - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid II (Malvids)
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
Sapindaceae in New Mexico, including 3 genera:
Acer - L. - (BONAP)
(= Maple),
Sapindus - L. - (BONAP)
(= Soapberry),
Ungnadia - Endl. - (BONAP)
(= Ungnadia).

Sapino - Abies balsamea - (Spanish-Américas)

Saponaria officinalis, Clavelina
Soapberry
Soapberry tree
The soapberry tree is native to southern Arizona, New Mexico and Texas, extending south through Mexico, Central and South America.

Sapotaceae - Juss. - (APG II: Family Name)
Ericales - Dumort. - (APG II: Order Name)
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Asterid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
Sapotaceae in New Mexico, including 1 genus:
Sideroxylon - L. - (BONAP)
(= s.n.).

Sapuyo - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Satureja - L. - Genus Name
Family Lamiaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Wild-basil - - (NM)
In New Mexico, including 2 species
Satureja arkansana (Nuttall) Briquet
(= Limestone wild-basil)
Satureja vulgaris (Linnaeus) Fritsch
(= Wild-basil)

Satureja arkansana (Nuttall) Briquet
Family Lamiaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Limestone wild-basil - - (NM)
In New Mexico
Calamintha arkansana (Nuttall) Shinners

Satureja vulgaris (Linnaeus) Fritsch
Family Lamiaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Wild-basil - - (NM)
In New Mexico
Clinopodium vulgare Linnaeus

Satureja douglasii - (Benth.) Briq. - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (APG II)
Common Name
Yerba buena - - (Saunders, 1920)
Native in shaded woods and damp ravines of the Coast Ranges from British Columbia to the neighborhood of Los Angeles.
The dried leaves steeped for a few minutes in hot water make a palatable beverage that is mildly stimulating to the digestion and used as substitute for tea.

Saucillo - Polygonum aviculare - (Spanish-Américas)

Sauco - Sambucus mexicana - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus nigra - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus racemosa - (Mexican-American)

Saw-tooth candyleaf - Stevia serrata - (NM)

Sawtooth stevia - Stevia serrata - (?)

Sayri - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Scabish - Scabiosa atropurpurea - (Mexico)

Scabbish, Flor de San Juan

Scabiosa - L. - Genus Name
[Including Sixalix]
Family Dipsacaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Scabious - - (PB)
The species are native to Eurasia, about half occur in Europe in
Mediterranian countries, some in mountains of East Africa and
in South Africa.

Scabiosa atropurpurea - L. - Species Name
[Sometimes mispelled as Scabiosa atropurea]
Family Dipsacaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ambarina - - (?)
Ambarina Negra - - (?)
Escobilla - - (Mexico)
Salvilla - - (Mexico)
Scabish - - (Mexico)
This annual species is native to southern Europe, including Spain,
but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental. The flowers are dark
purple to white.

Scabious - Scabiosa - (PB)

Scarlet bugler, Varas de San Jose

Scarlet beeblossom - Gaura coccinea - (BONAP)

Scarlet elderberry - Sambucus racemosa - (BONAP)
- Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa - (BONAP)

Scarlet gaura - Gaura coccinea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Schisandraceae - Blume - (APG II: Family Name)
(= Illicium + [Schisandra + Kadsura])
(Includes Illiciaceae A.C.Sm.)
- Order: Austrobaileyales - Takht. ex. Reveal
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Austrobaileyaceae/[Schisandraceae/Trimeniaceae]
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Schott's yucca - Yucca schottii - (BONAP)

Scoke - Phytolacca americana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Scouring rush, Canutillo del Llano

Screw bean, Tornillo

Scrophulariaceae - Juss. - (APG II: Family Name)
(Scroph I, including traditional families Buddlejaceae K.Wilh.
and Myoporaceae R.Br. and excluding several former members
that are now assigned to Calceolariaceae (D.Don) Olmstead,
Orobanchaceae Vent. and Plantaginaceae Juss.)
- Lamiales - Bromhead - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages (Cantino, et al., 2007):
Angiospermae; Mesangiospermae;
Eudicotyledoneae (= eudicots);
Gunneridae (= core eudicots);
Pentapetalae; Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
Caryophyllales + Asteridae; Asteridae (= asterids);
Gentianidae (= euasterids or core asterids);
Garryidae (= euasterid I = asterid I); Lamiidae
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
In New Mexico, species of 3 genera: - - (BONAP, New Mexico)
Leucophyllum Bonpl. (= Texas sage),
Scrophularia L. (= Figwort),
Verbascum L. (= Mullein).
See notes.

Scurvish, Flor de San Juan

Sedum, sp. Siempreviva

Seep willow - Baccharis spp. - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
- Baccharis salicifolia - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Sehualca - Cucurbita moschata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Selaginella - Beauv. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Selaginellaceae - - (BONAP)

Selaginella lepidophylla - (Hook. et Grev.) Spring - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Selaginellaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Citerach - - (?)
Dinosaur plant - - (?)
Doradilla - - (Spanish-Américas)
Flor de peña - - (?)
Flor de piedra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Resurrection Plant - - (?)
Rosa de jerico - - (?)
Rose of Jericho - - (?)
Siempre viva - - (Spanish-Américas)
Stone flower - - (?)
See notes.

Selaginellaceae - Willk. - (Family Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
- Order: Selaginellales - Prantl
Higher level lineages: Lycophyte; Lycopsid; Ligulate Lycopsid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyte (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Vascular plant;
Eutracheophyte

Semillas de calabaza - Cucurbita pepo - (Atlas Mexico)

Semilla de culebra - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)
- Abelmoschus moschatus - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Abrus precatorius - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Senecio - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Groundsel - - (BONAP)
The many members of the genus Senecio often contain poisonous pyrrolizidine
alkaloids that are known to be toxic to the liver and probably should not be used
as internal remedies. The plants called yerba del caballo (the herb of the horse) are
mostly used for external application (e.g., rubbed on rheumatic limbs) or as a gargle
for sore throat.
The following species or varieties in New Mexico not in main list
could be potentially medicinal:
Senecio actinella - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Flagstaff ragwort),
Senecio amplectens - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Showy alpine groundsel),
Senecio amplectens var. amplectens - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Showy alpine groundsel),
Senecio amplectens var. holmii - (Greene) Harrington - (BONAP)
(= Holm's ragwort),
Senecio arizonicus - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Arizona ragwort),
Senecio atratus - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Tall blacktip ragwort),
Senecio bigelovii - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Nodding ragwort),
Senecio bigelovii var. bigelovii - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Biglow's ragwort),
Senecio bigelovii var. hallii - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Hall's ragwort),
Senecio cardamine - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Bittercress ragwort),
Senecio crassulus - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Thickleaf groundsel),
Senecio cymbalarioides - Buek - (BONAP)
(= Cleftleaf groundsel),
Senecio cynthioides - Greene - (BONAP)
(= White Mountain ragwort),
Senecio dimorphophyllus - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Splitleaf groundsel),
Senecio dimorphophyllus var. dimorphophyllus - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Splitleaf groundsel),
Senecio eremophilus - Richards. - (BONAP)
(= Desert groundsel),
Senecio eremophilus var. macdougalii - (Heller) Cronq. - (BONAP)
(= MacDougal's groundsel),
Senecio fendleri - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Fendler's ragwort),
Senecio flaccidus - Less. - (BONAP)
(= Threadleaf groundsel),
Senecio flaccidus var. monoensis - (Greene) B.L. Turner & T.M. Barkl. - (BONAP)
(= Mono groundsel),
Senecio fremontii - Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)
(= Fremont's groundsel),
Senecio fremontii var. blitoides - (Greene) Cronq. - (BONAP)
(= Dwarf mountain ragwort),
Senecio hartianus - Heller - (BONAP)
(= Hart's ragwort),
Senecio integerrimus - Nutt. - (BONAP)
(= Lambstongue groundsel),
Senecio integerrimus var. integerrimus - Nutt. - (BONAP)
(= Lambstongue groundsel),
Senecio millelobatus - Rydb. - (BONAP)
(= Uinta ragwort),
Senecio multilobatus - Torr. & Gray ex Gray - (BONAP)
(= Lobeleaf groundsel),
Senecio neomexicanus - Gray - (BONAP)
(= New Mexico groundsel),
Senecio neomexicanus var. metcalfei - (Greene) T.M. Barkl. - (BONAP)
(= Metcalf's groundsel),
Senecio neomexicanus var. mutabilis - (Greene) T.M. Barkl. - (BONAP)
(= New Mexico groundsel),
Senecio neomexicanus var. neomexicanus - Gray - (BONAP)
(= New Mexico groundsel),
Senecio parryi - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Mountain ragwort),
Senecio pauperculus - Michx. - (BONAP)
(= Balsam groundsel),
Senecio plattensis - Nutt. - (BONAP)
(= Prairie groundsel),
Senecio pseudaureus - Rydb. - (BONAP)
(= Falsegold groundsel),
Senecio pseudaureus var. flavulus - (Greene) Greenm. - (BONAP)
(= Falsegold groundsel),
Senecio pseudaureus var. pseudaureus - Rydb. - (BONAP)
(= Falsegold groundsel),
Senecio pudicus - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Bashful ragwort),
Senecio quaerens - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Mogollon Mountain ragwort),
Senecio riddellii - Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)
(= Riddell's ragwort),
Senecio sacramentanus - Woot. & Standl. - (BONAP)
(= Sacramento ragwort),
Senecio salignus - DC. - (BONAP)
(= Willow ragwort),
Senecio sanguisorboides - Rydb. - (BONAP)
(= Burnet ragwort),
Senecio soldanella - Gray - (BONAP)
(= Colorado ragwort),
Senecio spartioides - Torr. & Gray - (BONAP)
(= Broom groundsel),
Senecio spellenbergii - T.M. Barkl. - (BONAP)
(= Carrizo Creek ragwort),
Senecio spartioides var. multicapitatus - (Greenm. ex Rydb.) Welsh - (BONAP),
Senecio spartioides var. spartioides - Torr. & Gray - (BONAP),
Senecio taraxacoides - (Gray) Greene - (BONAP)
(= Dandelion ragwort),
Senecio tampicanus - DC. - (BONAP)
(= Great Plains ragwort),
Senecio triangularis - Hook. - (BONAP)
(= Arrowleaf groundsel),
Senecio tridenticulatus - Rydb. - (BONAP)
(= Threetooth ragwort),
Senecio vulgaris - L. - (BONAP)
(= Common groundsel),
Senecio warnockii - Shinners - (BONAP)
(= Warnock's ragwort),
Senecio werneriifolius - (Gray) Gray - (BONAP)
(= Hoary groundsel),
Senecio wootonii - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Wooton's ragwort).

Senecio flaccidus var. flaccidus - Less. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Groundsel - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Threadleaf groundsel - - (BONAP)
Yerba del caballo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Senecio douglasii var. jamesii - (Torr. & Gray) Ediger ex Correll & Johnston - (BONAP)
Senecio douglasii var. longilobus - (Benth.) L. Benson - (BONAP)
Senecio douglasii ssp. longilobus - (Benth.) W.A. Weber - (BONAP)
Senecio filifolius - Nutt., non Berg. - (BONAP)
Senecio longilobus - Benth. - (BONAP)

Senecio spartioides var. multicapitatus - (Greenm. ex Rydb.) Welsh - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Groundsel - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yerba del caballo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonym
Senecio multicapitatus - Greenm. ex Rydb. - (BONAP)

Senecio eremophilus var. kingii - (Rydb.) Greenm. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Groundsel - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
King's groundsel - - (BONAP)
Yerba del caballo - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Senecio ambrosioides - Rydb. - (BONAP)
Senecio eremophilus ssp. kingii - (Rydb.) G.W. & G.R. Dougl. - (BONAP)
Senecio kingii - Rydb. - (BONAP)

Senegal gum - Acacia senegal - (EOL)

Sereno de invierno - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Servilleta - Stevia serrata - (Atlas Mexico)

Shad scale, Chamiso

Shame-weed - Acacia angustissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Shamrock (= Socoyol) - Oxalis violacea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Shate - Argemone ochroleuca - (Michoacán)

Sheep skin, use of, see Cal, Cana agria

Sheep weed - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Shisich - Acacia angustissima - (Hidalgo)

Short ragweed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English)

Showy Navajo tea - Thelesperma ambiguum - (Denver Botanic Gardens)

Sicamole - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Sicomoro bastardo - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Sicomoro falso - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Siemprevia, Sedum sp.

Siempre viva - Selaginella lepidophylla - (?)

Sierra Madre acacia - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Silenaceae, see Clavelina

Sigreropo - Lycium andersonii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Silk flower - Abelmoschus moschatus - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Silk worm mulberry - Morus alba - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Silver nitrate, Piedra infernal

Silver sage, Romerillo

Silver sagebrush - Artemisia cana - (NM)
- Artemisia cana subsp. viscidula - (NM)

Silver wolfberry - Lycium berlandieri var. berlandieri - (NM)
- Lycium berlandieri var. parviflorum - (NM)

Simaroubaceae
Family: Simaroubaceae - DC.
- Order: Sapindales - Dumort.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid II
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Sierra white fir - Abies concolor - (CRC)

Sínala - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Skunk lard, Manteca de zorillo

Skunk bush, Lemita

Sleepy grass, Popoton

Slender greenthread - Thelesperma simplicifolium - (NM)

Slim beggarticks - Bidens leptocephala - (NM)

Small-flower cheeseweed - Malva parviflora - (NM)

Small pokeweed - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Small ragweed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English),

Smilacaceae
Family: Smilacaceae - Vent.
- Order: Liliales - Perleb
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Monocot (non-commelinid)
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Small soapweed - Yucca glauca - (BONAP)

Smartweed - Persicaria hydropiper - (FM, HDR)

Smooth beggartick - Bidens laevis - (BONAP)

Smooth smartweed - Persicaria glabra - (FNA)

Snake weed - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Snakeweed - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Sneezeweed - Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Helenium - (BONAP, New Mexico)

Snowball sand verbena - Abronia fragrans - (U.S.A.)

Soap root - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Soap substitute, see Clavelina, Calabazilla, Yucca

Soaptree yucca - Yucca elata - (BONAP)
- Yucca elata var. elata - (BONAP)

Soapweed - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Soapweed yucca - Yucca glauca var. glauca - (BONAP)

Soapwort, Clavelina

Socoyol - Oxalis violacea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Soda, see Cuipa de sabina

Sodium bicarbonate, see Tequesquite

Sol de oro - Helichrysum italicum - (Elsa Campos)

Solanaceae
Family: Solanaceae - Juss.
- Order: Solanales - Dumort.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Asterid; Euasterid I
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Solanum elaeagrrifolium, Tomatillo del campo

Solanum jamesii, Papa cimarron

Solanum nigrum, Tomatito

Solanum tuberosum, Papas

Solidogo canadensis, Mariquilla

Soot, use of, see Ponil

Sophora - L. - Genus Name
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name Sophora - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 4 species -- (BONAP, NM)
Sophora gypsophila Turner & Powell var. guadalupensis Turner & Powell
(= Guadalupe Mountain sophora)
Sophora nuttalliana B.L. Turner
(= Silky sophora)
Sophora secundiflora (Ortega) Lagasca ex A.P. de Candolle
(= Mescal bean)
Sophora stenophylla Gray
(= Silvery sophora)
Synonyms
Agastianis - Raf. - (Gandhi et al., 2011)
Ammothamnus - Bunge - (KEW)
Calia - Berland. - (KEW)
Calia - Terán & Berland. - (Gandhi et al., 2011)
[not Calea L. (Asteraceae)]
Dermatophyllum - Scheele - (Gandhi et al., 2011)
Cephalostigmaton - (Yakovlev) Yakovlev - (KEW)
Echinosophora - Nakai - (KEW)
Edwardsia - Salisb. - (KEW)
Goebelia - Bunge ex Boiss. - (KEW)
Keyserlingia - Bunge ex Boiss. - (KEW)
Vexibia - Raf. - (KEW)
See notes.

Sophora arizonica - S. Watson - Species Name
= Dermatophyllum arizonicum (S. Watson) Vincent
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Arizona mountain laurel - - (NM)
Arizona necklacepod - - (NM)
Synonyms
Sophora arizonica ssp. formosa - (Kearney & Peebles) Yakovlev - (BONAP)
Sophora arizonica var. formosa - (Kearney & Peebles) Tsoong - (BONAP)
Sophora formosa - Kearney & Peebles - (BONAP)
See notes.

Sophora gypsophila - B. L. Turner & A. M. Powell - Species Name
= Dermatophyllum gypsophilum (B.L. Turner & A.M. Powell) Vincent
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Guadalupe mescal bean - - (NM)
Guadalupe mountain necklacepod - - (NM)
Guadalupe Mountain sophora - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
See notes.

Sophora gypsophila var. guadalupensis B.L. Turner & A.M. Powell - Species Name
= Dermatophyllum gypsophilum (B.L. Turner & A.M. Powell) Vincent subsp. guadalupense (B.L. Turner & A.M. Powell) Vincent
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Guadalupe mescal bean - - (NM)
Guadalupe mountain necklacepod - - (NM)
Guadalupe Mountain sophora - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
See notes.

Sophora nuttalliana - B.L. Turner - Species Name
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Silky sophora - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonyms
Sophora sericea - Nutt. - (BONAP)
Vexibia nuttalliana - (B.L. Turner) W.A. Weber - (BONAP)
See notes.

Sophora secundiflora - (Ortega) Lagasca ex A.P. de Candolle - Species Name
= Dermatophyllum secundiflorum (Ortega) Gandhi & Reveal
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Big drunk bean - - (?)
Coralbean - - (?)
Coral bean - - (?)
Colorin - - (?)
Evergreen coralbean - - (?)
Frigolito - - (?)
Frijolillo - - (?)
Frijolito - - (?)
Frijollito - - (?)
Mescalbean sophora - - (?)
Mescal-bean sophora - - (?)
Mescal bean - - (BONAP, NM)
Mountain laurel - - (?)
Red bean - - (?)
Red-hots - - (?)
Texas mountain laurel - - (?)
In New Mexico (southern) - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonym
Broussonetia secundiflora - Ortega - (NM)
See notes.

Sophora stenophylla - Gray - Species Name
Family Fabaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Silvery sophora - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonym
Vexibia stenophylla - (Gray) W.A. Weber - (BONAP)
See notes.

Sour dock - Rumex crispus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Spanish bayonet - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca harrimaniae - (BONAP)

Spanish dagger - Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. brevifolia - (BONAP)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca schidigera - (Mexican-American))
- Yucca spp. - (Mexican-American)
- Yucca valida - (Mexican-American))

Spanish lily, Cebollita del campo

Spanish needles - Bidens - (Mexican-American)
- Bidens bipinnata - (BONAP)
- Bidens pilosa - (Mexican-American)

Spanish tea - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Spearmint - Mentha spicata - (BONAP)

Sphaeralcea St.-Hil. - Genus Name
Family Malvaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Globemallow - - (BONAP, NM)
In New Mexico, 14 species, 3 varieties: - - (NM)
Sphaeralcea angustifolia (Cavanilles) G. Don
(= Narrowleaf globemallow),
Sphaeralcea coccinea (Nuttall) Rydberg
(= Scarlet globemallow),
Sphaeralcea digitata (Greene) Rydb.
(= Slippery globemallow),
Sphaeralcea digitata (Greene) Rydberg var. digitata
(= Juniper globemallow),
Sphaeralcea digitata (Greene) Rydberg var. tenuipes (Wooton & Standley) Kearney
(= Juniper globemallow),
Sphaeralcea emoryi Torrey ex Gray
(= Emory's globemallow),
Sphaeralcea fendleri Gray
(= Fendler's globemallow, Thicket globemallow),
Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Rydb.
(= Goose-berry globemallow, Gooseberryleaf globemallow),
Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia (Hooker & Arnott) Rydberg var. pedata (Torrey ex Gray) Kearny
(= Goose-berry globemallow, Gooseberryleaf globemallow),
Sphaeralcea hastulata Gray
(= Spear globemallow, Wrinkled globemallow),
Sphaeralcea incana Torrey ex Gray
(= Gray globemallow, Soft globemallow),
Sphaeralcea laxa Wooton & Standley
(= Caliche globemallow),
Sphaeralcea leptophylla (Gray) Rydberg
(= Scaly globemallow),
Sphaeralcea parvifolia A. Nelson
(= Smallflower globemallow, Small-leaf globemallow),
Sphaeralcea polychroma La Duke
(= Hot Springs globemallow),
Sphaeralcea procera Porter
(= Luna County globemallow), and
Sphaeralcea wrightii Gray
(= Wright's globemallow).

Sphaeralcea angustifolia - (Cav.) G. Don - Species Name
Family Malvaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Copper globemallow - - (BONAP)
Copper-mallow - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cordón - - (Atlas Mexico)
Globe mallow - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Hierba de la negrita - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba del negrita - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba del negro - - (Atlas Mexico)
Hierba negra - - (Atlas Mexico)
Mal de ojo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Narrowleaf globemallow - - (NM)
Pintapan - - (Atlas Mexico)
Tlaltzacutli - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Tliljigüite - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tlilxihuitl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Vara de San José - - (Atlas Mexico)
Yerba del negro - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonyms
Malva angustifolia - Cavanilles - (NM)
Phymosia cuspidata - (Gray) Britt. - (BONAP)
Sphaeralcea angustifolia ssp. cuspidata - (Gray) Kearney - (BONAP)
Sphaeralcea angustifolia var. cuspidata - Gray - (BONAP)
Sphaeralcea angustifolia ssp. lobata - (Woot.) Kearney - (BONAP)
Sphaeralcea angustifolia var. lobata - (Woot.) Kearney - (BONAP)
Sphaeralcea angustifolia var. oblongifolia - (Gray) Shinners - (BONAP)
Sphaeralcea cuspidata - (Gray) Britt. - (BONAP)
Sphaeralcea emoryi ssp. nevadensis - Kearney - (BONAP)
Sphaeralcea emoryi var. nevadensis - (Kearney) Kearney - (BONAP)
Sphaeralcea incana var. oblongifolia - Gray - (NM)
Sphaeralcea lobata - Wooton - (NM)

Sphaeralcea fendleri - Gray - Species Name
Family Malvaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Baiburín - - (Spanish-Américas)
Fendler's globemallow - - (NM)
Thicket globemallow - - (BONAP)
Yerba de la negrita - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP, NM)
Synonyms
Sphaeralcea fendleri var. elongata - Kearney - (NM)
Sphaeralcea fendleri var. tripartita - (Wooton & Standley) Kearney - (NM)
Sphaeralcea leiocarpa - Wooton & Standley - (NM)
Sphaeralcea tripartita - Wooton & Standley - (NM)

Spikenard - Aralia racemosa - (Mexico)

Spiral cushaw pumpkin - Cucurbita moschata - (Moerman)

Spire Bush, Lemita

Spider milkweed, Inmortal

Spotted geranium, Patita de leon

Spunge tree - Acacia farnesiana - (Mexico)

Spunk - Boletus igniarius - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)
- Boletus fomentarius - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)

Spurge, Yerba de la golondrina

Spurred anoda - Anoda cristata - (NM)

Squash - Cucurbita maxima - (Moerman)
- Cucurbita moschata - (Moerman)
- Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Squaw berry, Lemita

Squaw bush, Lemita

Squaw mint, Poleo chino

Squaw tea, Canutillo del campo

Stammerweed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English-Canada)

Staunchgrass - Achillea millefolium - (European English)

Stevia - Cav. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
Candyleaf - - (NM)
The common names Camopaltic, Cihuapatli yacapichtlense,
Pericón blanco, Pitzahoaccihuapatli, Tlacochichic de ocopetlayuca,
and Tlalchichinole may apply to some species of uncertain identity
in the genus Stevia in Mexico or Guatemala. - - (Hernández, Martínez)
In New Mexico, 4 species: - - (NM)
Stevia micrantha Lagasca
(Annual candyleaf),
Stevia plummerae Gray
(Plummer's candyleaf),
Stevia salicifolia Cavanilles
(Willow-leaf candyleaf), and
Stevia serrata Cavanilles
(Saw-tooth candyleaf).
Other Mexican and Guatemalan names of reported medicinal species
include S. connata Lag. (= Pericón de monte), S. elatoir HBK (= A-cí),
S. eupatoria (Spreng.) Willd. (= Cola del borrego, Hierba del borrego,
Yerba del borrego), S. glandulosa Hook. et Arn. (= Hierba de la pulga,
Merba), S. lucida Lag. (= Hierba del aire, Hierba de la araña, Mariposa),
S. nepetifolia HBK. (= Anis de ratón, Pericón), S. pilosa Lag. (= Flor de
Maria), S. plummarae (= Ronina), S. subpubescens Lag. (= Hierba de
la mula, Zazal), and S. trifida Lag. (= Manzanilla de agua).

Stevia salicifolia - Cavanilles - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
Chachal - - (Estado de México)
Hierba de la mula - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba de la Santa Rita - - (Soejarto)
Hierba de San Nicolás - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hierba del aire - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Jarilla - - (Atlas Mexico)
La envidia - - (Soejarto)
Pegajosa - - (Atlas Mexico)
Santa Juana - - (Atlas Mexico)
Santa Teresa - - (Atlas Mexico)
Tetzotzotla - - (Estado de México)
Willow-leaf candyleaf - - (NM)
Yerba de la mula - - (Soejarto)
Yerba del aire - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zazal - - (Soejarto)
Zazale - - (Spanish-Américas)
Zazale de olor - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
In New Mexico - - (NM)

Stevia serrata - Cavanilles - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
Anís silvestre - - (Soejarto)
Burrillo - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chile burro - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Cola de borrego - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Esculcona - - (Atlas Mexico)
Hipericón - - (Soejarto)
Manto de San José - - (Atlas Mexico)
Requesón - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Santa Teresa - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Saw-tooth candyleaf - - (NM)
Sawtooth stevia - - (?)
Servilleta - - (Atlas Mexico)
Tlalacxoyatl - - (Soejarto)
Yerba picete - - (Soejarto)
In New Mexico - - (NM)

Stevia viscida - Kunth - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (APG III)
Common Name
Hierba de la pulga - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Matapulgas - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pipitzáhuatl - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Pipizhuatl - - (?)

Stiff greenthread - Thelesperma filifolium - (BONAP)
- Thelesperma filifolium var. intermedium - (BONAP)

Stickweed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English-Canada),

Stink weed, Guaco

Stinky pumpkin - Apodanthera undulata - (EB 56(4): 380–398,2002)

Stonecrop, Siempreviva[?]

Stone flower - Selaginella lepidophylla - (?)

Stork's bill - Erodium - (BONAP)

Storksbill (=Alfilerillo) - Erodium - (Mexican-American)
- Erodium cicutarium - (Mexican-American)

Strangle weed - Cuscuta megalocarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Straw, Paja

Striped cushaw pumpkin - Cucurbita moschata - (Moerman)

Strombocarpa pubescens, Tornillo

Subalpine fir - Abies arizonica var. lasiocarpa - (BONAP)

Subin - Acacia collinsii - (Yucatán)
- Acacia cornigera - (Yucatán)
- Acacia farnesiana - (Quintana Roo)

Subín - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Subin-che - Acacia cornigera - (Maya, Yucatán)

Subin che' - Acacia collinsii - (Yucatán)

Subinche - Acacia farnesiana - (Quintana Roo)

Subinché - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Subin-che (maya) - Acacia farnesiana - (Quintana Roo)

Sugar, see Piloncillo [?], Varas de San Jose, Tomate del campo

Sulphur, see Calabazilla, Trementina de pinon

Summer squash - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Sundew - Drosera rotundifolia - (Elsa Campos)

Sunflower, Anil

Supiros, see Tequesquite

Sweet acacia - Acacia farnesiana - (U.S.A.)

Sweet anis, Hinojo

Sweet basil, Albaca

Sweet clover, Alfalfon

Sweet false camomile, Manzanilla

Sweet sand verbena - Abronia fragrans - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Sycamine - Morus nigra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Symphytum officinalis - Comfrey - (Elsa Campos)
- Consuelda - (Elsa Campos)

T

Taamkas che' - Verbesina crocata - (Yucatán)

Tabaco - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco amarillo - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco azteca - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco bravo - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco cimarron (= Punchon) - Verbascum thapsus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Tabaco cimarrón - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)
- Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco de machuchi - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco de México - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco de olor - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco del desierto - Nicotiana trigonophylla - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco del Missouri - Nicotiana quadrivalvis - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco feiticeira - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco lampiño - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco moruno - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco rústico - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco salvaje - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco turco - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaco verde - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabacoeiro - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabacón mejicano - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaqueira - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaquera - Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)

Tabaquillo - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)
- Nicotiana plumbaginifolia - (Spanish-Américas)
- Nicotiana tabacum - (Spanish-Américas)
- Nicotiana trigonophylla - (?)

Tacamaca común - Populus balsamifera - (Spanish-Américas)

Tachino - Argemone mexicana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Argemone ochroleuca - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tacote - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Tagetes - L. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Tribe Tageteae Takht. includes genera found in the New World,
with a center of diversity in the Mexican highlands.
Common Name
Marigold - - (BONAP, NM)
In New Mexico, 1 species - - (NM)
Tagetes micrantha Cav. (= Licorice marigold).
See notes.

Tagetes canulata - ? - (?)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Tagetes erecta - L. - Species Name
(Including Tagetes patula Linnaeus and Tagetes tenuifolia Cavanilles)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
African marigold - - (Mexican-American)
American marigold - - (Mexican-American)
Aztec marigold - - (BONAP, Mexican-American)
Big marigold - - ()
Cempasuchil - - (Mexican-American)
Cempoaxóchitl - - (Nahuatl)
Flor de muerto - - (Mexican-American)
French marigold - - (Flora of North America)
Ix-ti-pu - - (Maya)
Marigold - - ()
Saffron marigold - - ()
Tall marigold - - ()
Zempazúchitl - - ()
See notes.

Tagetes filifolia - Lag. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
African marigold - - (Mexican-American)
Anis - - (Mexican-American)
Anís de monte - - ()
Anisella - - (Mexican-American)
Anisillo - - (Martínez, 1979)
Cinco llagas - - (Mexican-American)
Cuauhiyauhtli - - (Nahuatl)
Curucumin - - (Mexican-American)
Flor de Santa María - - (Martínez, 1979)
Flor de veinte - - (Mexican-American)
Hierba anís - - (Martínez, 1979)
Hierbe de anis - - ()
Irish lace - - (PFAF, USDA)
Irish-lace marigold - - (USDA)
Iyauhtli - - (Nahuatl)
Mexican marigold - - (Mexican-American)
Mexican tarragon - - (Mexican-American)
Pericón - - (Mexican-American)
Periquillo - - (Mexican-American)
Periquillo y manzanilla - - (Martínez, 1979)
Santa maria - - (Mexican-American)
Sweet mace - - (Mexican-American)
Tepepapaloquilitl - - (Nahuatl)
Yauhtli - - (Nahuatl)
Yerba de anis - - (Mexican-American)
Synonym
Tagetes multifida - DC. - ()
See notes.

Tagetes lucida - Cav. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
African marigold - - (Mexican-American)
Anis - - (Mexican-American)
Anisella - - (Mexican-American)
Cinco llagas - - (Mexican-American)
Cuauhiyauhtli - - (Nahuatl)
Curucumin - - (Mexican-American)
Flor de veinte - - (Mexican-American)
Hierba anis - - ()
Hierbanis - - ()
Iya - - (Quiche Mayans)
Iyauhtli - - (Nahuatl)
Mexican marigold - - (Mexican-American)
Mexican mint marigold - - ()
Mexican tarragon - - (Mexican-American)
Pericón - - (Mexican-American)
Periquillo - - (Mexican-American)
Santa maria - - (Mexican-American)
Spanish tarragon - - ()
Sweet dragon - - ()
Sweet mace - - (Mexican-American)
Sweetscented marigold - - (BONAP)
Tepepapaloquilitl - - (Nahuatl)
Texas tarragon - - ()
Tzitziqui - - (??)
Yauhtli - - (Nahuatl)
Yerba anis - - ()
Yerba de anis - - (Mexican-American)
Yia - - (Quiche Mayans)
Winter tarragon - - ()
See notes.

Tagetes micrantha - Cav. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
African marigold - - (Mexican-American)
Anis - - (Mexican-American)
Anisella - - (Mexican-American)
Bitter ball - - (Elmore, 1944)
Cinco llagas - - (Mexican-American)
Cuauhiyauhtli - - (Nahuatl)
Curucumin - - (Mexican-American)
Flor de veinte - - (Mexican-American)
Hierba anis - - ()
Iyauhtli - - (Nahuatl)
Licorice marigold - - (BONAP, NM)
Mexican marigold - - (Mexican-American)
Mexican tarragon - - (Mexican-American)
Pericón - - (Mexican-American)
Periquillo - - (Mexican-American)
Santa maria - - (Mexican-American)
Sweet mace - - (Mexican-American)
Tepepapaloquilitl - - (Nahuatl)
Yauhtli - - (Nahuatl)
Yerba de anis - - (Mexican-American)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Tagetes fragrantissima - Sesse & Moc. - (BONAP)
See notes.

Talcacao - Tribulus cistoides - (Spanish-Américas)

Tall cheeseweed - Malva sylvestris - (NM)

Tall cone flower - Rudbeckia laciniata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Tamalayota - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Tamalayote - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Tamarix - L. - Genus Name
Family Tamaricaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Saltcedar - - (New Mexico)
Tamarisk - - (New Mexico)
In New Mexico, 3 (wild) species: - - (New Mexico)
Tamarix chinensis Loureiro (= Saltcedar),
Tamarix gallica (= French tamarisk),
Tamarix parviflora A.P. de Candolle
(= Small-flowered tamarisk).
See notes.

Tamarix aphylla - (Linnaeus) Karsten - Species Name
Family Tamaricaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Athel tamarisk - - (NM)
Only cultivated in New Mexico - - (NM)

Tamarix chinensis - Loureiro - Species Name
Family Tamaricaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Saltcedar - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (NM)
Synonyms
Tamarix pentandra - Pallas, nom. illeg. - (NM)
Tamarix ramosissima - Ledebour - (NM)

Tamarix gallica - Linnaeus - Species Name
Family Tamaricaceae
Common Name
French tamarisk - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (NM)

Tamarix parviflora - A.P. de Candolle - Species Name
Family Tamaricaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Small-flowered tamarisk - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (NM)

Tanacetum parthenium - (L.) Schultz-Bip. - Species Name
(= Chrysanthemum parthenium)
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Altamisa mexicana - - (Mexican-American)
Featherfoil - - (Mexican-American)
Feverfew - - (Mexican-American)
Santa maria - - (Mexican-American)
Yerba de santa maria - - (Mexican-American)

Tanacetum vulgare - L. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Bitter buttons - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Common tansy - - (BONAP)
Great tansy - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Parsley fern - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Ponso - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Tanse - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Tansy - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Tangandoto - Rivina humilis - (Atlas Mexico)

Tannic acid (found in Coralillo) - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Tannin, see Cana agria, Lengua de vaca

Tanning, see Cana agria, Encino, Jarita, Pino real colorado

Tanse, Ponso

Tansy, Ponso

Tapered cudweed - Pseudognaphalium attenuatum - (USDA)

Tapiro - Sambucus mexicana - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus nigra - (Mexican-American)
- Sambucus racemosa - (Mexican-American)

Tarasca - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Tarasca de negros - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tarascana - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Taraxacum officinale
Common Name
Chicoria - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Common dandelion - - (U.S.A.)

Tassel weed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (?)

Tataré - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Taxarinha - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Taxodium mucronatum - Tenore - (?)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Cupressaceae - - (BONAP)
- Ahuehuete - (Mexican-American)
- Ahuehuetl - (Nahuatl)
- Montezuma bald cypress - (?)
- Montezuma cypress - (Mexican-American)
- Sabina - (Mexican-American)
- Sabino - (México Desconocido)
Very rare in New Mexico. A few trees introduced from Mexico are only found in southern part of state.

- Thelesperma megapotamicum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Teamster's tea, Canutillo del campo

Té borde - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tecats - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tecomaca, Canarium commune

Teconblate, Condalia spathulata

Te de coral - Bidens - (Mexican-American)
- Bidens pilosa - (Mexican-American)

Té de cota - Thelesperma megapotamicum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Té de España - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Té de Europa - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Té de Germania - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Té de los Navajos - Thelesperma megapotamicum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Té de Méjico - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Té de México - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Te de milpa - Bidens - (Mexican-American)
- Bidens pilosa - (Mexican-American)

Té de milpa - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Té de Nueva España - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Té de Veracruz - Bidens pilosa - (Hernandez-Galicia, et al., 2002)

Te'elkox - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Té español - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Teihuisí - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Telcocox - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Telcox - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Telegraph weed - Heterotheca inuloides - (Mexican-American)
- Heterotheca spp. - (Mexican-American)

T'elkokox - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Telkox - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Telondilla - Jatropha - (Mexican-American)
- Jatropha dioica - (Nahuatl)
- Jatropha macrorhiza - (Nahuatl)

Temecatl - Cissus verticillata - (Nahuatl)

Té mexicana - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tendente - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Tento muido - Abrus precatorius - (Lady Bird Johnson)

Teomel - Agave atrovirens - (Spanish-Américas)

Teometl - Agave americana - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Tepame - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia greggii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia pennatula - (Atlas Mexico)

Tepamo - Acacia cochliacantha - (Spanish-Américas)

Tepe-amatl - Ficus carica - (Nahuatl)

Tepeizquite - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Tepeme - Agave atrovirens - (Mexico, Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Tepemecatl - Cissus verticillata - (Nahuatl)

Tepemezquite blanco - Acacia millefolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tepescuinte - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Tepescuintle - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Tepescuihtli - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Tepesquisúchil - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Tepesquite - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Tepetate - Aralia humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tepetomatl (mountain tomatoes) - Arctostaphylos spp. - (Aztec)

Tepeylin - Alnus acuminata - (Nahuatl)
- Betula alba - (Mexican-American)
- Betula pubescens - (Mexican-American)

Tepezcuinte - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Tepezquisúchil - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Tepezquite - Arctostaphylos pungens - (Spanish-Américas)

Tepopote, Canutillo del campo

Tepopotli - Baccharis conferta - (Aztec)

Tepozán - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Tequesquite, (also Malva de castilla)

Té silvestre - Thelesperma megapotamicum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Te silvestre - Thelesperma longipes - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Thelesperma megapotamicum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Tesmol de monte - Phytolacca icosandra - (Atlas Mexico)

Tésota - Acacia greggii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tetzotzotla - Stevia salicifolia - (Estado de México)

Texas mulberry - Morus microphylla - (NM)

Texas umbrella tree - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tex-Mex tobacco - Nicotiana plumbaginifolia - (BONAP)

Texcal-amatl - Ficus carica - (Nahuatl)

Texas croton (= Barbasco) - Croton texensis - (Mexican-American)

Thalictrum fendleri, Ruda de la sierra

Thatch, see Aguapa

Thelesperma - Less. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Greenthread - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 6 species: - - (BONAP)
Thelesperma ambiguum (= Colorado greenthread),
Thelesperma filifolium (= Stiff greenthread),
Thelesperma longipes (= Longstalk greenthread),
Thelesperma megapotamicum (= Hopi tea greenthread),
Thelesperma simplicifolium (= Slender greenthread),
Thelesperma subnudum (= Sand fringedpod).
Species of Thelesperma are used widely as herbal beverages or for tea or coffee.
The genus Thelesperma is closely related to genera Bidens, Coreopsis, and Cosmos.
Another relative is the genus Dahlia (e.g., Dahlia imperialis of Mexico).
All these genera and others comprise the lineage (subtribe) Coreopsidinae.
The genus Thelesperma can be distinguished in Asteraceae by strongly united bracts
(phyllaries fused 1/5 to 7/8 their lengths) that immediately surround the flowers at
base of the compact flower clusters (heads); and the smaller outer bracts (calyculi)
equal to 1/2 the lengths of the larger inner phyllaries (T. ambiguum and T. filifolium)
or less than 1/2 their lengths (the rest of the species in New Mexico).
In T. megapotamicum with no ray flowers, the lobes of the corollas of the disk flowers
are longer than the throats and the pappus of smooth awns are definently present and
crown the seed-like fruits. In the remaining 3 species in New Mexico, the lobes of the
corollas of the disk flowers are shorted than the throats and the pappus is mostly absent
or rarely present and less than 1/2 mm in length. The stem leaves are scattered along
the stem in T. simplicifolium with ray flowers, while they are crowded toward the base
for 1/2 or less the length of the stems (with long nearly or completely leafless stalks
that bear the flowers) in T. longipes and T. subnudum. The leaf lobes of T. longipes are
thinner (1 mm or less) and ray flowers are absent, while those lobes of T. subnudum can
sometimes widen toward the tip and can range between 2 and 5 mm in width and ray
flowers are usually present.

Thelesperma ambiguum - Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Colorado greenthread - - (BONAP)
Showy Navajo Tea - - (Denver Botanic Gardens)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Thelesperma fraternum - Shinners - (BONAP)
Thelesperma megapotamicum var. ambiguum - (Gray) Shinners - (BONAP)
Slender perennials or bushy subshrubs from rhizomes bearing masses of showy yellow
flower heads in March-June that can be used together with young leaves to make a
herbal tea.

Thelesperma filifolium - (Hook.) Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Stiff greenthread - - (BONAP)
Plains Navajo Tea - - (Denver Botanic Gardens)
In New Mexico, 1 variety: - - (NM)
Thelesperma filifolium var. intermedium (= Stiff greenthread)

Thelesperma filifolium var. intermedium - (Rydb.) Shinners - Variety Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Stiff greenthread - - (BONAP)
Greenthread - - (NM)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Thelesperma formosum - Greene - (NM)
Thelesperma intermedium - Rydberg - (NM)
Thelesperma trifidum - (Poiret) Britton - (NM)
Annual herbs.

Thelesperma longipes - Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Cota - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Long-stalk greenthread - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Longstalk greenthread - - (BONAP)
Navajo tea - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Te silvestre - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wild tea - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico

Thelesperma megapotamicum - (Spreng.) Kuntze - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Coffee plant - - (?)
Cota - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Hierba de San Nicolás - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hopi-tea - - (NM)
Hopi tea - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hopi-tea greenthread - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Hopi tea greenthread - - (BONAP)
Indian tea - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Navajo-tea - - (NM)
Navajo tea - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Rayless thelesperma - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Té de cota - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Té de los Navajos - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Té silvestre - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Te silvestre - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wild tea - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico
Synonyms
Bidens megapotamica - Spreng. - (BONAP)
Thelesperma gracile - (Torr.) Gray - (BONAP)

Thelesperma simplicifolium - Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Slender greenthread - - (NM)
In New Mexico

Thelesperma subnudum - Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Sand fringedpod - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 1 variety:
Thelesperma subnudum var. subnudum (= Navajo tea)

Thelesperma subnudum var. subnudum - Gray - Variety Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Navajo tea - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico

Theaceae
Family: Theaceae - Mirb. ex. Ker Gawl.
(Theaceae D. Don, according to Delta)
- Order: Ericales - Dumort.
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Asterid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Thevetia thevetioides - (Kunth) Schumann - (BONAP)
Family Apocynaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ayoyote - - (Mexican-American)
Be still tree - - (Mexican-American)
Giant oleander - - (Mexican-American)
Narciso amarillo - - (Mexican-American)
Thevetia - - (BONAP)
Yellow oleander - - (Mexican-American)
Yoyote - - (Mexican-American)
Yoyotli - - (Nahuatl)

Thicket globemallow - Sphaeralcea fendleri ssp. elongata - (BONAP)
- Sphaeralcea fendleri ssp. tripartita - (BONAP)

Thistle poppy - Argemone hispida - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Thóbem - Acacia berlandieri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Thorn apple, Toloache

Thornless acacia - Acacia berlandieri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Thoroughwort, Mata

Thousand seal (= Plumajillo) - Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Thread and Needle, Alfilerillo

Threadleaf groundsel - Senecio flaccidus var. flaccidus - (BONAP)

Three-leaf sumac, Lemita

Threelobe beggarticks - Bidens tripartita - (BONAP)

Threshing, see Trigo

Tibetan goji - Lycium barbarum - (GRIN)

Ticati - Cucurbita ficifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Ticatsa - Cucurbita ficifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tíciotl: The medicine of the Aztecs and their doctors (Titici).

Tickseed - Bidens - (Mexican-American)
- Bidens pilosa - (Mexican-American)
- Coreopsis - (BONAP)

Tickweed, Poleo chino

Tierra amarilla, see Cal

Tierra blanca

Tierra de nuestro senor de esquipula

Tierra de rata

Tierra negra, see Cal

Tiger salamander, see Leche de vaca

Tihuixtle (náhuatl) - Acacia pennatula - (Guerrero)

Tillandsia - L. - Genus Name
Family Bromeliaceae - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, only one species:
Tillandsia recurvata rare in the southwest part of the state.

Tillandsia achyrostachys - C. J. Morren ex Baker - (Southern Sonora)
Family Bromeliaceae - (BONAP)
Common Names
- Mescalito - (Southern Sonora)

Tillandsia caput-medusae - C. J. Morren - (Southern Sonora)
Family Bromeliaceae - (BONAP)
Common names
- Mescal - (Southern Sonora)

Tillandsia cretacea - Lyman B. Smith - (Southern Sonora)
Family Bromeliaceae - (BONAP)
Common names
- Mescalito - (Southern Sonora)

Tillandsia erubescens - Schldl. - (Southern Sonora)
Family Bromeliaceae - (BONAP)
Common Names - - U.S.A. or Mexico
- Flor de encino - (Southern Sonora)

Tillandsia exserta - Fern. - (Southern Sonora)
Family Bromeliaceae - (BONAP)
Common Names - - U.S.A. or Mexico
- Mescalito de huitlicochi - (Southern Sonora)

Tillandsia recurvata - (L.) L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Bromeliaceae - (BONAP)
Common Names - - U.S.A. or Mexico
- Ball moss - (Southern Sonora)
- Mescalito - (Southern Sonora)
- Mescalito de huitlicochi - (Southern Sonora)
- Gallitos - (Southern Sonora)
- Heno chino (Pequeño) - (Southern Sonora)
- (Orquidea) mezcalito - (Southern Sonora)
- Small ballmoss - (?)
Although previously reported from southeastern Arizona,
Tillandsia recurvata was first found in New Mexico in the
lower encinal (oak woodland) of Indian Creek Canyon in
the Animas Mountains of Hidalgo County. It is the only
representative of the family Bromeliaceae in New Mexico.
This species is also the only flowering epiphyte (= plant
that perches on other plants) known in New Mexico. It
was first found perching on the shrub Rhus trilobata
(Skunkbush sumac of family Anacardiaceae). It is apparently
only a colonist and not well established as a stable
component of the New Mexico plant life. Plants of this
species can be characterized as epiphytes with short stems
densely clustered to form spherical masses, leaves gray
like Spanish moss (neither Spanish or a moss).

Timbe - Acacia angustissima - (Michoacán)

Timbre - Acacia angustissima - (Atlas Mexico)

Timbrillo - Acacia angustissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tipanier - Plumeria rubra - (Elsa Campos)

Tis - Acacia greggii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tlacamel - Agave atrovirens - (Spanish-Américas)

Tlacametl - Agave atrovirens - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Tlachichinolli - Plumbago - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago pulchella - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago scandens - (Mexican-American)
Genus Plumbago not native in New Mexico.

Tlachpahuatla - Anoda cristata - (Puebla)

Tlalacxoyatl - Stevia serrata - (Soejarto)

Tlalamatl - Agastache mexicana - (Aztec)

Tlalquequesal - Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Tlalyetl - Heterotheca inuloides - (Nahuatl)
- Heterotheca spp. - (Nahuatl)

Tlamexcaltzin - Argemone mexicana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Argemone ochroleuca - (Morelos)

Tlanepaquelitl - Amaranthus spp. - (Nahuatl)

Tlapa - Argemone mexicana - (Atlas Mexico)

Tlayapaloni - Cissus verticillata - (Mexican-American)

Tlepatli - Plumbago - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago pulchella - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago scandens - (Mexican-American)
Genus Plumbago not native in New Mexico.

Tlaquequetzal - Achillea millefolium - (Aztec)

Tlaquiln - Mirabilis jalapa - (Nahuatl)
- Mirabilis longiflora - (Nahuatl)
- Mirabilis multiflora (= Quamoclidion multiflorum) - (Nahuatl)

Tlsolos-che - Sambucus mexicana - (Maya)
- Sambucus nigra - (Maya)
- Sambucus racemosa - (Maya)

Tobacco - Nicotiana - (BONAP)
- Nicotiana rustica - (PFAF)
- Nicotiana tabacum - (BONAP)

Tobaco cimarron

Tobalá - Agave atrovirens - (Spanish-Américas)

Tobem - Acacia cornigera - (San Luís Potosí)

Tobera k'idh - Acacia cornigera - (San Luís Potosí)

Todsen's falsepennyroyal - Hedeoma todsenii - (BONAP)

Toloache, Datura wrightii, Datura stramonium

Tolu balsam - Myroxylon balsamum var. Pereirae - (Mexican-American)
- Myroxylon spp. - (Mexican-American)

Tomate del campo, Physalis neomexicana

Tomato berry - Lycium andersonii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tomatoes, Tomatito

Tomatillo - Lycium berlandieri var. berlandieri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium berlandieri var. parviflorum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium torreyi - (Spanish-Américas)
- Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tomatillo, Tomatillo del campo, (also see Chico)

Tomatillo del campo, Solanum elaeognifolium

Tomatillo mexicano - Lycium torreyi - (Spanish-Américas)

Tomatito, Solanum nigrum

Tomatito pelon, Solanum elaeagnifolium

Tomazquitl - Arctostaphylos spp. - (Aztec)

Tonojosa - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Torch pine - Pinus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Torch weed (= Punchon) - Verbascum thapsus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Torito - Acacia cornigera - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Toritos - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)

Tornillo, Strombocarpa pubescens

Toronjil - Agastache mexicana - (Baja California Norte, Mexico)

Torrey's wolfberry - Lycium torreyi - (NM)

Torrey's yucca - Yucca torreyi - (BONAP)

Tortilla, see Pitajaya

Totanera - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Toxicodendron - P. Mill. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Anacardiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Poison oak - - (BONAP)

Toxicodendron rydbergii - (Small ex Rydberg) Greene - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Anacardiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Hiedra - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Poison Ivy - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Western poison ivy - - (BONAP)
Yedra - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonyms
Rhus radicans var. rydbergii - (Small ex Rydb.) Rehd. - (BONAP)
Rhus radicans var. vulgaris - (Michx.) DC. - (BONAP)
Rhus toxicodendron var. vulgaris - Michx. - (BONAP)
Toxicodendron desertorum - Lunell - (BONAP)
Toxicodendron radicans var. rydbergii - (Small ex Rydb.) Erskine - (BONAP)

Trailing mahonia - Mahonia repens - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Tree cactus, Entrana

Tree primrose, Flor de San Juan

Tree tobacco - Nicotiana glauca - (BONAP)

Trefoil (= Socoyol) - Oxalis violacea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Trementina de pinon: fresh white pitch extracted from the Pinus edulis tree by incision - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Trêvo de santa maria - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Tribulo - Tribulus terrestris - (Spanish-Américas)

Tribulus - L. - Genus Name
Family Zygophyllaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Puncture vine - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, only 1 species: - - (BONAP)
Tribulus terrestris L. (= Puncturevine)

Tribulus cistoides - L. - Species Name
Family Zygophyllaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Abrojo - - (Mexican-American)
Abrojo amarillo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abrojo rojo - - (Mexican-American)
Abrojo terrestre de Cuba - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chanixnuk - - (Maya)
Jamaica feverplant - - (Mexican-American)
Pasmo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Pericón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Punah-ki - - (Maya)
Puncture vine - - (Mexican-American)
Talcacao - - (Spanish-Américas)
Yerba de la araña - - (Spanish-Américas)

Tribulus terrestris - L. - Species Name
Family Zygophyllaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Abreojos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abreuello - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abrojo - - (Mexican-American)
Abrojo común - - (Spanish-Américas)
Abrojo de tierra caliente - - (AJP1885-Mexico-1)
Abrojo rojo - - (Mexican-American)
Abrojo terrestre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chanixnuk - - (Maya)
Chanxnuc - - (Spanish-Américas)
Doblegee - - (Spanish-Américas)
Dubbletge - - (Spanish-Américas)
Espina del diablo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Jamaica feverplant - - (Mexican-American)
Punah-ki - - (Maya)
Puncture vine - - (Mexican-American)
Roseta - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tribulo - - (Spanish-Américas)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Trigo (Wheat)

Tripa de Judas - Cissus verticillata - (Mexican-American)

Tripa de Vaca - Cissus verticillata - (Mexican-American)

Tripterocalyx - Hook. ex Standl. - Genus Name
Family Nyctaginaceae
Common Name
Sandpuffs - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 3 species - - (BONAP, NM)
Tripterocalyx carnea (= Winged sandpuffs),
Tripterocalyx micranthus (= Smallflower sandverbena),
Tripterocalyx wootonii (= Wooton's sand-puffs)

Tripterocalyx carnea (Greene) L.A. Gal. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Nyctaginaceae - (BONAP)
Common Name - - U.S.A. or Mexico
- Winged sandpuffs - (BONAP)

Tripterocalyx carnea var. carnea - (Greene) L.A. Gal. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Nyctaginaceae - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Winged sandpuffs - (BONAP)
Synonym
- Abronia carnea - Greene

Tripterocalyx carnea var. wootonii - (Standl.) L.A. Gal. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Nyctaginaceae - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Wooton's sandpuffs - (BONAP)
Synonym
- Tripterocalyx wootonii - Standl.
Reported to be used medicinally in Arizona and New Mexico.

Triticum aestivum, Trigo

Trompillo, Tomatillo del campo

Trompillo - Cordia boissieri - (Mexican-American)

Tronador - Abutilon incanum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tronadora - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Tropaeolaceae
Family: Tropaeolaceae - Bercht. & J.Presl
(Tropaeolaceae DC., according to Delta)
- Order: Brassicales - Bromhead
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid II
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Tropaeolum majus - Capuchina - (Elsa Campos)
- Common nasturtium - (Elsa Campos)
- Large Indian cress - (Elsa Campos)

Tropaeolum seemanii - Capuchina - (Elsa Campos)
- Common nasturtium - (Elsa Campos)
- Large Indian cress - (Elsa Campos)

Ts'ol - Cucurbita pepo - (Quintana Roo)

Tsolitas - Cucurbita pepo - (Quintana Roo)

Tsubin - Acacia collinsii - (Yucatán)

Tsujpin - Acacia cornigera - (Puebla)

Tsurimbíní - Acacia farnesiana - (Michoacán)

Tsurumbíni - Acacia farnesiana - (Michoacán)

Tsutsuy-xiu - Mirabilis jalapa - (Maya)
- Mirabilis longiflora - (Maya)
- Mirabilis multiflora (= Quamoclidion multiflorum) - (Maya)

Tuah - Agave atrovirens - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Tucumu - Abies religiosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tuna, Nopal

Turban squash - Cucurbita maxima - (Moerman)

Turbante de moro - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Turkish tobacco - Nicotiana rustica - (PFAF)

Turneraceae - Kunth ex. DC. - Family Name
(Now placed within family Passifloraceae Juss. ex Roussel)
Malpighiales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG IV) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Fabidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids I = fabids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].

Twoneedle pinyon - Pinus edulis - (BONAP)

Typha latifolia, Aguapa

Tzalyaltzai - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tzilacayotli - Cucurbita ficifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tzitzi - Morus microphylla - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tzol - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Tzontecapatli - Jatropha - (Nahuatl)
- Jatropha dioica - (Nahuatl)
- Jatropha macrorhiza - (Nahuatl)

Tzurembini - Acacia farnesiana - (Michoacán)

Tzurinbini - Acacia farnesiana - (Michoacán)

U

Uaxim - Acacia angustissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Ucuquiro - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Uisatain - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Úkui - Pinus arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Umbrella mallow - Malva neglecta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Umbrella tree - Melia azedarach - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Uña de cabra - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Uña de gato - Acacia greggii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Uña del gato - Acacia greggii - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Upland cranberry - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Urticaceae
Family: Urticaceae - Juss.
- Order: Rosales - Perleb
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid I
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Uruga - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Usaidela - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

Uva de América - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Uva de Canadá - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Uva de España - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Uva de macaco - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Uva de oso - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Uva de zorro - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Uva dos tintureiros - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Uvaduz - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Uva ursi - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Mexico)

Uva ursina - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Uvalama - Vitex mollis - (Mexican-American)
- Vitex agnus-castus - (Mexican-American)

Uyama - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Uzaidela - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Spanish-Américas)

V

Valerianaceae - Batsch - Family Name
[Valerianaceae now placed by APG III in the broad family Caprifoliaceae Juss.
together with other previously defined families, including Diervillaceae Pyck,
Dipsacaceae Juss., Linnaeaceae Backlund, and Morinaceae Raf.]
Dipsacales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG III) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Dipsapiidae D. C. Tank & M. J. Donoghue (2010);
o Apiidae M.J. Donoghue & P.D. Cantino;
o Campanulidae M.J. Donoghue & P.D. Cantino
(euasterids II = asterids II = campanulids);
o Garryidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids I = asterids I);
o Gentianidae R.G. Olmstead, W.S. Judd & P.D. Cantino
(= euasterids or core asterids);
o Asteridae Takhtajan (= asterids);
o Caryophyllales + Asteridae;
o Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].

Valley cottonwood (Àlamo de hoja redonda) - Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Vara - Acacia constricta - (Spanish-Américas)

Vara prieta - Acacia constricta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium andersonii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Varaprieta - Acacia constricta - (Spanish-Américas)

Varas de San Jose - Castilleja integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja integra var. integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja linariifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Pentstemon torreyi - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Varitas de San Jose, Pentstemon torreyi

Vaseline, use of, see Manzanilla, Maravilla, Poleo del pais

Velas de coyote, Entrana

Velo de novia - Acacia cornigera - (Mexican-American)

Velo de viuda - Acacia cornigera - (Mexican-American)

Velvet dock (= Punchon) - Verbascum thapsus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Velvetleaf - Abutilon theophrasti - (BONAP, NM)

Velvet plant (= Punchon) - Verbascum thapsus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Venenillo - Persicaria lapathifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Persicaria punctata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Venus, see Plumajillo

Vera prieta - Acacia millefolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Verbachina - Phytolacca icosandra - (Spanish-Américas)

Verbasco (= Punchon) - Verbascum thapsus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Verbascum - L. - Genus Name
Family Scrophulariaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
In New Mexico, 3 species introduced - - (BONAP)
Verbascum blattaria L.
(= Moth mullein),
Verbascum thapsus L.
(Common mullein),
Verbascum virgatum Stokes
(= Wand mullein).
See notes.

Verbascum blattaria - L. - Species Name
Family Scrophulariaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Barbasco polillero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Candelaria polillera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gordolobo polillero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Guardalobo polillero - - (Spanish-Américas)
Moth mullein - - (BONAP)
Polillera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Verbasco polillero - - (Spanish-Américas)
In New Mexico, introduced - - (BONAP)

Verbascum thapsus - L. - Species Name
Family Scrophulariaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Aaron's rod - - (European English)
Barbasco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bon homem - - (Spanish-Américas)
Bullock's Lungwort - - (le Strange)
Candela regia - - (Spanish-Américas)
Candelaria - - (Spanish-Américas, Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Candelera - - (Spanish-Américas)
Chopo blanco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Common mullein - - (BONAP)
Cow's lungwort - - (European English)
Erva de Sâo Fiacre - - (Spanish-Américas)
Escobizo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Flannel leaf - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Gordolobo - - (Spanish-Américas, Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Gordolobo común - - (Spanish-Américas)
Gordolobo macho - - (Spanish-Américas)
Great mullein - - (le Strange)
Guardalobo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hopo de zorra - - (Spanish-Américas)
Hung wort - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Lady's foxglove - - (European English)
Mullein - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Punchon - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Tabaco cimarron - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Torch weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Tripo - - (Spanish-Américas)
Tróculos blancos - - (Spanish-Américas)
Vara de Aarón - - (Spanish-Américas)
Velvet dock - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Velvet plant - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Varbasco - - (Spanish-Américas)
Vela de Nossa Senhora - - (Spanish-Américas)
Verbasco - - (Spanish-Américas, Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Wood blade - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico, introduced - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Verbascum virgatum - Stokes - Species Name
Family Scrophulariaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Names
Wand mullein - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, introduced - - (BONAP)

Verbena - Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Verbena - (BONAP)

Verbena - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Verbenaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Verbena - - (BONAP)
Some members once paced in Verbena are now assigned to the genus Glandularia
(= Mock vervain).
Species and varieties in New Mexico not in main list are:
Verbena bracteata - Lag. & Rodr. - (BONAP)
(= Bigbract verbena),
Verbena canescens - Kunth - (BONAP)
(= Gray vervain),
Verbena halei - Small - (BONAP)
(= Texas vervain),
Verbena hastata - L. - (BONAP)
(= Swamp verbena),
Verbena hastata var. hastata - L. - (BONAP)
(= Swamp verbena),
Verbena hastata var. scabra - Moldenke - (BONAP)
(= Swamp verbena),
Verbena menthifolia - Benth. - (BONAP)
(= Mint vervain),
Verbena neomexicana - (Gray) Small - (BONAP)
(= Hillside vervain),
Verbena neomexicana var. hirtella - Perry - (BONAP)
(= Hillside vervain),
Verbena neomexicana var. neomexicana - (Gray) Small - (BONAP)
(= New Mexican verbena),
Verbena neomexicana var. xylopoda - Perry - (BONAP)
(= Hillside vervain),
Verbena officinalis - L. - (BONAP)
(= Herb of the cross),
Verbena officinalis var. officinalis - L. - (BONAP)
(= Verbena),
Verbena perennis - Woot. - (BONAP)
(= Pinleaf vervain),
Verbena plicata - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Fanleaf vervain),
Verbena plicata var. plicata - Greene - (BONAP)
(= Fanleaf vervain),
Verbena scabra - Vahl - (BONAP)
(= Sandpaper vervain),
Verbena stricta - Vent. - (BONAP)
(= Hoary verbena).

Verbena ambrosiaefolia (= Moradilla), see Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida.

Verbena ambrosiifolia (= Moradilla), see Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida.

Verbena macdougalii - Heller - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Verbenaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Dormilon - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
MacDougal verbena - - (BONAP)
Vervena - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Verbenaceae - Jaume St-Hil. - Famiy Name
(Many of its genera [e.g., Tetraclea Gray & Vitex L.]
have been transfered to Lamiaceae Martynov, reducing
Verbenaceae to former subfamily Verbenoideae)
Lamiales - Bromhead - (APG IV) Order Name
Higher level lineages (Cantino, et al., 2007):
Angiospermae; Mesangiospermae;
Eudicotyledoneae (= eudicots);
Gunneridae (= core eudicots);
Pentapetalae; Superasteridae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, & P. S. Soltis;
Caryophyllales + Asteridae; Asteridae (= asterids);
Gentianidae (= euasterids or core asterids);
Garryidae (= euasterid I = asterid I); Lamiidae
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)
Family Verbenaceae in New Mexico, incuding 7 genera:
Aloysia - Juss. - (BONAP)
Bouchea - Cham. - (BONAP)
Glandularia - J.F. Gmel. - (BONAP)
Lantana - L. - (BONAP)
Lippia - L. - (BONAP)
Phyla - Lour. - (BONAP)
Verbena - L. - (BONAP)

Verbesina - L. - Genus Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Crownbeard - - (NM)
In New Mexico, 5 species: - - (NM)
*Verbesina encelioides (Cavanilles) Bentham & Hooker f. ex Gray
(= Cowpen daisy, Golden crownbeard),
Verbesina longifolia (Gray) Gray
(= Long-leaf crownbeard),
Verbesina nana (Gray) B.L. Robinson & J.L. Greenman
(= Dwarf crownbeard),
Verbesina oreophila Wooton & Standley
(= Mountain crownbeard), and
Verbesina rothrockii B.L. Robinson & J.L. Greenman
(= Rothrock's crownbeard).

Verbesina crocata - (Cav.) Less. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Añil del muerto - - (Mexican-American)
Arnica capitaneja - - (Atlas Mexico)
Cachanquillo - - (Guerrero)
Capitaneja - - (Atlas Mexico, Mexican-American)
Capitaneja anaranjada - - (Atlas Mexico)
Chimalacatl - - (Morelos)
Crownbeard - - (Mexican-American)
Goldweed - - (Mexican-American)
Ki'che - - (Yucatán)
Nahuiliput - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Nahuilipute - - (Spanish-Américas)
Palo espino - - (Atlas Mexico)
Taamkas che' - - (Yucatán)

Verbesina encelioides - (Cavanilles) Bentham & Hooker f. ex Gray - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Añil del muerto - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Butter daisy - - (CRC)
Capitaneja - - (Mexican-American)
Cow pen daisy - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Crownbeard - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Girasolillo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Golden crownbeard - - (CRC)
Gold weed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Goldweed - - (Mexican-American)
Hierba de la bruja - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Oreja de lobo - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Wild sunflower - - (CRC)
In New Mexico, 2 varieties: - - (NM)
Verbesina encelioides (Cavanilles) Bentham & Hooker f. ex Gray var. encelioides
(= Cowpen daisy, Golden crownbeard) and
Verbesina encelioides (Cavanilles) Bentham & Hooker f. ex Gray var. exauriculata B.L. Robinson & J.L. Greenman
(= Cowpen daisy, Golden crownbeard).
Significant antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antitumor, hypoglycaemic and
anti-implantation activities have been demonstrated from various fractions of
these plants.

Verbesina encelioides var. encelioides - (Cavanilles) Bentham & Hooker f. ex Gray - Variety Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Cowpen daisy - - (NM)
Golden crownbeard - - (NM)
In New Mexico
Synonym
Ximenesia encelioides Cavanilles

Verbesina encelioides var. exauriculata - B.L. Robinson - Variety Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Cowpen daisy - - (NM)
Crown Beard - - (Moerman)
Crownbeard - - (Moerman)
Golden crownbeard - - (NM)
In New Mexico
Synonym
Ximenesia exauriculata - (B.L. Robinson & J.L. Greenman) Rydberg - (NM)

Verbesina pedunculosa - (DC.) Robins - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Capitaneja - - (Atlas Mexico)
Capitaneja de Tonila - - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
Chimalacatl - - (Morelos)

Verbesina persicifolia - DC. - Species Name
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Huichin - - (Atlas Mexico)

Verbesina spp. - ? - Some Species of Genus
Family Asteraceae
Common Name
Añil del muerto - - (Mexican-American)
Capitaneja - - (Mexican-American)
Crownbeard - - (Mexican-American)
Goldweed - - (Mexican-American)

Vermelhão - Phytolacca americana - (Spanish-Américas)

Vervena, Dormilon

Viborana - Abelmoschus moschatus - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Vicia faba, Habas

Vinegar, use of, see Geranio, Linasa, Malva, Poleo

Vinolo - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Vinolo prieto - Acacia cochliacantha - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Vinorama - Acacia angustissima - (Atlas Mexico)
- Acacia cochliacantha - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)
- Acacia constricta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia cornigera - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia farnesiana - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)


Violaceae - Batsch - Family Name
Malpighiales - Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl - (APG IV) Order Name
Higher level lineages:
o Fabidae W.S. Judd, D.E. Soltis & P.S. Soltis
(= eurosids I = fabids);
o eurosids (= Fabidae + Malvidae);
o Rosidae Takhtajan (= rosids);
o Superrosidae W. S. Judd, D. E. Soltis, and P. S. Soltis;
o Pentapetalae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd;
o Gunneridae D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis & W.S. Judd
(= core eudicots);
o Eudicotyledoneae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= eudicots);
o Mesangiospermae M.J. Donoghue, J.A. Doyle & P.D. Cantino
(= mesangiosperms);
o Angiospermae Lindley (= flowering plants)
Highest level lineages:
o Spermatophyta Britton & Brown (seed plants);
o Euphyllophyta P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue
(= euphyllophytes);
o Tracheophyta Sinnott
(eutracheophytes or vascular plants);
o polysporangiophytes;
o Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836, emend. Lewis and McCourt
[= Embryopsida Pirani & Prado (land plants)].
In New Mexico, 2 genera: - - (NM)
Hybanthus Jacq. (= Baby-slippers) and
Viola L. (= Violet).

Violet wood sorrel (= Socoyol) - Oxalis violacea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Violet wood-sorrel - Oxalis violacea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Violet woodsorrel - Oxalis violacea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Violeta - Anoda cristata - (Atlas Mexico)
- Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Violeta de campo - Anoda cristata - (?)

Violeta de monte - Anoda cristata - (Atlas Mexico)

Violeta del campo - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Violeta del país - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Violettas - Anoda cristata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Violetilla - Anoda cristata - (?)

Virginia alemão - Nicotiana rustica - (Spanish-Américas)

Virginio - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Virgin's bower - Clematis lasiantha - (Mexican-American)
- Clematis spp. - (Mexican-American)
- Clematis virginiana - (Mexican-American)

Viscid acacia - Acacia constricta var. vernicosa - (EOL)

Vitaceae
Family: Vitaceae - Juss.
(= Vitidaceae Juss., according to Delta)
- Order: Vitales - Reveal
Higher level lineages: Angiosperm; Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid
Highest level lineages:
Embryophyta (land plants); polysporangiophytes; Tracheophyta
(eutracheophytes); Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta (seed plants)

Vitex - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Vitex - (BONAP)

Vitex agnus-castus - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Aceitunillo - (Mexican-American)
- Ahuilote - (Mexican-American)
- Chaste tree - (Mexican-American)
- Lilac chastetree - (BONAP)
- Uvalama - (Mexican-American)

Vitex agnus-castus var. agnus-castus - L. - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Aceitunillo - (Mexican-American)
- Ahuilote - (Mexican-American)
- Chaste tree - (Mexican-American)
- Lilac chastetree - (BONAP)
- Uvalama - (Mexican-American)

Vitex mollis - ? - Species Name
Family Lamiaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
- Aceitunillo - (Mexican-American)
- Ahuilote - (Mexican-American)
- Chaste tree - (Mexican-American)
- Uvalama - (Mexican-American)

Vitoria - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Vitoriera - Cucurbita ficifolia - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Viuda - Abelmoschus manihot - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Achillea millefolium - (Spanish-Américas)

Viuva - Melia azedarach - (Spanish-Américas)

Volcanico, see Habas, Maravilla

W

Waj aptx - Acacia cornigera - (Oaxaca)

Wallflower - Erysimum - (BONAP)
- Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Walnut (= Nogal)

Watercress (= Berro) - Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum - (BONAP, Mexican-American, Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Waterjacket - Lycium andersonii - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Water pepper - Persicaria hydropiper - (FM, NM)

Waterpepper - Persicaria hydropiper - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Persicaria hydropiperoides - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Water smartweed - Persicaria punctata - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Weather plant - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Weather vine - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

West Indian mulberry - Guazuma tomentosa - (Mexican-American)
- Guazuma ulmifolia - (Mexican-American)

Western poison ivy - Toxicodendron rydbergii - (BONAP)

Western wallflower - Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Western white-thorn acacia - Acacia constricta - (NM)

Western yarrow - Achillea millefolium - (New Mexico)
- Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis - (BONAP)

Western yellow pine - Pinus arizonica - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Pinus scopulorum - (NM)
- Pinus ponderosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Wheat (= Trigo)

Wheat cockle (= Clavelina)

Whiskey, use of, see Aceite de la vibora, Alcanfor, Anis, Chimaja, Pinon, Yerba del lobo

White-ball acacia - Acacia angustissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

White birch - Alnus acuminata - (Mexican-American)
- Betula alba - (Mexican-American)
- Betula pubescens - (Mexican-American)

White bryony - Bryonia alba - (BONAP)

White earth: Tierra blanca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

White goosefoot (= Quelite salado)

White fir - Abies concolor var. concolor - (BONAP)

White henequen - Agave fourcroydes - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia)

White mulberry - Morus alba - (NM)

White sand-verbena - Abronia elliptica - (NM)

White scallop squash - Cucurbita pepo - (Moerman)

Whitethorn - Acacia constricta - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Whitethorn acacia - Acacia constricta - (BONAP)

White-thorn acacia - Acacia constricta - (NM)

White wort (= Altamisa mexicana)

Wholeleaf Indian paintbrush - Castilleja integra - (BONAP)
- Castilleja integra var. integra - (BONAP)

Wichachin (náhuatl) - Acacia farnesiana - (Atlas Mexico, Guerrero)

Widow's tears - Commelina coelestris - (Elsa Campos)

Wild alum root (= Patita de leon)

Wild celery - Angelica - (BONAP)
- Apium - (BONAP)
- Apium graveolens - (BONAP)
- Apium graveolens var. dulce - (BONAP)

Wild chamomile (= Manzanilla)

Wild cosmos (= Amores)

Wild cucumber (= Estrella del norte) - Echinocystis lobata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Wild four-O'clock (= Maravilla)

Wild geranium (= Patita de leon)

Wild gourd - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Wild hops - Humulus lupulus var. neomexicanus - A. Nels. & Cockerell - (BONAP)

Wild licorice - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Wild liquorice - Abrus precatorius - (Uphof, 1959)
- Glycyrrhiza lepidota - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Wild-lovage - Ligusticum porteri - (NM)

Wild melon - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Moerman)

Wild mint - Mentha arvensis - (BONAP)

Wild mulberry - Morus microphylla - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Wild onion (= Cebollita del campo)

Wild pea (= Patito del pais)

Wild pieplant - Rumex hymenosepalus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Wild pumpkin - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Moerman)

Wild rose Rosa (= cimarron)

Wild soapwort (= Clavelina)

Wild squash - Cucurbita foetidissima - (Moerman, Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Wild sunflower - Verbesina encelioides - (CRC)

Wild tansy - Ambrosia artemisiifolia - (English-Canada)

Wild tea - Thelesperma longipes - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Thelesperma megapotamicum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Wild tobacco - Nicotiana rustica - (PFAF)

Willow-leaf candyleaf - Stevia salicifolia - (NM)

Willowleaf smartweed - Persicaria lapathifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Willow weed - Persicaria lapathifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Winter crookneck - Cucurbita moschata - (Moerman)

Winter squash - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Witchcraft, see Ajo, Albaca, Chile, Hormigas coloradas, Maiz, Plumajillo, Ponil, Popoton, Punchon, Toloache, Yerba de la golondrina, Yerba del chivato, Yerba del lobo,

Wolfberry - Lycium - (NM)
- Lycium berlandieri var. berlandieri - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Lycium berlandieri var. parviflorum - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Wood blade (= Punchon) - Verbascum thapsus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Wood sorrel (= Socoyol) - Oxalis violacea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Woodsorrel - Oxalis - (BONAP)

Wormseed - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Wormweed - Chenopodium ambrosioides - (Elsa Campos)

Wormwood - Artemisia - (NM)
- Artemisia absinthium - (Mexico)
- Artemisia bigelovii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Artemisia dracunculus - (BONAP)
- Artemisia dracunculus ssp. dracunculus - (U.S.A.)
- Artemisia ludoviciana - (New Mexico Spanish, Elsa Campos)
- Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. ludoviciana - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. mexicana - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Artemisia tridentata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
See Ajenjo, Altamisa, Altamisa de la sierra, Anisote, Chamiso hediondo, Estafiate, Mariola.

Wyoming Indian paintbrush - Castilleja linariifolia - (BONAP)

X

Xaax - Acacia angustissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Xabxib - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Xalócotl - Abies religiosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Xanthisma - DC. - Genus Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
[pronounced Zan-this'ma]
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Xanthium - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Xanthisma blephariphyllum - (A. Gray) D. R. Morgan & R. L. Hartman - Species Name
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Arnica - - (Durango)
Arnica rosa - - (Durango)
Arnica lila - - (Durango)
Arnica morada - - (Durango)
Texas spineaster - - (?)
Texas sleep-daisy - - (?)
Texas sleepy-daisy - - (?)
Texas tansyaster - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Aster gymnocephalus - auct. non (DC.) Gray - (BONAP)
Haplopappus blephariphyllus - Gray - (BONAP)
Haplopappus gymnocephalus - DC. - (BONAP)
Machaeranthera correllii - Shinners - (BONAP)
Machaeranthera gymnocephala - (DC.) Shinners - (BONAP)
Xanthisma gymnocephalum - (DC.) D. R. Morgan & R. L. Hartm. - (?)
NOT Arida blepharophylla - (Gray) Morgan & Hartman - (BONAP)
= Machaeranthera gypsitherma - G. L. Nesom, Vorobik & R. L. Hartman - (BONAP)
See notes.

Xanthium - Xanthisma - (BONAP)

Xanthium - L. - Genus Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cocklebur - - (BONAP)

Xanthium spinosum - L. - Species Name
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Spiny cockleburr - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Acanthoxanthium spinosum - (L.) Fourr. - (BONAP)
Xanthium spinosum var. inerme - Bel. - (BONAP)

Xanthium strumarium - L. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Rough cockleburr - - (BONAP)

Xanthium strumarium var. canadense - (P. Mill.) Torr. & Gray - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP: Variety Name)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Cadillos - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Canada cockleburr - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Xanthium acerosum - Greene - (BONAP)
Xanthium californicum - Greene - (BONAP)
Xanthium campestre - Greene - (BONAP)
Xanthium canadense - P. Mill. - (BONAP)
Xanthium cavanillesii - Schouw - (BONAP)
Xanthium californicum var. rotundifolium - Widder - (BONAP)
Xanthium cenchroides - Millsp. & Sherff - (BONAP)
Xanthium commune - Britt. - (BONAP)
Xanthium echinatum - Murr. - (BONAP)
Xanthium glanduliferum - Greene - (BONAP)
Xanthium italicum - Moretti - (BONAP)
Xanthium macounii - Britt. - (BONAP)
Xanthium oligacanthum - Piper - (BONAP)
Xanthium oviforme - Wallr. - (BONAP)
Xanthium pensylvanicum - Wallr. - (BONAP)
Xanthium saccharatum - Wallr. - (BONAP)
Xanthium speciosum - Kearney - (BONAP)
Xanthium strumarium ssp. italicum - (Moretti) D. Love - (BONAP)
Xanthium strumarium var. oviforme - (Wallr.) M.E. Peck - (BONAP)
Xanthium strumarium var. pensylvanicum - (Wallr.) M.E. Peck - (BONAP)
Xanthium varians - Greene - (BONAP)

Xanthium strumarium var. glabratum - (DC.) Cronq. - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP: Variety Name)
Family Asteraceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Rough cockleburr - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Xanthium americanum - Walt. - (BONAP)
Xanthium calvum - Millsp. & Sherff - (BONAP)
Xanthium chasei - Fern. - (BONAP)
Xanthium chinense - P. Mill. - (BONAP)
Xanthium curvescens - Millsp. & Sherff - (BONAP)
Xanthium cylindraceum - Millsp. & Sherff - (BONAP)
Xanthium echinellum - Greene - (BONAP)
Xanthium globosum - Shull - (BONAP)
Xanthium inflexum - Mackenzie & Bush - (BONAP)
Xanthium macrocarpum var. glabratum - DC. - (BONAP)
Xanthium occidentale - Bertol. - (BONAP)
Xanthium orientale - L. - (BONAP)
Xanthium strumarium var. wootonii - (Cockerell) W.C. Martin & C.R. Hutchins - (BONAP)
Xanthium strumarium var. wootonii - (Cockerell) M.E. Peck - (BONAP)
Xanthium wootonii - Cockerell - (BONAP)

Xata' - Argemone ochroleuca - (Michoacán)

Xate - Argemone ochroleuca - (Michoacán)

Xaté - Argemone mexicana - (Spanish-Américas)

X-carbesanto - Argemone mexicana - (Yucatán)

Xemb - Acacia farnesiana - (Oaxaca)

Xhag - Acacia farnesiana - (Oaxaca)

Xicólotl - Argemone mexicana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Xigaba - Cucurbita maxima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Xilacuaco - Rivina humilis - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Xisich - Acacia angustissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

X'k'ant'ilix - Acacia farnesiana - (Quintana Roo)

Xkantirish - Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Xmehen k'uum - Cucurbita moschata - (Yucatán)

Xoxoac - Abrus precatorius - (Spanish-Américas)

X-tuk - Yucca schidigera - (Maya)
- Yucca spp. - (Maya)
- Yucca valida - (Maya)

Xumetl - Sambucus mexicana - (Nahuatl)
- Sambucus nigra - (Nahuatl)
- Sambucus racemosa - (Nahuatl)

Y

Ya'ax-tabakanil - Cissus verticillata - (Maya)

Yaco-yage (= Cancerina) - Hippocratea excelsa - (Elsa Campos)

Yag guiichi - Acacia farnesiana - (Oaxaca)

Yaga - Alnus - (Spanish-Américas)

Yanten - Plantago major - (BONAP)

Yambó - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Yamole - Phytolacca icosandra - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Yard knotweed - Polygonum aviculare - (NM)

Yarrow (= Plumajillo) - Achillea - (BONAP)
- Achillea millefolium - (Mexico)
- Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yarrow (common) - Achillea millefolium - (ITIS)

Yedra - Toxicodendron rydbergii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yellow chaste weed - Helichrysum italicum - (Elsa Campos)

Yellow dock - Rumex crispus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yellow field mustard - Brassica rapa var. rapa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yellow oleander - Thevetia thevetioides - (Mexican-American)

Yellow pine - Pinus scopulorum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Pinus ponderosa - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Yellow prickly poppy - Argemone ochroleuca - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Yellow weed - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yepouecha - Acacia pennatula - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Yerba buena - Mentha spicata - (Moore)
- Satureja douglasii - (Saunders, 1920)

Yerbabuena - Mentha spicata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de Apache - Castilleja integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja integra var. integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja linariifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de alonso garcia - Dalea formosa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de coriz: undetermined plant (in New Mexico) - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de culebra - Abelmoschus esculentus - (Spanish-Américas)

Yerba de la araña - Tribulus cistoides - (Spanish-Américas)

Yerba de la golondrina - Chamaesyce serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de la mala mujer - Brickellia californica - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de la miel virgen - Castilleja integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja integra var. integra - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Castilleja linariifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de la mula - Stevia salicifolia - (Soejarto)

Yerba de la negrita - Sphaeralcea fendleri - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de la pena: Grey lichen or moss (?) - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de la piedra: Grey lichen or moss (?) - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de la quintana - Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de la sangre (= Herb of the blood) - Mahonia repens - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de la tusa - Ratibida tagetes - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de la vibora - Gutierrezia sarothrae - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de la virgen - Gaura coccinea - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba de pasmo - Baccharis pteronioides - (BONAP)

Yerba de san pedro (in New Mexico), but identity undetermined.

Yerba de santa maria - Tanacetum parthenium - (Mexican-American)

Yerba del aire - Stevia salicifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Yerba del alacran - Plumbago - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago pulchella - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago scandens - (Mexican-American)
Genus Plumbago not native in New Mexico.

Yerba del Apache - Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del bicho - Persicaria punctata - (Spanish-Américas)

Yerba del buey - Cissus verticillata - (Mexican-American)
- Grindelia squarrosa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del burro - Distichlis spicata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del caballo - Senecio flaccidus var. flaccidus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Senecio spartioides var. multicapitatus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Senecio eremophilus var. kingii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del cancer - Cuphea - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea aequipetala - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea jorullensis - (Mexican-American)
- Hippocratea excelsa (= Hemiagium excelsum) - (Mexican-American)

Yerba del chivatito - Chenopodium botrys - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del chivato - Pericome caudata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del coyote - Cuphea - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea aequipetala - (Mexican-American)
- Cuphea jorullensis - (Mexican-American)
- Hippocratea excelsa (= Hemiagium excelsum) - (Mexican-American)

Yerba del gigante - Nicotiana glauca - (Spanish-Américas)

Yerba del lobo - Hymenoxys hoopesii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del manso - Anemopsis californica - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del negro - Sphaeralcea angustifolia - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del oso - Heracleum maximum - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del pasmo - Baccharis salicifolia - (Southwest U.S.A./Northern Mexico)

Yerba del peco - Actaea rubra ssp. arguta - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del pescado - Plumbago - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago pulchella - (Mexican-American)
- Plumbago scandens - (Mexican-American)
Genus Plumbago not native in New Mexico.

Yerba del pescado: undetermined plant (in New Mexico) - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del pujo: undetermined plant (in New Mexico) - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del sapo - Ambrosia acanthicarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Ambrosia confertiflora - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del sol - Gaillardia pinnatifida - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del vaso: undertemined plant (in New Mexico), - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
meaning the herb of an artery or vein.

Yerba del zorillo - Chenopodium graveolens - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba del zorillo cimarron - Chenopodium botrys - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba fria - Sanvitalia abertii - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba maestra - Artemisia absinthium - (Mexican-American)

Yerba mala - Cuscuta megalocarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba mansa - Anemopsis californica - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yerba picete - Stevia serrata - (Soejarto)

Yerba sin raiz - Cuscuta megalocarpa - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yeso: See notes.

Yetl - Nicotiana rustica - (PFAF)

Yogoak - Abrus precatorius - (CRC)

Yoyote - Thevetia thevetioides - (Mexican-American)

Yoyotli - Thevetia thevetioides - (Nahuatl)

Yuca - Yucca - (BONAP)
- Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yucatan sisal - Agave fourcroydes - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia)

Yucca - Yucca - (BONAP)
- Yucca baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca baccata var. baccata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca glauca - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Yucca schidigera - (Mexican-American)
- Yucca spp. - (Mexican-American)
- Yucca valida - (Mexican-American)

Yucca - L. - Genus Name
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Amole - - (Mexican-American)
Datilla - - (Mexican-American)
Lechuguilla - - (Mexican-American)
Palmilla - - (Mexican-American)
Sak-tuk - - (Maya)
Spanish dagger - - (Mexican-American)
X-tuk - - (Maya)
Yuca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yucca - - (BONAP, Mexican-American)
In New Mexico, - - (BONAP)
See notes.

Yucca angustissima - Engelm. ex Trel. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Narrowleaf yucca - - (BONAP)

Yucca angustissima var. angustissima - Engelm. ex Trel. - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Fineleaf yucca - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Yucca angustissima var. avia - Reveal - (BONAP)

Yucca baccata - Torr. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Adam's needle - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Adam's thread and needle - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Amole - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Banana yucca - - (BONAP)
Datil - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Eve's thread - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Our Lord's candles - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Palma - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Palmilla - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Palmilla ancha - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Soap root - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Soapweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Spanish bayonet - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Spanish dagger - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yuca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yucca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Yucca baccata var. baccata - Torr. - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Adam's needle - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Adam's thread and needle - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Amole - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Banana yucca - - (BONAP)
Datil - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Eve's thread - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Our Lord's candles - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Palma - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Palmilla - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Palmilla ancha - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Soap root - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Soapweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Spanish bayonet - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Spanish dagger - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yuca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yucca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Synonym
Yucca vespertina - (McKelvey) Welsh - (BONAP)

Yucca baccata var. brevifolia - (Schott ex Torr.) L. Benson & Darrow - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Spanish dagger - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Yucca arizonica - McKelvey - (BONAP)
Yucca brevifolia - Schott ex Torr. - (BONAP)
Yucca confinis - McKelvey - (BONAP)
Yucca thornberi - McKelvey - (BONAP)
Yucca treleasei - J.F. Macbr. - (BONAP)

Yucca baileyi - Woot. & Standl. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Navajo yucca - - (BONAP)

Yucca baileyi var. baileyi - Woot. & Standl. - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Bailey's yucca - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Yucca standleyi - McKelvey - (BONAP)

Yucca baileyi var. intermedia - (McKelvey) Reveal - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Intermediate yucca - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Yucca intermedia - McKelvey - (BONAP)

Yucca baileyi var. navajoa - (J.M. Webber) J.M. Webber - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Navajo yucca - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Yucca navajoa - J.M. Webber - (BONAP)

Yucca campestris - McKelvey - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Plains yucca - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Yucca intermedia var. ramosa - McKelvey - (BONAP)

Yucca elata - (Engelm.) Engelm. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Soaptree yucca - - (BONAP)

Yucca elata var. elata - (Engelm.) Engelm. - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Eve's needle - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Samuela carnerosana - auct. non Trel. - (BONAP)
Samuela faxoniana - Trel. - (BONAP)
Yucca carnerosana - auct. non (Trel.) McKelvey - (BONAP)

Yucca glauca - Nutt. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Adam's needle - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Adam's thread and needle - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Amole - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Datil - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Eve's thread - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Our Lord's candles - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Palma - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Palmilla - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Palmilla ancha - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Small soapweed - - (BONAP)
Soap root - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Soapweed - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Spanish bayonet - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Spanish dagger - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yuca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Yucca - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Certain Native Americans have used the root of this species
along with prickly pear cactus roots as abortifacient or gynecological aid.

Yucca glauca var. glauca - Nutt. - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Soapweed yucca - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Yucca angustifolia - Pursh - (BONAP)

Yucca glauca var. gurneyi - McKelvey - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Gurney's yucca - - (BONAP)

Yucca harrimaniae - Trel. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Spanish bayonet - - (BONAP)

Yucca harrimaniae var. harrimaniae - Trel. - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Harriman's Spanish bayonet - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Yucca gilbertiana - (Trel.) Rydb. - (BONAP)
Yucca harrimaniae var. gilbertiana - Trel. - (BONAP)

Yucca harrimaniae var. neomexicana - (Woot. & Standl.) Reveal - (BONAP: Variety Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
New Mexico Spanish bayonet - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Yucca neomexicana - Woot. & Standl. - (BONAP)

Yucca schidigera - Roezl ex Ortgies - (?: Species Name)
Amole - - (Mexican-American)
Datilla - - (Mexican-American)
Lechuguilla - - (Mexican-American)
Palmilla - - (Mexican-American)
Sak-tuk - - (Maya)
Spanish dagger - - (Mexican-American)
X-tuk - - (Maya)
Yucca - - (Mexican-American)

Yucca schottii - Engelm. - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Schott's yucca - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Yucca macrocarpa - Engelm., non Merriam - (BONAP)
Yucca puberula - Torr. - (BONAP)

Yucca torreyi - Shafer - (BONAP: Species Name)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Family Agavaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Torrey's yucca - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Yucca baccata var. macrocarpa - Torr. - (BONAP)
Yucca crassifolia - Engelm. - (BONAP)
Yucca macrocarpa - (Torr.) Coville - (BONAP)

Yucca valida - Brandegee - Species Name
Common Names
Amole - - (Mexican-American)
Datilla - - (Mexican-American)
Lechuguilla - - (Mexican-American)
Palmilla - - (Mexican-American)
Sak-tuk - - (Maya)
Spanish dagger - - (Mexican-American)
X-tuk - - (Maya)
Yucca - - (Mexican-American)
See notes.

Yute de la China - Abutilon theophrasti - (Spanish-Américas)

Z

Zaandy ujts - Abelmoschus moschatus - (Oaxaca)

Zacatlaxcale - Cuscuta spp. - (Armando González Stuart)

Zalate - Cordia boissieri - (Mexican-American)

Zambo - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Zapallito - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Zapallito de tronco - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Zapallito italiano - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Zapallo - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)
- Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Zapallo andai - Cucurbita moschata - (Spanish-Américas)

Zapallo bugango - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Zapallo criollo - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Zapallo de Angola - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Zapallo de tronco - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Zapallo del tiempo - Cucurbita pepo - (Spanish-Américas)

Zapallo forrajero - Cucurbita maxima - (Spanish-Américas)

Zapupe fuerta - Agave angustifolia - (Mansfeld's Encyclopedia-Mexico)

Zarabata - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - (Spanish-Américas)

Zaracoche - Cucurbita foetidissima - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Zarapón - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Zarrapote - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Zarrapotillo - Arctium lappa - (Spanish-Américas)

Zarza (= Estrella de norte) - Echinocystis lobata - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
- Humulus lupulus var. neomexicanus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Zarza parilla - Humulus lupulus var. neomexicanus - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Zarzaparrilla - Persicaria lapathifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Zarzilla - Erigeron flagellaris - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)

Zazal - Stevia salicifolia - (Soejarto)

Zazale - Stevia salicifolia - (Spanish-Américas)

Zazale de olor - Stevia salicifolia - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Zazalicpatli - Levisticum officinale - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Zea - L. - Genus Name
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Corn - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 1 species: - - (BONAP)
Zea mays L. (= Corn)

Zea mays - L. - Species Name
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Atole - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Corn - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Maiz - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Zea mays - L. - Species Name
Family Poaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Barba de elote - - (Mexican-American)
Barba de maiz - - (Mexican-American)
Cabello de elote - - (Mexican-American)
Cabello de maiz - - (Upper Rio Grande Valley)
Corn silk - - (Mexican-American)
Elotl - - (Nahuatl)
Estilos de maiz - - (Mexican-American)
Ix-im - - (Maya)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Zeta - Bidens pilosa - (Hernandez-Galicia, et al., 2002)

Zigadenus - Michx. - Genus Name
Family Melanthiaceae - - (APG)
Common Name
Deathcamas - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 5 species: - - (BONAP)
Zigadenus elegans Pursh
(= Mountain deathcamas),
Zigadenus mogollonensis W.J. Hess & R.C. Sivinski (= ?),
Zigadenus paniculatus (Nutt.) S. Wats.
(= Foothill deathcamas),
Zigadenus venenosus S. Wats.
(= Mountain deathcamas),
Zigadenus virescens (Kunth) J.F. Macbr.
(= Green deathcamas).
See notes.

Zigadenus elegans - Pursh - Species Name
= Anticlea elegans (Pursh) Rydberg
Family Melanthiaceae - - (APG)
Common Name
Mountain deathcamas - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP) Synonmyms
Zigadenus alpinus - Blank. - (BONAP)
Zigadenus coloradoensis Rydberg - (NM)
Zigadenus dilatatus Greene - (NM)

Zigadenus mogollonensis - W.J. Hess & R.C. Sivinski - Species Name
= Anticlea mogollonensis (Hess & Sivinski) Zomlefer & Judd
Family Melanthiaceae - - (APG)
Common Name
Mogollon death-camas - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)

Zigadenus paniculatus - (Nutt.) S. Wats. - Species Name
= Toxicoscordion paniculatum (Nuttall) Rydberg
Family Melanthiaceae - - (APG)
Common Names
Foothill deathcamas - - (BONAP)
Sand-corn - - (NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonym
Helonias paniculatus - Nutt. - (BONAP, NM)

Zigadenus venenosus - S. Wats. - Species Name
= Toxicoscordion venenosum (S. Watson) Rydberg
Family Melanthiaceae - - (APG)
Common Names
Grassy deathcamas - - (BONAP)
Meadow deathcamas - - (BONAP, NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Toxicoscordion gramineum - Rydberg - (NM)
Toxicoscordion falcatum - Rydberg - (NM)
Zigadenus falcatus - Rydberg - (NM)
Zigadenus gramineus - Rydberg - (NM)
Zigadenus intermedius - Rydberg - (NM)
Zigadenus venenosus gramineus - (Rydberg) Walsh ex M.E. Peck - (NM)

Zigadenus virescens - (Kunth) J.F. Macbr. - Species Name
= Anticlea virescens (Kunth) Rydberg
Family Melanthiaceae - - (APG)
Common Name
Green deathcamas - - (BONAP, NM)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Anticlea porrifolia - (Greene) Rydberg - (NM)
Helonias virescens - Kunth - (BONAP)
Zigadenus porrifolius - Greene - (NM)

Ziziphus - P. Mill. - Genus Name
(= Zizyphus)
Family Rhamnaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Ziziphus - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 1 species: - - (BONAP)
Ziziphus obtusifolia (Hook. ex Torr. & Gray) Gray
(= Lotebush).
Zizyphus jujuba (Chinese date or Jujuba) has been developed by the
Chinese as a cultivar used in their traditional medicine and candy making,
but it may actually be native to the Mediterranean from Persia to North
Africa. It has been cultivated in New Mexico, forming thickets and creating
a grove of thorny stems.

Ziziphus amole - ? - Species Name
Family Rhamnaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Amole dulce - - (southern Sonora)

Ziziphus obtusifolia - (Hook. ex Torr. & Gray) Gray - Species Name
Family Rhamnaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Graythorn - - (?)
Lotebush - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico, 2 varieties: - - (BONAP)
Ziziphus obtusifolia var. canescens (Gray) M.C. Johnston
(= Lotebush),
Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia (Hook. ex Torr. & Gray) Gray
(= Lotebush).
This species of Ziziphus is indigenous to United States and Mexico. It is
found native in Southern New Mexico, and listed with its varieties only because
the genus is used medicinally elsewhere. Native Americans have used the root
as a wash for sore eyes, fruits eaten raw, made into an edible syrup, added to
water and used as a drink or a fermented beverage.

Ziziphus obtusifolia var. canescens - (Gray) M.C. Johnston - Variety Name
Family Rhamnaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Amole dulce - - (southern Sonora)
Lotebush - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Condalia lycioides var. canescens - (Gray) Trel. - (BONAP)
Condaliopsis lycioides var. canescens - (Gray) Suess. - (BONAP)
Native Americans have used the root as a wash for sore eyes, thorns to prick the skin
over rheumatic pains, infusion of roots as a shampoo for washing the hair, and mashed
fruit for food.

Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia - (Hook. ex Torr. & Gray) Gray - Variety Name
Family Rhamnaceae - - (BONAP)
Common Name
Lotebush - - (BONAP)
In New Mexico - - (BONAP)
Synonyms
Condalia lycioides - (Gray) Weberb. - (BONAP)
Condaliopsis lycioides - (Gray) Suess. - (BONAP)
Condalia obtusifolia - (Hook. ex Torr. & Gray) Weberb. - (BONAP)

Zubin - Acacia cornigera - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Zubín - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Zubinche - Acacia farnesiana - (southwest US & northern Mexico)
- Acacia hindsii - (Spanish-Américas)

Zubinché - Acacia cornigera - (Spanish-Américas)
- Acacia farnesiana - (Spanish-Américas)

Zucchini - Cucurbita pepo - (southwest US & northern Mexico)

Zygophyllaceae - R.Br. - Family Name
Order: Zygophyllales - Chalk. - (not in APG)
Higher level lineages:
Angiosperm; Eudicot;